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forded from the Literary Fund. Scholars are the more sensible of these injuries from each other; as the motives are despicable, the interests of mercenary employers, and a dastardly species of envy. Claimants of exclusive fame, susceptible of lively jealousy, have always disturbed the republic of letters: but they have always been least numerous in the highest classes ; where it is universally acknowledged, that the large stock of public esteem is fully sufficient for all those who can fairly and directly draw on it, and the laurels of Parnassus are sufficiently numerous for all the heads intitled to wear them. · Ancient literature, to the beauties and excellencies of which we can scarcely be said to be approaching, was not a subject of criticism by occupation. Compositions were recited or read in public assemblies. The art of printing has subjected them to general and deliberate perusal. Hence the origin of modern criticism.; on the good and evil of which I shall not decide. My business is only to observe, that real and useful critics, and those whose perpetual cavil and disguised calumnies deprave the public taste, and infest conversation and social life with an insatiable spirit of censure and detraction, would have a very different reception from the council and committee of the Literary Fund.
• Professed libellers are out of the question; their cases are not taken under consideration, unless accompanied with promises and hopes to adopt honourable and useful employments.
· These promises and hopes are always liberally admitted ; and in such cases the society is truly disposed to imitate an example of high authority, where inore joy is expressed over one sinner that repenteth, than over ninety-nine who need no repentance, P. 101.
The constitutions of the society are ably digested, and we see little that we could suggest to improve them. We learn with pleasure, from the renrarks which follow, that this society, within the first twelve years of its establishment, has administered relief in not less than one hundred and ninetysix cases of distress; and that the sum distributed in the course of this period amounts, in the whole, to 16301. 85.
The very first case of a meritorious scholar and author, in distressed circumstances, which attracted the notice of the committee, was that of the learned, but unfortunate, Dr. Harwood; a man whose perfect knowledge of the learned languages, and laborious diligence, both as an oral instructor, and writer, scarcely procured him a scanty and precarious support.
• In the infancy of this institution, and when its funds amounted to little more than was required for the expences of printing and adver. tisements, this deserving object repeatedly received assistance, which, if it did not place him in affluence, rescued him from misery and despair. Other authors, moral and political, of great merit, and a few, of great and deserved celebrity, received assistance from the committee, to the utmost of its powers; but these being still alive, and it being an invariable rule of the committee, not to publish the names of living objects of their attention, those members of the society who wish to be minutely informed, may have recourse to the records of the committee, which they have a right to inspect, and which are always open to the examination of any subscriber to the fund.
• In this early period of the institution, a lady, well known for works of the imagination, equally amusing and instructive, being in narrow circumstances, was enabled, by the assistance of the society, to place her son in a situation that promised a provision for life. Thus were some distinguished persons assisted from the Literary Fund, while its sources were scanty, and its bounties necessarily limited. But several deserving, though less eminent, writers received great alleviation in their distresses; one in particular (a very industrious and useful author) was, for several years, during which he sustained the most ex. cruciating and incurable malady, preserved from the aggravated mi·sery of want, and when relieved at last by death, from his cruel sufferings, received a decent interment, chiefly by the benevolence of the society.
Of late years, as the funds of the society have increased, and the claimants become more numerous, in proportion as it was more known, its benefactions have been more numerous and liberal. Amongst the cases relieved, during this latter period, are several writers of distinguished eminence, whom it would be a gross indelicacy to name, or particularly allude to; especially since some of them are now in circumstances, that not only prevent their being objects, but may enable them to become supporters of the institution. The number of less brilliant, but useful, writers, relieved within this period, is also very considerable, and the cases of a questionable nature, or, where the vigilance of the committee may have been deceived, few. They will be fewer in future; as all cases that appear doubtful, may, by a late regulation, at the desire of any two members, be referred to a committee of the president, vice-presidents, and council, appointed for that among other purposes.
It may, however, be satisfactory, and not uninteresting to the public, .to know, that, among the cases during this latter period, was a son of the late ingenious and spirited translator of the Lusiad; to: wards the expence of whose education the society, more than once, contributed by donations for that purpose, to the gentleman under whose care the youth was placed. Ancther interesting case, which may be mentioned, was that of the widow and children of that distinguished poet, and original genius, Robert Burns. Towards the subscription for their relief and future establishment, the committee contributed a large sum, considering the amount of the funds then at their disposal, and have since' made an addition'; so that the whole amounts to forty-five pounds. P. 1.11.
In a detailed and subjoineal statement of disbursements, we rejoice to find, that; although in the ycar 1790 the fund trould not allow a larger annual benevolence than ten guineas, their income has been so progressively thriving, that in 1801 they distributedi not less than two hundred and cighty-eight pounds, by which they aiforded relief in twentycight cases of misfortune. Most cordially do we wish t'iem every success; and we have no doubt of their obtaining is. The establishment is amply entitled to patronage, and its promoters to the gratitude of their country.
With regard to the poems themselves,' observes Mr. Boscawen, with a modesty which is sure to obtain its request, it is hoped the candid reader will not require in compositions, all of which relate to one subject, that variety, which a multiplicity of topics and occasions might be expected to produce. The writer of this introduction is well aware how many defects may be justly imputed, and how few merits can be ascribed to his own contributions. But he trusts, that other parts of the collection, which, on the respective recitations, were warmly applauded, will be found worthy of being preserved ; and that his own attempts, if they obtain no credit to his talents, will, at least, secure indulgence to his motives.' P. 163.
It is not to be supposed that all the flowers of this living Parnassus are possessed of equal excellence; but we see no one that is altogether unworthy of notice. The following, by the elder captain Morris, recited at the annual meeting in 1796, is among those which have best pleased ourselyes.
- To soothe the needy sage in Sorrow's bed,
Sees Charity on learned labours smile,
• If once I fear'd our dissolution near,
And shouts of triumph hail her on her way.' P. 181. We can only find room for one more insertion, and shall appropriate it to the following address, written and recited at the anniversary, 1801, by Mr. Fitzgerald.
Poets were ever poor, the fact's allow'd,
Glorious they made the tyrant's reign appear,
ART. V.-Travels in the Crimea.- A History of the Embassy
from Petersburg to Constantinople, in 1793. Including their Journey through Krementschuck, Oczakow, Il'alachiu, and Moldavia ; with their Reception at the Court of Selim the Third. By a Secretary to the Russian Embassy: Śwo. 75. 6d. Boards. Robinsons. 1802.
THIS little work consists of two parts, travels in the Crie mea, and the journey in which the author accompanied the embassy from Petersburg to Constantinople. Each is independent of the other, and both are related in the simple