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APPROPRIATION BILL FOR 1943.
SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
-COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
CLARENCE CANNON, Missouri, Chairman
CLIFTON A. WOODRUM, Virginia
J. BUELL SNYDER, Pennsylvania
ROSS A. COLLINS, Mississippi
VINCENT F. HARRINGTON, Iowa
JOHN TABER, New York
RICHARD B. WIGGLESWORTH, Massachusetts
J. WILLIAM DITTER, Pennsylvania
FIRST SUPPLEMENTAL NATIONAL DEFENSE
HEARINGS CONDUCTED BY THE SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, IN CHARGE OF DEFICIENCY APPROPRIATIONS
THURSDAY, JUNE 4, 1942.
FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION
STATEMENTS OF JAMES LAWRENCE FLY, CHAIRMAN; CLIFFORD E. K. JETT, CHIEF ENGINEER; AND GEORGE STERLING, ASSISTANT CHIEF ENGINEER
NATIONAL DEFENSE ACTIVITIES, 1943
Mr. WOODRUM. Mr. Fly, we have before us an item, in House Document No. 749 in the amount of $2,149,876, for national defense activities for the Federal Communications Commission. The item is as follows:
National defense activities: For national defense activities, Federal Communications Commission, fiscal year 1943, to be supplemental to the appropriation made for this purpose for said fiscal year, and to be available for the same objects, $2,149,876: Provided, That the limitation upon the amount which may be expended for travel expenses under this head for the fiscal year 1943 is hereby increased to $157,340-$2,149,876.
PRESENT AND PROPOSED ADDITIONAL NUMBER OF PERSONNEL
(See p. 19)
As I understand, the funds which you are presently asking for are to carry on the program which we gave you heretofore and which accounts for 408 of the people that are included in this statement on pages 1 and 2 of your justification.
Mr. FLY. Yes, sir.
Mr. WOODRUM. The total number of new people in 1943 that this fund will provide for is 803, and of that number 408 are already on the program?
Mr. FLY. I think that is right.
DISTRIBUTION AND SUPPLEMENTARY ESTIMATE FOR 1943
Mr. WOODRUM. I think those pages of your justification should be made a part of the record, and then proceed with your general
(The statement is as follows:)
Supplemental estimate for national defense activities, fiscal year 1943 SUMMARY OF ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS-PERSONAL SERVICES BY PROJECTS
Extension of supplemental 1942 appropriation through 1943: For salaries of 408 employees provided for during the 1942 fiscal year in the First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1942, approved Feb. 21, 1942 (hearings Jan. 28, 1942). Radio intelligence centers: For the rapid correlation, evaluation, and dissemination to the Army and Navy of intelligence relating to the identification and location of enemy, clandestine, subversive, and other illegal radio operations... Expansion of monitoring facilities in the Territory of Hawaii: For more complete and thorough radio surveillance in cooperation with the Army, Navy, and Federal Bureau of Investigation...
Air-raid activity: For assignment of radio experts to additional information centers of the Air Corps Combat Force for effecting and enforcing radio silence. Guard service: For protection of the primary monitoring stations.
Supervision of secondary stations: For additional monitoring officers so that there may be one in charge of each of the 87 secondary monitoring stations. Personnel reclassifications: For salary increases equivalent to 1 grade for personnel in Alaska, Hawaiian Islands, and Puerto Rico as partial compensation for higher living costs..
Expansion of intercept unit (Washington): For proper handling and prompt
Translation of domestic foreign-language broadcasts: For an increased volume
Citizenship investigation: For continuing part of the staff engaged in determin-
Registration of apparatus which generates radio frequency energy: For registra tion as required by Defense Communications Board Order No. 4 of diathermy, unlicensed transmitter, wired radio, and similar equipment capable of generating radio frequency energy
Service: For the increased work of purchasing, auditing, accounting, records, and mail.
Foreign broadcast monitoring service: For the recording, translating, and transcribing, monitoring and analyzing of international broadcasts.
We shall be glad to have a statement from you on this item, Mr. Fly.
Mr. FLY. Let me preface my brief remarks-other Commission. witnesses are here to present our testimony in detail by pointing out the overwhelming changes that have occurred in the Commission's functions since the onset of the defense program. The national defense aspect of communications has always been one of the Commission's concerns; and even before our entry into the war it became our primary concern. Today, defense and war activities occupy the bulk of our time and the bulk of our budget. We are requesting no supplementary appropriations whatever for regular peacetime work; the whole of our request is for defense and war activities.
By war activities I don't mean activities having a remote or indirect effect on the war. I mean particular functions undertaken in cooperation with and at the request of the Army, the Navy, the War Production Board, and other war agencies. Our concern is
with such matters as insuring the safety of communications both at home and with our fighting forces, allies, and benevolent neutrals abroad. We also help to secure military and other information. concerning enemy activity which is of use by the Army and Navy intelligence services, and the F. B. I. Thus, when I say "war activities," I mean activities designed to win this war, to win it by force. of arms, and to win it soon. The items requested today are of this
SUPPLEMENTAL AMOUNTS REQUESTED FOR 1943
You will recall that after our entry into the war, the Commission's war work was necessarily expanded. We appeared before you in January of this year, and in February Congress authorized the Commission to expend a little over $587,000 additional for the 41⁄2 months until June 30.
We are here today first of all to explain to you the need for continuing during the year beginning July 1, 1942, the work already authorized. This continuation of work already authorized and explained to you in January involves $1,150,000 for the coming year. The remaining sum of $1,000,000 out of our total $2,150,000 request involves new war activity. I should like to concentrate first on this $1,000,000 needed for new activity not previously explained to this committee.
RADIO INTELLIGENCE CENTERS
The first item among the present estimates is an excellent example of how these F. C. C. functions gear in with the Army's fighting program. When General DeWitt assumed the Western Defense Command and Fourth Army Command along the Pacific coast, one of his tasks was to coordinate and correlate the various procedures relating to enemy, clandestine, and other illegal radio operations in the Pacific theater of war. There was the task of intercepting enemy communications, locating unlicensed stations, and exchange of information among the armed forces, the F. C. C., and other war agencies. In meeting that problem, General DeWitt turned to the F. C. C. as the agency best equipped to handle the problem, and our technicians worked out with the Western Defense Command details of a radio intelligence center.
The first such radio intelligence center was opened in San Francisco March 1 of this year, and I am glad to say that its activities have been so uniformly successful and so useful to the Army that at its request. and at the request of the Navy, we are establishing similar radio intelligence centers at San Leandro, Honolulu, and an unspecified point on the east coast.
These F. C. C. radio-intelligence centers operate on a continuous 24-hour-a-day basis. The Army and Navy maintain continuous liaison watch-that is, an Army man and a Navy man are on watch continuously, and instantly transmit all relevant information to their respective services. Each listening center will be connected by teletypewriter with the F. C. C. primary monitoring stations, and interconnected by way of Washington headquarters.
Our engineers, who are here, will be glad to explain those details of operation which are not military secrets, but I should like to make one point before passing on. It is not only necessary for military purposes