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restitution of Comacchio ; insisting also, that his Imperial Majesty should ask pardon, and desire absolution for what had formerly passed, before he would solemnly acknowledge King Charles. But this was utterly refused.
They hear at Vienna, by letters from Constantinople, dated the twenty-second of February last, that, on the twelfth of that month, the Grand Seignior took occasion, at the celebration of the festivals of the Mussulmen, to set all the Christian slaves which were in the galleys at liberty.
Advices from Switzerland import, that the preachers of the county of Tockenburg continue to create new jealousies of the Protestants ; and some disturbances lately happened there on that account. The Protestants and Papists in the town of Hamman go to divine service one after another in the same church, as is usual in many other parts of Switzerland ; but on Sunday, the tenth instant, the Popish Curate, having ended his service, attempted to hinder the Protestants from entering into the church according to custom; but the Protestants briskly attacked him and his party, and broke into it by force.
Last night, between seven and eight, his Grace the Duke of Marlborough arrived at Court.
From my own Apartment, April 22. The present great captains of the age, the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene, having been the subject of the discourse of the last company I was in; it has naturally led me into a consideration of Alexander and Cæsar, the two greatest names that ever appeared before this century. In order to enter into their characters, there needs no more but examining their behaviour in parallel circumstances, It must be allowed, that they had an equal greatness
of soul; but Cæsar's was more corrected and allayed by a mixture of prudence and circumspection. This is seen conspicuously in one particular in their histories, wherein they seem to have shown exactly the difference of their tempers. When Alexander, after a long course of victories, would still have led his soldiers farther from home, they unanimously refused to follow him. We meet with the like behaviour in Cæsar's army in the midst of his march against Ariovistus. Let us therefore observe the conduct of our two generals in so nice an affair : And here we find Alexander at the head of his army, upbraiding them with their cowardice, and meanness of spirit; and in the end telling them plainly he would go forward himself, though not a man followed him. This showed indeed an excessive bravery ; but how would the commander have come off, if the speech had not succeeded, and the soldiers had taken him at his word ? the project seems of a piece with Mr. Bays's in “ The Rehearsal," who, to gain a clap in his prologue, comes out with a terrible fellow in a fur-cap following him, and tells his audience, if they would not like his play, he would lie down and have his head struck off.' If this gained a clap, all was well; but if not, there was nothing left but for the executioner to do his office. But Cæsar would not leave the success of his speech to such uncertain events: he shows his men the unreasonableness of their fears in an obliging manner, and concludes, that if none else would march along with him, he would go himself with the tenth legion, for he was assured of their fidelity and valour, though all the rest forsook him; not but that, in all probability, they were as much against the march as the rest. The result of all was very natural: the tenth legion, fired with the praises of their general, send thanks to him for the just opinion he entertains of them; and the rest, ashamed to be outdone, assure bim, that they are as ready to follow where he pleases to lead them, as any other part of the army.
N° 7. TUESDAY, APRIL 26, 1709.
Quicquid agunt homines
nostri est farrago libelli.
JUV. Sat. I. 85, 86.
"It is so just an observation, that mocking is catching, that I am become an unhappy instance of it, and am (in the same manner that I have represented Mr. Partridge *) myself a dying man, in comparison of the vigour with which I first set out in the world. Had it been otherwise, you may be sure I would not have pretended to have given for news, as I did last Saturday, a diary of the siege of Troy. But man is a creature very inconsistent with himself: the greatest heroes are sometimes fearful; the sprightliest wits at some hours dull; and the greatest politicians on some occasions whimsical. But I shall not pretend to palliate or excuse the matter; for I find, by a calculation of my own naçivity, that I cannot hold out with any tolerable wit longer than two minutes after twelve of the clock at night, between the eighteenth and nineteenth of the next month: for which space of time you may still espect to hear from me, but no longer ; except you will transmit to me the occurrences you meet with relating to your amours, or any other subject within the rules by which I have proposed to walk. If any gentleman or lady sends to Isaac Bickerstaff, esq. at Mr. Morphew's, near Stationers-hall, by the
* " This man was a shoe-maker in Covent-garden, in 1680, yet styled bimself Physician to his Majesty, in 1682. But, though he was one of the sworn Physicians, he never attended the court, nor received any salary."
pennypost, the grief or joy of their soul, what they think fit of the matter shall be related in colours as much to their advantage, as those in which Gervass * has drawn the agreeable Chloe. but since, without such assistance, I frankly confess, and am sensible, that I have not a month's wit more, I think I ought, whiļe I am in my sound health and senses, to make my will and testament; which I do in manner and form following:
Imprimis, I give to the stock-jobbers about the Exchange of London, as a security for the trusts daily reposed in them, all my real estate ; which ! do hereby vest in the said body of worthy citizens
Item, Forasmuch as it is very hard to keep land in repair without ready cash, I do, out of my personal estate, bestow the bear-skin t, which I have frequently lent to several societies about this town, tq supply their necessities; I say, I give also the said bear-skin as an immediate fund to the said citizens for ever
+ Stock-jobbers, who contract for a transfer of stock which they do not possess, are called sellers of bear-skins; and ani. versally whoever sel's what he does not pois ss is said proverbially to sell the bear's skin, while the hear runs in the woods.
In the language of Exchange-alley, Bears signify those who buy stock which they cannot receive, or who sell stock which they have not. Those who pay money for what they purchases or who sell stock which they really have, are ca!lęd Bullsa
Item, I do hereby appoint a certain number of the said citizens to take all the custom-house or customary oaths concerning all goods imported by the whole city; strictly directing, that some select members, and not the whole number of a body corporate, should be perjured. Itemi, I forbid all n---s and persons
q-ty to watch bargains near and about the Exchange, to the diminution and wrong of the said stockjobbers.
Thus far, in as brief and intelligible a manner as any will can appear, until it is explained by the learned, I have disposed of my real and personal estate: but, as I am an adept, I have by birth an equal right to give also an indefeasible title to my endowments and qualifications, which I do in the following manner :
Item, I give my chastity to all virgins who have withstood their market.
Item, I give my courage among all who are ashamed of their distressed friends, all sneakers in assemblies, and men who show valour in common conversation.
Item, I give my wit (as rich men give to the rich) among such as think they have enough already. And in case they shall not accept of the legacy. I give it to Bentivolio * to defend his works, from time to time, as he shall think fit to publish them.
Iteni, I bestow my learning upon the honorary members of the Royal Society.
Now for the disposal of this body.
* Dr. Richard Bentley.