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A MAGAZINE DEVOTED TO THE STUDY
OF THE PAST.
EDWARD WALFORD, M. A.
FORMERLY SCHOLAR OF BALLIOL COLLEGE, OXFORD, AND LATE EDITOR OF THE “GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE ;"
AUTHOR OF THE "COUNTY FAMILIES," ETC. ETC.
Instructed by the Antiquary tlmes,
LONDON : ELLIOT STOCK, 62, PATERNOSTER Row.
New York: J. W. BOUTON.
ANCIENT BRITON WITH CROTAL OR SPEAR BELL . .
EASBY CHURCH . . . . . . . . .
ANCIENT SATIRICAL DRAWING OF
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and size of the building, which, notwithstanding Dugdale's authority, I cannot but think was about 590 feet: lọng in the clear (Dugdale says 690 feet is shown by the scale on Hollar's ground plan. In a work called “ London Plates," in the possession of the Society of Antiquaries, the length is
described in the margin as 720 feet: Now, JULY, 1880.
the extreme length of Ely Cathedral is 360 feet, and it is the longest on this side of the ::
Alps according to Murray's “ Handbook of :: Old St. Paul's.
the Cathedrals." The extreme length of the
present St. Paul's, externally, is but 512 feet, (The substance of a Lecture delivered by Edmund B. and that of St. Peter's, at Rome, 607 feet.
Ferrey, Esq., F.R.I.B.A., before the St. Paul's Therefore, I think, we may reasonably conEcclesiological Society.)
clude that Hollar's plan is correct. In simPART II,
plicity of plan, a plain Latin cross, Old St. AVING sketched the history of the Paul's was like Ely or Winchester; it had not
Cathedral, and commented on its the intricate and irregular plan of such a surroundings, I will proceed to Cathedral as Canterbury. It is interesting for
make some general remarks on its a moment to compare it in this respect to architectural features and peculiarities. Chichester, or on the Continent to Notre
Commencing at the west end, we find Dame, at Paris, and to Seville Cathedral, all evidence that the facade was plain and severe, with two aisles on either side, or to Antwerp judging by the analogy of other buildings of the Cathedral, with three. same date, and from the views of the south side In span the nave of Old St. Paul's was about of the nave given by Hollar. Dugdale men- the same as Peterborough, 38 feet. The tritions no western towers as having existed at forium was lighted by circular windows. At any time; but Stow minutely describes them. Westminster Abbey, spherical triangular In the later edition of Stow by Strype, how- shaped windows, as we know, occupy this ever, nothing is said of these towers. It seems not very usual position; at Waltham Abbey curious that a cathedral of the first magni- are circular windows, and at the Abbaye aux tude should have possessed no western towers, Hommes, at Caen, circular windows filled with when such a comparatively small building as tracery. It should be observed how wide Lichfield Cathedral has, in all, three towers. for Norman windows are those to the aisles Mediæval churches abroad were rich in of the nave. (Hollar gives a view on a large towers. There were nine at Clugny, seven scale of one of them, retaining its Norman intended for Rheims, and seven formerly at garb). The ancient Consistory Court was proLaon, according to Mr. Beresford Hope's bably in the westernmost bay of the north “Cathedrals of the Nineteenth Century.” At nave aisle. Proceeding down the nave, let us Tournai, in Belgium, also, though but a small next pause to look at the elegant chantry cathedral, we see five towers; but in our chapel of Bishop Thomas Kempe, between own land even a building of the scale of the piers on north side of nave, near the that at Salisbury has but one tower and spire, crossing. Such a position is not unusual for forming the crowning feature of the structure, the memorials of great benefactors to a and this was probably the case at Old St. building, so placed that every worshipper Paul's. The plan of the westernmost piers of could not fail to observe them. At Winthe nave, as shown by Hollar, does not suggest chester Cathedral, we have similarly in the any towers ; which consequently, if they nave, the chantries of Bishops William of existed, must have been outside the aisles, Wykeham and Edington; and at Wells like those to Wells Cathedral.
Cathedral that of Bishop Bubwith. Entering in at the west doors the spectator I have little doubt the central tower was must have been impressed by the vast length treated like a lantern—we know it never had