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A little to disquantity your train ;

Turn all her mother's pains and benefits And the remainder, that shall still depend,

To laughter and contempt ; that she may feel To be such men as may besort your age,

How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is Which know themselves and you.

To have a thankless child !-Away, away! [Exit. LEAR.

Darkness and devils !—| ALB. Now, gods that we adore, whereof comes Saddle my horses ! call my train together!

this? Degenerate bastard ! I'll not trouble thee;

Gon. Never afflict yourself to know the cause ;* Yet have I left a daughter.

But let his disposition have that scope Gon. You strike my people; and your dis- | That 7 dotage gives it.

order'd rabble
Make servants of their betters.

Re-enter LEAR.

LEAR. What, fifty of my followers at a clap!

Within a fortnight! LEAR. Woe, that too late repents,—[TO ALB.] |


What's the matter, sir ? O, sir, are you come ? *

LEAR. I'll tell thee;—Life and death! (To Gon. Is it your will ? Speak, sir. — Prepare my

I am asham'd horses.

That thou hast power to shake my manhood thus. Ingratitude ! thou marble-hearted fiend,

That these hot tears, which break from me More hideous, when thou show'st thee in a child, Than the sea-monster!

perforce, ALB. Pray, sir, be patient.

Should make thee worth them.-Blasts and fogs

upon thee! LEAR. Detested kite! thou liest : [7'GONERIL.

The untented woundings of a father's curse My train are men of choice and rarest parts,

Pierce every sense about thee L-Old fond eyes, That all particulars of duty know, And in the most exact regard support

Beweep this cause again, I'll pluck ye out, The worships of their name.—0, most small fault,

And cast you, with the waters that you loose, How ugly didst thou in Cordelia show!

To temper clay.-Ha! is it come to this ?

Let it be so ; yet have I left a daughter, a Which, like an engine,“ wrench'd my frame of

Who, I am sure, is kind and comfortable ; nature From the fix'd place; drew from my heart all

When she shall hear this of thee, with her nails

She'll flay thy wolfish visage. Thou shalt find love, And added to the gall. O Lear, Lear, Lear!

That I'll resume the shape which thou dost think

I have cast off for ever; thou shalt, I warrant Beat at this gate, that let thy folly in, [Striking his head.

thee. I And thy dear judgment out !-Go, go, my people.

[Exeunt LEAR, KENT, and Attendants. ALB. My lord, I am guiltless, as I am ignorant

Gon. Do you mark that, my lord ? $ Of what hath mov'd you.

ALB. I cannot be so partial, Goneril,

To the great love I bear you,-
It may be so, my lord.-|
Hear, Nature, hear; dear goddess, hear !

Gon. Pray you, content. — What, Oswald,

ho ! Suspend thy purpose, if thou didst intend To make this creature fruitful !

You, sir, more knave than fool, after your master.

[To the Fool. Into her womb convey sterility!

Fool. Nuncle Lear, nuncle Lear, tarry, and || Dry up in her the organs of increase ;

take the fool with thee. And from her derogate body never spring A babe to honour her! If she must teem,

A fox, when one has caught her, Create her child of spleen ; that it may live,

And such a daughter, And be a thwart disnatur’d torment to her!

Should sure to the slaughter, Let it stamp wrinkles in her brow of youth ;

If my cap would buy a halter : With cadent tears fret channels in her cheeks;

So the fool follows after.


thee +

(*) First folio, to know more of it.

(1) First folio, As. (1) First folio omits, thou shall, I warrant thee. (5) First folio omits, my lord. (1) First folio omits, and.

(*) First folio omits, O sir, are you come! A - an engine, -] By an engine is meant the instrument of torture called the rack.

b- untented woundings- “Untented wounds," Steevens says, "may possibly signify here, such as will not admit of having a tent put into them." The expression, there can be no doubt, means unsearchable wounds-wounds too deep to be probed,

c – loose,-) That is, discharge.

Ha! is it come to this?
Let it be so; yet have I left a daughter,-)
This passage is formed from the two old texts; the quartos read,
“ Yea is it come to this? yet have I left a daughter:" the folio, -

"Ha! Let it be so
I have another daughter."

Gon. This man hath had good counsel :"-a LEAR. Ay, boy. hundred knights!

Fool. Then, I pr’ythee, be merry; thy wit 'T is politic and safe to let him keep

shall not go slip-shod. At point a hundred knights : yes, that on every LEAR. Ha, ha, ha! dream,

Foor, Shalt see thy other daughter will use Each buz, each fancy, each complaint, dislike, thee kindly:b for though she's as like this as a He may enguard his dotage with their powers, crab's like an apple, yet I can tell what I can tell. And hold our lives in mercy.--Oswald, I say ! LEAR. What canst tell, boy? ALB. Well, you may fear too far.

Fool. She will taste as like this, as a crab Gon.

Safer than trust too far : does to a crab. Thou canst tell why one's nose Let me still take away the harms I fear,

stands i’ the middle on's face ? Not fear still to be taken: I know his heart.

LEAR. No. What he hath utter'd I have writ my sister ;

Fool. Why, to keep one's eyes of either side If she sustain him and his hundred knights, his nose ; that what a man cannot smell out, he When I have show'd the unfitness,

may spy into.

LEAR. I did her wrong:

Fool. Canst tell how an oyster makes his shell? Re-enter Oswald.


Fool. Nor I neither ; but I can tell why a How now, Oswald ?

snail has a house. What, have you writ that letter to my sister ?

LEAR. Why? Osw. Ay, madam.

Fool. Why, to put his head in; not to give it Gon. Take you some company, and away to away to his daughters, and leave his horns without horse;

a case. Inform her full of my particular fear;

LEAR. I will forget my nature.--So kind a And thereto add such reasons of your own father !--Be my horses ready? As may compact it more. Get you gone;

FOOL. Thy asses are gone about 'em. The And hasten your return. - Exit Osw.] No, no, reason why the seven stars are no more than seven, my lord,

is a pretty reason. This milky gentleness and course of yours

LEAR. Because they are not eight? Though I condemn not, yet, under pardon,

Fool. Yes, indeed: thou wouldst make a good You are much more attask'd * for want of wisdom, fool. Than prais'd for harmful mildness.

LEAR. To take 't again perforce - Monster ALB. How far your eyes may pierce, I cannot ingratitude ! tell;

Fool. If thou wert my fool, nunele, I'd have Striving to better, oft we mar what's well.

thee beaten for being old before thy time. | GoN. Nay, then

LEAR. How's that? ALB. Well, well; the event. [Exeunt. Fool. Thou shouldst not have been old, before*

thou hadst been wise.

LEAR. O, let me not be mad, not mad, sweet SCENE V.—Court before the Same.


Keep me in temper ; I would not be mad !-
Enter LEAR, KENT, and Fool.
LEAR. Go you before to Gloster with these

Enter Gentleman.
letters; acquaint my daughter no further with
any thing you know, than comes from her demand How now! Are the horses ready ? '
out of the letter. If your diligence be not speedy, GENT. Ready, my lord.
I shall be there afore you.

LEAR. Come, boy. Kent. I will not sleep, my lord, till I have Fool. She that's a maid now, and laughs at delivered your letter.


my departure, Fool. If a man's brains were in 's heels, were't Shall not be a maid long, unless things be cut not in danger of kibes ?



(*) First folio, at lask.

(*) First folio, till.

This man hath had good counsel :This and what follows down to the entrance of Oswald, are not in the quartos.

- thy olher daughter urill use thee kindly :) Kindly is here used, as Malone pointed out, with the double meaning of affectionately, and after her nature, or kind.

[graphic][merged small]

SCENE I.-A Court within the Castle of the Earl of Gloucester.

Enter EDMUND and CURAN, meeting.

Enter EDGAR.

EDM. Save thee, Curan.

My father watches :—0, sir, fly this place ; CUR. And you,* sir. I have been with your Intelligence is given where you are hid ; father, and given him notice that the duke of | You have now the good advantage of the Cornwall and Regan his duchess will be here with

night:him this night.

Have you not spoken 'gainst the duke of Cornwall ? EDM. How comes that ?

He's coming hither; now, i' the night, i' the CUR. Nay, I know not. You have heard of the

haste, news abroad, -I mean the whispered ones, for they And Regan with him ; have you nothing said are yet but ear-kissing arguments ?

Upon his party 'gainst the duke of Albany? EDM. Not I; pray you, what are they? Advise yourself.

Cur. Have you heard of no likely wars toward, EDG. I am sure on't, not a word. 'twixt the dukes of Cornwall and Albany?

EDM. I hear my father coming,-pardon me; EDM. Not a word.

In cunning I must draw my sword upon you :Cur. You may do, then, in time. Fare you Draw: seem to defend yourself: now quit you well, sir.


well. Edm. The duke be here to-night? The better! Yield :—come before my father.—Light, ho, best!

here ! This weaves itself perforce into my business. Fly, brother.—Torches ! torches !-So, farewell. — My father hath set guard to take my brother ;

[Exit EDGAR. And I have one thing, of a queasy question, Some blood drawn on me would beget opinion Which I must act :-briefness and fortune,

[Wounds his arm. work ! .

Of my more fierce endeavour: I have seen drunkBrother, a word ;—descend :—brother, I say !


Do more than this in sport.-Father ! father! (*) First folio, your.

Stop, stop! No help ?


Enter GLOUCESTER, and Servants with torches.

. Were very pregnant and potential spurs*

| To make thee seek it. Glo. Now, Edmund, where's the villain ?


Strongť and fasten’d villain ! Edm. Here stood he in the dark, his sharp Would he deny his letter ?-I never got him._ sword out,

[Trumpets without. Mumbling of wicked charms, conjuring the moon | Hark, the duke's trumpets! I know not why he To stand auspicious mistress, –

comes.But where is he? | All ports I'll bar; the villain shall not 'scape ; Edm. Look, sir, I bleed.

The duke must grant me that: besides, his picture Glo. Where is the villain, Edmund ? I will send far and near, that all the kingdom Edm. Fled this way, sir. When by no means May have due note of him; and of my land, he could

Loyal and natural boy, I'll work the means Glo. Pursue him, ho !-Go after.—[Exeunt | To make thee capable.

some Servants.] By no means, what ? Edm. Persuade me to the murder of your lord

Enter CORNWALL, REGAN, and Attendants. ship; But that I told him, the revenging gods

Corn. How now, my noble friend ! since I came 'Gainst parricides did all their thunders * bend;


news. $ Spoke, with how manifold and strong a bond (Which I can call but now) I have heard strange The child was bound to the father ;-sir, in fine, Reg. If it be true, all vengeance comes too short, Seeing how loathly opposite I stood

Which can pursue the offender. How dost, my To his unnatural purpose, in fell motion

lord ?

[crack'd! With his prepared sword, he charges home

Glo. O, madam, my old heart is crack’d,—it's My unprovided body, lanc'd t mine arm :

Reg. What, did my father's godson seek your Butt when he saw my best alarum'd spirits,

life? Bold in the quarrel's right, rous’d to the encounter, He whom my father nam'd ? your Edgar ? Or whether gasted by the noise I made,

Glo. O, lady, lady, shame would have it hid ! Full suddenly he fled.

REG. Was he not companion with the riotous Glo. Let him fly far :

knights Not in this land shall he remain uncaught; That tend || upon my father ?

bad.And found—despatch !~—The noble duke my Glo. I know not, madam: 't is too bad, too master,

EDM. Yes, madam, he was of that consort. My worthy arch and patron, comes to-night :

Reg. No marvel then, though he were ill By his authority I will proclaim it,

affected ; That he which finds him shall deserve our thanks, 'Tis they have put him on the old man's death, Bringing the murderous coward to the stake; To have the waste and spoil" of his revenues. He that conceals him, death.

I have this present evening from my sister EDM. When I dissuaded him from his intent, Been well inform’d of them; and with such cautions And found him pight' to do it, with curst speech That if they come to sojourn at my house, I threaten’d to discover him: he replied,

I'll not be there. Thou unpossessing bastard ! dost thou think, CORN. Nor I, assure thee, Regan.If I would stand against thee, would the reposal Edmund, I hear that you have shown your father Of any trust, virtue, or worth, in thee (deny, A child-like office. Make thy words faith'd ? No: what I should § Edm.

'Twas my duty, sir. (As this I would; ay,|| though thou didst produce Glo. He did bewray his practice ; and receiv'd My very character:) I'd turn it all

This hurt you see, striving to apprehend him. To thy suggestion, plot, and damned practice : CORN. Is he pursu'd ? And thou must make a dullard of the world, Glo.

Ay, my good lord. If they not thought the profits of my death

CORN. If he be taken, he shall never more

(*) First folio, spirits. + First folio, O strange. (1) First folio, wher.

(8) First folio, strangenesse. (II) First folio, tended.

(*) First folio, the thunder. (1) First folio, latch'd. (1) First folio, And.

(8) First folio, should I.

(1) First folio omits, ay. a But when, &c.] “When" is very probably a misprint for wher, or whether b gasted-] Gasted, or ghasted, means affrighted, dismayed.

c And found-despatch ! ) Warburton reads, “And found, dispatch'd;" as also does Mr. Collier's annotator; but the old text is right. Thus, in “Blurt, Master Constable," Act V. Sc. 1,

"There to find Fontinelle: found, to kill him." d - pight to do it,- Pight is fixed, settled.

@_curst speech-) Harsh, bitter speech,
f - character-] That is, hand-writing.
8 I never got him.- The folio reads,-

“Would he deny his Letter, said he?"
h -- the waste and spoil-) So the first quarto; the second reads,
" - these-and waste;” all the other ancient copies, "-ta'
expence and wast."

Be fear'd of doing harm : make your own purpose, trunk-inheriting slave; one that wouldst be a bawd, How in my strength you please. -For you, in way of good service, and art nothing but the Edmund,

composition of a knave, beggar, coward, pandar, Whose virtue and obedience doth this instant and the son and heir of a mongrel bitch: one So much commend itself, you shall be ours; whom I will beat into clamourous * whining, if Natures of such deep trust we shall much need; thou deniest the least syllable of thy addition. You we first seize on.

Osw. Why, what a monstrous fellow art thou, Edu.

I shall serve you, sir, truly, | thus to rail on one that is neither known of thee However else.

nor knows thee! Glo.

For him I thank your grace. KENT. What a brazen-faced varlet art thou, to Corn. You know not why we came to visit | deny thou knowest me! Is it two days ago, t since you, —

[night. I tripped up thy heels, and beat thee, before the REG. Thus out of season ; threading dark-eyed king ? Draw, you rogue : for, though it be night, Occasions, noble Gloster, of some poise,*

yeto the moon shines, I'll make a sop o’the moonWherein we must have use of your advice :

shine of you : draw, you whoreson cullionly Our father he hath writ, so hath our sister,

barber-monger, draw. [Drawing his sword. Of differences, which I best thought it fit

Osw. Away! I have nothing to do with thee. To answer from our home; the several messengers KENT. Draw, you rascal ! you come with letters From hence attend despatch. Our good old friend, against the king; and take Vanity the puppet's Lay comforts to your bosom ; and bestow

part, against the royalty of her father: draw, you Your needful counsel to our business,

rogue, or I'll so carbonado your shanks !-draw, Which craves the instant use.

you rascal ! come your ways. GLO.

I serve you, madam : | Osw. Help, ho! murder ! help! Your graces are right welcome. [Exeunt. | Kent. Strike, you slave! stand, rogue, stand !

you neatd slave, strike !

[Beating him.

Osw. Help, ho! murder! murder !
SCENE II.Before Gloucester's Castle.
Enter Kent and OswALD, severally.


Edm. How now ? what's the matter? Part. Osw. Good dawning to thee, friend; art of this

KENT. With you, goodman boy, an § you please; house?

come, I'll flesh you; come on, young master. KENT. Ay. Osw. Where may we set our horses ? KENT. I'the mire.

Enter CORNWALL, REGAN, GLOUCESTER, and Osw. Prythee, if thou lov'st me, tell me.

Servants. Kent. I love thee not.

Glo. Weapons ! arms! what's the matter here? Osw. Why, then, I care not for thee.

Corn. Keep peace, upon your lives ! KENT. If I had thee in Lipsbury pinfold, I He dies, that strikes again ! what is the matter ? would make thee care for me.

REG. The messengers from our sister and the Osw. Why dost thou use me thus ? I know thee

king! not.

CORN. What is your difference? speak. KENT. Fellow, I know thee.

Osw. I am scarce in breath, my lord. Osw. What dost thou know me for ?

KENT. No marvel, you have so bestirred your KENT. A knave; a rascal; an eater of broken valour. You cowardly rascal, nature disclaims in meats ; a base, proud, shallow, beggarly, three- thee; a tailor made thee. suited, hundred-pound, filthy, worsted-stocking Corn. Thou art a strange fellow: a tailor make knave; a lily-livered, action-taking whoreson, a man? glass-gazing, superserviceable, finical rogue; one KENT. Ay,ll a tailor, sir : a stone-cutter, or a (*) First solio, prize. (t) First folio, businesses. (*) First folio, clamours. (t) First folio omits, ago.

(1) First folio omits, draw. () First folio, if. 8 - from our hoine;] Away from home.

(1) First folio omits, Ay. b - hundred-pound,-) This epithet is found in Middleton's play of "The Phenix," Act IV. Sc. 3,

to mean simply mere or finical. For the real allusion, see a

passage in the “ Winter's Tale," Act I. Sc. 2," am I used like a hundred-pound gentleman."

1 - Come, captain, And in Sir Walter Raleigh's speech against Foreign Retailers

We must be neat; not neat, but cleanly, captain; (Oldys's "Life of Raleigh," p. 68), he says,-"Nay at Milan,

And yet the steer, the heifer, and the calf, where there are three hundred-pound Englishmen, they cannot so much as have a barber among them."

See also Taylor the Water Poet's Epigram on the husband of c- yet the moon shines,-) That is, now the moon shines, &c. Mrs. Parnell, d - you neat sine,-) The sting in this epithet, "neat," has

"Neate can he talke, and feede, and neatly tread, been quite misunderstood by the commentators who suppose it

Neate are his feete, but most neate is his head."

Are all call'd neat."

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