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he always, he tells us, hath been, and fall find but few foldiers willing to of. ever will be a ftrenuous opposer of such fer themselves in the day of trouble. destructive measures. It is to be feared, Upon the whole, Sir, we should refeinble that what he aims at, is rather to obstruct Æfop's prodigal, who threw away his than to disembarrass; his indignation is cloak, at the fancied appearance of sumlevelled rather at the proposers than the mer; and too late found that there was a measures proposed.
winter of adversity with which he still But however, Sir, this gentleman may had to struggle.” boatt his fincerity, I profels myself equal Ariftides replied as follows : ly sincere with him ; and yet I cannot for
“ I am amazed to hear any gentle. the life of me see, how government can man talk of executing the laws of his be carried on without the assistance of a country by a military force ; we have military aid. The laws, Sir, muft ever often seen it destroy law, but very selbe put in execution by force ; and it will dom redress it. I myself remember, not be impossible to gain
respect to our civil many years ago, when one of our city magistrates, without the concurrence of magiftrates was to attend at the execu, an armed hand, to give weight to his de- tion of criminals, he was apprized that it crees. That very liberty therefore so would be necessary to call in the military much fought after, and which I am power ; however, he relied upon the for a while willing to think that gen- respect that he knew the laws could comtleman contends for, depends upon our mand, and merely with his wand of of. continuance of an armed force to fup- fice he attended the malefactors to the port it. The word Liberty, Sir, has been place of execution, and saw the laws put much fought about, and variously de- in force against them. What he did, fined, as the prejudices or interests of Sir, upon that occasion, I hope, will ever markind have swayed them. If I have be done by every worthy magistrate, who any idea of political liberty, it can mean
has the laws and the honour of his couns only, that freedom from violence, which try at heart. But, Sir, we thould be every member of society enjovs, except more than ordinarily folicitous with re. what he incurs from law. Now, Sir, gard to the prefent measure, since we fee without a method of enforcing law, how the army and its officers placed in the is it possible that any can boast of frec- lowest place of subjection to the minister, dom; and without an armed force to We have seen a gentleman of the highest fecond the dictates of the magistrate, merit, and wiw has distinguished himself how is it poflible that any will bear thoré by a long course of fervices, dilmited, penalties, which they are conscious there only for speaking liis mind, and declaring are no means of compelling them to fub- that opinion which his conscience dictmit to. Freedom, Sir, is what I love as ated was the fittest to be spuken. A prowell as any gentleman of this house; but ceeding, Sir, of this kind, in the adini. then I would be for such a freedom as niftration, is attended wiih the most danour ancestors have bequeathed to us, with gerous consequences to the liberty of the all the admirable regulations of mixed subject, to the splendor of the itate, and government.
thie honour of the foldier. And though But not our internal freedom alone, this assembly inay serve as a refuge fur but our external independence is to be contempt to those who commit such illicit preserved by a ftanding force; I do not practices, yet the public, sir, the public pretend to say, that seventeen thousand will not be filent, but boldly tax, and as men are sufficient to repress a formidable justiy ftigmatize the profligate perpetrainvasion, or
to deter a violent and an tors of lo base a ineafure.' ambitious neighbour ;' yet it is certainly The next that speke, was Thrak bulus, requilite for the state to have such a body to this eifect : of men, as, in case of a sudden onset from “ I am forry, Sii, that so very meno abroad, miglit be formed and increated a thing as I ani, mhould be capatk of prointo a formidable and effective force. ducing such a ipirit of general discontent Now, Sir, this cannot be done, uniess a among the people ; and upon my hafufficient number be kept on foot in times nour, were it my own caule alone that of
peace ; and if we once disband our was now agitated, I thoud veiy readilý troups in the sunshine of tranquillity we acquiesce under the severelt treatment, ra
ther than give fire to a train, which may possessed of fortune sufficient to look perhaps endanger my country's peace or with contempt on all their little malice, Safety. But, Sir, my own part, in this and to feel a patriot solicitude in the midit debate, is very small; and were not the of private indigence." liberties of all my fellow-Subjects united with inine, I thould itill perfift in being
[To be continued in our next.] silent upon this occasion.
I am well convinced, Sir, that our add. The humble Address of the Right Honouraministrators are but very little solicitous
ble the Lords Spiritual and Temporal in how they deal their indignation among
Parliament a jembled. us little ones, incapable of withstanding
Die Jovis, 10° Januarii, 1765. their power. To dismiss a soldier from
Most Gracious Sovereign, all his posts, and turn him out to starve, is with them only an agreeable sport of E, your majesty's most dutiful and office ; they no more consider his ago. nies, ihan children would in crushing a and temporal in parliament assembled, refly; one moment of their own fatisfačti- turn your majesty our humble thanks for on is to preponderate against his whole your molt gracious speech from the age of services.
throne. But I should still be satisfied with what We acknowledge, with gratitude, your has been done against me, if I knew my majesty's goodneis, in acquainting us crime, or if there was any accuser. In with your having agreed to a marriage the most defpotic countries, Sir, a soldier between the prince royal of Denmark and is never dilinifled from the service with your majesty's filter the princels Caroline out undergoing a formal trial; but in Matilda, to be solemnized as soon as their this land, where liberty is the boast, a respective ages will permit. And we beg man is dismilled from serving that coun. leave to assure your majeity of our entire iry which he regards with the most ar- satisfaction in the choice of this alliance ; dent affection, and that without even his which, under the blessing of providence, knowing that he has offended. Perhaps, cannot fail of cementing, and Itrengthenwithout knowing the fault for which i ing the union, which has so long lublilt. have been disinilled, I may be guilty of ej between the crowns of Great Britain the like again ; perhaps I am this very and Denmark, and thereby conducing to moment guilty. If then I have erred, the support of the protestant cause. let any man lep forth and be my ac We sincerely rejoice in those events of cuser ; if our administrators dare to avow the last year, which seem to promise a what they have done, I am here ready continuance of the peace so happily ettato make my defence : for certain it is, if blithed ; and we receive, with gratitude, what they have done was wrong, it was the declaration which your majesty is graunfit to be done ; if what they did was ciously pleased to make, of your refolutiright, then they Mould not fcruple to on strictly to maintain it. We hope, that own it.
the freth assurances which the courts of But what need I call upon men whole France and Spainz have given of their good actions are such that they find only pro- dispositions; the quiet of the empire, contection from their obscurity: yes, I lay, firmed by the unanimous choice of a succesfrom their obscurity ; for even I myself for to the imperial dignity; and the peacehave been tampered with, before I was able election of a king of Poland, will called upon to give my opinion in this contribute to the security of the general assembly; it was hinted to me from a tranquility of Europe, and that it will certain quarter, to take care of what I long remain fixed on a firm and lasting was doing; to consider what I was about; balls. And we beg leave to ailure your but my prelent ditmillion is a strong evi- majesty, that, as the present undisturbed dence that care for myself was the finall- state of affairs abroad affords so favouraeft part of my concern, when incompa. ble an opportunity for the deliberations tible will the jafety of my COUNTRY. of your parliament on tuch objekts, as However, although those gentlemen sup- may be moit conducive to the internal pore, that they have done an injury; good order and prosperity of these kingyet still I ain not quite deftitute, but am dome, nothing thall be wanting in care
and attention, on our part, which may your majesty, our dutiful congratulations promote the welfare and ihe honour of our upon the marriage agreed to be folemniz. country.
ed between the prince royal of Denmark, Permit us, fir, to offer to your majesty and her royal highness the princess Caroour huinble acknowledgements, for the line Matilda, as soon as their respective gracious approbation which your majeity ages will permit; which happy uniun canis pleased to declare of our former con. not but be molt pleasing to your faithful duct; and to give your majesty the strong commons, as it must tend to cement and eft assurances, that we will firmly perfuit ftrengthen the antieni alliance between the in exerting our zealous endeavours to pro- crowns of Great Britain and Denmark, mote due obedience to the laws, and re- and thereby add security to the protestant verence to the legislative authority of this religion. kingdom ; and to establish such regulati We beg leave also to declare our fatisons, as shall appear to be most conducive faction at those events of the last year, to the mutual benefit and support of all which promise the continuance of the your majesty's dominions.
peace so happily establithed and maintainWith hearts full of duty and affection, ed by your majesty's wife and steady conwe offer our unfeigned thanks to your duct, and to express our hopes, that the majetty, for your paternal care and tend- fresh assurances, which have been given er concern for the difficulties which have by the courts of France and Spain, of been brought on your subjects by a long their good dispositions, and the unanimous and burthensome war; and for your royal choice of a successor to the imperial throne, wishes, that your parliament may take and the undittui bed election of the king every occasion for their relief. Animat- of Poland, will secure and confirm the ed with these sentiments, we assure your general tranquility of Europe. In this fimajesty, that we will proceed with that tuation, we think it our duty to give our temper, unanimity, and dispatch, which particular attention to such regulations, your majesty is pleased to recommend to as will most effectually promote the interus in the pursuit of those great and im- nal good order and prosperity of these portant objects, to which your majesty has kingdoms. directed our attention.
Your majesty may be assured that we
will, with chearfulness and dispatch, raise : His Majesly's most Gracious Answer. Such supplies as shall be found necessary
for the current service of the year. And, My Lords,
being thoroughly sensible of your majes. “I thank you for this dutiful and af- ty's paternal concern for the relief and " fectionate address. The satisfaction welfare of your people, in recommending " which you express on the intended mar- to us the improvement of the public reve
of my filter, the princess Caroline nue, and the diminution of the national " Marilda, is particularly agreeable to debt, on which the future safety of Great
And I accept, with pleasure, Britain must depend, we will apply our" the assurances you give me of your zeal selves, with the utmost zeal and affiduity,
ous endeavours for the advancement of to carry into execution every proper meathe prosperity of my kingdoms, and sure which may contribute to these great
the happiness of my people, which I and salutary purposes, and which the Itate " shall ever have most sincerely at heart." of your majesty's dominions, and the cir
cumstances of the times, Mall require. The tumble Address of the House of Com We acknowledge, with the liveliest mons to the King
gratitude, the gracious expressions of Most Gracious Sovereign.
your majesty's tender affection, and of TE, your majesty's most dutiful and and support of all your subjects. And
your constant care for the mutual benefit WE
loyal subjects, the commons of Great Britain in parliament assembled, with these sentiments, we will endeavour
we assure your majesty, that, animated beg leave to return your majesty the most to deserve the confidence which your mahumble thanks of this house, for your jetty is pleased to repose in us, by pursua most gracious speech from the throne. Permit us, at the same time, to offer to
Ling every plan which Ihall appear to us to be calculated for the public advantage ;
and will proceed therein, with that temp- he preceived the wretched man cast it on er and firmness, which will best conciliate the floor, and bursting into tears, cry out, and inture due submillion to the laws, and • There, eat your fill; this is the dearest reverence to the legislative authority of loaf I ever bouglit: I robbed a gentleGreat Britain.
man of three pistoles; let us busband
them well, and let me have no more His Majesty's most Gracious Answer. ' teazings ; for foon or late these doings
'must bring me to ruin.' Gentlemen,
These expoftulations were answered by “ I return you my thanks for this ve- those of the whole family: And his wife, ry
dutiful and affectionate address; and having at length calmed the agony of “ I receive, with the greatest pleasure, his mind, took up the loaf, and cutting
your congratulations on the marriage it, gave four pieces to four poor starving
agreed to be folemnized between the children. « prince royal of Denmark and my sister The page having thus performed his “ ihe princess Caroline Matilda. My commission, returned home, and gave his ( constant endeavours Thall be employed master an account of all he saw and heard. “ to preserve the public tranquility, to Sallo, who was much moved, (as what “ secure the rights, and promote the hap- Christian breast can be unmoved at distress « piness, of my people.
like this) commanded the boy to call him Account of a remarkable Robbery in at five next morning. This humane genFrance.
tleman arose, and took his boy with him
to Mew him the way; he enquired of his IN
N the year 1662, when Paris was af. neighbours the charaéter of the man who
Aicted with a long and severe famine, lived in such a garret, with a wife and four Monsieur de Sallo, returning from a children, by whom he was informed, that fummer's evening walk, accompanied he was a very induftrious man, a tender with only a page, was accosted by a man, husband and a quiet neiglibour ; that his who presented his pistol, and, in a manner occupation was a fhoe-maker, and that far from hardened resolution, asked him he was a neat workman, but was over. for his money, M. de Sallo, observing burthened with a family, and struggled that he came to the wrong person, and hard to live in such dear rimes. that he could obtain but little from him, Satisfied with this account, M. de Sallo added, “I have but three pistoles about ascended to the phoe-maker's lodging, and « me, which are not worth a scuffle, so knocking at the door, it was opened by o much good may do you with them ; the unhappy man himself, who, knowing • but, like a friend, let me tell you, you him at firit right, to be the gentleman he • are going on in a very bad way.' The had robbed, proftrated himselt at his feet. robber took them, and, without asking M. de Sa!lo delied him to make no noise, him for more, walked away with an air alluring him he had not the least intention of dejection and terror.
to hurt him. "You have a good characThe fellow was no sooner gone, than " ter (said he) anongit your neighbours, M. de Salio ordered his page to follow ' but must expect your life will be cut the robber, to observe where he went, • Mhort, if you are so wicked as to continue and to bring him an account of all he 'the freedoms you took with me. Hold should discover. The boy obeyed, pur- ' your hand; here are thirty pistoles to fued him through several obscure streets, buy leather ; buband it well, let your and at length saw him enter a baker's children a laudable example. To put shop, where lie observed him change one you out of further temptations, to comof the pistoles, and buy a large brown mit such ruinous and fatal actions, I loaf. With this falutary purchase the will encourage your industry. I hear Jobber went a few doors further, and
you are a neat workman, and
Mall entering an alley, ascended several pair of jake measure of me and my lad for two stairs. The boy crept up after him to pair of shoes each, and he shall call the topmolt story, where he saw him go
upon you for ihom.' into a room, which was no otherwise il
The whole family seemed absorbed in luminated, than by the friendly light of joy: Amazement and gratitude, in some the moon ; 'and pecping through a crevice, ineasure, deprived them of speech. M. de
Sallo departed greatly moved, and with a III. Wet pastures, l. e. such as have a mind replete with satisfaction, at having loose, woodcock, brick earth foil, for asaved a man, and perhaps a family, from bout 20 inches, and under tirat clay to a the commission of guilt, from an igno- great depth may be greatly improved by minious death, and perhaps from ever the following method: lafting damnation.
a day Make ditches six feet perpendicular much better begun; the consciousness of deep, 7 wide at the top, and three at the having performed such an action, when- bottom round every field; if the fields ever it recurs to the mind of a rational are large divide thein into pieces of five or being, must be attended with pleasure; fix acres each, by new ditches; these ditchand that self-complacency and secret ap es must be made with a descent from one probation, which is more delirable than to the other, so that no water may remain gold, and all the opulence of the eait, in them, but be carried off. will be the attendant on so much benevo In the banks of the ditches, white thorns Jence.
should be laid, 50 roots to a rod, but ne
ver mix hazel with any fence, for when An Account of Proposals for the Improve the nuts come it will certainly be pulled to
ment of Agriculture. (Continued from pieces; oak and ash only enable idle peoNovember Mag. p. 686.)
ple to get over the hedges with greater
ease, and fallow, willow, and elder grow HERE the depth of the soil will fo fast that they overshadow the quick and will raise a new mould that has never af When the ditching is done, and ready forded nourishment to annual plants, and to receive the water, the fields must be therefore cannot have been impoverish- land-drained, so that every part may be ed.
laid dry; if the surface is not exactly level, II. The kiln-dust that falls from the the drains should be cut through the lowe malt in drying, appears 10 be an advanta- est part; if the surface is level, the depth geous manure for wheat, especially if laid of the drains should vary, so as to make a on as a top dressing; for a farmer having descent. manured an acre of land with dung in the These drains should be about 32 inches ordinary way, and manured another acre deep, 20 wide at the top, and 4 at the with 80 bushels of malt-dust after Christ- bottom, and mould be filled three inches mas, by way of top-dressing, the former deep with wood or stone. produced only 32 bushels and an half, an The clay thrown out of the ditches is acre, and the latter 41 bushels. He tried an excellent manure; 100 loads to an acre allo every other method of culture upon if unmixed, if mixed with muck in the Imall parcels of one acre each, and found proportion of 20 bulhels to 50, 80 load none produce so much as these. The crop is fufficient, produced from the acre manured with IV. A hoved calf was cured by thrust. dung was much fouler than that produced ing a pen-knife through that part of the from the other, so that the malt-dust, be- swelling which role highest near the hiplides bringing a better crop, does not stock bone, and putting the barrel of the largest the land with weeds,
quill that could be got, into the orifice. Sixty-four bushels of malt-duft is the V. Four large spoonfulls of unliaked proper quantity to lay on an acre for bare lime put into a puncheon of go gallons of ley, and for barley it should be laid on at putrid, stinking water at sea, will, in a the time of lowing.
night's time, make it as clear and sweet This manure, however, is best where as the best fpring water just drawn, the soil is clay or Itiff loam; in a gravel it . VI. It is reckoned good husbandry to may burn the crop, if the season happens fow clover with spring corn, yet sometimes, to be dry, not otherwise, for the first if the Spring is backward and cold, and the shower of rain washes it in, and secures summer wet, the clover will get too for
ward, and overpower the corn; to preNothing surpasses this manure for cold vent this, fow the clover a month after the grais grounds, to the ainount of about 60 corn, there is no danger of its failing buihels to an acre; it produces a surprizing though the season mould be dry. The inciease of sweet feed.
feed should be scattered on the ground with.