Page images

counting for them for twenty years' more.' The nation has heard tog inuch of these unfounded pretensions. The right of the prince of Wales to the revenues of the duchy cannot be doubted; but these revenues were set apart for his maintenance; and the simple question is, whether his maintenance did not cost more than the amount of these revenues? The writer makes-two statements, by one of which there is due to the prince 1,470,0581., by the other 1,195,2301. In the latter statement, the expense of maintenance is deducted at the Tate of 100cl. a-year for the first six years, 2000). a-year for the next six years, 40001, for the next three years, 5000!, for the three years ensuing; after which, all the revenues, he calculates, were applied to bis maintenance. We apprehend, that, if a real bill of debtor and creditor were detailed, instead of being entitled to arrears, the prince is now indebted to his royal father for much of his maintenance during his minority.

RELIGION. ART. 19.- Remarks on a Pamphlet hy Thomas Kipling, D.D.

86., entitled The Articles of the Church of England proved not to be Calvinistic.' By Academicus. 8vo. Is. Mawinan. 1802.

The virulence of Dr: Kipling's pamphlet was calculated to injure, rather than support, the cause which he undertook to defend ; and it has excited an antagonist of better temper and greater powers of rea. soning. The contest, indeed, is of too insignificant a nature to en gage the attention of the public; and to reconcile or contrast the Thiry ty-nine Articles with the writings of Calvin, is a task for which few people of the present day will tind either inclination or leisure. The simple and plain question is, can the Articles, or can they not, be maintained on the foundation of the Holy Scriptures? —the support of, or opposition to, them, by such an abusive bigot as Calvin, being in itself of no importance. Academicus has indicated several points, in which his adversary, by opposing Calvin, has opposed the Scripture; and he is advised, in case of another address to the public, to attend to the following necessary particulars :

• That to charge opponents with holding opinions which they expressly disavow, is a violation of the established rules of literary con. troversy ;-that to revile their characters has no tendency either to convince or to conciliate them ;-that to attribute their sentiments or actions to mer:tal derangement is not consistent with humanity or com, mon decency ;-and that it is the extreme of rashness to stigmatize their doctrines as blasphemous, without first enquiring whether they are not expressly affirmed in the word of God.' P. 32.

. ART. 20.-A Sermon on the Superintendence of Providence dis.

cernible in the calamitous Events of the late IVar: preached in the Chapel of the Brilish Factory, St. Petersburgh, Thursday, 3 (15) July, 1802, on Occasion of the Peace. By the Rev. L. K'. Pitt, .M., &c. 820. Is. Cadell and Dan vies. . 1802. Providence, it seems, has interfered in checking the gigantic strides of

innovation; in proving, that, without an acknowledged dependence on the Almighty, no check can exist on the ambition of rulers, or the turbulence of factious spirits; in weakening the influence of popery i so that the deference to the priest being dinuinished, religion will be supe ported by reason, and conviction will take place of doubt and superstition. Very great compliments are paid to the reigning sovereigns of Britain and Russia; and mutual integrity, mutual benevolence, and mutual piety--the brightest ornament of man, the highest excellence of Christianity-are said to regulate the lives and direct each action of the sovereigns, to whom the preacher and his audience owe allegiance and submission. ART. 21.–A Sermon on the Depravity of the Human Heart ;

exemplified generally in the Conduct of the Jews, anul particularly in that of Lieut. Colonel Despard, previous to his Execution. Preached at St. George's, Hanover-Square, February 27, 1803, by the Rev. IV illium Leigh, LL.B., &c. 800. "1s. Hatchard.

The history of this depravity is traced from Adam to colonel Despard, who is termerl 'one bold apostate, traitor to his God as well as to his king, to his religion as well as to his country.' ART. 22.-Hints on the Ordinance of a Gospel Mimsery, &c.

* By a Friend to Order in the Church. 12mo. 1s. Ogle. · A system of what is called lay-preaching is much encouraged in Scotland. It arises from the principles of late inculcated, of a deficiency in the legal establishment; and the author, who is a friend to what is termed evangelical preaching, wishes to keep it within some bounds, and to make it subordinate to regularity and discipline. ART. 23.-A Sermon; preached at the Chapel in St. Saviour.

gate, York, on Sunday, December 26, 1802, on Occasion of the much lamented Deuth of Robert Cappe, M.D. With an Appendir, containing brief Memors of his Life. By Charles J'ellbeloved. 870. 18. 6d. Johnson. · 1903.

A just tribute of respect to the worthy son of a worthy father. Dr. Cappe died on board a vessel in his wily to Italy, for the recovery of bis health. His two sisters accompanied him; and his father's congregation, as well as every one in his prutession, were highly interested in his recovery. In treating such a subject, the preacher has naturally expatiated, with great success, on the mysterious ways of providence, and advanced arguments of support, which the death of a beloved friend both needs and excites. ART.24.-A Sermon, in hehalf of those usefiil and benevolent

Institutions, called Friendly Societies; preached at Navestock, Esser, August, 1802. By Jokri Filles, B.D., &c. 8vo1s. Rivingtons. 1802.

A judicious recommendation, from the pulpit, of friendly societies ; which cannot be too mucs encouraged by landhulders, who regardi

their own interests, as well as those of the industrious classes litre referred to. ART. 25.A Saint indeed: or, the great IVork of a Christiair

opened and pressed. Being a seasonable and proper Expedient for the Recovery of the much decayed Power of Godliness among the Professors of these Times. By John Flavell. Small 8vo. 15. 6d. Jones. 1803.

This is a re-publication of a work containing many excellent rules of advice; but, from its prolixity, not likely to have, in the present times, many readers. An abridgement might be made with great advantage to publisher and purchaser. ART. 26.- A New Year's Gift for the Children of Charity and

Sunday Schools. By John Townsend. 12mo. 3d. Williams. 1803.

With some good exhortations, we here find intermixed many things savouring of methodism and mysticism, by which the young mindi may be ensnared, and embrace fanciful raptures for the sober truths of the Gospel. Art. 27.The Christian Faith: or, the Catechisin of the united Church of England and Ireland, briefly proved and e.rplained from Scripture: addressed principally to Parents, Vlasters of Families, and Instru tor's of Youth. By the Ro. Samuel Turner, A.M., &c. 12m10. Is. Cadell and Davies. 1803.

This explanation is properly addressed to parents, masters, and intstructors, of youth; for it is far beyond the capacity of young persons. The first period, or the first question, is contained in twenty-one lines; and, in the next, the term qualified is made plainer by the word capa. citated. The good intentions of the writer would have been forwarded, if he had loweri his explanation to a more accurate level with common comprehensions. Art. 28.-The Advantages of Female Friendly Societies con

sidered.-A Serinon, preached at the Anniversary Meeting of the Female Friendly Society, at Campsall, on Thursday, November ith, 1802. By the Rev. John Lowe, 11. A., &c. 8vo. 1s. Rivingtons.

The miss E: inks, ladies near Doncaster, have reared an institu, tion, in which the daughters of their poorer neighbours are instructed, and brought up to habits of industry. About eighty of them are formed into a friendly society; and it is found that several of the poor girls are enabled, even at an early age, to gain a subsistence, while paying their stated contributions. The institution cannot be too much commended ; and the author of this sermon has, with the best intentions, yielded to the rec lest of his hearers, that he would print it, to show The daughters of a Hueno , in various parts of the kingdom, how much good may be produced by following so laudable an example. We could

have wished that the sermon had been accompanied with the rules and other particulars of the institution.

. MEDICINE. ART. 29.- Observations on the epidemical Diseases now pre

vailing in London; with their Divisions, Method of Treatment, Prevention, &c. by Robert Hooper, M. D. &c. 8vo. 1s. 6d. Murray. 1803.

These diseases are true and bastard peripneumony, catarrh, and rheumatic fever. The three former are perhaps forms of the same disorder; and the latter, if not the same, greatly resembles it. In reality, as usual, during the prevalence of a general epidemic, every disease approximates it in appearance, and requires remedies of nearly the same nature.

The epidemic catarrh, in our author's opinion, is not infectious. The question is perhaps unimportant, and incapable of decision; yet, when we find that those who are most particularly and assiduously attentive to persons affected, suffering more certainly or more violently, infection must be at least suspected. If, in the late catarrh, there were any thing more peculiarly discriminative, it was the very singular pain in the head, properly described among the symptoms in the catalogue before us. It was very often contined to the forehead, and felt particularly. over the eyes. The cough, in young strong habits, became peripneumony; in old debilitated constitutions, peripneumonia notha. The true peripneumony our author seems to consider as having occurred previous to the catarrh: to us it has appeared a part of the epidemic; and bleeding has not succeeded, indeed, not been tried, in our own practice.

The peripneumonia notha of our author is not the disease above no. ticed: it is rather a rheumatic affection of the containing parts, and was attacked, like the former disease, by bleeding in plethoric habits. We would enter our protest against this remedy being recommended so freely, and often so indiscriminately. We have seen it tried, during the late epidemic, in robust and apparently strong persons, with manifest advantage. What we have called the peripneumonia notha, is, perhaps, more properly, the catarrhus senilis; in the appropriation of which term, however, authors are not very consistent.

The catàrrh itself required very little particular attention. We did not find wine, even in the early stages, injurious; and, in the latter part of the disease, it appeared advantageous. The weakness was often so considerable, that wine was frequently, with other cordials, indeed necessary. We at times even thought of ordering the bark, as we knew it not injurious in checking the sputum in putrid peripneumonies, but were never reduced to the necessity. The rheumatism of this period, in our practice, required no particular attention, but bleeding is here again The appearances on dissection, which are chiefly those which attend catarrh and peripneumony, do not merit particular notice; and the prophylaxis, either 'general' or spec cial,' as well as the remote causes, have little or no connexion with the epidemie.

ART. 30.-Observations on the epidemic catarrhał Fevert, or

Influenza, of 1803. To which are subjoined, historical Abstracts concerning the catarrhal Fevers of 1762, 1775, and 1782, and Communications from various Correspon. dents. By Richard Pearson, . D. &c. 810. Įs, 6d. Baldwins. 1803.

Dr. Pearson's observations are very judicious and satisfactory. The epidemic catarrh which lately prevailed, is, he tells us, very similar to the former epidemics of 1762, 1775, and 1782 ; and the remedies are nearly the same. The cough has, on the whole, we think, been more troublesome, than in former epidemics; and it often continued with peculiar obstinacy. Our author did not find the bark so useful as in other cases of febrile debility. In the beginning, he remarks the doses of opium should be small : large doses are hurtful; and bleeding appeared injurious, even where marks of local inflammation existed. Dr. Pearson seems to think the epidemic catarrh occasionally infectious, and that the infection comes sooner into action, than those of other complaints; sometimes so early as the third day. We suspected, in one case, that the disease had appeared within sixteen hours after it was received. Various communications on this subject, from practitioners in different situations, follow. On the whole, we think this by far the most judicious account of the disease that we have seen; and the second edition, which we have examined in this article, is greatly enlarged, and much more valuable than the former, Art.31.- A plain Discourse, on the Causes, Symptoms, Na

ture, and Cure, of the prevailing epidemical Disease, termed Influenza. By John Herdman, M. D. &c. 8vo. 2s. Longman and Rees. 1803.

Instead of “A plain Discourse,' we find much recondite discussion. As the catarrh was epidemic, attended with fever, we have a long dis. quisition on each, and on the respective causes of the two diseases. In short, we lose the peculiar disorder, in pursuit of these ignes fatui, and find it again, almost by accident, at the end. The drift of the au. thor is to show that bleeding and evacuants are improper, and that the disease must be cured by diaphoretics :-- he might have told us as much in three lines.

With respect to the causes, Dr Herdman attributes it to variations of temperature ; yet the singular phrase of atmospherical influence' occasionally occurs, which seems to imply something more.. ART. 32.-Medical Directions for the Use of Navigators and

Settlers in hot Climates. By Thomas M. Winterbottom, M. D. &c. 12mo. 2s. 6d. Boards. Phillips. 1803.

These plain practical directions are calculated, not for the experi. enced practitioner, but for the settler who cannot obtain regular assistance. The whole is obvious, judicious, and useful. To sailors, also, in hot climates, it will be an equally serviceable assistant, and even many sea-surgeons may protit from the directions it contains.

« PreviousContinue »