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“The chief purpose of the work is to make it the medium of conveying much useful instruction, imperceptibly, to the minds of such readers as are disgusted at the dryness usually concomitant with the labours of the Antiquary, and to present to them a lively and pleasing representation of the manners and amusements of our forefathers, under a form most likely to attract their notice.”
“ 'The domestic manners, &c. of the English, about the middle of the fifteenth century, are very little known; though a thorough investigation of them is positively necessary, to link together (if I may be allowed the expression) those of the preceding and those of the succeeding centuries. Hence this publication will be particularly useful, and especially to the lovers of old English poetry; because it will make it much more intelligible, in a variety of instances, by explaining many obsolete customs frequently alluded to by the poets, and, above all, by the early dramatic writers of this country."
“ The various pursuits and domestic amusements of all ranks and persons form also a part of the Work; and especially the exhibitions of the wandering minstrels, jugglers, narrators of fables, &c.; the nature of their spectacles is explained, and the manner in which they accommodated their performances to the taste of the rustics in the common alehouses ; with appropriate specimens of their poetry and of their stories. On the whole, “ by adapting the incidents of the piece to the rank and genius of the fictitious actors, to work out, with their assistance, a lively representation of the manners of our ancestors."
Concerning the style, Mr. Strutt remarks, " that the speeches in general are sufficiently modernized, to be clearly understood; but, at the same time, contain enough of the phraseology of the time, to give them the air of antiquity."
Mr. Strutt also intended to have illustrated this Work by engravings: the respective figures to have
been selected from ancient specimens preserved in the British Museum and other national repositories; and afterwards grouped in such manner as to serve for the exemplification of any incident that might have been judged to require such illustration.
Among the numerous Plates engraved by Mr, Strutt, the following are selected as probably deserying mention in this place.
The Challenge given before Richard the Second by Thomas Mowbray, duke of Norfolk, to Henry, duke of Lancaster. Drawn and engraved for Mr. Pennant.
For Sir George Warren. A large engraving from a painting by Lambert, representing John earl Warren resisting the statute of Quo Warranto. He is represented in the Exchequer-court, unsheathing his rusty sword, when he declared that it was the instrument by which his ancestors had acquired their lands, and with which he resolved to preserve them to the last drop of his blood: which bold answer led to a'repeal of the statute.
A Grecian Lady playing on a lute. From a painting by Mr. Pine.
Paris and Helen ; and Cymon and Iphigenia.
An upright oval plate, Lydia and Candaules; after Le Seur.
A large plate oval lengthways; representing a Lady shewing a bond to a Gentleman, with Children at work in the back-gro
The Power of Innocence; companion to the above; representing the reconciliation of a Gentleman and his Wife by the interposition of their Child.
Fortune dancing on the Globe, with three Children below. An upright oval ; the drawing by Cipriani:
A small plate lengthways, from a drawing by Claude: a wood-scene, and Venus shewing Æneas his new armour. And another landscape, from Claude, representing the story of Mercury lulling Argus to sleep.
Several anatomical figures for Mr. Abernethy, surgeon.
A head and tail piece for a splendid edition of Milton: the former representing Eve viewing herself in a fountain: the latter, the steps from Heaven, with Angels ascending and descending. From designs by Stothard.
The Resurrection of Christ. A small upright plate; from a drawing by Stothard.
PICTURES IN OIL-COLOURS. The sketch and the larger painting, from Virgil's Æneid, for which Mr, Strutt gained the gold medal. See p.
668. Two large paintings, as altar-pieces; one preserved in the church of Terling, the other in tliatof Bocking, in Essex.
Two pictures, companions. The one representing Saul, and the Witch of En-dor; with the figure of Samuel rising from the dead. The other exhibits the death of Saul.
A small picture representing the Cynic Diogenes casting away his shell
, when he saw a peasant drinking water out of the hollow of his hand.
The numerous. Drawings of Mr. Strutt are so dispersed, that it is impossible to form any thing like a list of them. His Academy-figures, executed in red-chalk, were many, and finely executed. His finest drawing, perhaps, is a representation of the Deity separating the light from darkness; and the highest finished is a design, in body colours, in the possession of his eldest exhibiting whole-length figures of the three great English Poets, Shakspeare, Spenser, and Milton. Besides these, a large pen-andink drawing of Pylades and Orestes; another, in colours, representing the fate of Niobe's children; which was shewn at the Exhibition. The drawing of the Adam and Eve, for the Dictionary of Engravers. The Death of Saul; and its companion, Saul and the Witch of En-dor; both in pen-and-ink, in imitation of engravings: copied afterwards in oil.
Mr. Strutt's style of engraving was, like that of his master Ryland, in dots, in imitation of chalk. Softness and harmony blended, indicated the hand of a Master,
No. XVI. The Rev. Dr. JOHN FREE
was a native of Oxford, born July 1711; and lived to be father of that city, and senior Doctor of the University; having been early entered at Christ Church, Oxford, where he acted as Chaplain, and proceeded M.A. in 1733. Thence he removed to Hartford College. In 1742 he was chosen lecturer of St. James Garlickhithe, and took the degrees of B.D. and D.D. in 1744. In 1747, being then Vice-principal of St. Alban-hall, he was elected Master of the Grammarschool of St. Saviour, Southwark. He held the vicarage of Runcorne, in Cheshire, 1750; was presented by the Dean and Chapter of Exeter to the vicarage of East Coker in the county of Somerset, 1756; in 1768 was chosen Lecturer of Newington in Surrey, and had also the Thursday Lecture of St. Mary at Hill, founded by sir J. Leman, bart.
of his controversy with Mr. Jones, Chaplain of St. Saviour, Southwark, begun by his “ Rules to discover false Prophets,” see Jones's Letter to him*; his Remarks on Jones's Letter to him, dedicated to Bishop Hoadly; and Answer to them by a Layman.
June 15, 1759, he published Proposals for Printing by Subscription, in one volume 8vo, Dr. Free's whole Controversy with the Methodists.
* Gent. Mag. vol. XXIX. p. 35. + Ibid. p. 183.
I “Whereas the enthusiasm of the present times, by the encouragement of some people in power, and the zeal of its abet. ters, who spare no expence for its propagation, is now become dangerous to the Constitution, and the peace of the Established Church of England; and wher: is the Rev. Dr. Free, at his own sole charge, hath, from time to time, occasionally published several useful tracts and discourses, as a preservative against these popular delusions, which works of his, to the public loss, are now chiefly out of print: therefore Proposals have been made, and approved of by some gentlemen in the Borough of Southwark, for re-publishing the same, for the benefit of the people in their neighbourhood in the manner following. - CONDITIONS. I. The whole to be comprised in one volume 8vo.; and to contain, 1st. Certain articles proposed to the serious consideration of the Company of Salters in London,
In 1788 he addressed a Letter to Dr. John Moore *, Archbishop of Canterbury, representing the many
concerning the choice of a Methodist, &c. 20. Rules for the Discovery of false Prophets, or the dangerous Impositions of the people called Methodists detected at the Bar of Scripture and Reason: a Serrnon before the University of Oxford: with an ample dedication to his Grace of Canterbury, and a controversial preface and appendix. 3d. Dr. Free's edition of the Rev. Mr. J. Wesley's first, commonly called the Penny Letter, &c. With notes, and a dedication to the Reverend Author, &c. 4th. Dr. Free's edition of the Rev. Mr. J. Wesley's 2d Letter, &c. in the same manner. 5th. Remarks upon Mr. Jones's Letter; and the affidavits relative to the composing, then publishing from the pulpit, and afterwards printing, that scandalous forgery, the pretended Letter from the Mansions above. Dedicated to the Lord Bishop of Winchester. 6th. The whole of his Speech, as it was delivered to the London Clergy, assembled at Sion College,
on Tuesday the 8th of May, 1759. To which will be prefixed a • Remonstrance, &c. to the Lord Bishop of Winchester, complaining of persecution from the People called Methodists, &c. - II. The work shall be put to the press so soon as the number of fifty subscribers shall be compleated ; and printed off with the greatest expedition. --- Ill. Fach subscriber to pay one Guinea at the time of Subscribing, for which he shall receive six books setved, or fire books bound, as he shall signify at the time of subscribing, by writing after his name, which of these he makes his option.-IV. All persons, who are disposed to give the same encouragernent to this work, as the Genueinen in the Borough of Southwark, may do it upon the same terms. – V. The names of the fifty subscribers, who first moved and contributed to this re-publication, shall be printed by themselves : and then the names of such other subscribers, as shall send them in time, and express no objection to their being printed. - VI. Subscribers are desired to send their payments, naines, and places of abode to the Author, at his house, in King John's Court, near Bermondsey Church, Southwark, to Mr. John Winter, at the Swan, in the Borough, or Mr. J. Scott, Bookseller, in Paternoster-row,
N. B. Those, who are inclined to have single Books, may easily join, five or six together, and make the full Subscription in the name of one of the Coorpany, afterwards dividing the Books among them as they please.” * - My Lord,
Feb. 9, 1788. “I beg leave to present your Grace with the fourth edition of my History of the English Tongne, begun by the permission of his Royal Highness Frederick Prince of Wales, for the use of his eldest son, now King George the Third, which honour was communicated to me by Mr. Drax, Secretary to his Royal Highness; but the Prince dying before it was printed, I missed of my reward, and with it my future hopes