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So do I, my lord; That he would rather have Antonio's flesh, They are entirely welcome.
Than twenty times the value of the sum La. I thank your honour : - For my part, my That he did owe him; and I know, my lord, lord,
If law, authority, and power deny not, y purpose was not to have seen you bere ; It will go hard with poor Antonio. Bat meeting with Salesio by the way,
Por. Is it your dear friend, that is thus in trouble ? He did entreat me, past all saying nay,
Bass. The dearest friend to me, the kindest man, To come with him along.
The best condition'd and unwearied spirit
In doing courtesies; and one in whom
Por. What sum owes he the Jew?
What, no more? Nar sell, unless in mind : his letter there
Pay him six thousand, and deface the bond; 1 show you his estate.
Double six thousand, and then treble that, Gre. Nerissa, cheer yon' stranger; bid her wel. Before a friend of this description
Shall lose a hair through Bassanio's fault. Yar hand, Salerio ; What's the news from Venice ? First, go with me to church, and call me wife : How dach that royal merchant, good Antonio? And then away to Venice to your friend; I kaus, he will be glad of our success;
For never shall you lie by Portia's side We are the Jasons, we have won the fleece.
With an unquiet soul.
You shall have gold Solea 'Would you had won the fleece that he hath To pay the petty debt twenty times over ; lost!
When it is paid, bring your true friend along : Pa. There are some shrewd contents in yon' My maid Nerissa, and myself, mean time, samne paper,
Will live as maids and widows. Come, away; That steal the colour from Bassanio's cheek; For you shall hence upon your wedding-day : Same dear friend dead; else nothing in the world Bid your friends welcome, show a merry cheer : Comeld turn so much the constitution
Since you are dear bought, I will love you dear. O amy constant man. What, worse and worse ? But let me hear the letter of your friend. With leare, Bassanio ; I am half yourself,
Bass. [Reads.] Sweet Bassanio, my ships have all And I sous freely have the half of any thing miscarried, my creditors grow cruel, my estate is very That this satne paper brings you.
low, my bond to the Jew is forfeit ; and since, in pay
O sweet Portia, ing it, it is impossible I should live, all debts are cleared Here are a few of the unpleasant'st words, between you and I, if I might but see you at my That ever blotted paper ! Gentle lady,
death : notwithstanding, use your pleasure : if your When I did first impart my love to you,
love do not persuade you to come, let not my letter. I frely told you, all the wealth I had
Por. O love, despatch all business, and be gone, Ra in my veins, I was a gentleman ;
Bass. Since I have your good leave to go away, And then I told you true: and yet, dear lady,
I will make haste : but, till I come again, Rating myself at nothing, you shall see
No bed shall e'er be guilty of my stay,
SCENE III. - Venice. A Street,
Enter SHYLOCK, SALANIO, ANTONIO, and Gaoler. To feed my neans. Here is a letter, lady ;
Shy. Gaoler, look to him; Tell not me of The paper as the body of my friend,
mercy; And every word in it a gaping wound,
This is the fool that lent out money gratis ; Isaiag life-blood. But is it true, Salerio ? Gaoler, look to him. Have all his ventures fail'd? What, not one hit ? Ant.
Hear me yet, good Shylock, Free Tripolis, from Mexico, and England,
Shy. I'll have my bond ; speak not against my Fra Lisbon, Barbary, and India ?
bond; Aad net one ressel 'scape the dreadful touch I have sworn an oath, that I will have my bond: Of merchant-marring rocks?
Thou call’dst me dog, before thou had'st a cause : Sale
lord. But, since I am a dog, beware my fangs : Besides , it should appear, that if he had
The duke shall grant me justice. —I do wonder, The present money to discharge the Jew,
Thou naughty gaoler, that thou art so fond He would not take it : Never did I know
To come abroad with him at his request. A feature, that did bear the shape of man,
Ant. I pray thee, hear me speak. So keen and greedy to confound a man :
Shy. I'll have my bond; I will not hear thee He plies the duke at morning, and at night ;
To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yield
(Erit SHYLOCK. du. When I was with him, I have heard him swear, Salan. It is the most impenetrable cur, To Tubal, and to Chus, his countrymen,
That ever kept with men.
Not one, my
Por. I thank you for your wish, and am well I'll follow him no more with bootless prayers.
pleas'd He seeks my life; his reason well I know; To wish it back on you: fare you well, Jessica. I oft deliver'd from his forfeitures
[Exeunt Jessica and LORENZO. Many that have at times made moan to me;
Now, Balthazar, Therefore he hates me.
As I have ever found thee honest, true, Salan.
I am sure, the duke So let me find thee still : Take this same letter, Will never grant this forfeiture to hold.
And use thou all the endeavour of a man, Ant. The duke cannot deny the course of law; In speed to Padua ; see thou render this For the commodity that strangers have
Into my cousin's hand, doctor Bellario; With us in Venice, if it be denied,
And, look, what notes and garments he doth give Will much impeach the justice of the state ;
thee, Since that the trade and profit of the eity
Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed Consisteth of all nations. Therefore, go :
Unto the tranect, to the common ferry These griefs and losses have so 'bated me,
Which trades to Venice :-waste no time in words That I shall hardly spare a pound of flesh
But get thee gone; I shall be there before thee. To-morrow to my bloody creditor.
Balth. Madam, I go with all convenient speed. Well, gaoler, on :- Pray God, Bassanio come
(Erit To see me pay his debt, and then I care not !
Por. Come on, Nerissa ; I have work in hand, [Exeunt. That you yet know not of: we'll see our husbands, and
Before they think of us. SCENE IV. – Belmont. A Room in Portia's
Shall they see us ?
Por. They shall, Nerissa; but in such a habit,
That they shall think we are accomplished Enter Portia, NERISSA, LORENZO, JESSICA, and with what we lack. I'll hold thee any wager, BALTHAZAR.
When we are both accouter'd like young men, Lor. Madam, although I speak it in your presence,
I'll prove the prettier fellow of the two, You have a noble and a true conceit
And wear my dagger with the braver grace; Of god-like amity; which appears most strongly And speak, between the change of man and boy, In bearing thus the absence of your lord.
With a reed voice; and turn two mincing steps But, if you knew to whom you show this honour, Into a manly stride; and speak of frays, How true a gentleman you send relief,
Like a fine bragging youth: and tell quaint lies, How dear a lover of my lord your husband,
How honourable ladies sought my love,
I could not do with all : then I'll repent,
And wish, for all that, that I had not kill'd them: Nor shall not now: for in companions
And twenty of these puny lies I'll tell, That do converse and waste the time together, That men should swear, I have discontinued schoo Whose souls do bear an equal yoke of love, Above a twelvemonth : – I have within my mind There must be needs a like proportion
A thousand raw tricks of these bragging Jacks, Of lineaments, of manners, and of spirit;
Which I will practise. Which makes me think, that this Antonio,
Why, shall we turn to men! Being the bosom lover of my lord,
Por. Fye! what a question's that, Must needs be like my lord : If it be so,
If thou wert near a lewd interpreter ? How little is the cost I have bestow'd,
But come, I'll tell thee all my whole device In purchasing the semblance of my soul
When I am in my coach, which stays for us From out the state of hellish cruelty ?
At the park gate ; and therefore haste away, This comes too near the praising of myself; For we must measure twenty miles to-day. (Exeunt
. Therefore, no more of it: hear other things. Lorenzo, I commit into your hands
SCENE V. The same.
Enter LAUNCELOT and JESSICA.
Laun. Yes, truly;— for, look you, the sins of tlse To live in prayer and contemplation,
father are to be laid upon the children ; therefore, Only attended by Nerissa here,
I promise you, I fear you. I was always plain with Until her husband and my lord's return :
you, and so now I speak my agitation of the matters There is a monastery two miles off,
Therefore, be of good cheer; for, truly, I think, And there we will abide. I do desire you, you are damn'd. There is but one hope in it that Not to deny this imposition ;
can do you any good; and that is but a kind of The which my love, and some necessity,
bastard hope neither. Now lays upon you.
Jes. And what hope is that, I pray thee? Lor.
Madam, with all my heart, Laun. Marry, you may partly hope that your I shall obey you in all fair commands:
father got you not, that you are not the Jer's Por. My people do already know my mind, daughter. And will acknowledge you and Jessica
Jes. That were a kind of bastard hope, indeed; In place of lord Bassanio and myself.
so the sins of my mother should be visited upon me So fare you well, till we shall meet again.
Laun. Truly then I fear you are damned both by Lor. Fair thoughts, and happy hours, attend on father and mother: thus when I shun Seylla, your you !
father, I fall into Charybdis, your mother; pelle Jes. I wish your ladyship all heart's content. you are gone both ways.
. I shall be saved by my husband; he hath Lor. Yet more quarrelling with occasion! Wilt made me a Christian.
thou show the whole wealth of thy wit in an instant ? Laan. Truly, the more to blame he: we were I pray thee, understand a plain man in his plain Qaristians enough before ; e'en as many as could meaning ; go to thy fellows; bid them cover the vell live, one by another : This making of Chris- table, serve in the meat, and we will come in to fans will raise the price of hogs ; if we grow all to dinner. be pork-eaters, we shall not shortly have a rasher Laun. For the table, sir, it shall be served in; in the coals for money.
for the meat, sir, it shall be covered ; for your
coming in to dinner, sir, why, let it be as humours Enter LORENZO.
and conceits shall govern. (Erit LAUNCELOT. ber. I'll tell my husband, Launcelot, what you Lor. O dear discretion, how his words are suited! uy; here he comes.
The fool hath planted in his memory Ler. I shall grow jealous of you shortly, Laun- | An army of good words; And I do know relost
, if you thus get my wife into corners. A many fools, that stand in better place, da. Nay, you need not fear us, Lorenzo; Laun-Garnish'd like him, that for a tricksy word telet and I are out: he tells me flatly, there is no Defy the matter. How cheer'st thou, Jessica ? hetez for me in heaven, because I am a Jew's And now, good sweet, say thy opinion, daughter : and he says, you are no good member of How dost thou like the lord Bassanio's wife ? the commonwealth; for, in converting Jews to Jes. Past all expressing : It is very meet, Christians, you raise the price of pork.
The lord Bassanio live an upright life; Lø. I shall answer that better to the common For, having such a blessing in his lady, wealth, than you can the getting up of the negro's He finds the joys of heaven here on earth; tudy; the Moor is with child by you, Launcelot. And, if on earth he do not mean it, it
Laun. It is much, that the Moor should be more Is reason he should never come to heaven. than resson : but if she be less than an honest wo- Why, if two gods should play some heavenly matck, man, she is, indeed, more than I took her for. And on the wager lay two earthly women,
L. How every fool can play upon the word ! And Portia one, there must be something else I dink, the best grace of wit will shortly turn into Pawn’d with the other ; for the poor rude world silence ; and discourse grow commendable in none Hath not her fellow. only but parrots. — Go in, sirrah; bid them prepare Lor.
Even such a husband lar dinner.
Hast thou of me, as she is for a wife. Lawn. That is done, sir ; they have all stomachs. Jes. Nay, but ask my opinion too of that. Le. Goodly lord, what a wit-snapper are you ! Lor. I will anon ; first, let us go to dinner. then bid them prepare dinner.
Jes. Nay, let me praise you, while I have a stomach. Laun. That is done, too, sir : only, cover is the Lor. No, pray thee, let it serve for table-talk ; vard
Then, howsoe'er, thou speak'st, 'mong other things Ls. Will you cover then, sir?
I shall digest it. Laun. Not so, sir, neither; I know my duty. Jes.
Well, I'll set you forth. [Exeunt.
Front any drain of mercy.
SCENE I. - Venice. A Court of Justice. That thou but lead'st this fashion of thy malice
To the last hour of act; and then, 'tis thought, Enter the Dere, the Magnificoes ; Antonio, Bas- Thou'lt show thy mercy and remorse, more strange sang, GLATLANO, SALARINO, SALANIO, and others. Than is thy strange apparent cruelty : Dake. What, is Antonio here?
And where thou now exact'st the penalty, Aut. Ready, so please your grace.
(Which is a pound of this poor merchant's flesh,) Duke. I am sorry for thee; thou art come to
Thou wilt not only lose the forfeiture,
But touch'd with human gentleness and love, A stany adversary, an inhuman wretch
Forgive a moiety of the principal ; Uncapable of pity, void and empty.
Glancing an eye of pity on his losses,
That have of late so huddled on his back;
Enough to press a royal merchant down,
And pluck commiseration of his state His rigorous course ; but since he stands obdurate, from brassy bosoms, and rough hearts of Aing, And that no lawful means can carry me
From stubborn Turks, and Tartars, never train'd Oct of his envg's reach, I do oppose
To offices of tender courtesy. Ny patience to his fury; and am arm'd
We all expect a gentle answer, Jew. To suffer, with a quietness of spirit,
Shy. I have possess'd your grace of what I purThe very tyranny and rage of his.
pose ; DubaGo one, and call the Jew into the court.
And by our holy Sabbath have I sworn, Kalau He's ready at the door: he comes, my lord.
To have the due and forfeit of my bond :
If you deny it, let the danger light
Upon your charter, and your city's freedom. Drake. Make room, and let him stand before our You'll ask me, why I rather choose to have face.
A weight of carrion flesh, than to receive Skylosk, the world thinks, and I think so too,
Three thousand ducats : I'll not answer that :
But, say, it is my humour ; Is it answer'd ? A messenger with letters from the doctor,
New come from Padua.
rage yet! Some, that are mad, if they behold a cat; The Jew shall have my flesh, blood, bones, and all, And others, when the bagpipe sings i' the nose, Ere thou shalt lose for me one drop of blood. Cannot contain their urine; for affection,
Ant. I am a tainted wether of the flock, Mistress of passion, sways it to the mood
Meetest for death; the weakest kind of fruit Of what it likes, or loaths : Now, for your answer, Drops earliest to the ground, and so let me : As there is no firm reason to be render'd,
You cannot better be employ'd, Bassanio, Why he cannot abide a gaping pig;
Than to live still, and write mine epitaph. Why he, a harmless necessary cat ;
Enter NERISSA, dressed like a lawyer's clerk. Why he, a swollen bagpipe ; but of force Must yield to such inevitable shame,
Duke. Came you from Padua, from Bellario? As to offend, himself being offended ;
Ner. From both, my lord: Bellario greets your So can I give no reason, nor I will not,
[Presents a letter. More than a lodg'd hate, and a certain loathing,
Bass. Why dost thou whet thy knife so earnestly I bear Antonio, that I follow thus
Shy. To cut the forfeiture from that bankrupt A losing suit against him. Are you answer'd ?
there. Bass. This is no answer, thou unfeeling man,
Gra. Not on thy sole, but on thy soul, harsh To excuse the current of thy cruelty.
Jew, Shy. I am not bound to please thee with my an
Thou mak'st thy knife keen : but no metal can,
No, not the hangman's axe, bear half the keenness Bass. Do all men kill the things they do not love? Of thy sharp envy: Can no prayers pierce thee? Shy. Hates any man the thing he would not kill ? Shy. No, none that thou hast wit enough to make. Bass. Every offence is not a hate at first.
Gra. O, be thou damn'd, inexorable dog!
Thou almost mak'st me waver in my faith,
That souls of animals infuse themselves
Into the trunks of men : thy currish spirit You may as well use question with the wolf,
Govern'd a wolf, who, hang'd for human slaughter, Why he hath made the ewe bleat for the lamb ; Even from the gallows did his fell soul fleet, You may as well forbid the mountain pines And, whilst thou lay'st in thy unhallow'd dam, To wag their high tops, and to make no noise, Infus'd itself in thee ; for thy desires When they are fretted with the gusts of heaven; Are wolfish, bloody, starv'd, and ravenous. You may as well do any thing most hard,
Sky. Till thou can’st rail the seal from off my bond, As seek to soften that (than which what's harder ?) Thou but offend’st thy lungs to speak so loud : His Jewish heart :- Therefore, I do beseech you, Repair thy wit, good youth ; or it will fall Make no more offers, use no further means,
To cureless ruin. - I stand here for law. But, with all brief and plain conveniency,
Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Let me have judgment, and the Jew his will. A young and learned doctor to our court : Bass. For thy three thousand ducats here is six.
Where is he? Shy. If every ducat in six thousand ducats,
Ner. He attendeth here hard by, Were in six parts, and every part a ducat, .
To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. I would not draw them, I would have my bond. Duke. With all my heart : — some three or four Duke. How shalt thou hope for mercy, rend'ring
of you, none?
Go give him courteous conduct to this place. Shy. What judgment shall I dread, doing no Meantime, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. wrong?
[Clerk reads.] Your grace shall understand, tkat, You have among you many a purchas'd slave,
at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : buat int Which, like your asses, and your dogs, and mules,
the instant that your messenger came, in loving vintYou use in abject and in slavish parts,
ation was with me a young doctor of Rome, his Because you bought them : - Shall I say to you,
name is Balthasar: I acquainted him with the cause Let them be free, marry them to your heirs ?
in controversy between the Jew and Antonio the mury Why sweat they under burdens ? 'let their beds
chant : we turned o'er many books together : he es Be made as soft as yours, and let their palates Be season'd with such viands ? You will answer,
furnish'd with my opinion ; which, better d with dir The slaves are ours : - So do I answer you ;
own learning, (the greatness whereof I cannot enough
cummend,) comes with him, at my importunity, to The pound of flesh, which I demand of him, Is dearly bought, is mine, and I will have it:
fill up your grace's request in my stead. I bearch If you deny me, fye upon your law!
you, let his lack of years be no impediment to let him.
lack a reverend estimation ; for I never knew so young There is no force in the decrees of Venice: I stand for judgment : answer; shall I have it?
a body with so old a head. I leave him to your grue Duke. Upon my power, I may dismiss this court,
cious acceptance, whose trial shall better publisk A Unless Bellario, a learned doctor,
commendation. Whom I have sent for to determine this,
Duke. You hear the learned Bellario, what be Come here to-day.
writes : Salar.
My lord, here stays without And here, I take it, is the doctor come,
Enter PORTIA, dressed like a doctor of laws. Por.
Why, this bond is forfeit; Give me your hand : Came you from old Bellario? And lawfully by this the Jew may claim Por. I did, my lord.
A pound of flesh, to be by him cut off Duće. You are welcome : take your place. Nearest the merchant's heart :- Be merciful; Are you acquainted with the difference
Take thrice thy money ; bid me tear the bond. That bolds this present question in the court ?
Shy. When it is paid according to the tenour. Par. I am informed throughly of the cause.
It doth appear, you are a worthy judge ; Which is the merchant here, and which the Jew ?
You know the law, your exposition Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth.
Hath been most sound : I charge you by the law, Par. Is your name Shylock ?
Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar, Sky.
Shylock is my name.
Proceed to judgment : by my soul I swear, Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow ;
There is no power in the tongue of man Yet in such a rule, that the Venetian law
To alter me: I stay here on my bond. Cannot impugn you, as you do proceed. —
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court You stand within his danger, do you not ?
To give the judgment. (To Antonio. Por.
Why then, thus it is. Ant. Ay, so he says.
You must prepare your bosom for his knife : Por.
Do you confess the bond ? Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man! . I do.
Por. For the intent and purpose of the law Por. Then must the Jew be merciful.
Hath full relation to the penalty,
Pur. The quality of mercy is not strain'd ; Shy. 'Tis very true : O wise and upright judge !
How much more elder art thou than thy looks! L'pon the place beneath : it is twice bless'd;
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : Shy.
Ay, his breast : "Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes So says the bond ; - Doth it not, noble judge ? The throned monarch better than his crown;
Nearest his heart, those are the very words. His scepter shows the force of temporal power,
Por. It is so. Are there balance bere, to weigh The attribute to awe and majesty,
The flesh ? Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings;
I have them ready. But mercy is above this scepter'd sway,
Por. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on your It is enthron'd in the hearts of kings,
charge, It is an attribute to God himself;
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. And earthly power doth then show likest God's Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? When merey seasons justice. Therefore, Jew, Por. It is not so expressid ; But what of that? Though justice be thy plea, consider this — 'Twere good you do so much for charity. That in the course of justice, none of us
Shy. I cannot find it ; 'tis not in the bond. Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy ; Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say? And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Ant. But little; I am arm'd, and well prepar'd. The deals of mercy. . I have spoke thus much, Give me your hand, Bassanio ; fare you well! To mitigate the justice of thy plea;
Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you; Which is thou follow, this strict court of Venice For herein fortune shows herself more kind Must needs give sentence 'gainst the merchant there. Than is her custom : it is still her use,
Sky. My deeds upon my head ! I crave the law, To let the wretched man out-live his wealth, The penalty and forfeit of my bond.
To view with hollow eye, and wrinkled brow,
Bais. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; Of such a misery doth she cut me off.
Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge,
Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, To do a great right do a little wrong;
And he repents not that he pays your debt; And curb this cruel devil of his will.
For, if the Jew do cut but deep enough, Pe. It must not be; there is no power in Venice I'll pay it instantly with all my heart. Can alter a decree established :
Bass. Antonio, 'I am married to a wife, *T-Ul be recorded for a precedent;
Which is as dear to me as life itself; Ani many an error, by the same example,
But life itself, my wife, and all the world, Wal rush into the state: it cannot be.
Are not with me esteem'd above thy life; sky. A Danielcome to judgment ! yea, a I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all Daniel !
Here to this devil, to deliver you. O sise young judge, how do I honour thee ! Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond.
that, Big. Here it is most reverend doctor, here it is. If she were by, to hear you make the offer. Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd Gra. I have a wife, whom, I protest I love ; thee.
I would she were in heaven, so she could Sky. An sath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven : Entreat some power to change this currish Jew. Small I lay perjury upon my soul ?
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; No, not for Venice.
The wish would make else an unquiet house.