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clusive. Thus he proves that Christ is a Divine PERSON, and equal with the Father's without pretending to know, or attempting to investigate, the modus of his Divine Personality. In regard to the former, he firmly believes that the Scripture is full, explicit, peremptory; in reference to the latter, he considers the sacred Canon as entirely silent: and, to dispute what Eternal Varacity afferts, because it is above the power of reason to comprehend; or to endeavour to discover what God has not revealed of himself, he looks upon as ifrational, presumptuous, and highly criminal.
The sentiments and views of our Author, in this respect, are well expressed by another celebrated writer, who says; • I freely grant, that, 6 had I consulted my own reason only, I could o not have discovered some mysteries of the gor. pel. Nevertheless, when I think on the gran6 deur of God; when I cast my eyes on that vast
Ocean; when I consider that immense ALL; o nothing astonides me, nothing stumbles me,
nothing seems to me inadmissable, how incom
prehensible foever it may be. When the suboject is Divine, I am ready to believe all, to
admit all, to receive all; provided I be convin
ced that it is God his self who speaks to me, or 5 any one on his part. After this I am no more
astonished that there are three distinct Persons s in one Divine essence; one God, and yet a.
Father, a Son, and a Holy Ghost.–Either re
ligion must tell us nothing about God, or what sit tells us must be beyond our capacities; and,
'' in discovering even the borders of this immense
Ocean, it must needs exhibit a vast extent in " which our feeble eyes are loft. But what sur< prizes me, what stumbles me, what frightens 'me, is to see a diminutive creature, a contemp
tible man, a little ray of light glimmering through a few feeble organs, controvert a point with the supreme Being; oppose that Intelli
gence who sitteth at the helm of the world ; ' question what he affirms, dispute what he de• termines, appeal from his decisions, and, even " after God hath given évidence, reject all doc(trines that are beyond his capacity. Enter into
thy nothingness, mortal creature! What madness animates thee! How durft chou pretend
thou who art' but a point, thou whose essence is • but an atom- to measure thyself with the
Supreme Being ; with him who fills heaven and < earth; with Him, 'whom heaven, the heaven of • heavens cannot contain! Cant thou by searching
find out God? Canst thou find out the Almighty to
perfection? High as heaven, what canst thou do? • deeper than 'hell, what canst thou know ?
The great principle which the Author aims to establish in the following work, is; That the Deity of Jefus Christ is effential to the Christian Religion. In pursuance of this design he fhews, if Jesus the Son of God be not of the same essence with his Father,—That the Mahometan religion is preferable to Christianity, and Christ inferior to
Mahomet 5 M. SAURIX'S Serm. Vol. 1. p. 78, 79. Mr ROBINSON'. Translation
Mahomet * -That the Sanhedrim did an act of justice, in causing Jefus to be put to death for
* It may be proper here to observe, That some of the Socinians have not been ashamed to avow a considerable degree of regard for the character and cause of Mahomet. Witness their famous Address to AMET H Ben AMETH, ambassador from the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, to CHARLES the Second, King of Great Britain, • We, say they to his Excellency, as your NEAREST FELLOW• CHAMPIONS for those truths-[1. c. truths in which none but they • agree with the Mahometans] We, who, with our Unitarian • brethren, were in all ages exercised to defend with our pens the ' faith of one Supreme God, (without personalities, or pluralities) * AS HE HATH RAISED TOUR MAHOMET TO DO THE SAME • with the sword, as a scourge on those IDOLIZING CHRISTIANS; " We do, FOR THE VINDICATION OF YOUR LAW-MAKER'S
CIORY, strive to prove, that such faults and irregularities, [ås are • found in the Koran not cohering with the fashion of the rest of • the Alcoran building, nor with the undoubted sayings of your • Prophet, nor with the gospel of Chrift (whereof Mahomet would ' have himself to be but a preacher--were foifted into the scattered
papers found after Mahomet's death, of which in truth the Alcoran I was made up: it being otherwise impossible that a man of THAT 'JUDGMENT, THAT HATH PROVED ITSELF 'IN OTHER • THINGS SO CONSPICUOUSLY, should be guilty of so many and • frequent repugnancies, as are to be seen in those writings and laws " that are now adays given out under his name. We do, then,
endeavour to clear by whom, and in what time, such alterations • were made in the first setting out of the Alcoran.' See the whole Address in LESLIE's Socinian Controverlay Difc. Pref. p. 3–13. Thus careful were these Gentlemen to purge the Koran of every thing supposititious; and thus tender of its Author's honour !
Another Socinian writer represents Mahomet, as having no other design but to restore the belief of the unity of God; which, says he, • at that time, was extirpated among the eastern Christians, by the • doctrines of the Trinity and Incarnation,'--And informs us, “That • Mahome meant not his religion should be esteemed a new religion; • but only the reftitution of the true intent of the Christian Religion
.6.-That blasphemy_That He and his apostles have led us into a complicated and pernicious error-That there is no agreement between the Old and the New Testament-And, that neither the ancient Jewish, nor the Christian Religion, is attended with sufficient criteria to distinguish it from imposture. In proving that these are the necessary consequences of the Socinian and Arian systems, and in answering the principal objections of his opponents; he discovers such fertility of invention, originality of thought, and strength of reasoning powers, as comparatively few enjoy. The generality of writers on this very interesting subject, do little more than collect and retail the thoughts of others, which they express in a different style and method. Not so Dr ABBADIE. For the. reader of this masterly performance, if not poffefled of uncommon penetration, is entertained with ideas entirely new, as well as with arguments irrefragably strong, in every Section, and in almost every Chapter: so that, if he love the adorable Jesus and " rejoice in his Highness,” he finds himself instructed, amazed, delighted
Though " That the Mahometan learned men call themselves, the true dif- . 'ciples of the Messias, or Chrift; intimating thereby, that Chrif• tians are apoftates from the MOST ESSENTIAL PARTS of the doce 'trine of the Messias That Mahometanism has prevailed lo greatly, • not by force and the sword,--but by that one truth, in the Alcoran, ·
the unity of God;' that is, as well in Perfon, as in Elence. And then he represents the Tartars' as acting more rationally, in embracing what he calls, ! the more plausible sect of Mahomet, than • they would have done, in receiving the Christian faith of the 'Trinity, Incarnation, &c.' In LESLIE, as above, p. 28,
'Though the book be exceedingly scarce, and, at this time, very little known in England; the abilities of the Writer and the merit of the Treatise have received the most họnourable testimonies from various pens. Abbe HOUTEVILLE, for instance, when speaking of our Author's work, on the truth of the Christian Religion ; of which elaborate performance this is generally reckoned the third volume, says; The most shining of • those treatises in defence of the Christian Reli. "gion, which were published by the Protestants, ' is that written by Mr ABBADIE. The · • favourable reception it met with ; the praises it • received, almost without example, immediately . after its publication ; and the universal appro• bation it still meets with, render it unnecessary • for me to join my commendations, which would • add so little to the merit of so great an author, • In the first part he combats the Atheists, the • Deifts in the second, and the Socinians in the • third *' VOLTAIRE also, who cannot be suspected of a predilection for ABBADIE, on account of his writing in defence of revealed truth; informs us, that he was celebrated for his Trea• tise on the Christian Religion t.'-And the Rev. Mr VENN thụs recommends the work ; • It is a book in the highest form for reputation, « in all the Protestant countries abroad; a book,
in Article ABBADII, New and Gen. Biograpb. Dia. Note.
| Age of Liwis XIV, Vol. II. p. 274.