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of Greenville, South Carolina, and this purchase was confirmed by a grant afterwards Pearis was a wealthy man; he had two beautiful daughters, and built a house on the site of Greenville, and lived there surrounded by the Indians, who were very friendly to him, and over whom he had much influence.

Jacob Hite of Virginia, who married Miss Frances Madison Beale, bought land of Pearis, and moved with his family to South Carolina in or about 1773; he too lived in the midst of the Cherokees, and assiduously cultivated their friendship. His son, John Obanion Hite, became engaged to a Miss Pearis.

When the Revolution broke out, Hite sided with the Colonies, but British agents induced the Indians to take up arms against the Colonies. Hearing of the activity of these agents, Jacob Hite sent his son John Obanion with presents to some of the Indian towns, hoping to defeat the efforts of the English, for his son who was a lawyer, and much beloved by the Indians, expected to be able to influence them favorably.

Unfortunately however, he was too late, and met a large war party in march for the white settlements, he was at once killed and his mangled body was left on the banks of the Estote river, or buried there. The Indians proceeded to Pearis' house, but were friendly to him. Miss Pearis learned the sad fate of her lover, and that they intended next to destroy the Hites, who lived a few miles distant, and she at once started on foot through the woods, and reached them in time to save them, but they lingered, and would not believe that the Indians were hostile to them. The Indians did attack the Hites, killed Jacob Hite and probably others, but most of the sons escaped by flight. They captured Mrs. Hite and her daughters, and it is said by some, that they were killed on their way to the Indian towns. This however, is not probable, for after the war was over, in 1786, Col. Tavener Beale, who had married a daughter of Jacob Hite by his first wife, went to South Carolina and employed Pearis to visit the Indians, and ransom his mother and sister. If they had been killed by the Indians in 1776, Pearis most probably would have known about it. It seems that he was an old and trusted friend of the Cherokees, for one Pearis commanded a contingent of these Indians who were auxilliary to Virginia in the French and Indian war.

There is no note in the Beale papers in reference to the success of Pearis' mission, and information in regard to it is wished. The Hites who escaped massacre or capture, returned to Virginia.

A. G. GRINNAN.

PETER JONES. In the preceding number of this Magazine appeared an article by Mr. Lassiter, in which the will of Peter Jones, Sr., was given in full as proof that he was not the founder of Petersburg, Va. His argument was that as the city of Petersburg was founded 1733, and the will of Peter Jones

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was probated in 1727, the testator and founder could not be identical. Meade (Vol. I, page 444, Old Churches) is everywhere quoted as authority for the statement that in 1733 Colonel Byrd and Peter Jones laid the foundations of two great cities-Richmond, at the falls of the James, and Petersburg, at the Appomattox falls. Hening (Vol. I, page 293, Act IX) gives a lengthy description of the establishment, in 1644-6, of a “fforte Charles” at the “Falls of James River," on Colonel William Byrd's land.

Vol. I (Hening), page 315, Act XIII, years 1644-6, authorizes one “fforte Henry att the Falls of the said Appomattock River.” Vol. I, page 326, Act II, October, 1646 ( Hening), shows a grant of 600 acres of land to Captain Abraham Wood and his heirs forever, “with all houses and edificies belonging to said fforte (Henry), with all boates and amunition belonging to said fforte, Provided that the said Capt. Wood do maintayne and keepe tenn men constantly upon the said place for the term of three years, duringe which time he the said Capt. Wood is exempted from all publique taxes for himselfe and the said tenn persons," &c.

Peter Jones, Sr., married (see l'irginia Historical Magazine, Vol. III, page 252) Mary Wood, daughter said Capt. Abraham Wood." He was the son of Margaret Jones (widow), who, in 1663, married Thomas Cocke (see Cocke Genealogy, Virginia Historical Magazine).

Hening's Vol. II, pages 326 to 328, gives as follows:

“At a grand Assemblie held at James Cittie By prorogation from the one and twentieth day of September, in the yeare of our Lord 1674, to the seaventh day of March, in the eighth and twentieth yeare of the reigne of our Soveraigne Lord Charles the second.

“Act I. -An act for the safeguard and defence of the county against the Indians,” &c.

Then follows a long preamble, and a declaration of war against Indians; charges of war to be borne by whole country; where troops shall be stationed; from what counties drawn; who shall command them. (Here, on page 328, comes first mention of Peter Jones. I will quote):

"ffifty-five men out of James City county, to be garrisoned neare the ffalls of James River, at captain Byrd's, or at one ffort or place of defence over against him at Newlett's, of which ffort leut. coll. Edward Ramsey be captaine or chiefe comander; nineteene men out of Warwick county, nineteene men out of Elizabeth City Co., and nineteene out of Charles City Co, to be garrisoned neare the ffalls of Appamatux river, at major general Wood's, or over against him at one ffort or defensable place at-ffleets-of which ffort major Peter Jones be captaine or chiefe commander," &c.

Then follows several closely printed pages of instruction, as to powder, horses, provisions, and last, a set of rules for governing the conduct of officers and men. Amongst which are boring the tongue with a red hot bodkin for blasphemy, and riding the wooden horse for drunkenness, &c. It is all interesting reading, and seems to establish Peter Jones' title to "Major," also to show that he was at the Appomattox falls, and Colonel Byrd at the James river falls in 1674-6, many years before the 1733 accredited as the date of laying out those towns.

It is likely that he had a right to his title. These Peter Joneses seem to have been fighters, see Hening, Vol. VII, page 206, 209, and l'irginia Historical Magazine, Vol. II, page 246, Virginia Troops in Continental Line. Captains, Samuel, Strother, Peter, Churchill, Cadwallader, Lewelling Jones. Lieutenants, Charles, Abridgeton, Wood, Binns, Thomas, John Jones.

Saffel is full of them as Revolutionary soldiers, and Heitman's Register gives FIFTY-ONE Jones' officers in Revolutionary army, and of this number seventeen were Virginia officers.

In 1748 (fifteen years after Meade's date of founding of Petersburg), in the twenty-second year of George Il's reign, we read in Hening, Vol. VI, page 211, Chapter 65:

“An act for establishing the towns of Petersburg and Blandford, in county of Prince George, and for preventing the building of wooden chimneys in the said town.”

Signed, Sir Wm. Gooche, Bart., Governor,

John Robinson (Jun.), Speaker. In 1758 (Hening, Vol. VII, page 602-603) one Peter Jones gets twentyeight acres of his land in the suburbs of Petersburg, incorporated into the town, and in 1784, the towns of Blandford, Petersburg, Ravenscroft, and Pocahontas were united by act of Legislature, into one town-Petersburg

Peter Jones, Sr., who had children, (1) Abraham; (2) Peter; (3) William; (4) Thomas; (5) John; (6) Wood; (7) Ann; (8) Margaret; (9) Martha; had also two brothers, Abraham and Thomas.

I do not know who his father was; Mr. Cadwallader Jones, of Rock Hill, S. C., writes of one Peter Jones here in 1620, commander of Fort Henry, trader with Indians, and brother to Lieutenant-Colonel Cadwallader Jones, who, in March 8, 1676-7, wrote from Le Freshes of Rappahannock," the “Cetterbarn Parish Grievances.” This Cadwallader came to Virginia, 1623. (See Burk's Hist. Landed Gentry), Mr. Jones of Rock Hill, has an old sword descended to him from this Cadwallader. The hilt has the Jones coat of arms. The blade now in it, is a Toledo, presented to Mr. Jones' grandfather (Cadwallader), by Lafayette. It has the following inscription:

“No me sagues sin rason.

No me embraines sin honor." I am a descendant of this Major Peter Jones, through Lt. Binns Jones (grandson) who was Second Lieutenant of Fifteenth l'irginia, 9th March,

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1777; Regimental Quartermaster, 6th May, 1778, regiment designated Eleventh Virginia, September 14, 1778; in service 1780 ( Heitman, page 244), also through his daughter Ann, who married, 1. William Eldridge; 2. John Corgill.

I am naturally interested in all that relates to him. Mr. Flournoy Rivers, my husband, also is descended from the offshoot that settled in that part of Amelia county now comprised in Nottoway, and intermarried extensively with the Wards. The wills of the many Peter Joneses, would be interesting reading. Those I have, show them to be men of money, acres, and large families, in which the names, Peter, John, Thomas, Roger, Cadwallader, Ann, Margaret, Elizabeth, occur in endless succession. I have a chart of the descendants of Sir Roger Jones, Knight, Alderman of London, and his brother Thomas Jones, Archbishop of Dublin, and Lord Chancellor of Ireland. The names quoted above, are the names in the chart. Judge Jones of Kentucky, who wrote the “Roger Jones" line, thinks that the Roger and Peter lines are related, though he has never been able to trace the kinship. That Major Peter the first, must have been quite an aged man, all authorities agree. He commanded Fort Henry in 1644, and died between 1722– 1726. Evidently he was a man of vigor and energy, long-lived and sturdy, and he has innumerable descendants in Virginia, Tennessee, the Carolinas and Alabama.

LIDIE AVIRETT Riv RS. Pulaski, Tenn.

Ax OLD SAMPLER.

BALTIMORE, January 23, 1897.

Editor of Virginia Historical Magazine:

When at the World's Fair I saw, in the Massachusetts State Building, in a case containing relics exhibited by the Essex Institute, Salem, Mass., a sampler," on which was worked the following: “Ann Randolph Fitz Hugh, born June 30, 1783. Martha Carter Fitz Hugh, born Feb. 28, 1786, died Sept. 29, 1793, leaving this sampler the last word; hence, it was the last she marked, being prophetic of her lamented Death.

“Her name shall live and yield a sweet perfume

And tho' in the dust) her memory shall bloom
Tho' I deplore my lot and wish it less
Yet will I kiss the rod and acquiesce.

“Mary Lee Fitz Hugh, born April 22, 1788.
“William Henry Fitz Hugh, born March 9, 1792.
“Sampler wrought by Martha Carter Fitz Hugh, Virginia 1793.”

This sampler was no doubt “obtained” during the war by some of the “visitors" to Virginia, and if publication is made of the fact, it is possible the owner might be found.

DOUGLAS H. THOMAS.

a

EPITAPH OF MRS. MARTHA AYLETT, 1747. From a tombstone in the graveyard at Montvill, King William county, Virginia:

“Here lies interred the body of Martha Aylett
wife of Philip Aylett & daughter of the Honorable

William Dandridge & Unity Dandridge,
who died 25th. of April 1747, in the 26th.

year of her age & left behind her two
daughters & two sons-viz. Unity, William,

Anna & John Aylett.”

QUERIES.

THE VIRGINIA FEDERALIST.

RICHMOND, VA., March 19, 1897. Editor of the Virginia Historical Magazine :

Sir,-Will you, or some of your readers, please inform me whether any of the files of the Virginia Federalist have been preserved, and if so, where. This paper was published in Richmond during the latter part of the last century and first part of the present one, and was edited by John Stewart, Clerk of the House of Delegates.

B. H. Wise.

FRY AND JEFFERSON LINE.

LOUISVILLE, March 1, 1897. Editor of Virginia Historical Magazine :

Sir,- I have been for some time trying to find data in regard to the survey of that part of the boundary line between Virginia and North Carolina, beginning where the Byrd line of 1728 ended, and extending about seventy-three miles to Steep Ridge, where the Walker line of 1779 began. It is known, as you are aware, as the Fry and Jefferson line, run by Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson in 1749. I have failed to find the act or report in Hening, or in the Virginia or North Carolina annals, and my inquiry made of many, who I thought would inform me, has been equally fruitless.

Very truly yours,

J. STODDARD JOHNSTON.

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