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ments made with trees, shrubs, plants, seeds, soils, and the breeding and rearing of stock to at least one newspaper in each county in the Commonwealth for publication, the same to be furnished monthly or immediately after the results of the investigations are known. (May 20, 1857.)
Laws, 1859, No. 165: SECTION 1. At all future meetings of the board of trustees of the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania five members thereof shall constitute a quorum competent for the transaction of business.
SEC. 2. It shall be unlawful for the court of quarter sessions of Center County to grant a license to any person or persons for the sale of ardent spirits or malt liquors at any place within 2 miles of the Fariners' High School of Pennsylvania, located in the said county.
SEC. 3. The superintendent of the Pennsylvania State Lunatic Hospital be, and he is hereby, directed to deliver to the trustees of the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania, to be arranged for exhibition and use in the museum of the said school, the cabinets of mineralogical and geological specimens belonging to the State, which were placed in the care of the said superintendent by the secretary of the Commonwealth, in compliance with a resolution approved February 15, 1855. (March 17, 1859.)
Laws, 1861, No. 367: SECTION 1. [Appropriates $49.900 for building purposes.] Laws, 1863, No. 227: SECTION 1. The act of the Congress of the United States passed July 2, 1862, * be, and the same is hereby, accepted by the State of Pennsylvania, with all its provisions and conditions, and the faith of the State is hereby pledged to carry the same into effect.
SEC. 2. The surveyor-general of the State of Pennsylvania is hereby authorized and required to do every act and thing necessary to entitle this State to its distributive share of land scrip, under the provisions of the said act of Congress, and when the said scrip is received by him to dispose of the same under such regulations as the board of commissioners, hereafter appointed by this act, shall prescribe. SEC. 3. The governor, auditor-general, and the surveyor-general are hereby constituted a board of commissioners, with full power and authority to make all needful rules and regulations respecting the manner in which the surveyor-general aforesaid shall dispose of the said land scrip, the investment of the proceeds thereof in the State stocks of this State, and apply interest arising therefrom as herein directed, and in general to do all and every act or acts necessary to carry into full effect the said act of Congress: Provided, That no investment shall be made in any other stocks than those of the United States or of this Commonwealth.
SEC. 4. Until otherwise ordered by the legislature of Pennsylvania, the annual interest accruing from any investment of the funds acquired under the said act of Congress is hereby appropriated, and the said commissioners are directed to pay the same to the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, for the endowment, support, and maintenance of the said institution, which college is now in full and successful operation, and where the leading object is, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts.
SEC. 5. The said Agricultural College of Pennsylvania shall, on or before the 1st day of February of each year, make report to the legislature of the receipts and expenditures of said institution for the preceding year. (April 1, 1863.) Laws, 1866, No. 88: SECTION 1. The third section of the act * * passed April 1, 1863 [above], shall be so construed as to authorize the governor, auditor-general, and surveyor-general as commissioners, in the performance of the duties devolved upon them by the said act, to direct the payment of the expenses of disposing of the said land scrip out of any money in the treasury not otherwise appropriated: Provided, That no more than one-third of the distributive shares of the said land scrip donated to this State shall be sold under the provisions of this act.
SEC. 2. The board of trustees of the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania be, and they are hereby, authorized to borrow a sum of money not exceeding $80,000, at a rate of interest not exceeding 7 per cent, and taxes, with which to pay and consolidate all the debts of the institution, and to secure the same by a mortgage upon the property thereof. (April 11, 1866.)
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Laws, 1867, No. 9: SECTION 1. The proviso to the first section of the act approved April 11, 1866 [above], be, and the same is hereby, repealed. SEC. 2. The one-tenth part of the entire proceeds of the lands donated by Congress to the State of Pennsylvania by the act of July 2, 1862, in trust, and accepted by the act of April 1, 1863, to which this is a supplement, be, and is hereby, appropriated, and the commissioners under the said act of April , 1863, are directed to pay the same to the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, to be expended in the purchase of lands for experimental farms.
SEC. 3. The interest and income of the entire residue of the proceeds of the said lands be, and are hereby, appropriated, and the commissioners under the said act are also hereby directed to pay the same, as it shall accrue, to the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania, for the endowment, support, and maintenance thereof, on condition that the trustees establish, conduct, and maintain in connection with the college three experimental farms; one near the college, under the immediate supervision of the professor of agriculture in the institution, another east, and the other west, upon lands of diversified quality, under the immediate supervision, respectively, of an assistant professor of agriculture. (February 19, 1867.)
Laws, 1872, No. 31: SECTION 1. The surveyor-general be, and is hereby, authorized and directed to sell all the present bonds held by him in trust for the agricultural college land-scrip fund and pay the proceeds of the sale of the same to the State treasurer for the use of the sinking-fund commissioners.
SEC. 2. The governor, auditor-general, and State treasurer are authorized to issue a registered bond of this Commonwealth for the sum of $500.000, payable to the agricultural college land-scrip fund of Pennsylvania, after fifty years from February 1, 1872, with interest on the same at the rate of 6 per cent per annum, to be paid semiannually on the 1st of February and August of each year, and deliver the said bond to the State treasurer for the uses and purposes declared by law.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of the State treasurer to hold said bond in trust for the agricultural college land-scrip fund of Pennsylvania and to pay the interest accruing thereon semiannually to the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania according to the several acts of assembly in relation thereto.
SEC. 4. The board of commissioners for the sale of agricultural college land scrip be, and the same is hereby, abolished, and the surveyor-general is directed to place in the hands of the State treasurer the book of accounts and vouchers relating to the agricultural college land-scrip fund now in his custody. (April 3, 1872.)
Laws, 1878, No. 219: SECTION 1. [Appropriates $80,000 to pay off mortgage on the property of the Agricultural College of Pennsylvania.]
SEC. 3. The State treasurer shall not disburse any of the moneys herein appropriated until satisfactory proof has been made to him that the following reductions have been made in the salaries of all officers and employees in said institution, namely, 10 per cent on all salaries between $800 and $1,500 and 15 per cent on all salaries over $1,500. (June 12, 1878.)
Laws, 1887. No. 56: SECTION 1. The trustees of the said the Pennsylvania State College, are hereby authorized to sell the farins commonly known as the eastern and western experimental farms, or either of them, at the highest price at which they can be sold, at public or private sale, as a whole or in parcels, after at least sixty days' notice of such sale being given weekly in two of the newspapers published in the county where such farm is located. The proceeds of such sale shall be paid by said trustees into the State treasury, with satisfactory evidence to the governor and treasurer that such sale was conducted in good faith, according to the requirements of this act, and shall there be held as a special fund, to be invested in the bonds of the State, or otherwise, the interest on which, at 6 per cent per annum, shall be paid by the State treasurer, in equal quarterly installments, on the 1st day of January, April, July, and October in each and every year, to the said trustees of the State College, to be used by them for the sole and exclusive purpose of maintaining a mechanical workshop and chemical laboratories, and of conducting educational and scientific experiments on the experimental farm located at the State College, and laboratory tests and investigations connected therewith, and the principal of said proceeds is hereby inviolably appropriated and set apart as and for the uses herein prescribed: Provided, That before any portion of the income thereof shall be paid to the said trustees they shall execute and file with the secretary of the Commonwealth an agreement to expend the whole of such income in the manner and for the purposes herein designated, and shall annually make to the governor a full statement of their income and expenditures under this head: And provided further, That nothing contained in this act shall be construed to release the said trustees from the obligation to maintain a well-equipped experimental farm near the college, as now required by law, er to impair or modify any other obligation or agreement now existing between the State of Pennsylvania and said State College, except as herein expressly provided. (May 13, 1887.)
Laws. 1887, No. 223: SECTION 1. [Appropriates $68,000 for buildings, $22,500 for apparatus, books, and equipment, and $9,500 for repairs, etc.]
SEC. 2. [Appropriates $3,000 per annum for four years for the agricultural experiment station.] (June 3, 1887.)
Laws, 1889, No. 52: SECTION 1. The assent of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is hereby given to the said act of Congress approved March 3 , 1887, with all its provisions and conditions, and the Pennsylvania State College is hereby designated as the proper institution, under the provisions of said act of February 19, 1867 [of the legislature of Pennsylvania], to receive all appropriations made or to be made by Congress for the purpose of carrying into effect said act er any supplement or supplements thereto. (April 25, 1889.)
Laws, 1889. No. 312: SECTION 1. [Appropriates $95,500 for buildings, $18,700 for apparatus and equipment, and $12,800 for repairs, etc.] (May 25, 1889.)
Laws, 1891, No. 67: SECTION 1. The assent of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania is hereby given to said act of Congress approved August 30, 1890, with all its provisions and conditions, and the Pennsylvania State College is hereby designated as the proper institution, under the provisions of said act of February 19, 1867 [of the legislature of Pennsylvania, to receive all appropriations made or to be made by Congress for the purpose of carrying into effect said act or any supplement or supplements thereto.
SEC. 2. The State treasurer is hereby authorized and directed to record in his office the receipt of any and all appropriations received from the United States under said act of Congress, and to transfer the same immediately to the treasurer of the Pennsylvania State College, as required by said act approved August 30, 1890.
SEC. 3. All acts and parts of acts inconsistent herewith be, and the same are hereby, repealed, and the secretary of the Commonwealth is hereby directed to forward one certified copy of this act to the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States and one to the United States Secretary of the Interior. (May 20, 1891.)
Laws, 1891, No. 291: [Appropriates $114,500 for buildings, $19.000 for apparatus and equipment, and $17.000 for repairs, etc.] (June 19, 1891.)
Laws, 1893, No. 243: [Appropriates $33,000 for maintenance, $37,500 for equipment, and $20.220 for repairs, etc.] (June 3, 1893.)
Laws, 1893, No. 239: SECTION 1. The secretary of the State board of agriculture shall be ex officio a member of the beard of agriculture and of the board of trustees of the Pennsylvania State College. (June 2, 1893.)
Laws, 1895. No. 440: [Appropriates $110.006.73 for buildings, $52,000 for maintenance, $20,500 for apparatus and equipment, and $29,755.50 for repairs, etc.] (July 3, 1895.)
Laws, 1897, No. 353: [Appropriates $63,200 for maintenance, $13.250 for apparatus and equipment, and $10.882.50 for repairs, etc.] (July 22, 1897.)
Laws, 1899, No. 319: [Appropriates $39,250 for maintenance, $12,000 for fuel, and $1,051.90 for insurance.] (May 13, 1899.)
Laws, 1901, No. 503: [Appropriates $15,000 for fuel. $58,750 for maintenance, $10,707.74 for repairs, etc., and $500 for furniture.] (July 18, 1901.) Laws, 1903, No. 432: [Appropriates $151,805.55.] (May 15, 1903.)
Acts and resolves, January session, 1863, Public resolution No. 2: Resolved, the senate concurring with the house in the passage hereof, That the general assembly of the State of Rhode Island does hereby express its acceptance in behalf of the State of the benefit of the provisions of Chapter CXXX of the Statutes of the United States passed at the second session of the Thirty-seventh Congress and approved July 2, 1862, donating public lands to the several States and Territories which may provide colleges for the benefit of agriculture and the mechanic arts upon the terms and conditions in the said act contained and set forth, and that the faith of the State be, and is hereby, pledged to the United States that upon the receipt of the scrip provided to be issued under the said act of Congress it will faithfully apply the proceeds thereof to the objects and in the manner prescribed by this act.
Resolved. That his excellency the governor be, and he hereby is, requested to notify the President of the United States without delay of the accepting by the legislature of this State of the donation of scrip for 120,000 acres of the public lands of the United States (that quantity being 30.000 acres for each Senator and Representative in Congress from this State), made by the provisions of Chapter CXXX of the Statutes of the United States approved July 2, 1862, upon the terms and conditions in the said act contained and set forth, and to furnish at the same time a copy of said notification to the Secretary of the Interior.
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Resolved, That his excellency the governor be, and he hereby is, fully authorized and empowered by himself or his order to receive from the Secretary of the Interior or any other person authorized to issue the same the land scrip to which this State is entitled under the provisions of Chapter CXXX of the Statutes of the United States, passed at the second session of the Thirty-seventh Congress and approved July 2, 1862, and to hold the said scrip subject to the future order of this general assembly. [By a resolution passed at this same session Brown University was made the beneficiary of the land-scrip fund and remained so until 1894.] Acts and Resolves, January session, 1887, Resolve No. 18: The State of Rhode Island hereby assents to and accepts the provisions and purposes of the act passed by the Forty-ninth Congress of the United States and approved March 3 , 1887, entitled, etc. (March 31, 1887.)
Acts and Resolves, January session, 1888, chapter 706: SECTION 1. The sum of $5,000 is hereby appropriated to be paid out of the treasury for the purpose of establishing a State agricultural school.
SEC. 2. The governor shall, with the advice and consent of the senate, appoint a board of five managers, who shall be practical agriculturists. One member of said board shall be appointed from each county, who shall manage and control the State agricultural school. The members of said board first appointed shall hold their offices one for one year, one for two years, one for three years, one for four years, and one for five years, and until their successors shall be qualified to act. In every year hereafter there shall be one member of said board appointed for the term of five years. In case of a vacancy in said board such vacancy shall be filled, if the general assembly be in session, by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate; if not in session, by the governor until the next session of the general assembly, when, as soon as may be, an appointment shall be made by the governor, with the advice and consent of the senate, to fill such vacancy, and the person so appointed shall hold his office for the remainder of the unexpired term.
SEC. 3. The said board of managers shall establish a system of government for said school, and shall make all necessary rules and regulations for receiving students and giving instruction on agricultural and kindred subjects. They may establish rates of tuition. They shall appoint such officers, teachers, and employees as shall be necessary, and prescribe their duties and fix their compensation. They shall report annually to the general assembly at the January session. SEC. 4. Any sum which shall be received by the State by virtue of any act of Congress for the promotion of agriculture shall be appropriated to the use of said board for the purpose for which said sum is appropriated. (March 23, 1888.)
Public Laws, January session, 1892, chapter 1078: SECTION 1. The present board of managers of the State agricultural school and their successors, for the terms for which they have been or for which they hereafter may be appointed or elected as such managers, are hereby declared to be a body politic and corporate for the purpose of continuing and maintaining said State agricultural school as a college where the leading object shall be, without excluding other scientific and classical studies, and including military tactics, to teach such branches of learning as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes in the several pursuits and professions of life, as provided in the act of the Congress of the United States approved July 2, 1862, and for the purpose of continuing and maintaining an agricultural experiment station as a department of said college under and in accordance with and to carry out the purposes of the act of Congress approved March 2, 1887, *by the name of Rhode Island College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, with all the powers and privileges and subject to all the duties and liabilities set forth in chapter 152 of the Public Statutes and in any acts in amendment thereof or in addition thereto.
SEC. 2. Said college and experiment station shall, until otherwise ordered, be located in the town of South Kingstown, upon the estate now occupied by said State agricultural school and experiment station. And all moneys hereafter received under said act of Congress approved March 2, 1887, and under the act of Congress approved August 30, 1890, * * and all other moneys which shall be received
by the State for the promotion of agriculture or the mechanic arts under or by virtue of any act of Congress shall, as and when received, be paid over to the treasurer for the time being of said college corporation, to be used and applied and accounted for by the managers and officers of said corporation for the time being, as required by the several acts of Congress under which the same are received. And the managers and officers of said corporation shall perform all the duties and make and publish, distribute and render all bulletins and reports required by said acts of Congress or by any acts in amendment thereof or supple
mentary thereto, and shall also report to the general assembly annually at its January session.
SEC. 3. The said members of the present board of managers of the State agricultural school are hereby created and declared to be the board of managers of said college corporation, and their respective terms of office shall expire at the same times as they would have expired under the provisions of said act, chapter 706, to which this act is in amendment. And all future members of said board of managers of said college corporation and all future vacancies in said board shall be appointed and filled in the manner provided by section 2 of said chapter 706, except that the words "who shall be practical agriculturists," in said section 2, are hereby repealed; and every future member of said board shall be a domiciled inhabitant of the same county as was the retiring member of the board whose place he is appointed to fill.
SEC. 4. Said board of managers shall annually elect one of their own number to be president of the board, who shall also be president of the corporation, and shall continue in office until his successor is elected. They shall also from time to time appoint a treasurer and a clerk, who shall also be officers of the corporation, and who may be, but need not necessarily be, the same person or members of the board, and who shall hold their respective offices at the pleasure of the board The treasurer before entering upon his office shall give bond to the State for the faithful discharge of his duties, in form to be approved by the attorneygeneral, in a penal sum to be fixed by the said board of managers, and with surety or sureties to be approved by the governor, such bond to be filed and to be kept on file in the office of the secretary of state, and which bond shall be renewed whenever required by the board of managers or by the governor. And the treasurer shall make a full detailed report annually to the general assembly at its January session of all his receipts and expenditures, properly audited by the board of managers or a committee thereof.
SEC. 5. Said board of managers shall have the general care and management of said estate in South Kingstown and of said college and experiment station, and may employ such professors, teachers, and other persons in and about the same, and prescribe their duties and fix their compensation, and from time to time make rules and regulations for their government, and may also make by-laws, rules, and regulations to govern their own meetings and proceedings. Said board of managers shall from time to time appoint the faculty of said college; and such faculty shall from time to time arrange the courses of study, conforming to said acts of Congress in this behalf, and prescribe such qualifications for admission of students, and such rules of study, exercise, discipline, and government as they shall deem proper; they may also grant academical degrees and diplomas appropriate to the courses of study to those students of good moral character who shall have pursued the prescribed courses and passed satisfactory examinations. (May 19, 1892.)
[From 1893 to 1899, both inclusive, the general assembly appropriated annually $10,000 to the college of agriculture and mechanic arts. An act passed May 24, 1899, provides: The sum of $15,000 is hereby annually appropriated for the purpose of defraying the expenses of said college corporation. the same to be expended under the direction of the managers and officers of said corporation for the time being."]
Constitution (1895). Article XI: SEC. 8. The general assembly may provide for the maintenance of Clemson Agricultural College, as now established by law, and may create scholarships therein. The proceeds realized from the land scrip given by the act of Congress passed July 2, 1862, for the support of an agricultural college, and any lands or funds which have heretofore been or may hereafter be given or appropriated for educational purposes by the Congress of the United States, shall be applied as directed in the acts appropriating the same: Provided. That the general assembly shall, as soon as practicable, wholly separate Claflin College from Claflin University and provide for a separate corps of professors and instructors therein, representation to be given to men and women of the negro race: and it shall be the Colored Normal, Industrial, Agricultural, and Mechanical College of this State.
[The following matter is taken from Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1902. 2 vols., Columbia, S. C., 1902.]
SEC. 1293. There shall be established within this State a normal, industrial, agricultural, and mechanical college for the higher education of the colored youth