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devoted himself to the study of Holy Scripture. With a mind thus improved and enriched with abundant store of knowledge, He ventured to direct his labours and reflections to clear up in some degree, the darkest perhaps of the sacred Prophecies. He was not deterred from the undertaking, either by the difficulties and obscurity peculiar to the Apocalypse, or by the little success of others who had gone before him on a similar design. Convinced in his own mind, that most of these Interpreters had failed in their attempts, because they had contracted their systems to too narrow a compass, viz. only to a few of the first Ages of the Church: He takes a more enlarged and extensive view of things, and carries on the divine economy respecting the Church from her foundation through every succeeding period to the end of time, and her final introduction into heaven. His plan appears to have been conceived with great judgment and penetration, and it has been executed with equal ability.

He lays it down as a fundamental Law in the Interpretation of the Apocalypse, that not a single word is superfluous, nor repeated without a particular reason. Hence, He scrutinizes every term with the nicest refinement in the original and in the most approved Versions. The least variation in mode or time never ef

him. He turns his Text into every point of view, in order to fix and ascertain its true meaning. When he had digested the whole of his subject, and had worked it up

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be received by some : he ventured to send it forth to the Public, little solicitous how far it would enhance or lessen his literary fame, provided it contributed in any degree to awaken a thoughtless and criminal generation to the great and awful truths and falutary terrors of Religion.

Although no pains were taken by the Author or his friends to circulate his work, it soon found its way into foreign countries, particuJarly into France and Germany. A French tranflation of it was published in 1778, p. 159, &c. by a Benedictin Monk of the Congregation of St. Maurus, a Congregation fo well known by its literary labours. Of this order of Religious men, the Author was a member in the present, English Congregation of Benedictins. Soon after, it was translated into Latin by an English Benedictin Monk resident at Paris ; into German by l’Abbé Goldhagen, 1785, 3 vols. 8vo. and lately into Italian.

We may judge in what efteem the original performance was held abroad by the following extract from the periodical writings of a very judicious and learned Author, l'Abbé Feller, 'universally known and esteemed in France and Germany for the zeal and success, with which he has for many years defended the cause and interest of Religion. Dated 1786. Sept. P. 106.----92 L'ouvrage de Seigneur Pas“ torini est le seul bon Commentaire sur l’Apo

calypse que l'Angleterre ait produit, et la “ nation doit scavoir bon gré à l'Auteur d'avoir o contribué a faire oublier les Extravagances que Jacques ir. et le célébré Newton ont debitées

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« sur ce Livre divin. C'est un scavant et edifi

ant ouvrage, ou la Theologie et l'Histoire

Ecclesiastique repandent des lumieres precieu“ ses sur le plus mysterieux des livres Saints ;

ou les Prophetics admirables, realisées par des “ faits averés publics, eclatans, repandent dans “ l'ame des Chretiens l'esperance et le courage,

en meme tems qu'elles rendent un temoignage " solemnel à la puissance et à la verité de Dieu. “ Ce qui reste sous le voile, s'annonc dejà d'une “ maniere sensible, et le tableau des tems ou

nous vivons n'est pas celui qui brille le moins

par les traits de charactere, par les couleurs “ vives et vraies.”_ -Translated :

“ The work of Signior Pastorini is the only “ good Comment, which England has produced

upon the Apocalypse. The Nation has obli

gations to the Author for having contributed “ to cause to be forgotten the extravagant noti

ons of James the First and the celebrated “ Newton respecting this divine Book. It is a “ learned and edifying performance. The Theo

logical and Ecclesiastical matter interspersed

throughout it, shed valuable lights upon the “ most mysterious of the most facred Writings. “ The wonderful Prophecies contained in it,

being established upon authentic, striking and

public facts, inspire the Christian Soul with “ Christian Hope and Fortitude, and afford a “ folemn testimony to the power and veracity “ of God. What remains as yet undisclosed “ manifests itself already in a sensible manner: " and, the times we live in furnish a faithful " and lively picture."

The first Edition was soon brought up; and though a second was earneítly wished for, the Author for various reasons declined to undertake it. The experience of nearly thirty years, the latter part of which has been so eventful, convinced him more than ever that he had not been deceived in his general view of things. To his intimate acquaintance He was often heard to repeat in the language of Moses in his celebrated Canticle, Adele festinant Tempora: the Times are fast approaching. At length a friend of his who had known him from his earliest days, and been witness to his virtues for many years, offering his service to prepare a second Edition; the Author accepted his proposal, and furnished him with some additional remarks, which will be found in their proper places.

Soon after the Author had favoured the Editor with his additional materials, he closed a well fpent life by an happy Exit.

His death, it inay confidently be hoped precious in the fight of Gad! and, his virtues and zealous exertions in the cause of Religion will be long remembered, particularly by the members of the Roman Catholic Communion in this Kingdom.

INTRO

INTRODUCTION.

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THE Book of the Apocalypse according to that learned interpreter of the Scriptures, St. Jerom, “ contains an infinite number of myf" teries relating to future times.” Lib. 1. con" tra Jovin. “ The Apocalypse,” says St. Austin, “ is a prophecy of what is to happen “ from the first coming of Christ earth

to his second coming at the last day.". De civ. Dei. 1. 2. c. 8. Some modern Writers hold the fame opinion. Besides these authorities, our own study of that mysterious book, diligently pursued, has entirely prevailed on us to espouse the same sentiment. The Apocalypse exhibits, in general, a summary of the whole history of the Christian Church from the date of its birth to its triumphant and glorious state in Heaven after the close of time. This is the foundation of the present work, and we hope the attentive Reader, when he has considered the whole, will approve our sentiments and applaud our endeavours. He may perhaps then join us in thinking, that the celebrated Commentators, Bossuet and Calmet, have too much contracted this admirable Prophecy by confining the contents to fo short a period as the four first centuries of the Christian æra, and applying the whole, except the two last chapters, to

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