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LONDON:
Printed, for the Proprietors, by J HALES, at the Anti-Jacabin Press,

No. 22, Old Boswell-court, Strand,
AND PUBLISHED AT THE ANTI-JACOBIN OFFICE, NO.22, OLD BOSWELL-COURT, STRAND,

BY J. WHITTLE ; AND BY E. HARDING, AT THE CROWN AND MITRE, PALL-MALLI
O. CHAPPLE, PALL MALL; T. PIERSON, BIRMINGHAM ; BELL AND BRADFUTE, EDINY
BURGH ; BRASH AND REID, GLASGOW ; AND BY J, W. FÍNNO, XRW-YORK.

1804.

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Introduction to the New Testament, By John David Michaelis, late Professor in the University of Gottingen, &c. Translated from the fourth Edition of the German, and considerably augmented with Notes, and a Disertation on the Origin and Composition of the three first Gospels. By Herbert Marsh, B. D. F. R. S, Fellow of St.

John's College Cambridge. 8vo. 6 vol. Rivingtons. 1802. TN no country, perhaps, has the literary taste undergone, within a

I century, a greater revolution than in Germany. As laborious and useful scholars the Germans have excelled ever since the æra of the reformation; and science, physical, moral and political, has long been cultivated among them with great success. It is but of late years, however, that their attention has been generally turned to the cultivation of their own language, and to the study of poetry and the Belles lettres; but so far are we from admiring their taste, that we would rather labour through the most prolix publications on law, physic, and divinity, of the grandfathers of the present generation, than waste our time on some of the admired productions of Schiller, and Kotzebue, and Wieland. In the works of the elder authors information may certainly be obtained by him who has patience to dig for it. In those of the latter there is little to be found besides shocking profaneness, or tales of horror calculated to frighten children.' ing promos NO. LXXI. VOL. XVIII.

Such,

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Such, however, is the rage for what is called poetry, that every ancient writing is, by the present race of Germans, considered as poetical; and grave divines, or rather those, who, by the courtesy of the country, are called divines, instead of co-operating with their forefathers to illustrate, by various erudition, the sacred text, treat the Scriptures of the Old Testament as a collection of oriental fables. Hence the dull absurdities of Herder, which are daily done into English for the mutual benefit of the deers and the booksellers, and hence the admiration of German theology, which we so often meet with in the Monthly Review, and other Journals of the same stamp.

By this we do not mean to insinuate that there are no sober divines in Germany. In a country so populous, and containing about forty universities, there are, doubtless, many such ; and the work before us is a proof that very lately there was in it at least one theological writer who had no occasion to shrink from a comparison with any that had written before him. It is, indeed, the merit of this translation of Michaelis's Introduction to the New Testament, that has induced us to give a pretty copious account of the whole of it to our readers; for, the first part having been published several years before the commencement of our critical labours, it is only to the second that our attention is imperiously called by duty. Of the first part the learned translator gives a concise yet comprehensive view in the following words : . ..

“ Each chapter contains a separate dissertation on some important branch of sacred criticism. In the chapter, which relates to the authenticity of the New Testament, the evidence both external and internal is arranged in so clear and intelligible a manner, as to afford conviction even to those, who have never engaged in theological inquiries: and the experienced critic will find the subject discussed in fo full and comprehensive a manner, that he will probably pronounce it the most complete e lay on the authenticity of the New Testament that ever was published. The chapter, which relates to the inspiration of the New Testament, contains a variety of very sensible and judicious remarks; and though the intricacy of the subject has sometimes involved our author in obscurity, yet few writers will be found who have examined it with more exactness. The language of the New Tefiament is analysed in the fourth chapter with all the learning and ingea nuiiy for which our author is so eminently diftinguithed. In the fifth chapter, where he examines the passages which the Apofiles and Evangelists have quoted from the Old Testament, he takes a distinct view of the leveral parts of the inquiry, and considers whether these quotations were made immediately from the Septuagint, or were translations of the Hebrew; whether their application is literal or typical; and whether the sacred writers did not sometimes accommodate to their present purpose expressions and pallages, which in themselves related to different subjects. In the fixth chapter, which contains an account of the various readings of the Greek Testament, he ahews the different causes which gave them birth, and deduces clear and certain rules to guide us in the choice of that which is genuine.-The Seventh chapter, which contains a review of the antient versions of the New Testament, is not only critical but historical, and com

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; however, is the rage for what is called poetry, that every

writing is, by the present race of Germans, considered as ; and grave divines, or rather those, who, by the courtesy of ntry, are called divines, instead of co-operating with their ers to illustrate, by various erudition, the sacred text, treat the ies of the Old Testament as a collection of oriental fables. he dull ablurdities of Herder, which are daily done into Enghe mutual benefit of the deers and the booksellers, and hence iration of German theology, which we so often meet with in othly Review, and other Journals of the same stamp. is we do not mean to insinuate that there are no sober diGermany. In a country so populous, and containing about Tiversities, there are, doubtless, many such ; and the work s is a proof that very lately there was in it at least one theovriter who had no occasion to shrink from a comparison with

had written before him. It is, indeed, the merit of this in of Michaelis's Introduction to the New Testament, that has us to give a pretty copious account of the whole of it to our

for, the first part having been published several years before mencement of our critical labours, it is only to the second that ition is imperiously called by duty. Of the first part the translator gives a concise yet comprehensive view in the folords : chapter contains a separate dissertation on some important branchi criticilm. In the chapter, which relates to the authenticity of Teliament, the evidence both external and internal is arranged in nd intelligible a manner, as to afford conviction even to those,

never engaged in theological inquiries: and the experienced find the subject disculled in so full and comprehensive a manner, El probably pronounce it the most complete essay on the authen

New Tesiament that ever was published. The chapter, which he inspiration of the New Testament, contains a variety of very I judicious remarks; and though the intricacy of the subject has nrolved our author in obscurity, yet few writers will be found examined it with more exactness. The language of the New

s analyied in the fourth chapter with all the learning and ingen which our author is so eminently distinguished.--- In the fifth ere he examines the passages which the Apofiles and Evangelists from the Old Testament, he takes a distinct view of the leveral inquiry, and considers whether these quotations were made from the Septuagint, or were translations of the Hebrew; wheplication is literal or typical; and whether the sacred writers times accommodate to their prelent purpole expressions and ich in themselves related to different subjects. In the fixth ch contains an account of the various readings of the Greek

e lhews the different causes which gave them birth, and deud certain rules to guide us in the choice of that which is ne leventh chapter, which contains a review of the antient e New Testament, is not only critical but historical, and com

...prises

prises in itself such a variety of information, as makes mine, whether it most excels in affording entertainmen Struction. The eighth chapter relates to the Greek man fome previous differtations in regard to the subject ing critical and historical account of all the manu cripts of ment, which have been hitherto collated.--The quotatie Testament, in the works of ecclesiastical writers, form quiry in the ninth chapter, in which our author exan modes in which it is supposed that these quotations considers how far they were made from mere memor we may consider them as faithful transcripts' from the m New Testament, which the writers respectively used. mined the text of the Greek Testament, its various readin grand sources from which they must be drawn, namely, t fcripts, the antient versions, and the quotations in the work: writers, he proceeds, in the tenth chapter, to examine su either are, or have been introduced into the lacred text on r He allows that critical emendations, which have no refere doctrine, are fometiines' allowable; but he highly inveighs gical conjecture, and maintains that it is inconlistent to a Testament, as the standard of belief and manners, and yet tvilege of rejecting of altering, without authority, whateve previoully allumed hypothesis.—The eleventh chapter contai nological account of the authors who have collected various i Greek Testament: but the twelfth contains a very excellen the critical editions of the Greek Testament from 1514, whe tensian was printed, down to the present time. He likewil imperfections, which have hitherto attended such editions ; with various readings, and delivers the plan, and the rules, or fect edition, according to his opinion, should be formed. Ti which relates to the marks of distinction in the Greek Telia divisions which have been made at different times in the fai be moít interesting to those who are engaged in the examina manuscripts: but as many practical rules are deduced from will be likewise of importance to every man who is employe

of divinity at large.” (Pref. Pp. 3–6.) :: This is so full, and, at the same time, so just an acco

is promised in the first part of Michaelis's Introduction, th dismiss that part of the work without farther notice; di tain many incidental observations of the highest impo were it not illustrated by many valuable notes of the trani of the observations will be found exceedingly useful; though ingenious, both groundless and dangerous ; nor ca character be given of the notes and dissertations of the e though he often corrects his author, sometimes, we think error himself. We shall, therefore, proceed rapidly 1 whole work, dwelling only on such particulars as have n ticed by Mr. Marsh in this concise review ; ftating, such additional arguments as occur to us in support ol

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