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ply their Grandees when on a Journey, with

Provisions .....

98

LIII. Different Methods of serving up food at Meals. 100

LIV. Manner of eating at Courts....

105

LV. Provisions sent from the Tables of Eastern

Princes to the Poor, 8c....

107

LVI. Women and Ven do not eat together in the

East.

109

LVII. The Eastern People begin to cat very early

in the Morning ...

111

LVIII. Abstemiousness conducive to Health... 112

LIX. Mats used in the East instead of Tables.. 114

LX. Various Utensils used by the ancient Jews.... 115

LXI. Women are still accustomed to draw Water

in the East .....

125

LXII. Water the principal Beverage in the East.. 127

LXIII. Large Supply of Cattle at the Table of Princes. 128

LXIV. Drinking Vessels often made of Gold in the East 135

LXV. Horns used as drinking Vessels in the East... 136

LXVI. Effects of Wine upon some Eastern Devotees. 139

LXVII. Different kinds of Wines in the East..... 140

LXVIII. Sweet Wines much esteemed in the East. 148

CHAP. V.

CONCERNING THEIR MANNER OF TRAVELLING.

OBS. I. Eastern Travellers carry their Provisions

with them

180

II. Carry also Skins filled with Water, for their Re-

freshment on their Journeys..

181

HI. Carry also Provender for their Beasts.... 286

Iy. Their Manner of making up their Packages.. 191

V. Of their Wells, and the Method of drawing

Water from them.....

163

VI. How they dispose of their Baggage on Jour-

nies, illustrating Ezek. xii. 3—7..... 194

VII. They relieve the Tedium of the Way on their

Journeys by Music, Songs, Tales, &c...... 197

VIII. The Manner of Travelling by Camels, Drome.'

daries Boats, &c.......

199

IX, No Mangers used in the East; Hair-Bags and

Stone-Troughs answering the Purpose..... 205

Page.

X. Their Caravans composed of People of differ-

ent Nations....

206

XI. Different kinds of Vehicles used in the Cara-

dans for Persons of Distinction, the Sick, &c. 208

XII. Method of wearing their Swords in travelling ... 211

XIII. Travellers on Horseback' attended by Per.

sons on Foot.....

212

XIV. Their Method of travelling on Foot..... 213

XV. Of their Roads, Inclosures, &c....

215

XVI. Of their Inclosures, Fences, Walls, &c...... 219

XVII. Of their Woods in the Holy-Land.

222

XVIII. Dangerous Chasms near Aleppo..

224

XIX. Hospitality of the Arabs to Travellers, ex-

plaining Luke xiv. 23, &c. and Jerem. xlix. 3.. 226

XX, Provisions used in Journeying, with a curi.

ous Comment on a Petition of the Lord's

Prayer..

229

XXI. Provisions often extorted from the poor

Inhabitants of the Country, by the Officers of

Government...

239

XXII. The Times of journeying, pitching their

Tents, 8c.....

247

XXIII. Time of shutting their Gates in the East 250

XXIV. Civility of the Women to Strangers...... 253

XXV. Of Caravanserais, and Public Inns in the East 254

XXVI. The great Liberality of the Arabs to their

Fellow Travellers ..

257

XXVII. Curious Criticisms on John iv. 6..

259

XXVIII. Water carried sometimes in Skins, and

sometimes in Earthen-Jars.....

266

XXIX. On the Supposition that the Israelites march.

ed out of Egypt, in Files of Five in Front 268

XXX. Manner observed by the Eastern Caravans

in their Journeys..

271

XXXI. Caravans travel chiefly in the Night....

273

XXXII. In journeying, Bells are sometimes ap-

pended both to Horses and Camels.... .... 275

301

III. The preceding Subject continued....

306

IV. Presents made at the Circumcision of Children.. 308

V. Presents of Meat and Drink made to their great

Men....

310

VI. Presents often very expensive in the East, not

only those made to Strangers, but to private

Persons.io..

312

VII. Presents often considered as a Tribute......... 315

VIII. Dresses often given to Persons of Distinction.. 316

ĮX. Flowers and odoriferous Herbs often given as

a token of Friendship..

318

X. Presents, unless of considerable Value are some-

times rejected....i

319

XI. Horses commonly presented to Grandees...... 322

XII. When an Inferior is visited by a Superior,

the former makes him a Present at his Depar-

ture....

324

XIII. Presents sometimes made to Princes to engage

them to lend their Assistance in T'ime of War 325

XIV. On the Eastern Method of Salutation... 327

XV. Particular Kinds of Salutations....

334

XVI. Further Considerations on the same Subject... 341

Page.

XVII. Salutation both by Attitude and Expression... 343

XVIII. Sometimes the Inferior mentions himself

before the Person he intends to honour...... 344

XIX. Prostrations, and kissing the Feet some-

times practised in the East..

345

XX. Kissing the Hand and putting it on the Head,

Tokens of Respect.......

350

XXI. Kissing what is presented, a Token of Respect

to Superiors

351

XXII. Intimate Acquaintances kiss each other's Hands,

Head, or Shoulders.....

357

XXIII. Kissing the Beard, a Token of Respect. ib.

XXIV. Beards held in high Estimation in the East.. 359

XXV. Kissing the Hand, a Token of Reverence.... 361

XXVI. Dismounting, a Token of Respect...

362

XXVII. Christians in Egypt obliged to alight, when

a Turk passes by....

364

XXVIII. Different Postures indicating Respect ..... 366

XXIX. Seating a Person on a Cushion, a Token of

Respect .....

367

XXX. Sitting in the Corner, a Token of Superiority. 368

XXXI. Different kinds of Perfumes used at the Close

of friendly Visits.....

378

XXXII. The Subject farther illustrated from Dan.

ii. 46......

380

XXXIII. Changing the Dress of a Person, a Token

of Honour ....

392

XXXIV. Presents of Garments often made even to the

Great ....

396

XXXV. Party-coloured Garments esteemed a Mark

of Honour.....

398

XXXVI. Eastern Warriors often magnificently clothed 400

XXXVII. Sometimes a Prince gives his own Gar-

ment as a Token of the highest Respect..

........ 401

XXXVIII. Criminals not permitted to look on the

Person of the King ..

403

XXXIX. Other curious Methods of doing Persons

Honour

409

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