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Stato board of 12 years

examiners.

State

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Do.

6 years

Some

Examination in those branches taught in School law, sec-
common schools, and in theory and

art of tion 29a.
teaching. If the applicant teaches 8 years
out of 12 years, the certificate can be re-
newed. Applicant must be of good moral

character.
Esamination in 4 or more branches which Do.

are decided by the board of examiners, be-
sides the branches required for a county

certificate.
4 years on a 6-year Same as a second-class State certificate.

certificate.
3 years on a first-Graduates of the State university, graduates Do.

grade county cer- of the Peabody Normal College, of Ten-
tificate.

nessee, graduates of the State normal
school of West Virginia, or other schools
that are approved by the State board of ex-

aminers.
Examination in general history and book House bill No. 134,
keeping, besides the branches for a second-

pages

24-25,
grade county certificate. General average West Virginia
of 90 per cent, and nothing less than 75 per School Journal,
cent in any branch.

March, 1903.
Examination in civil government, besides Do.

the branches for a third-grade certificate.
General average of 80 per cent, and not less
than 70 per cent in any branch. This cer-

tificate can not be renewed.
Examination in branches taught in the free Do.

primary schools and also in theory and art
of teaching General average of 70 per
cent, nothing less than 60 per cent in any
branch. This certificate can not be re-
renewed.

First-grade county State superin- 5 years
certificate.

tendent.a

County.

Second-grade county ---..do.a

3 years

.do

Third-grade county --...do.a

First-class State cer

tificate (on examination).

...do

Second-class State

certificate (on ex-
amination).

..do

First-class State cer

tificate.
Second-class State

certificate (on di-
ploma),

certificate.

certificate.

1 year b.

do

a Must also be countersigned by the county superintendent.

• A third-grade county certificate can not be issued to the same applicant more than twice.

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TABLE 5.-Legal provisions relating to teachers' certificates--Continued.

WISCONSIN.

Name of certificate. By what author

Duration.

Where valid.

Experience required.

Scholarship requirements.

References.

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Examination in botany, zoology, political Circular.

economy, general history, history of education; one of these: Geology, chemistry, or astronomy; one of these: English literature (critical), Latin; also in branches re

quired for the limited State certificate.
Examination in reading, orthoepy, orthog- Do.

raphy, writing, English grammar, arith-
metic, geography, United States history,
algebra, geometry, civil government, the-
ory and art of teaching, physiology, phys-
ics, English literature (historical), mental
science, manual of the course of study, ele-
ments of agriculture, American and Eng-
lish literature, English composition, and.
English history.
Must hold a Wisconsin normal school di-

ploma.

1 year

Normal school di- Normal board | Life.
ploma.

ent.
University or college State board ...do
diploma.

perintendent.
University pedagog-

do ical certificate,

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Elementary normal Normal board | 5 years certificate.

and State su

perintendent.
County first-grade County super- | 4 years
certificate.

intendent.
County second-grade ...do

2 years
certificate.
County third-grade ..do

1 year certificate.

Diploma of graduation from the State Uni

versity of Wisconsin or an incorporated

institution of equivalent course,
Diploma of graduation from the State uni-

versity and completion of course in peda

gogy.
Normal certificate of completion of the ele-

mentary course showing qualifications to

teach.
Examination same as second, and higher al-

gebra, natural philosophy, and geometry.
Examination same as third, and grammat-
ical analysis, physical geography, elemen-

tary algebra
Examination in the common English

branches, constitutions of the United States and Wisconsin, temperance, theory

and art of teaching, Graduate of free high school, with diploma

showing standing in each branch.

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do

4 years

County

ity issued.

Unlimited State cer

tificate.

Board of ex

aminers.

Limited State certifi

cate.

--do

and State su-
perintend-

and State su

-.do

Free high school

graduates' certificate.

WYOMING.

Name of certificate. By what author

Duration,

Where valid.

Experience required.

Scholarship requirements.

Reference to
school law,

Professional certifi-State superin-6 years
cate.

State

First-grade county County super- 4 years certificate.

County.

Do.

5 years(l in the State) Examination in psychology, methods of Sections 626, 027,

teaching and management, history of edu- and section 1,
cation, besides he branches for a first- chapter 90, ses-
grade county certificate. Generalaverage sion laws 1903.
90 per cent, nothing less than 80 per cent in
any branch,a
Examination in rhetoric, algebra, plane ge-

ometry, English literature, political econ-
omy, physical geography, and any 2 of the
following: Botany, zoology, natural phi-
losophy, biology, chemistry, psychology,or
bookkeeping; also the branches for a third
grade. Generalaverage of 85 per cent, not

any branch below 60 per cent.
Same as a third grade, with a generalaverage

of 85 per cent, not any branch below 60 per

cent.
None

Examination in orthography, reading, writ-
ing, arithmetic, English grammar, geogra-
phy, civil government (including Wyom-
ing constitution), physiology and hygiene,
theory and practice of teaching General
average of 70 per cent, with no branch be-
low 50 per cent.

2 years

do

Do.

ity issued.

tendent.

intendent.

Second-grade county ----do

certificate. Third-grade county ...do

certificate.

1 year

..do

Do.

a If the applicant is a graduate of some reputable normal school, college, or university and has had successful teaching experience, his diploma or other equivalent evidences will exempt him from examination in scholastic branches.

The attorney-general has decided that the county superintendent may issue a certificate to an applicant who presents a diploma from a reputable college, university, or a State and county certificate from another State or county. They are not required to do this unless the diploma is from the University of Wyoming.

CHAPTER XI.

J. L. M. CURRY AND HIS SERVICES TO EDUCATION IN THE

SOUTII.

CONTENTS. I. Proceedings of the Trustees of the Peabody Fund. II. Eulogium of Dr. J. L. M. Curry: By E. A. Alderman, President of Tulane University. III. Services of Doctor Curry in connection with the Peabody Fund: By A. D. Mayo, A. M., LL.D. IV. Education in the Southern States: An address by Hon. J.L. M. Curry.

I.-PROCEEDINGS OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE PEABODY EDUCATION FUND, AT THEIR FORTY-THIRD MEETING, NEW YORK, OCTOBER 8, 1903.

There were present: Chief Justice Fuller, the chairman, and Messrs. Green, Porter, Morgan, Courtenay, Somerville, Fenner, Gilman, Hoar, Smith, Doane, and Jesup.

Chief Justice Fuller announced the death of Doctor Curry, the general agent of the board, and at his request Doctor Gilman presented the following minute, which, on motion of Judge Fenner, was adopted by the trustees as an expression of their views. When the vote on the adoption was taken the members rose from their seats out of respect to Doctor Curry's memory.

The trustees of the Peabody Education Fund gratefully record their appreciation of the services of Hon. J. L. M. Curry, LL.D., as general agent of the fund.

On the death of Dr. Barnas Sears, the wise originator of the methods adopted by this board under Mr. Winthrop's guidance, Doctor Curry, in 1881, was unanimously appointed his successor. He had already acquired distinction as a soldier, a legislator, a minister of the Gospel, and a college president, and his acquaintance with the leaders of public opinion and with the educational conditions of the Southern States, enabled him to enter upon the administrative responsibilities to which he was called with every assurance of success. These expectations were completely sustained. A few years later, at the suggestion of President Hayes, who was a member of the two boards, Doctor Curry was made the executive officer of the Slater Fund as well as of the Peabody, and in this double capacity he traveled widely and constantly in the South, visited colleges, normal schools, industrial schools, and common schools, attended educational conventions, and addressed not infrequently, and at their request, both houses of the legislature in many, if not all of the Southern States. He was also called upon in the Northern States to discuss those phases of education with which lie was familiar.

Few of his contemporaries can be compared with Doctor Curry as an orator, so that it is doubtless due to him, in a large degree, that the present awakening of the South to the importance of public provision for education should be attributed. He was keenly alive to the responsibilities of his position, unwearied by the long journeys which they involved, conscious of radical differences of opinion among those whom he met, and undismayed by perplexities. His enthusiasm for education, his consideration for others, and his sincere desire to promote the welfare of all the people enabled him to exert a profound and serviceable influence which will never be forgotten.

Twice during his connection with this board he was appointed by different administrations to represent the United States at the Spanish court. With these exceptions his services were uninterrupted until a few months before his death, when his physical powers gave way. The board provided for his relief from such duties as he was willing to throw off, yet his vigor had departed never to return. He was unable to attend the special meeting of the board in January last, and he died near Asheville, N. C., February 12, 1903, in his seventy-eighth year. He was

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