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Sec. 2. The location, plan of organization, government, and course of study prescribed for said college shall be subject to the approval of the governor and council.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the commissioner authorized to be appointed by section 3 of chapter 166 of the acts of 1863 to sell from time to time the land scrip which may come into the possession of the Commonwealth by virtue of said act, on such terms as the governor and council shall determine.
SEC. 4. The governor, with the advice and consent of the council, is hereby authorized and instructed to transfer to the Massachusetts Agricultural College one-tenth of the entire amount of land scrip received by the Commonwealth from the United States by virtue of an act of Congress approved by the President July 2, 1862, and the proceeds from the sale of said land scrip shall be expended only for the purchase of land for the use of said college. If any portion of such proceeds shall remain unexpended after the purchase of a suitable site or farm for said college, then said college shall pay the same over to the treasurer of the Commonwealth, who shall invest and hold the same as a part of the fund for the promotion of education in agriculture and the mechanic arts, established by the fourth section of the one hundred and sixty-sixth chapter of the acts of the year 1863.
SEC. 5. To defray the necessary expenses of establishing and maintaining the Massachusetts Agricultural College, there may be advanced from the treasury, to be refunded as provided in section 6 of this act, the sum of $10,000, and the governor is hereby authorized to draw his warrants therefor: Provided, That the money shall be paid to the treasurer of said college.
SEC. 7. So much of section 3, of chapter 166 of the acts of 1863, as authorizes the commissioner therein named to locate land scrip of the Commonwealth, and so much of section 0, of chapter 220 of the acts of 1863, as provides that the location, plan of organization, government, and course of study prescribed for said college shall be subject to the approval of the legislature, and all other acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith are hereby repealed. (Approved May 11, 1864.)
Ibid., 1865, chapter 195: SECTION 1. The town of Amherst is hereby authorized to raise, by issuing its bonds, or by loanor tax, the sum of $50,000, to be appropriated and paid to the Massachusetts Agricultural College, out of the treasury of the town, and applied in the erection of suitable buildings upon the farm of said college in said town, provided that at a legal town meeting, called for that purpose, twothirds of the voters present and voting thereon shall vote to raise said amount for said object. (Approved May 5, 1865.) Ibid., 1865, chapter 240: Appropriates $10,000 to aid "in establishing college.”
Ibid., 1866, chapter 263: SECTION 1. The board of agriculture shall constitute a board of overseers of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, with powers and duties to be defined and fixed by the governor and council. But said board of overseers shall have no powers granted to control the action of the trustees of said college, or to negative their powers and duties, as defined by chapter 220 of the acts of 1863.
SEC. 2. The board of agriculture is hereby authorized to locate the State agricultural cabinet and library, and to hold its meetings in said college.
Sec. 3. The president of the agricultural college is hereby constituted a member, ex officio, of the board of agriculture.
SEC. 4. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent with this act are hereby repealed. (Approved May 26, 1866.)
Ibid., 1867, chapter 189: SECTION 1, Directs the treasurer of the Commonwealth to pay to college accumulated interest on fund "since July 30, 1864.”
Ibid., 1868, Resolves, chapter 8: That his excellency the governor be authorized to issue to the president and trustees of the Massachusetts Agricultural College such arms and equipments, for the use of that institution, as in his judgment may be so distributed without detriment to the militia service; provided, the said president and trustees shall be held personally responsible for the same. (Approved March 11, 1868.)
Ibid., 1869, Resolves, chapter 34: Appropriates $50,000 from treasury of Commonwealth “ for the erection of buildings and other improvements.”
Ibid., 1870, Resolves, chapter 75: Appropriates $25,000 from the treasury for current expenses, and further, " Resolved, That the secretary of the board of education and the secretary of the board of agriculture be directed to devise a plan, if practicable, by which the college may, without expense to the Commonwealth, be recognized as an independent institution in analogy with other colleges in the Commonwealth, and that they inquire whether the term of study in said college should not be reduced; and report to the next general court."! (Approved June 18, 1870.)
Ibid., 1871, chapter 378: SECTION 1. Chapter 220 of the acts of 1863, entitled "An act to incorporate the Trustees of the Massachusetts Agricultural College,” is hereby amended as follows, to wit: Strike from the first section thereof the words, “ whenever vacancies shall occur in the board of trustees, the legislature shall fill the same," and substitute therefor the words, “ also from time to time to elect new members.” Strike the last sentence from the fifth section and substitute therefor the following, “ the college shall furnish to the governor and council a copy of the annual report of its operations." (Approved May 26, 1871.)
Ibid., 1871, Resolves, chapter 89: Appropriates $50,000 from the treasury for current expenses, and adds to the fund for the promotion of education in agriculture and the mechanic arts a sum sufficient to increase said fund so that it shall amount to $350,000. (Approved May 26, 1871.)
Ibid.,1874. Resolves,chapter 57: Appropriates $18,003 “ in aid of that institution.”
Ibid., 1876, Resolves, chapter 52: Appropriates $5,000 out of treasury for current expenses, ** provided, That the excess of expenditures above receipts shall not exceed that sum."
Ibid., 1877, Resolves, chapter 68: Appropriate3 $5,000 from treasury, one-half for current expenses and the other half for manual labor which students may perform who are residents of the Commonwealth, but no student shall be paid more than $103 during one year.”
Ibid., 1879, chapter 278: SECTION 1. Appropriates $32,000 - to pay the indebtedness of the Massachusetts Agricultural College."
Suc. 2. The expenses of the institution shall be kept within the income to which it is legally entitled, and the board of trustees shall be personally liable for any debt contracted for any purpose in excess of the assured income of the college or for the payment of which money has not be 'n previously provided.
Set. 3. The governor and council are hereby requested to examine the affairs of said college and report to the next general court som plan for its permanent continuance with its relations to the State definitely fixed, or some plan for its discontinuance, but with the provision in any event that its finances shall from this time bu finally separated from the treasury of the Commonwealth. (Approved April 24, 1879.)
Ibid., 1882, Chapter 212: SECTION 1. An agricultural experiment station shall be established and maintained at the Massachusetts Agricultural College in the town of Amherst.
SEC. 2. The management of said station shall be vested in a board of control of seven persons, of which board the governor shall be president ex officio and of whirh two members shall be elected from the State board of agriculture, two from the trustees of the Massachusetts Agricnltural College by said trustees, one from the Massachusetts society for promoting agriculture by said society, and the remaining member shall be president of the Massachusetts Agricultural College. The said board shall choose a secretary and treasurer.
SE: 3. The said barel of control shall hold an annual meeting in the month of January, at which time it shall make to the legislature a detailed report of all moneys expended by its ord r and of the results of the experiments and investigations conducted at said station with the name of each experimenter attached to the report of his own work, which detailed report shall be printed in the annual report of the secretary of the State lyard of agriculture. SEX'
. 4. The said board of control shall at its first meeting arrange for the retiring of two members each year, and the successors of such retiring members shall be elerted by the bodies respetively which such retiring members represent, provided that in the years in which under such arrangement the president of the Massachusetts Agricultural (College would be retired the said president shall remain and only one member shall be retired.
Sec, 5. The said boarrl of control shall appoint a director, a chemist, and all necessary assistants, and shall provide suitable and necessary apparatus and appliances for the purpose of conducting experiments and investigations in the following subjects: (1) The causes, prevention, and remedies of the diseases of domestic animals, plants and trees; (2) the history and habits of insects destructive to vegetation and the means of abating them; (3) the manufarture and composition of both foreign and domesti fertilizers, their several values, and their adaptability to different crops and soils; (4) the values under all conditions, as food for all farm animals, for various purposes, of the several forage, grain, and root crops; (5) the comparative value of green and dry forage, and the cost of producing and preserving it in the best condition; (6) the adulteration of any article of food intended for the use of men or animals, and in any other subjects which may be deemed advantageous to the agriculture and horticulture of the Commonwealth. It may from time to time distribute any or all of the results of any experiment or investigation to such newspapers as may desire to publish the same.
Sec. 6. There shall be paid from the treasury of the Commonwealth to the treasurer of said board of control before the 1st day of July, 1882, the sum of $3,000 to establish, prepare, and equip said station; and for the maintenance of said station hereafter there shall also be paid to said treasurer the sum of $5,000 annually in regular quarterly installments. (Approved May 12, 1882.)
Ibid., 1882, Resolves, chapter 49: Appropriates $9,000 for repairs and drill house.
Ibid., 1883, chapter 105: The board of control of the agricultnral experiment station shall annually, in the month of January, make a detailed report to the State board of agriculture of all moneys expended by its order and of the results of the experiments and investigations conducted at said station, with the name of each experimenter attached to the report of his own work. (Approved Mareh 30), 1883.)
Ibid., 1883, Resolves, chapter 46: That there shall be paid annually for the term of four years, from the treasury of the Commonwealth to the treasnrur of the Massachusetts Agricultural College at Amherst the sum of $10,000 to enable the trustees of said college to provide for the stvdents of suid institution the theoretical and practical education required by its charter and the law of the United States relating thereto: Resolved, That annually for the term of four years eighty free scholarships be, and hereby are, established at the Massachusetts Agricultural College, the same to be given by appointment to persons in this Commonwealth after a competitive examination under rule:s prescribed by the president of the col lege at such time and place as the senator then in office from each district shall desigrats, and the said scholarships shall be assigned equally to each senatorial district; but if there shall be less than two successful applicants for scholarships from any senatorial district such scholarships may be distributed by the president of the college equally arrong the other districts as nearly as possible; but no applicant shall be entitled to a scholarship unless he shall pass an examination in accordance with the rules to be established as hereinlefore provided. (Approved June 2, 1883.)
Ibid., 1884, Resolves, chapter 50: Appropriates $36.000 for new buildings: Prorided, however, That the power of appointment of members of said board of trustees and the powers of removal defined in section 1 of chapter 220 of the acts of 1863 shall be hereafter exercised by the governor with the advice and consent of the council instead of said board; and said board during the current year shall, by lot, divide the elected members thereof into seven classes of two members each, of whom one class shall vacate their office January 1, 1885, and one class on the 1st of January in each year thereafter, and such action shall be certified by the board to the governor and council, and appointments to fill the vacancies so created shall be made for the term of seven years. (Approved May 8, 1884.)
Ibid., 1884. Resolves, chapter 48: Ordered, That 8.000 copies of the report of the board of control of the Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station at Amherst be printed. (Repealed in 1885.)
Ibid., 1885, chapter 327: SECTION 1. There shall be paid out of the treasury of the Commonwealth to the treasurer of the board of control of the Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station at Amherst the sum of $5,000 annually, in regular quarterly installments, for the proper maintenance of said experiment station, the said sum to be in addition to the amount allowed for the same purpose hy section 6 of chapter 219 of the acts of 1882. (Approved June 15, 1885.)
Ibid., Resolves, chapters 65 and 66: Appropriate $51,000 for building and furnishings for college and station.
Ibid., 1886, Resolves, chapter 34: (1) That there shall be paid annually from the treasury of the Commonwealth to the treasurer of the Massachusetts Agricultural College at Amherst the sum of $10,000, to enable the trustees of said college to provide for the students of said institution the theoretical and practical education required by its charter and the law of the United States relating thereto. (2) That annually the scholarships established by chapter 46 of the Resolves of 1883 be given and continued in accordance with the provisions of said chapter. (Approved April 16, 1886.)
Ibid., 1886, Resolves, «hapter 60: Appropriates $7,000 for repairs and improvements.
Ibid., 1887, Resolves, chapter 31: SECTION 1. The members of the present board of control of the agricultural experiment station, established at the Massachusetts Agricultural College in the town of Amherst, their associates and successors, are hereby made a body corporate under the name of the Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, for the purpose of carrying ont more fully and effectually the provisions of the act establishing said station, as set forth in chapter 212 of the acts of the year 1882 and of all acts in addition to or amenilment thereof.
SEC, 2. Said corporation shall be constituted as provided in sections 2 and 4 of said chapter 212.
SEC. 3. The duties of said corporation shall be the same as set out in sections 3 and 5 of said chapter 212.
Sec. 4. The payments from the treasury of the Commonwealth authorized to be made to the treasurer of said board of control by section 6 of said chapter 212 and section 1 of chapter 327 of the acts of 1885 shall, in the same manner as therein provided and for the same purposes, be paid to the treasurer of the corporation hereby created.
Sec. 5. The said corporation shall by virtue of this act take and ho as and for its property, all the property at present in the charge of said board of control, and is hereby further authorized to hold such real estate and personal property as may be necessary for its purposes. (Approved February 21, 1887.)
Ibid., 1887, chapter 212: SECTION 1. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts assents to and accepts a grant of moneys to be annually made by the United States, as set forth and defined in an act of Congress, designated " Public No. 112, being passed at the second session of the Forty-ninth Congress and approved March 2, 1887, and upon the terms and conditions contained and set forth in said act of Congress." [See chap. 111, of Acts 1889.)
Sec. 2. The governor of the Commonwealth is hereby authorized and instructed to give due notice thereof to the Government of the United States. (Approved April 20, 1887.)
Ibid., 1887, Resolves, chapter 44: That there be printed 12,000 extra copies of the report of the State experiment station at Amherst, the same to be bound with the report of the board of agriculture. (Fifteen thousand copies by chap. 15, Resolves of 1886.)
Ibid., 1888, chapter 296: Every lot or parcel of commercial fertilizer or material used for manurial purposes, sold, offered or exposed for sale within this Commonwealth, the retail price of which is $10 or more per ton, shall be accompanied by a plainly-printed statement clearly and truly certifying the number of net pounds of fertilizer in the package, the name, brand, or trade mark under which the fertilizer is sold, the name and address of the manufacturer or importer, the place of manufacture, and a chemical analysis stating the percentage of nitrogen or its equivalent in ammonia, of potash soluble in distilled water and reverted, as well as the total phosphoric acid. In the case of those fertilizers which consist of other and cheaper
materials said label shall give a correct general statement of the composition and ingredients of the fertilizer it accompanies.
SEC. 2. Before any commercial fertilizer the retail price of which is $10 or more per ton is sold, offered, or exposed for sale, the importer, manufacturer, or party who causes it to be sold or offered for sale within the State of Massachusetts shall file with the director of the Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station a certified copy of the statement named in section 1 of this act, and shall also deposit with said director, at his request, a sealed glass jar or bottle containing not less than 1 pound of the fertilizer, accompanied by an affidavit that it is a fair average sample thereof.
SEC. 3. The manufacturer, importer, agent, or seller of any brand of commercial fertilizer or material used for manurial purposes, the retail price of which is $10 or more per ton, shall pay for each brand, on or before the 1st day of May, annually, to the director of the Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, an analysis fee of $5 for each of the three following fertilizing ingredients, namely, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium contained or claimed to exist in said brand or fertilizer: Provided, That whenever the manufacturer or importer shall have paid the fee herein required for any person acting as agent or seller for such manufacturer or importer, such agent, or seller shall not be required to pay the fee named in this section; and on receipt of said analysis fees and statement specified in section 2 the director of said station shall issue certificates of compliance with this act.
SEC. 7. The director of the Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station shall pay the analysis fees as soon as received by him, into the treasury of the station, and shall cause one analysis or more of each fertilizer or material used for manurial purposes to be made annually, and publish the results monthly, with such additional information as circumstances advise, provided such information relates only to the composition of the fertilizer or fertilizing material inspected. Said director is hereby authorized in person or by deputy to take a sample, not exceeding two pounds in weight, for analysis, from any lot or package of fertilizer or any material used for manurial purposes which may be in the possession of any manufacturer, importer, agent, or dealer; but said sample shall be drawn in the presence of said party or parties in interest or their representative, and taken from a parcel or a number of packages which shall not be less than 10 per cent of the whole lot inspected, and shall be thoroughly mixed and then divided into two equal samples, and placed in glass vessels and carefully sealed, and a label placed on each stating the name or brand of the fertilizer or material sampled, the name of the party from whose stock the sample was drawn, and the time and place of drawing, and said label shall also be signed by the director or his deputy,
and by the party or parties in interest or their representatives present at the drawing and sealing of said sample; one of said duplicate samples shall be retained by the director and the other by the party whose stock was sampled. All parties violating this act shall be prosecuted by the director of said station, but it shall be the duty of said director, upon ascertaining any violation of this act, to forthwith notify the manufacturer or importer in writing, and give him not less than thirty days thereafter in which to comply with the requirements of this act, but there shall be no prosecution in relation to the quality of the fertilizer or fertilizing material if the same shall be found substantially equivalent to the statement of analysis made by the manufacturer or importer. (Approved May 3, 1888.)
Ibid., 1888, chapter 333: SECTION 1. Section 2 of chapter 212 of the acts of 1882 is hereby amended so that the same shall read as follows: “ The management of said station shall be vested in a board of control of eleven persons, of which board the governor shall be president ex-officio, and of which two members shall be elected from the State board of agriculture, by said board of agriculture; two from the trustees of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, by said trustees; one from the Massachusetts Society for the Promotion of Agriculture, by said society; one from the Massachusetts State Grange, by said State grange; one from the Massachusetts Horticultural Society, by said society; and the remaining members shall be the president of the Massachusetts Agricultural College, the director of the Massachusetts Agricultural Experiment Station, and the secretary of the State Board of Agriculture, provided, however, that no person so elected by any of the above named boards or societies shall continue to be a member of said board of control after he has ceased to be a member of the board or of the society by which he was elected. The said board shall choose a secretary and treasurer. (Approved May 10, 1888.) Ibid., Resolves,
1888, chapter 66: Appropriates $19,000 for new buildings, improvements, and repairs.
Ibid., 1889, chapter 111: SECTION 1. Section 1 of chapter 212 of the acts of 1887, is hereby amended by adding after the word “ Congress” at the end of the section the words and the Massachusetts Agricultural College is hereby authorized and designated to receive said grant of money."
SEC. 2. The governor of the Commonwealth is hereby requested to give due notice of this amendment to the Government of the United States. (Approved March 13, 1889.)
Ibid., 1889, chapter 45: The trustees of the Massachusetts Agricultural College shall hereafter be allowed and paid from the treasury of the Commonwealth such sum as is necessary for their personal and incidental expenses incurred in the discharge of their duties, in the same manner as the trustees of other public institutions are now paid and allowed. (Approved February 18, 1889.)
Ibid., 1889, Resolves, chapter 12: That there be paid annually, for the term of 4 years, from the treasury of the Commonwealth to the treasurer of the Massachusetts Agricultural College at Amherst, the sum of $10,000, to be expended under the direction of the trustees, for the following purposes, to wit: Five thousand dollars for the establishment of a labor fund to assist needy students of said college, and $5,000 to provide the theoretical and practical education required by its charter and the law of the United States relating thereto. The said sum shall be paid in equal quarterly payments. (Approved March 1, 1889.)
Ibid., 1889, Resolves, chapter 63: That there be allowed and paid out of the Commonwealth a sum not exceeding $10,000, to be expended by the board of control, for the purpose of erecting a suitable building and stocking it, and for providing the necessary apparatus and a greenhouse at the agricultural experiment station at Amherst, to enable the said board of control to establish a department of vegetable physiology for the purpose of investigating the diseases of plants. (Approved April 12, 1889.)
Ibid., 1889, chapter 164: (Allows the printing of 5,000 copies of the report of the Massachusetts Agricultural College instead of 3,500, as named in a general act authorizing public printing of 1885, chapter 369.)
Ibid., 1891, chapter 423: SECTION 1. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts hereby assents to the purpose of the grants of money authorized by the act of Congress, said act being chapter 841 of the acts of the first session of the Fifty-first Congress and approved on the 30th day of August, 1890.
Sec. 2. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts hereby accepts the annual grant of moneys made by the United States, as set forth and defined in said act of Con