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admit one student from each senatorial district, who shall be appointed by the senator representing said district, and one student from each representative district, who shall be appointed by the member of the legislature representing said district: Provided, That where there are more than one representative in a district each representative of such district shall appoint one student, said students to be taken from the colored population of this State, which said students shall not be less than 10 years of age at the time of their admission: Provided, The said school shall hereafter be called and known as “Prairie View State Normal and Industrial College.”
ART. 3887 [as amended by act of June 6, 1899]. Said board shall appoint a principal teacher and such assistant teacher or teachers of said school and such other officers of said school as may be necessary, and shall make such rules, by-laws, and regulations for the government of said school as they may deem necessary and proper, and shall regulate the course of study and the manner of performing labor to be performed by the students, and shall provide for the board and lodging and instruction to the students without pecuniary charge to them other than that each student shall be required to pay one-third of the cost of said board, lodging, and instruction quarterly in advance, and said board of directors shali regulate the course of discipline necessary to enforce the faithful discharge of the duties of all officers, teachers, students, and employees of said school, and shall have the same printed and circulated for the benefit of the people of the State and the officers, teachers, students, and employees of said school.
ART. 3888. The board of directors may provide for receiving such a number of students of both sexes as in the judgment of said board the school can best accommodate, and shall require all students admitted to said school to sign a written Hligation (in a proper book kept for that purpose) binding said student to teach in the publịc free schools for the colored population of their respective districts at least one year next after their discharge from the normal school and as much longer than one year as the time of their connection with said normal school shall exceed one year, for which teaching said discharged student shall receive the same rate of compensation allowed other teachers of such schools with like qualifications.
ART. 3889. It shall be the duty of the comptroller of public accounts annually to set apart out of the interest accruing from the university fund, appropriated for the support of public free schools, the sum of $6,000 for the support of said normal school and place said fund to the credit of said normal school, and the same may be drawn by the board of directors on vouchers audited by the board or approved by the governor and attested by the secretary, and on filing such vouchers the comptroller shall draw his warrant on the State treasury for the same from time to time as the same may be needed.
ART. 3890. The board shall make rules by which students can obtain certificates of qualification as teachers that will entitle them to teach without other or further examination.
Laws, 1889, chapter 58: SECTION 1. The State of Texas does hereby assent to the purposes of said grant [experiment station act of March 2, 1887] and designates the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas as such station. ,(April 3, 1889.)
Laws, 1891, chapter 40: SECTION 1. All moneys apportioned to the State of Texas under an act of [August 30, 1890] of the Fifty-first Congress of the United States, *
* shall be apportioned between the agricultural and mechanical college and the Prairie View State Normal School on the following basis, to wit: Three-fourths to the agricultural and mechanical college and one-fourth to the Prairie View State Normal School.
SEC. 2. L. S. Ross, president of the agricultural and mechanical college, or his successors in office are hereby authorized to receive and receipt for all moneys due and to become due to the agricultural and mechanical college and the Prairie View State Normal School, under the act of Congress aforesaid.
Laws, 1899, chapter 10: SECTION 1. The president and board of directors of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas are hereby authorized and directed to employ an expert entomologist, one or more, as may be deemed necessary, whose duty it shall be to devise, if possible, means of destroying the Mexican boli weevil, boll worm, caterpillar, sharpshooter, chinch bug, peach bug, fly and worm, and other insect pests, and to perform the duties of professor of entomology in the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas.
SEC. 2. The sum of $5,000 is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the State treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of putting this act into effect. (February 25, 1899.)
Laws, 1901, chapter 30: The sum of $2,500 for the first year and $1,800 for the second year is set apart and is hereby appropriated out of the general revenue for the inauguration and maintenance of a four-year college course of classical and scientific studies at the Prarie View State Normal and Industrial College, to which graduates of the normal course shall be admitted without examination, and to which others may be admitted after having passed a satisfactory examination in the branches comprised in the normal course: Provided, That no State student shall be admitted to the privileges of the said course: And provided further, That the diploma conferred on the completion of the said course shall entitle the holder, without other or further examination, to teach in any of the colored public free schools of the State. (March 28, 1901.)
Laws, 1903, chapter 54: SECTION 1. The board of directors of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas is hereby directed and required to establish at and in connection with the said college a school or department for instruction in the theory and practical art of textile and kindred branches of industry, whose main purpose shall be to train students in the theory and practice of cotton manufacturing in all its brinches from the raw cotton to the finished fabric.
SEC. 2. The said board of directors is hereby invested with full power and authority to erect the buildings, purchase the necessary machinery and equipment, and generally to do and perform all acts necessary to establish and maintain said school or department.
SEC. 3. The sum of $50,000, or so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated, out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated, for the purpose of establishing such school or department. (In effect August 1, 1903.)
Constitution (1895), article 10: SECTION 1. The legislature shall provide for the establishment and maintenance of a uniform system of public schools, which shall be open to all children of the State and be free from sectarian control.
SEC. 2. The public school system shall include kindergarten schools; common schools, consisting of primary and grammar grades; high schools; an agricultural college; & university, and such other schools as the legislature may establish,
SEC. 4. The location and establishment by existing law of the University of Utah and the agricultural college are hereby confirmed, and all the rights, immunities, franchises, and endowments heretofore granted or conferred are hereby perpetuated unto said university and agricultural college, respectively.
SEC. 5. The proceeds of the sale of lands reserved by an act of Congress approved February 21, 1857, for the establishment of the University of Utah and of all the lands granted by an act of Congress approved July 16, 1894, shall constitute permanent funds, to be safely invested and held by the State; and the income thereof shall be used exclusively for the support and maintenance of the different institutions and colleges, respectively, in accordance with the requirements and conditions of said arts of Congress.
[The following matter is taken from The Revised Statutes of the State of Utah, in force January 1, 183, Lincoln, Nebr., 1897.]
SEC. 2004. Members of the governing board of each State institution shall be appointed by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, except as in this title otherwise provided.
Stk. 2005. A vacancy in a governing board may occur by the expiration of a term, by death, by lawful removal from office, by the permanent departure of a member thereof from the State, by his incapacity to act, or by his resignation. Such vacancy, other than by the expiration of a term, shall be filled by the gorernor for the remainder of the term, with the advice and consent of the Senate if in session. If the senate is not in session the appointment shall be made and shall continue until the next regular seosion of the senate. Each member of the board shall hold until his successor shall be appointed and shall have qualified.
SEC, 2066. No member of the governing board of a State institution nor official or employee of such institution shall b. pecuniarily interested, directly or indirectly, in any contract, business, or transaction entered into by or on behalf of the institution.
SEC. 2067. All general supplies for every State institution shall be contracted for by the year, except in cases where contrarts for certain supplies can not be advantageously made. Notice shall be given and contracts let in the manner provided in the two succeeding sections.
Sec. 2008. Whenever the needs of a State institution demand a building to be repaired or erected or any work amounting to more than $200 to be done, the governing board of such institution shall advertise for at least ten days in some newspaper published in this State, and having a general circulation herein, for sealed proposals for repairing or erecting such building or performing such work in accordance with plans and specifications to be had at the office of the board.
SEC. 2070. The proper pro rata of the biennial appropriation of a State institution may be drawn quarterly in advance from the State treasurer on a warrant of the State auditor. Warrants must be drawn by the State auditor in favor of the treasurer of the governing board of the institution. * To obtain such warrants the treasurer of the board * * * must present to the State auditor written authorization from the board.
SEC. 2071. The governing board of each State institution shall make biennially to the governor, on the 1st day of January preceding each regular session of the legislature, a detailed report showing a statement of its important official acts, the growth and condition of the institution, the report of the chief executive officer thereof, a list of officials and their salaries, and an estimate of the cash value of the real and personal property of the institution or of the State in connection therewith, together with an inventory of the same.
SEC. 2072. At such time, also, each governing board shall furnish to the governor and to the State auditor detailed accounts of its receipts and expenditures during the preceding two years ending December 31, as well as an itemized estimate of the income and requirements of the institution for the coming biennial period. Such accounts and estimates must be countersigned by the chief executive officer of the institution and by the secretary or clerk of the same, if there is one. If such officer or secretary shall fail to so countersign, he shall be liable to a fine of $100.
SEC. 2073. The Agricultural College of Utah shall continue as now established [by act of March 8, 1888] and located at Logan, in the county of Cache.
ŠEC. 2074. The leading object of the college shall be to teach branches of learning related to agriculture and the mechanical arts and such other scientific and classical studies as may promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life. (March 8, 1888.)
SEC. 2075. The government and control of the college shall be vested in a board of seven trustees. Four members of the board shail be appointed to serve for two years and three members for four years, as may be designated by the governor at the time of their appointments, such appointments to be made at the expiration of the respective terms of the present members; thereafter appointments shall be for the term of four years.
SEC. 2076. The board shall take charge of the general interests of the institution, and may sue and be sued in all inatters concerning it. The board shall have power to enact by-laws and regulations for all concerns of the institution not inconsistent with the laws of the State; and likewise to appoint a president of the faculty, professors, and such other officers and employees as, in its judgment, may be necessary, to prescribe their duties, anıl to determine their salaries.
SEC. 2017. The board shall have kept an accurate record of its proceedings, which shall embrace copies of all contracts entered into, and a minute and accurate record of all expenditures, showing the amount paid, to whom paid, and for what service rendered, and materials purchased, and whether paid on account or in performance of contract; and for all payments made vouchers shall be taken.
SEC. 2078. The board shall have the general control and supervision of the college, of the farm pertaining thereto, and of such property as may be vested in the college by law, of all appropriations made by the State for the support of the same, and also of lands or personalty that may hereafter he donated by the State, or by the United States, or by any person or corporation, in trust for the promotion of agricultural and industrial pursuits.
SEC. 2079. The board shall elect one of its number president, and shall appoint a secretary and a treasurer.
SEC. 2080. The trustees and the treasurer shall qualify by taking the constitutional oath of office and by giving bonds, with sufficient sureties, to the State of Utah in the penal sum of $1,000 each, conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties of their respective offices. Such bonds must be approved by and delivered to the secretary of state.
SEC. 2081. Each trustee shall receive as his compensation $4 per diem for each meeting of the board at which he shall be present, payable out of any moneys appropriated for the use of the agricultural College, and he shall be allowed for traveling' expenses mileage at the rate of 10 cents per mile, for one way only, for the distance necessarily traveled in attending the meetings of the board.
SEC. 2082. After the expiration of the terms of the present trustees there shall be allowed to members of the board no compensation for their time or services, but their actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of their official duties, the account for which shall be verified on oath, shall be paid by the State treasurer on the warrant of the State auditor, out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.
SEC. 2083. The board shall establish in the college an adequate number of professorships of the sciences related to agriculture and the mechanical arts. Such professorships shall be filled by able and competent professors, aided by such assistants, tutors, and other instructors as shall from time to time be necessary.
Sec. 2084. The president of the trustees, the professors, and such assistants as may be designated by the board shall constitute the faculty of the college. The titles of such assistants shall be determined by the board. The president of the faculty shall be ex officio a member of the State board of education.
SEC. 2085. Any professor, instructor, officer, or employee of the college shall be removable at the pleasure of the board.
SEC. 2086. In the appointments of professors, instructors, and other officers and assistants of said college, and in prescribing the studies and exercises thereof, and in every part of the management and government thereof, no partiality or preference shall be shown by the board to one sect or religious denomination over another, nor shall anything sectarian be taught therein. Persons engaged in conducting, governing, managing, or controlling the college in any of its parts and its studies and exercises shall faithfully and impartially carry out the provisions of this section for the common good.
SEC. 2087. The course of instruction shall embrace the English language and literature, mathematics, engineering, agricultural chemistry, animal and vegetable anatomy and physiology, the veterinary art, entomology, geology, and such other natural sciences as may be prescribed, technology, political, rural, and household economy, horticulture, moral philosophy, history, bookkeeping, and especially the application of science and the mechanical arts to practical agriculture.
SEC. 2088. A full course of study in the institution shall be of not less than four years. The board may institute a winter course of lectures for others than students of the institution, under necessary rules and regulations.
SEC. 2089. The academical year shall consist of not less than nine calendar months, and it may be divided into such terms by the board as in its judgment will best secure the objects for which the college was founded.
SEC. 2090. No student shall be admitted to the institution who shall not have attained the age of 15 years and who shall not have passed a satisfactory examination in arithmetic, geography, grammar, reading, spelling, and penmanship.
SEC. 2091. The board of Trustees shall, with the advice of the faculty, prescribe the books to be used in the institution and confer for similar or equal attainments degrees and testimonials similar to those conferred by agricultural colleges elsewhere.
SEC. 2092. In connection with the college there shall be established an agricul. tural experiment station to conduct original researches into the physiology of plants and animals; the diseases to which they may be severally subject, with the remedies therefor; the chemical compositions of useful plants at different stages of growth; the comparative advantages of rotative croppings as pursued under a varying series of crops; the capacities of new plants or trees for acclimation in the State; the analysis of soils and waters; the chemical compositions of manures, natural and artificial, with experiments designed to test their comparative effects on crops of different kinds; the adaptation and values of grasses and forage plants; the compositions and digestibility of the different kinds of feed for domestic animals; the scientific and economic questions involved in the production of butter and cheese; the best methods of irrigation, with experiments designed to show the amount of water and number of waterings needed on different soils to produce the most abundant crops, and such other researches and experiments as bear directly on the agricultural industry of the State of Utah. The agricultural station shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of an act of Congress passed March 2, 1887.
SEC. 2093. The board shall take charge of the agricultural experiment station, purchase suitable lands, erect needed buildings, and appoint necessary officers and assistants to conduct the experiments mentioned in section 2092. It shall cause bulletins and reports of the work at such station to be published and mailed, as required in the act of Congress aforementioned.
SEC. 2094. The governor is hereby authorized to make application to the Secretary of the Treasury to obtain any appropriation made by Congress in pursuance of the act above mentioned or of other acts supplementary thereto. Whenever the college and agricultural experiment station shall be entitled to any money under the aforesaid or a similar act, the board of trustees shall execute and file with the Secretary of the Treasury an agreement to expend the money received for the sole and exclusive purpose expressed in such act and in the manner therein directed and to maintain a farm of at least 25 acres in connection with the agricultural college. The board shall also execute and file with the said Secretary its bond, in the penal sum of $15,000, with two sufficient sureties approved by the State auditor, conditioned for the faithful performance of the agreement.
SEC. 2095. The board of trustees, with the advice of the faculty of the college, are hereby authorized and required to hold institutes for the instruction of the citizens of the State in various branches of agriculture. Such an institute shall be held in each county at least once during each school year and at a particular time and place designated by the board and faculty. The board shall make rules and regulations for organizing and conducting the institutes, and it may employ an agent or agents to perform the requisite work in connection with the faculty of the college. Courses of instruction at the institutes shall be so arranged as to present to those in attendance the results of the most recent investigations in theoretical and practical agriculture
SEC. 2006. It shall be the duty of those conducting institutes to encourage and assist in the organization of local agricultural societies. At the close of each season's institute work the board shall cause to be published in book or pa "phlet form, for free distribution to the farmers of the State, an annual report of such work and of the leading papers presented to and of the discussions at the institute meetings of the State.
Sec. 2097. It shall be the duty of the professor in charge of the dairy department of the college to visit and inspect as many as possible of the cheese and butter factories of the State each year and make a report thereof, to be printed as provided in section 2096.
SEC. 2093. For the institute purposes here mentioned the board may use such sum as it may deem proper, not exceeding $1,500 in any one year, and this amount is hereby annually appropriated for that purpose out of any money in the State treasury not otherwise appropriated.
Laws, 1899, chapter 29: SEC. 15. It shall be the duty of the Utah Art Institute, through its art lectureship committee, to prepare annually a course of lectures on subjects of art, which shall be delivered in whole or in part before the students of the agricultural college. * It shall be the duty of the art lectureship committee to advise with officers of Ştate educational institutions and superintendents of public schools as to courses in drawing, design, and art, with a view to creating a stronger art influence in State educational institutions. (March 9, 1899.)
Laws, 1899, chapter 75: SECTION 1. The object of this act is the establishment and maintenance of a regular winter course of studies for students at the Agricultural College of Utah, which course shall include studies relating to agriculture and mechanical arts and such other scientific and classical studies as the board of trustees and faculty may prescribe, and the board of trustees is hereby empowered and directed to establish such course.
SEC. 2. The special year of this course shall consist of five calendar months, beginning
on or about November 1 of each year. (March 16, 1899.) Laws, 1903, chapter 41: SECTION 1. In order to investigate and demonstrate the conditions under which useful plants may be grown on the dry or arid or nonirrigated lands of the State of Utah, and to determine the kind of plants best adapted for growth on these lands, there shall be established five experimental farms or as many more as may be maintained by the appropriation designated in section 7.
SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of those having said experimental farms in charge to secure seeds from this and other countries of the world of plants that are thought suitable for growth on dry lands, and to observe and record the growth, yield, and composition of the plants grown from seed so secured; to investigate and determine the methods of soil treatment by which the soil water is best conserved; to investigate the possibilities of grazing on dry lands which have been seeded to different crops, and to undertake such other experiments and demonstrations as may be deemed advisable, having in view the reclamation of the dry or arid lands of the State.
SEC. 3. Not more than one of said experimental farms shall be located in one county. The said experimental farms shall be located in districts where there are large areas of dry land that may not in the near future be brought under irrigation, and the locations of said experimental farms shall be selected under the direction of the board of trustees of the Agricultural College of Utah.
Sec. 4. The actual work of experimentation and demonstration on said experi