India: Or, Facts Submitted to Illustrate the Character and Condition of the Native Inhabitants, with Suggestions for Reforming the Present System of Government, Part 47, Volume 2
Smith, Elder & Company, 1832
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according adopted allodial amount ancient appears assessment authority become Bengal Board called Cass Chitty causes century character chief civil collected collector common condition consequence considered continued course Court cultivation described district duties effects encrease equally established estates Europe European evil exactions existing extent fact fixed force forms Germans give given grant habits hands head held Hindoo important improvement India individual inhabitants institutions interest Italy judge Jumma justice king labour lands lord Malabar means ment military mind Mussulman native nature never observes occupancy officers oppression original particular period persons possession practice present principles produce proprietors protection provinces records remarkable rent respect revenue Ryots says servants settled settlement share soil superior supposed tenants tenures term tion usages Vide village whilst whole Zemindars
Page 291 - The labour of his body, and the work of his hands, we may say, are properly his. Whatsoever, then, he removes out of the state that nature hath provided and left it in, he hath mixed his labour with, and joined to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his property.
Page 291 - Whatsoever then he removes out of the state that nature hath provided and left it in, he hath mixed his labor with, and joined to it something that is his own, and thereby makes it his property. It being by him removed from the common state nature hath placed it in, it hath by this labor something annexed to it that excludes the common right of other men.
Page 219 - Verily those who disbelieve our signs, we will surely cast to be broiled in hell fire ; so often as their skins shall be well burned, we will give them other skins in exchange, that they may taste the sharper torment ; for GOD is mighty and wise.
Page 291 - For this labour being the unquestionable property of the labourer, no man but he can have a right to what that is once joined to, at least where there is enough and as good left in common for others.
Page 291 - They, looking back, all the eastern side beheld Of Paradise, so late their happy seat, Waved over by that flaming brand; the gate With dreadful faces thronged and fiery arms. Some natural tears they dropped, but wiped them soon; The world was all before them, where to choose Their place of rest, and Providence their guide.
Page 471 - The increase of our revenue is the subject of our care, as much as our trade; 'tis that must maintain our force, when twenty accidents may interrupt our trade; 'tis that must make us a nation in India; — without that we are but as a great number of interlopers, united by his Majesty's royal charter, fit only to trade where nobody of power thinks it their interest to prevent us...
Page 218 - When ye encounter the unbelievers, strike off their heads, until ye have made a great slaughter among them; and bind them in bonds- and either give them a free dismission afterwards, or exact a ransom; until the war shall have laid down its arms.
Page 246 - ... gave them title to prescribe against their lords; and, on performance of the same services, to hold their lands, in spite of any determination of the lord's will; for though in general they are still said to hold their estates at the will of the lord...
Page 471 - ... tis that must make us a nation in India;— without that we are but as a great number of interlopers, united by his Majesty's royal charter, fit only to trade where nobody of power thinks it their interest to prevent us;— and upon this account it is that the wise Dutch, in all their general advices which we have seen, write ten paragraphs concerning their government, their civil and military policy, warfare, and the increase of their revenue, for one paragraph they write concerning trade...
Page 246 - Villeins, by these and many other means, in process of time gained considerable ground on their lords; and in particular strengthened the tenure of their estates to that degree, that they came to have in them an interest in many places full as good, in others better, than their lords. For the goodnature and benevolence of many lords of manors having, time out of mind, permitted their villeins and their children to enjoy their possessions without interruption, in a regular course of descent, the common...