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1640. First sale of a negro recorded—it was from Nathaniel Littleton to Garrett Andrews for 1200 lbs. tobacco. The name of Northampton is first mentioned in 1640. Marking of stock was regulated. First deed of land recorded this year-from Edmund Scarborough to Esq. Littleton.

*In Sept., 1640, Order came from James City for all patents & bounds of land to be sent to James City. The King's rent of land was one shilling for 50 acres.

1640. First license granted to keep an ordinary-to Anthony Hoskins. Argal Yeardley orders the land his father had taken at Mattawaman Creek to be surveyed by Edmund Scarborough. Argal Yeardley was his father's, Sir George Yeardley's, eldest son & heir. Mentioned 13 negroes Nath'l Littleton had for himself and his father in law Southey. John Tully mentioned as transported by John Custis-& Petter Cropper servant to Mr. Taylor.

It is thought fit & ordered by this Court That Mr. Philip Taylor nor any other person or persons belonging to him, the said Taylor, shall disturb or molest the Indians, formerly seated at Mattawaman Creek, neither for any cause or reason, to clear or work upon the ground, whereon they are now seated, by reason Nath' Littleton, Argal Yeardly, Capt. Wm. Stone, Mr. Wm. Stone, & Capt. Wm. Roper have taken especial charge of the place, Therefore if the said Indians be displaced of the 2000 acres of Land, which Mr. Taylor doth lay claim to, they can in no wise permit, and furthermore that the plantation of Philip Taylor, cannot be impaired thereby, he being seated on one side of the Creek & they on the other, & not hitherto hath either built on that side the Indians are appointed to dwell on.

June 4th, 1640, the will of Dame Elizabeth Dale written. May 17th, 1641, first Bill of Exchange is recorded in this Court, & was drawn on

of Amsterdam, Holland, in favor of Wm. Douglas & Co. for 40 pounds sterling.

A proclamation from Francis Wyatt, Governor, is recorded, concerning the shipping of Tobacco, none allowed to be shipped without examination, much loss having occurred the year before from dishonest people mixing new & old. Shipmasters also had to give an account of the number of Hogsheads received. The order is dated at James City, Feb. 2oth, 1610. Another

Proclamation dated June 25th, 1641, forbids the planting of more than 1000 Plants, by each planter. The cultivation of Tobacco hindering the planting and sowing of corn & other good works. Shippers were also bound to take no Tobacco except from the warehouses provided. An order was made that no person should leave his house or plantation without arms & ammunition. John Neale sold 500 acres of land on bay side to Edmund Scarborough for ten pounds sterling in 1642.

1643. An order came from Sir Wm. Berkeley appointing Capt. Francis Yardley commander of the troops in Accomack, given orders about training & etc.-his bounds were from the lower side of Hungar's to King's Creek & all along the Bayalso orders establishing the County Courts of Northampton County. It took the name 1642.

July 28th, 1642. First Court under new name. A certificate was granted unto Wm. Waters, son & heir of Lt. Edward Waters, in which it is stated that three men were killed at the massacre & four men & a maid were cast away in the Bay. Mr. Taylor was empowered to take a company of men, & ammunition & go to an Indian Town named or called Ginguhcloust, to do what they think best for the welfare of this county.

Jan. 30, 1642. George Ludlow conveys by a bill of sale a Horse to Argall Yardly—this is the first mention of a horse. The troubles in England first noticed in a letter from Wm. Webb, which was directed to Thos. Noke & Andrew White, of Md. This White writes that they were in great fear of Turmoils & Convulsions, and wishes he was in the Colony. The Court's excuse for breaking the seals of the letter is that from information they understood these letters did contain information of the State of England, and also of this Colony, and whereas the times do seem perilous the seals were ordered to be broken, but finding no matter in them, they were ordered to be sent to the place to which they were directed.

Will of Wm. Burdett recorded 1643. He left 5 lbs. to the lower parish to purchase a communion cup & plate. Philip

& Taylor, sheriff, petitions for a jail to be built. Aug., 1643, trial of Parks for slandering Yardley & etc. At the request of Wm. Andrews it was ordered that no man should truck or trade with his negro man John.

April, 1644. It was ordered that for the better protection of the Inhabitants they should be under commands in each precinct. From the north side of Nassawattocks to the North side of Hungar's they were to be under the command of Wm. Andrews & Stephen Charlton, and all the Inhabitants between the south side of Hungar's to the north of Mattawaman Creek, were to submit unto Capt. Wm. Stone. And from Mattawaman Creek to Thos. Dimmer's House under Argall Yeardley. From Francis Petits house & both sides of Cherriston Creek under Obedience Robins & Philip Taylor. From King's Creek to the house of Edward Douglas under Wm. Roper & Edward Douglas, and from Mr. Littleton's to Magotha Bay point under John Neale & Edmund Scarborough. Any persons refractory to these orders were to be committed to the custody of the sheriff to be sent to James City. July 12th, 1644, John Wise testifies as a witness.

Inventory & appraisement of the estate of Wm. Burdett, one of the court and burgess who died about 1642-3-4, some idea may be obtained how people lived about that time. There were beds, Valances, Blankets & sheets. Pewter dishes of all kinds. Iron kettles & pots of all descriptions. No crockery or any of the present material of kitchen furniture, all is pewter, Iron, or brass, or plate. There were two silver salts-1 wine cup & I doz. silver spoons-11 oxen-18 or 20 steers-many cows & calves—22 goats--no horses mentioned. 8 servants with various times to serve & 2 negros.

1645. Feather beds & Holland sheets are mentioned; also the vessel called the Blessing of Virginia. Stephen Charlton buys two pipes of wine of Peter of the Water Duck of Rotterdam at £22 Sterling in Tobacco at 3 pence per lb.

7th November, 1645. Court accepts the offer of John Badlam, & John Dixon of the Point House, which they inhabit and keep an ordinary at the old Plantation Creek, should be the common prison, and they appointed to keep & feed the prisoners. Mention of horses that died on passage from New England. Custom was begun of recording the branding of cattle.

Decb'r, 1646. Will of Wm. Cotton, clerk, recorded his plantation, was called Bunbury-evidently after Bunbury, Cheshire, Eng., where he came from. This was Cotton, the minister. Hugh Yeo appears as a merchant.

Feb., 1646. Richard Buckland, who had defamed Ann Smyth by the publication of a libel in the form of poetry, “shall the next sermon that is preached at Nussawattocks, stand at the Church door from the beginning of the ist lesson untill the end be ended with a paper upon his hat, & on it shall be written in capital letters Inimrius Libellos, desireing forgiveness of God & also in particular the aforesaid defamed," & etc.

March 22nd, 1646. Walter Williams licensed to keep an ordinary & victualling house, & " to sell strong water. ” Mention of next Court at house of Stephen Charlton.

1647. Francis Pott has two negro children bound to him for a term of years, & he binds himself to furnish them sufficient meat & drink & apparel & lodging, & to use his best endeavours to bring them up in the fear of God & in the knowledge of our Saviour Jesus Christ. The name of the negro from whom he bought them was Immanuel Driggus or Driggs-he was a servant to Francis Potts. Books mentioned. Bible without the Psalms. Dr. Wm. Smith's sermons, & the Practice of Piety. An order made at June Court, 1647, for the constables in the different precincts to visit the planters farms & see if they have planted as much Corn as directed by act of Assembly. Among charges ag' estate of Richard Leman for the funeral is an Ox, 800 lbs. Tobacco, also i Case of Drams at 200 lbs. Tobacco. The coffin 100 lbs. Tobacco-paid Wm. Carter for dressing dinner 100 lbs. tobacco--for making the grave 40 lbs. Tobacco.

June 29th, 1646. Mention of the settlement of partnership business between Capt. Wm. Clayborne & Geo. Fletcher, merchant. Disbursed by the account 12000 lbs. Toboe for the trade of Susquehanna & for the Isle of Kent in making peace, taking possession of it, fortifying & maintaining it, of which Mr. Fletcher's letter engages him to bear his share, this was about 1642 & 3. Accounts were submitted for arbitration to Mr. Richard Bennett & Peter, Knights, of Warrosquack. James Fletcher was of Eltham, County of Kent, England, and was atty. for his brother Geo. Fletcher, merchant, of London. Wheat & Flour first mentioned about this time in a bill of Capt. Wormley's. In 1646 one item is two ranlets of beer while the

Governor was at his house. Orders for bridges across Hungar's & other creeks about this time.

Nov., 1648. Robt. Warder was ordered to stand at the Church door at Nassawattocks with a great pot tyed about his neck, thereby signifying the merit of his offence for being drunk, & etc.

At a Court held May 16th, 1649, Ordered next court to be held at the house of Walter Williams at Nassawattocks, & the ensuing court at the Point house on the old Plantation Creek & so successively & that any Justice being absent should be fined 300 lbs. tobacco according to act of Assembly. Owing to the alarming condition of the county the Inhabitants were ordered to carry their arms & ammunition to Church & Court, or whenever they left their houses. Mention of a man defending himself with a truncheon in a tavern brawl.

A proclamation by the Court & Commissioners of Accomacke: Whereas it hath pleased Almighty God, to be deprived of our late dread Sovereign of Blessed Memory, We, the Court & Commissioners of Accomacke, Do by these present proclaims Charles the undoubted Heir of one of our late Sovereign of blessed memory, To be King of England, Scotland, France, Ireland and Virginia, and all other remote provinces and Colonies, New England and the Caribder Islands and all other hereditaments & indowments belonging to our late sovereign of blessed memory, Willing & requiring all his majesties high (?) people to acknowledge their allegiance, and with general consent and applause, pray God to bless Charles the second, King of England, Scotland, France, Ireland, Virginia, New England, the Caribder Islands and all other provinces & subjects to the English Crown. And so God save King Charles the second. Amen, Amen, Amen (page, 193, Book 3).

April, 1650. Sir Wm. Berkely writes, “Gen" Having been frequently informed by the testimony of divers, of undeniable credit, that the Indians commonly called by the name of the Laughing Kinge Indians, have been most faithful to the English, and especially that neither they nor their king in the last bloody massacre could be induced to engage with our enemies against us & so by consequence kept the remote Indians, at least none broke in at a time when a general combination against us, had

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