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The Letters of Valerius on the State of Parties, the War, the Volunteer System, and

most of the political Topics which have lately been under public discussion. 8vo.'

Pp. 98. Halchard. 180+. THESE letters, which were originally publisied in The Times,” are chiefly devoted to the most unqualified and indilcriminate commendations of the late ministers, and to the violent abue of their opponents. Frie dom of discussion, that is of the public conduct of public men, has ever been allowed by the law and by the custom of this country, and we trust ever will be allowed, subject only to such restrictions as the law imposes, and as decency prescribes. But some of the abuse here exceeds all bounds, both of law and of decency; for instance, the Grenville party are described in the following language. " That de perate faclion who would sell their country, trample on their king; who would invite the enemy to our thores; and (from my heart I believe) would, to promote their telfiih ends, endeavour to give him possession of the kingdom, &c.This is the very acme of calumny and falfhood. Mr. Pitt's adminiflration too comes in for its share of abuse, the author forgetting, like some other w.iters on the same side, that the very men whom he so extravagantiv prailes, were members of it. Of the accuracy of his political ftatenients a competent idea may be formed from this observation. « The project of Lille had defined and limited the demands of Eng'and. That we obiained better te ms than this project contained, is a matter of surprile, and certainly ought to be placed to the credit of ministers.” If all their credit accounts conlist of such items, let them be cast up and the total will be found Zero. We shewed, in our last number, that the terms of the treaty of Amiens were better than those of the project of Lille, in exactly the same proportion as two are better than four. 'How much do weak advocates hurt even a go d cau.e! We Thall now exhibit Valerius verlus Near Observer: Valerius loquitur. " That the peace of Amiens (hould not prove a lasting peace, was what no politician that erer cxisted could possibly have foreseen.”-Near Observer relpondet. " Whoever, with all these documents before him, could confide in the duration of the late peace was Nature's fool and not the Chancellor of the Exchequer's." According to this fentence, Valerius is Nature's fool; and certainly we are one of the politicians, who, whether we ever existed or not, did foresee and foretell that the peace of Amiens would not be a lasting peace. We eren offered, on the signature of the definitive treaty, for the confideration of one thousand guineas, to pay a guinea a day so long as the peace should last.

We were happy in finding one declaration in which we could heartily, - agree with our author: “No man verled in our conftitution, will deny that it is the undoubted prerogative of the King to appoint his own servants.” Till within the last week we really were Gimple enough to believe that on a point fo plain there could not be two opinions in the kingdoin! It is almost needle's to add, that there letters are reither remarkable for extent of political foresight, acuteness of intellect, or brilliancy of talent.

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The Day of Alarm ; being a progressive View of the Spirit ond Designs of the

leading Men in France, before and during the War, and principally since the Peace, exhibiting the Plans and Maxims adopted in their Councils, respecting foreign States. With Animadversions upon the Allegations of French Writers against the Government and People of Great Britain, and Historical Strictures on the Conduct of the French in their Intercourse with other Nations. 8vo. Pp. 178. 45. Hatchard. 1803. WHOEVER considers attentively, and duly appreciates, the present ftate of Europe, must, indeed, regard this as "the Day of Alarm;" and the author of the tract before us appears so to have considered and fo to have appreciated that state. Hence his arguments as to the extent of present danger, his assignment of the causes which have produced it, and his notions of the consequences resulting from it are generally correct. This « View,» such as it is stated in his title page, is tolerably comprehensive; and his examination of the analogy, so much the boast of Frenchinen, between ancient Rome and Carthage, and modern France and Great Britain, is highly creditable to his talents and his judgment. He has taken up the subject in rather a new light, has shewn that it is replete with useful instruction for ourselves; that the comparison, degrading to us, as it appears to the French, is, when deeply investigated, very far from disgraceful to our national character; and ihat, if true to ourselves, we have no reason to dread that it will hold good to the last. He observes that, in considering the events of the French revolution, fufficient attention has not been paid to the leading feature in the character of the people of that country, which he describes to be a fondness for military glory; and to this cause he traces their attachment to or dislike of their different sovereigns. It would require more time than we can devote to the subject to examine the justice of this remark; it is certain, however, that vanity is the predominant feature in the French character; to have it thought, by foreigners, that their ruler, whether a murderous usurper or a mild and lawful sovereign, is the greatelt man in Europe; that they themselves are the first people in the world ; and, to use their own vain jargon, qu'il n'y a qu'un Paris au monde ; is the first object of their care and ambition. So far, then, as military successes, however stained with biood, or marked by injustice, extortion, cruelty, and plunder, tend to the gratification of this leading passion, they glory in them; they consider their victories as proofs of their superiority over all ihe nations of the globe, and are ever anxious to conceal or to repair their defects, because they interfere with that gratification which is ever nearest their hearts, the gratification of their vanity. It cannot be denied, that a people to disposed, and so impreiled, and governed by a succesful tyrant, who has waded through blood to the throne, whole ambition is boundless, whose vanity is equal to that of the slaves over uliom he exercises unlimited (way, and who is restrained by no one principle froin the accompliment of his purposes, are a dangerous and forinidable enemy.

This book is written with equal temperance, ability, and judgment.

POETRY:

EDUCATION.

An Easy Introduction to Mellrs. Wailly's French Grammar; in two separate

Books. ' Ift. Scbolar's Book; containing 1. Concise Examples of the dif. ferent Sounds; from wbicb wben any word in the Book deviates, it is pointed out in its place. 2. The Use of the various Articles and Pronouns, jo puzzling to Learners, plainly demonstrated. 3. Tbe Verbs clafid in the cleareft Manner, and rendered easy by the Comparison kept up between the two Languages. 4. The leser Parts of Speccb, and ibe Indefinite Pronouns facilitated by tbe Application of them, as also of fome of the Principal Idiomati:al Expressions on various Verbs; with Exercises on each Lefon. The wbole being an ample preparative towards attaining the Syntax in the above excellent GRAMMAR. Designed for tbe Use of young Ladies. By

Blanch Mercy, 12mo. Pr. 36. 28. Baldwins. 1803. An Easy Introduktion, &c. Instructress's Book, containing the Method of Teache,

ing, and concluding witb Instructions for Translating. By Blanch Mercy,

12mo. Pp. 64. 2s. Baldwins. 1803. THE long title pages prefixed to these little books of instruction so fully,

I explain the author's design, and the nature of their contents, as to leave but little for us to add, by way of information to our readers. To us they seem very well calculated for the purpose they are intended to promote, and to be very useful, the first, in facilitating the acquisition of the French language to young persons; and ihe second, in teaching persons how to teach others. We have rema:ked in the former some typographical errors, which, though diffi:ult to avoid, ought nevertheless to be most scrupulously avoided in all books of education : förinstance, p. 74, ems for tems; p. 85, d'Effrai for D'Effroi, &c.

Dialogues Enfantin; En mots courts et aisés, pour faciliter aux Enfans la Lece

ture du français. Juvenile Dialogues in short and easy Words, to faci.

liiate the reading of French. By the Countess de Fouchecour, Author :: of “I es Saisons,” &c. 24mo. Pp. 42. Highly. 1804.

THESE Juvenile, or, more properly speaking, Infantine Dialogues, are designed for the use of very young learners of the French language, to whom they will certainly render it a more easy task not only to read French, but to acquire the idiom of the language, so as to write, and to translate, it accurately, than it will be found by the ordinary modes of teaching.

The New Universal Spelling Book, &c. By D. T. Sheridan. Birmingham. ;

IN the name of children and common sense when are we to have a little more rationality in our systems of education ? Here is another critical whiskered author promising to improve our rudiments of education, and presents us with a volume of barren words eked out by a medley of lessons about wolves and lambs to frighten poor little children. We smile when we find a man talking about grammatical accuracy, and developing the anomalies of our language, and in the same sentence falling into every error that ignorance and conceit can lead him into. Example, “A mul

I p.city

tiplicity of treatises on any art or science demonstrate its nearer approach to perfeci n." Here he mistakes the noun that governs the verb; he then goes on to correct the orthography of Johnson, Walker, &c. in honour, favor; vigour, &c. But there are not the only things that expose him to. the laílı of reviewers. He talks about yourhful wifey', ; 01 bfl calamity, &c. meaning the misery and calamity of youth, fógetting, or never having learnt, that yoztiful means young. froicifume, or gay. He uses the plu als, matters, caprices, which no good writers, or bad ones either, that weremember, ever used before. He has given the pronunciation of difficult words in the margin, some of which are extreinely erroneous. Mr. S. ought to have known that the general way of teaching spelling in our best feminaries is from books that contain the meaning of words, and recommending the pupils to give the application of the words they spell in sentences.

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· MEDICINE, &c.

Practical Observations on Herniæ ; illufirated with Coses. By B. Wilmer,

Surgeon in Coventry. Second Edrion, enlarged, 8vo. Pp. 106. Longman and Kees THE very extensive practice of Mr. Wilmer has enabled hiin so to cor

rect tbory by experience as to ensure success in man" do:b:ful and difficult cases, where, without such advantages, a practitioner would very frequently fail. The resulc of his experience in th: distressing complaint of ftrangulated Hernia is here communicated to the p.blic; acconspanied with a variety of judicious observations and directions, that will be ex:remely weful, not merely to the y ung p aciti ner, but to the more experienced su geon, who will be able to decide for himlele bow far they are warranted by the cales o t of which they arise. Though Mr. W differs in roine points from very able men, he most candidly states the grounds of bi difference; and the effect of the treatment pursued in consequence of such difference, in various instances. In crder to reduce the tumour, in strangulated herniæ, he uses cold applications instead of warm, a treatments we apprehend, at present in general use; and, ndeed, the utility of it is here to completely demonstrated as. to remove every possible doubt on the subject. Mr. W. has frequently found it impoflible to return the contents of the herniæ after the operation; on account of a stricture in the neck of the hernial fac; but on dividing this ftri&ture with the knife, the impedia ment has instantly been removed, and the intestine returnid into its proper ütuation.

A Concise and Systematic Account of a painful Affection of the Nerves of the

Face, commonly called Tic Douloureux. Ey S, Fothergill, M. D. Physician to the Weftern Dispensary. Crown 8vo. Pp. 106. Murray. 1804.

THE object of Dr. Fothergill, in this publication, is so to describe this disease as to diftinguish it from Come others with which it has been occahonally confounded; and to thew what modes of treatment have been adopted by different p.actitioners, with their success or failure. He oba jects, and very properly we think, to the name which has been hitherto given to it, and propofis in lieu of it, Faciei morbus nervorum crucians. NO. LXXI. VOL. XVIII.'

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which certainly marks the disease with greater accuracy, thougb, as the Dođor biríelf observes, it may be deemed cbjectionable on account of its length. Still, till some other can be found more concise and equally expreifive, this hould be allowed to obtain. The learned author has consulted a great number of authorities, with a view to collect al tbc important facts which bave be n recorded on the subject of his inquiry; and he certainly has succeeded in giving a more systematic account of the difcafe, than had been given before ; and has performed an essential service to the medical world by reducing into a small compass a mass of information which conld not be acquired without extensive reading. The result of his researches, in respect of the cure of the disease, is very far from fatis. facrty; the only remedies which appear likely to effect even a temporary removal of it, are the section of tbe nerves; eleEtricity; and the excitement of mental finuli; the last of which seems to have been too much neglected, though Dr. F. cites one remarkable instance of its efficacy.

DIVINITY.

An earnest Exbortation to a frequent Réception of the Holy Sacrament of the

Lord's Supper, particularly addressed to young Persons. By a Layman.

12mó. PP. 24. 3d. or 2s. 6d. per dozen. Hatchard. 1804. : QUCH is the lamentable profligacy of the times, that the exhortations of

N a clergyman, in the discharge of his duty, though speaking autborita. tively, and consequently with greater force than any unauthorized persons, are gener:lly less attended to, from motives which are too disgraceful to human nature for us to particularize, than the admonitions of a layman. Hence those laymen who endeavour, by example and by precept, to enforce the duties of a Chriitian life, are entitled to a double portion of praise; and hence also they have a double stimulus to exertion, and a double doty to perform. A more impressive, falutary, and truly Chriftian exhortation than that now before us, is not to be found even in the writings of our good old divines. Its peculiar exceilence, in our estimation, consists in the ad. mirable adaptation of the arguments to the persons for whose benefit they are designed. The subject, one unqueflionably of the very highest importa ance which can be submitted to the contemplation of a Chriftian, is difcurled in a manner at once so familiar and so dignified, the arguments are pressed with so much temperance yet with so much strength, the authori. ties are urged with such candour and yet with such firmness, and the whole matter is placed in so clear and con{picuous a point of view, that no man of common sense and honest intentions can possibly refuse his assent to any of the inferences drawn by the intelligent and pious author. In the fol. lowing with (as, indeed, in every one of his statements) we moft cordially agree with him.

- I could wish that these invitations (to receive the facrament) were. given by some of our clergy, in a more solemn and earnest manner than at all times preva. Is, and that the whole exhortation were read, as it is in many churches in the north of England. I should think, also, it would be ato tended with a very happy effect; which, indeed, I have known to be produced by it, if notice of the sacrament were sometimes given, by reading

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