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Yet when the silent evening sighs,
The woods and winds, with sullen wail,
RECENT AMERICAN PUBLICATIONS.
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THE whole Proceedings in the case of Olmsted and others, versus Rittenhouse's Executors-collected and arranged, by Richard Peters, jun. By William Duane, Philadelphia, republished,
An Essay on the Principle of Population; or, a View of its past and present effects on Human happiness; with an Inquiry into our prospects respecting the future removal or mitigation of the evils which it occasions. By T. R. Malthus, A. M late fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge. 2 vols.
By Bradford and Inskeep, Philadelphia, published,
A new Novel, by the author of the Horrours of St. Domingo, entitled, "Laura.”
Die mutter starb, ich fand mich mit win selbst
Gothe in Sancred.
My mother died, I found myself deserted,
By James Humphreys, and Mathew Carey, Philadelphia, republished, Struggles Through Life, exemplified in the various travels and adventures in Europe, Asia, Africa, and America, of John Harriott, Esq. resident magistrate of the Thames police, London. In 2 volumes.
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Bard's Compendium of the Theory and Practice of Midwifery; containing practical instructions for the management of women during pregnancy, in labour, and in childbed. Calculated to correct the errours, and to improve the practice of midwives, as well as to serve as an introduction to the study of this art for students and young practitioners. 12mo. with numerous engravings, price $1. 25.
Henry's Epitome of Chymistry; in three parts. 1. Intended to facilitate the acquisition of chymical knowledge, by minute instructions for the performance of experiments. 2. Directions for the analysis of mineral waters, of earths and stones, of ores, of metals, and of mineral bodies in general; and 3. Instructions for applying chymical tests and reagents to various useful purposes.—550 pages, 8vo. from the fourth English edition, much enlarged with notes, by Silliman, and illustrated with plates-price $3. This valuable work is adopted as the text book, by the lecturers on chymistry in the colleges of New Haven, Cambridge and Princeton.
Burns's Obstetrical Works. The Anatomy of the Gravid Uterus, with practical inferences relative to pregnancy and labour. Observations on Abortion, containing an account of the manner in which it takes place, the causes which produce it, and the method of preventing or treating it. Practical Observations on Uterine Hemorrhage, with remarks on the management of the Placenta. Three volumes in one, 8vo. price $2. The London edition, which is not so correctly printed, sells at $8.
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Discourses on Secret and Family Worship, and the religious observation of the Lord's day; with two discourses on the Heavenly State, considered under the idea of a Sabbath. By Job Orton. The first American, from the second London edition. The Lord God of Israel saith-Them that honour me, I will honour; and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed. 1 Samuel, ii. 30.
By Farrand, Mallory, and Co. Boston, republished,
Letters to the Rev. Thomas Belsham, on some important subjects of Theological discussion referred to in his discourse, on occasion of the death of the Rev. Joseph Priestly, L. L. D. F. R. S. and member of the several British and foreign academies, and philosophical societies, by John Pye Smith.
By J. Hoff, Charleston (S. C.) published,
Major M'Comb's Treatise on Martial Law and Courts Martial, as practised in the United States, with a copious Appendix, containing the forms of orders, warrants, manner of recording the proceedings of courts martial, articles of war, &c. &c. Published by order of the American Military Philosophical Society. Price neatly bound $3.50.
By Coale and Thomas, Baltimore, published,
An Ode from the poems of Ossian, with musick, composed by the honourable Francis Hopkinson, formerly judge of the court of admiralty in Pennsylvania. Mr. Hopkinson has selected the poem, beginning with these words:
"Pleasant is thy voice, Oh! Carrel, and lovely are the words of former times. They are like the calm showers of Spring, when the sun looks on the field and the light cloud flies over the hill.”
This is the first attempt to adapt the version of Ossian to musick, and Mr. Hopkinson has succeeded in a manner which reflects great credit upon his taste and judgment. He has displayed particular skill in the difficult task of making his tones expressive of the sentiment-an art which is rarely attained by the best composers.
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Levis and Weaver, Philadelphia, propose
To republish by subscription, A complete History of England, comprising the narrative of Hume, and the continuations of Smollet and Bisset, exhibiting a connected series of English history, from the invasion of Britain by Julius Cesar, to the treaty of Amiens in 1801. Fifteen volumes 8vo. with engravings.
To publish, by subscription, a volume of Poems, entitled Pills, poetical, political, and philosophical. Prescribed for the purpose of purging the publick of Piddling Philosophers, of Puny Poetasters, of Paltry Politicians, and Petty Partisans. By Peter Pepper-Box, Poet and Physician.
No common medicines are fit
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With the American Law incorporated.
Isaac Heister, M. D. Honourary Member of the Philadelphia Medical Society
&c. to publish, by subscription,
This work will contain essays on the Memoirs of the State of Pennsylvania. following subjects-On the present boundaries of the State-The climate, mountains, rivers and other streams of water-Animal, vegetable, and mineral productions-Aborigines or first inhabitants of the continent of America, particularly of the northern part-Cities, counties, and towns-Population, military force, marine force, constitution, laws, colleges and other publick institutions-Religion, manners, manufactures, commerce weights, measures and money-Publick revenue and expenses, and finally I miscellaneous historical facts.
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John and Charles Bell's Anatomy of the Human Body, illustrated by 125 engravings, four volumes in two, price 10 dollars-The London edition of this highly important work sells at 24 dollars, although the engravings are not so well executed as those of the American copy.
An Abridgment of John Bell's Principles of Surgery, by John Augustine Smith, of the Royal College of Surgeons, London, and professor of anatomy and surgery in the College of Physicians and Surgeons in the city of New York; in one large vol. 8vo. with numerous plates. Price 5 dollars.
Wilson's Treatise on Febrile Diseases, including intermitting, Remitting, and continued fevers, eruptive fevers, inflammations, hemorrhages, and the Profluvia, in which an attempt is made to present, at one view, whatever, in the present state
of medicine, it is requisite for the physician to know respecting the symptoms, causes, and cure of those diseases. In two large volumes octavo, comprising the five volumes of the London edition, and including the Essay on the Nature of Fever.
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The History and Practice of finding the longitude at sea or land: to which are added, various methods of determining the latitude of a place, and variation of the compass; with new tables. By Andrew Mackay, L. L. D. F. R. S. Ed. &c. In two vols. 8vo. improved and enlarged.
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The History of Napoleon Buonaparte, &c. Second edition. 12mo. About 350 pages. Price $1.
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A Grammar of the Sanskrita Language, by Charles Wilkins, L. L. D. F. R. S. The Battle of Flodden Field: a poem of the sixteenth century; with the various readings of the different copies, historical notes, a glossary, and an appendix, containing ancient poems, and historical matter, relative to the event. By Henry Weber, Esq. With three engravings. Price 15s. boards.
The ancient poem of Flodden Field having become extremely scarce, is now, for the first time, published in an authentick form, the text being established by the collation of the different manuscripts and printed copies. Copious notes are subjoined, as also an appendix, containing numerous ancient poems relating to the battle and its consequences, together with the minute accounts of the most credible English historians. The engravings of the two standards carried by the earls of Huntly and Marshall, and the sword and dagger of king James IV. are added as appropriate embellishments.
Astronomy Explained, upon sir Isaac Newton's principles, and made easy to those who have not studied mathematicks. To which are added, a plain method of finding the distances of all the planets from the sun, by the transit of Venus over the Sun's disc, in the year 1761: an account of Mr. Horrox's observation of the transit of Venus, in the year 1639; and the distances of all the planets from the sun, as deduced from observations of the transit, in the year 1761. By James Ferguson, F. R. S. The 12th edition, improved and corrected by Andrew Mackay, L. L. D. F. R. S. Ed. &c. One large vol. 8vo. with numerous engravings, price 12s. in boards.
Relicks of Robert Burns; consisting chiefly of original letters, poems, and critical observations on Scottish Songs. Collected and published by R. H. Cromek. In one vol. 8vo. price 10s. 6d. in boards.
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Modern State of Spain; exhibiting a complete view of its topography, government, laws, religion, finances, naval and military establishments, and of society, manners, arts, sciences, agriculture, and commerce in that country. By J. F. Bourgoing, late minister plenipotentiary from France to the court of Madrid. Translated from the last Paris edition of 1807. To which are added essays on Spain, by M. Peyron, and the book of Post Roads. In 4 vols. 8vo. and a 4to. atlas, price 31. 3s.
Lectures on Systematick Theology, and on Pulpit Eloquence. By the late George Campbell, D. D. F. R. S. Ed. Principal of Marischal college, Aberdeen. In one large vol. 8vo. price 9s. in boards.
Woman; or, Ida of Athens. By Miss Owenson.
"Nul doyte qu'on ne s'elevat aux plus grandes choses si l'on avoit l'amour pour precepteur, et que la main de la beau te jetta dans notre ame les semences de l'esprit, et de la vertu."--Helvetius. In 4 vols. 12mo. price 21s. boards.
FOR MAY, 1809.
FROM THE EDINBURGH REVIEW.
Elisabeth, ou les Exilés de Siberié. Par Mme. Cottin. A Paris. Réimprimé à Londres. Elizabeth; or the Exiles of Siberia: A tale founded on facts. From the French of Madame Cottin. M. Carey, Philadelphia. 1808. 12mo. pp. 262.
WE are not, in general, particularly fond of novels founded on fact; but we must make an exception in favour of any thing so well executed as that which is now before us. The daughter of a wretched exile in Siberia had the courage and filial piety to undertake and to perform a journey to Petersburgh, for the purpose of soliciting her father's liberty. This achievement, worthy of immortality, is the groundwork of Madame Cottin's tale, and we give her no mean praise in saying that she has done full justice to its merits. In one only respect is she unfaithful to her model. She has diminished, in her ideal picture, the dangers which the true heroine actually surmounted, from the fear, as she informs us, of incurring the charge of extravagance. This, therefore, must add one to the many instances, in which the miracles of truth have soared above the level of fiction, and in which imaginary must yield to real virtue.
The character of Elizabeth, as here drawn, is in its general form and feature, such as might, we think, have been expected from the hand of a lady-artist. It is so natural that women should love to make their heroines a little heroick; that they should delight to place female excellence in attitudes noble no less than charming; that, resigning to us the empire of personal, and perhaps of intellectual power, they should still maintain an equal claim to the moral sublime,-to that higher sort of greatness which, like angels, seems to be of no sex.
To those women who have any real elevation of thought, nothing can be more disgusting than the character of a Thalestris. They hate, as much as we do, the vigorous females who appear to constitute the link between the sexes; and will not condescend to write the history of a virago, who is the exact duplicate of her stupid lovers, fights and drubs every one of them whose offers displease her, and bestows her hand only on him who is found to have a stronger and harder one of his own. Their heroine is in a different style. Perhaps she is not particularly distinguished even for that chastened loftiness which may consist with virgin delicacy, the loftiness of a Portia or a Corinne, of la dame Romaine or la Sibylle triomphant; perhaps she is not even an Elizabeth, innocently, and, as it were unconsciously magnanimous; but is represented as all gentleness and diffidence. Still we shall find her insensibly led through scenes which show her to possess fortitude and disinterestedness and other virtues of the first order; we shall be Bb
seduced into respect, where we were desired only to love; with the weakness that solicits protection, we shall find blended, not only all the sweetness that attracts, but much also of the dignity that ennobles it.
We are aware of the numerous exceptions to this rule; but, that it is not therefore imaginary, may appear from a reference to the Delphines and Corinnes of France; and to the Cecilias, the Ellenas, and the Belindas of England. In the same manner, the delineations of female excellence by the other sex, often present us with a figure of imperial majesty; but we cannot help thinking that, when they draw after their own notions and conceptions rather than from books, they are more likely to give us an Ophelia or a Desdemona.
Madame Cottin has, in one respect, been particularly happy. Her heroine has been educated in such solitude and inacquaintance with the world, that her childlike simplicity, and engaging innocence of demeanour, seem perfectly in character, though they are the accompaniments of a heart uncommonly great and noble. There is nothing in her features hard or haughty; nothing that seems to exclaim with one of the heroines of Corneille :
Je me fais des vertus dignes d'une Romaine.
But, indeed, the mind that conceived this character can best do it justice; and the reader shall therefore be indulged with a trait or two of the representation.
Two or three versts from Saimka, in the centre of a marshy forest, upon the border of a deep circular lake, surrounded with black poplars, was the residence of one of these banished families. It consisted of three persons-A man about five and forty, his wife, and a young and beautiful daughter.
Secluded in the desert, this family held no communication with any one. The father went alone to the chace; but neither had he, his wife, or daughter, been ever seen at Saimka. Except one poor Tartar peasant, who waited on them, no human being had admission to their dwelling. The governour of Tobolskow only was informed of their birth, their country, and the cause of their banishment. The secret he had not even confided to the lieutenant of his jurisdiction, who was established at Saimka. In committing the exiles to his care, he had only given orders that they might be provided with a commodious lodging, a garden, food, and raiment, accompanied with a strict charge to hinder them from any communications whatever, and particularly to intercept any letter they might attempt to convey to the court of Russia. p. 14—15. After a very striking sketch of Siberian scenery, the writer proceeds: West of this great plain, a little wooden chapel had been erected by the Christians. On this side, the tombs had been respected; under the cross which adorned it, the honoured memorial of every virtue, men had not dared to profane the ashes of the dead. In these plains or steppes (the name they bear in Siberia) Peter Springer, during the long and severe winter of this northern climate, spent his days in hunting He killed elks which feed on the leaves of the willow and poplar; sometimes caught martens, and more frequently ermines, which are very numerous in that spot. With the money he obtained for their fur, he procured from Tobolskow different articles which might contribute to the comfort of his wife, or the education of his daughter. The long winter evenings were dedicated to the instruction of the young Elizabeth. Seated between her parents, she read aloud some passage of history, while Springer called her attention to those parts which could elevate her mind, and Phedora, her mother, to all those which could render it tender and compassionate. One pointed out to her the beauties of heroism and glory; the other all the charms of piety and benevolence. Her father reminded her of the dignity and sublimity of virtue; her mother of the support and consolation it affords. The first taught how highly to revere, the latter how carefully to cherish it. From these combined instructions Eliza beth acquired a disposition equally heroick and gentle, uniting the courage and energy of Springer to the angelick mildness of Phedora. She was at once ardent and enterprising as the exalted ideas of honour she had imbibed could render her, docile and submissive as the votary of love. p. 18-20.
The young Elizabeth knew no other country than that desolate one, which, from the age of four years, she had inhabited. In that she discovered beauties which