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Examination in those branches taught in School law, sec

common schools, and in theory and art of tion 29a.
teaching. If the applicant teaches 8 years
out of 12 years, the certificate can be re-
newed. Applicant must be of good moral

character.
Examination in 4 or more branches which Do.

are decided by the board of examiners, be-
sides the branches required for a county

certificate.
4 years on a 6-year Same as a second-class State certificate.

Do.
certificate.
3 years on a first Graduates of the State university, graduates Do.

grade county cer- of the Peabody Normal College, of Ten-
tificate.

nessee, graduates of the State normal
school of West Virginia, or other schools
that are approved by the State board of ex-

aminers.
Examination in general history and book House bill No. 134,
keeping, besides the branches for a second-

Pages

24-25, grade county certificate. General average

West Virginia
of 90 per cent, and nothing less than 75 per School Journal,
cent in any branch.

March, 1903.
Examination in civil government, besides Do.

the branches for a third-grade certificate.
General average of 80 per cent, and not less
than 70 per cent in any branch. This cer-

tificate can not be renewed.
Examination in branches taught in the free Do.

primary schools and also in theory and art
of teaching. General average of 70 per
cent, nothing less than 60 per cent in any
branch. This certificate can not be re-
renewed.

county State superin- 5 years.

tendent.a

County

..do.a

3 years

.do

First-class State cer

tificate (on examination).

Second-class State

certificate (on ex-
amination).

First-class State cer

tificate.
Second-class State

certificate (on di-
ploma).

First-grade

certificate.

Second-grade county
certificate.

Third-grade county

certificate.

..do.a

1 year b.

do

a Must also be countersigned by the county superintendent.

BA third-grade county certificate can not be issued to the same applicant more than twice.

[graphic]
[graphic]

TABLE 5.—Legal provisions relating to teachers' certificates—Continued.

WISCONSIN.

Normal school di- Normal board Life ploma.

ent.
University or college State board .do
diploma.

perintendent.
University pedagog-

do
ical certificate.
Elementary normal Normal board 5 years
certificate.

perintendent.
County first-grade County super- 4 years ..
certificate,

intendent. County second-grade ----.do.. 2 years

1 year certificate.

ity issued.

Unlimited State cer

tificate.

Board of ex

aminers.

Limited State certifi

-...do
cate,

..do

and State su-
perintend-

and State su

and State su

certificate.
County third-grade ----.do

..do

Free high school

graduates' certificate.

WYOMING.

[graphic]

ity issued.

tendent.

intendent.

Second-grade county ----.do

certificate. Third-grade county ...do

certificate.

a If the applicant is a graduate of some reputable normal school, college,or university and has had successful teaching experience, his diploma or other equiva-
lent evidences will exempt him from examination in scholastic branches.

The attorney-general has decided that the county superintendent may issue a certificate to an applicant who presents a diploma from a reputable college, university, or a State and county certificate from another State or county. They are not required to do this unless the diploma is from the University of Wyoming.

CHAPTER XI.

J. L. M. CURRY AND HIS SERVICES TO EDUCATION IN THE

SOUTII.

CONTENTS.

I. Proceedings of the Trustees of the Peabody Fund.
II. Eulogium of Dr. J. L. M. Curry: By E. A. Alderman, President of Tulane University.
III. Services of Doctor Curry in connection with the Peabody Fund: By A. D. Mayo, A. M., LL. D.
IV. Education in the Southern States: An address by Hon. J. L. M. Curry.

I.-PROCEEDINGS OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE PEABODY EDUCATION FUND, AT THEIR FORTY-THIRD MEETING, NEW YORK, OCTOBER 8, 1903.

There were present: Chief Justice Fuller, the chairman, and Messrs. Green, Porter, Morgan, Courtenay, Somerville, Fenner, Gilman, Hoar, Smith, Doane, and Jesup.

Chief Justice Fuller announced the death of Doctor Curry, the general agent of the board, and at his request Doctor Gilman presented the following minute, which, on inot on of Judge Fenner, was adopted by the trustees as an expression of their views. When the vote on the adoption was taken the members rose from their seats out of respect to Doctor Curry's memory.

The trustees of the Peabody Education Fund gratefully record their appreciation of the services of Hon. J. L. M. Curry, LL. D., as general agent of the fund.

On the death of Dr. Barnas Sears, the wise originator of the methods adopted by this board under Mr. Winthrop's guidance, Doctor Curry, in 1881, was unanimously appointed his successor. He had already acquired distinction as a soldier, a legislator, a minister of the Gospel, and a college president, and his acquaintance with the leaders of public opinion and with the educational conditions of the Southern States, enabled him to enter upon the administrative responsibilities to which he was called with every assurance of success. These expectations were completely sustained. A few years later, at the suggestion of President Hayes, who was a member of the two boards, Doctor Curry was made the executive officer of the Slater Fund as well as of the Peabody, and in this double capacity he traveled widely and constantly in the South, visited colleges, normal schools, industrial schools, and common schools, attended educational conventions, and addressed not infrequently, and at their request, both houses of the legislature in many, if not all of the Southern States. He was also called upon in the Northern States to discuss those phases of education with which lie was familiar.

Few of his contemporaries can be compared with Doctor Curry as an crator, so that it is doubtless due to him, in a large degree, that the present awakening of the South to the importance of public provision for education should be attributed. He was keenly alive to the responsibilities of his position, unwearied by the long journeys which they involved, conscious of radical differences of opinion among those whom he met, and undismayed by perplexities. His enthusiasm for education, his consideration for others, and his sincere desire to promote the welfare of all the people enabled him to exert a profound and serviceable influence which will never be forgotten.

Twice during his connection with this board he was appointed by different administrations to represent the United States at the Spanish court. With these exceptions his services were uninterrupted until a few months before his death, when his physical powers gave way. The board provided for his relief from such duties as he was willing to throw off, yet his vigor had departed never to return. He was unable to attend the special meeting of the board in January last, and he died near Asheville, N. C., February 12, 1903, in his seventy-eighth year. He was

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