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have been found base or wicked enough to defend or palliate the atrocities of this usurper; atrocities surpassing even those of his worthy predecellor, Robespierre.

Unable to enslave or conquer this country, the French revolutionary rulers have, in their disappointed rage, invented a systein of regular calumny against the British ministers; and the death of every rebel or regicide, whom the vengeance of individuals or of factions plotted or in. Aicted, have by them been ascribed to British counsels. The known moral characters of English siatesmen wanted no justification, and they defcended therefore to none. Let the ministers continue their dignified and becoming silence, and let the British public evince their high honour, intrepid courage, and unlaken loyalty, for which they have long been renowned, by copsigning to merited contempt and abhorrence all works like the Annual Review, and all authors like Arthur Aikin, whose direct tendency is to praise Jacobins, and to extol the lurking allallin Buonaparté into the high spirited patriot.

Since the preceding observations were put into our hands, we have re

ceived ihe following Letter, which we insert without alteration, premising only that we have never yet seen Mr. Barré's publication; and reminding that gentleman that we neither vouched for the authenticity of all the facts stated in the Revolutionary Plutarch, nor bestowed unqualified praises on the Sketches on the intrinsic Strength, military and naval Force, of France and Russia, &c.

: TO THE EDITOR. SIR, TT is generally understood that the honourable functions of Reviewers, so I ellential to the progress of literature, are those of analyting new poblications, contradicting and refuting erroneous and falle statements, pointing out the grammatical faults of a vicious narrative, and of bestowing due praises on, or attaching blame to, luch works as they deserve. But, above all, the duty of Reviewers is that of being rigorously impartial.

When, therefore, {uch Reviewers are found who, instead of strictly fulfiiling those honourable functions, either through ignorance, negligence, or malice, condemn works and authors without attempting or condescending to contradict or refute one single fact stated in their narrative, it mult be candidly acknowledged that luch pretended Reviewers can only be considered as blind party-men, devoted, and perhaps tools, to a faction; or that their voluminous Reviews are, to use their own words concerning Dr. Wittman's work, only intended to pick the prockets of the public; disgracing thereby the

profession. That fuch are the Reviewers who have undertaken the iaik of · The Annual Review, and llisiory of Lireiasure for 1903; Artur Aikir, Editor.

Vol. II. London: Prinied for T. Ni Longman and O. Rus, Paternoster-row, · 1804; the following facts will completely prove:- In Page 510. Art. 15

and 16, thote sapient and impartial Reviewers, alter noticing an anonymous publication entitled The Revoluiionary Pluiarch, and my History of the French Consulate under Nojo! an Buonoparté, have thought proper to comprie the e. tw; widely diffe 'ent publications udder 012 fingle remark, beginning with . the woli --eris always cruel, which it failowed by some obiervations on , ancient and inviern history, totally unconnected with the object of their re


view, as far as it relates to my mork. They then go and terininate their pretended analysis by laying: In the late war and in the present, the British ministry has been loudly accused of participating in, and encouraging those plans of as-, sasination, which have been directed against the person of the chief magistrate of France. Let the ministry, if they can with truth, vindicate themselves from so black a charge, ly a solemn and authentic disavowal; and let the British public show the high honour and intrepid cour age for which they have long been renowned, by consigning to merited contempat and abhorrence all works, together with ileir authors, culosa. direct tendency is to degrade the generous and high-spirited patrint (BUONAPARTE) into the lurking assassin. I have already said, that The Revolu. fionary Plutarch, with the celebrated pamphlet of " Killing no Murder," is a publication widely different from mine; and several relpectable persons can bear ample testimony of my having blamed many of the erroneous and exaggerated statements contained in this work, which I thould certainly have contradicted and refuted, had it appeared before the publication of my book. How then could there publications so totally different in their nature, be confounded under one head? I have positively disclaimed being a party-writer; and the peruial of my book may eally convince the candid reader that I have been impartial. I have stated facis, the most important of which I have, and must have witnessed, since it is well known that I have served in the French army, and that I lately held a situation in Paris under the French government. I have faithfully detailed the boalled administration of the great Buonaparté, as the sure means of degrading that generous and high-spirited patriot into, what he really is, a luzking assassina And I do positive affirm and acknowledge, that such has been the direct tendency of my work, which perhaps the Reviewers have never read. I have said that my narrative was grounded on authentic documents which I had brought from France eighteen months ago, when Buonaparté was at Havrede-Grace, where I saw him last. And, above all, I have offered to produce thole documents when required; after having completely refuted many erroneous statements of an anonymous publication, upon which the Reviewers have bestowed many praises. This anonymous publication is called Sketches on the intrinsic Strength, Military and Naval Force, of France and Russia, &c. said to be printed at the Hague, 1803. And I trust that my refutation is such as to leave no pollibility of a reply. But these enlightened Reviewers have thought proper to say that his (the anonymous writer's) statements are entitled to confidence, from the pledged assurance that he speaks "fione gular evidence, having within these twenty months visited every department of that vast republic.

Is there any thing that can more fully evince the unaccountable partiality of these Reviewers? The statements of an anonymous writer, whose work is faid to be printed in a foreign country, and which bears no name of either publiler or printer, are entitled to confidence from his bare pledged assurance; whilst the statements of a man who openly and frankly gives his own name, acknowledges the fituation he has held under the French government, and offers to produce authentic documents, are to be consigned to merited contemht and abhorrence! Who has assured the Reviewers that their favourite anonya molis writer has not imposed upon the public? I leave them to answer this question. But, Sir, I cannot dismiss this subject without lamenting the want of memory and consistency, as well as capacity, on the part of thole who have alsumed the high and important office of literary censors. In their fir!t volume for 1802, they have bestowed praises on the work of Sir Robert

Willon, Wilson, who has been the first man in England to expofe to merited abhor-, rence the generous and high spirited patriot, Buonaparte, whom he degraded into the lurking assassin, for having massacred the prisoners of war, and poisoned the French soldiers fick at Jaffa. I hastened to translate this work into French. It is true, that in their analysis of Sir Robert Wilson's work, these Reviewers took little notice of its most important contents, which had even attracted the attention of Buonaparte, and of his ambaslador in London, as it is proved by his diplomatic note of the 29th of March, 1803, ad. dressed to Lord Hawkesbury, and to which Sir Robert Wilson made a fpirited reply. But these gentlemen have deemed it expedient to treat as a tale those heinous crimes of Buonaparte, when published by Dr. Whittman in 1803. Doubtless they were better informed. I leave them to decide on this well known fact. Indeed, Sir, in addition to what I have stated in my narrative, the attrocious murder of the unfortunate Duke d'Enghuien has conftituted Buonaparte a real lurking assassin. Reviewers should know, that the law against emigrants condems to death only those who are found on the French territory without a permission from the French government.--How could then the Duke d'Enghuien be condemned to death, when he was seized in a foreign country? Is then not Buonaparte a lurking assassin? They will, perhaps, answer this question. I shall now conclude by obferving, that in these hints I wish it to be understood that I do not wave the right of submitting to an Englilh court of justice and an English jury, whes, ther this unjust and unwarrantable conduct to me does not deserve another sort of admonition. And I mall terminate this letter by altering only a few words of their last sentence, by saying And let the British public shots the high honour and intrepid courage, for which they have long been renowned, by consigne ing to merited contempt and abhorrence all works, together with their authors, whose direct tendency is to extol the lurking assassin (Buonaparte) into the high-spirited patriot,

I am, Sir, your very humble servant, No. 2, King-ftreet, Inington,

W. BARRE. : May 16, 1804.


TO. THE EDITOR. - SIR, . Condemned Cells, Shrewsbury Castle, April 27, 1804. TGNOBLE must be that mind which does not glow with the love of fame. 1 The character of an hero has ever been my aim, and had not the smell of gunpowder been particularly offensive to me, I might perhaps have prove: a great military character. Stratagems and ambulh, plots and midnight schemes were my delight, and while Ulysses and Diomede, Niliis and Euryalus 'have lived in poetic history, I fee no reason why my name should not be transmitted to posterity, with honourable eulogy. Indeed the Newgate Calendar, the Annals of the Old Bailey, and many other learned pube lications bave, with honeft zeal, endeavoured to perpetuate the daring ex-. ploits and bold adventures of our honourable fraternity. Though an hero, I have, as my abode testifies, been unfortunate, and my career has been. rather abruptly terminated. A few unenlightened citizens, under the infiuence of prejudice, hare rather mistaken my conduct, and by their error, am I deft ned, on Saturday next, to the cord. As the days of chivalry are pot quite past, it is some confolation that Shrewsbury Castle gives eclat to my

confinementa confinement, and I do not feel ashamed as if my letter had been addressed from a gaol. While t' is affords nie anc. confolat 01), and my mind anticipates, with mch fatisfact cn, the idea of being handed don to pofielity as no c.mmon robber, the pe ufal of a poem lately published, and cri. ticised in your review for March, has cr ated me much uneasinels - he intimate fr end of Haynes, whom on my last excursion I iaw lang ing on Hounslow feath, had a soul congenial to my own; fame was his darling object; and frequeraty, when the myrmidons of Justice Bond, the knights of Bow-street, had nearly arrested our daring steps, frequently h ve we derived consolation, froin the hope that our hair breadth'escap's and numerous perils would reader us equally conspicuous as the illustrious ack Shepherd, or Sixteen-it ing Jack. Vain however was all our expectations, groundless all our hupes; for Abershaw has usurped the glory of Haynes, and all his honours are blaste; all his glory forgotten That the gentleman who published the suppleme tary epiftle to the corresponde!e between Mr. Bowles and Mr. Adams, was the friend of Abershaw and the rival of Haynes, is a matter of notoriety; tut I thought t'e lion preyed not on carcases, and that enmity was buried in he grave, with the remains of our foe; but, alas! poor Haynes was not buried, and enmity still lives. Pray, Sir, i make it part of my lalt dying speech, p ay, Sir, intrm that gintleman, he has been guilty of a fatal miltake, and as it may millead some future Newgate Annaliit, I beg to correct him thus :

" Thus a determined Abershaw we see.”
06 Till in due time his just deserts he gains,

And Hounslow Heath receives the miscreant's last remains."
Read, i

Where ftill the ribber hargs in iron chains, . Whose nam“, Sir, was not Aberthaw, but Samuel Haypes. . .

If a reprieve should ea tend my days beyond the pub ication of your next: number, to know that you have done justice to the memory o niy dear unfortunate friend, and rescued his name from oblivion, it will much oblige,

? Your's, until death,


. :: TO CORRESPONDENTS. « Quondam Cognitus” is informed, that it is perfectly consistent with the plan of our work, to admit letters and off ys on miscellaneous subjects.

We are obliged to a correspondent who has directed our attention to an obscure publication, in which we are attacked.

TO OUR KEADERS. , Our readers are referred for our Summary of Politics to the Preface to our Seventeenth Volume, which appears in the Appendix, publifked on the First of June, and containing a Review of Foreign Literature, with a Table of the Titles, Auihors' Names, &c. of the publications reviewed in the yolume.

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· Urbem Romanam- a principio Reges habuere. Libertatem et consulatum

L. Brutus inftituit. Dictaturce ad tempus fumebantur; neque Decemviralis potestas ultra biennium, neque Tribunorum militum consulare jus diu valuit. Non Cinnæ, non Sullæ longa dominatio; et Pompeii Craflique potentia cito in Cæsarem; Lepidi, atque Antonii arma in Augustum cellere ; qui cuncta discordiis civilibus fessa nomine Principis sub Imperium accepit.

Tac. Ann. in principio.


s. Baldwineteenth RegintsBy Robe

An Account of the Ipand of Ceylon, containing its Hiflory; Geography,

Natural History, with the Manners and Customs of its various In-
habitants; to which is added the Journal of an Embally to the Court
of Candy. Illuftrated by a Map and Charts. By Robert Percival,
Esq. of his Majesty's nineteenth Regiment of Foot. Quarto.
Pp. 420. il. 85. Baldwin's. 1803.
THIS account of the Mand of Ceylon was written before the

1 History of the Cape of Good Hope, by the same author, which
was reviewed in our last Number, though it did not fall into our hands
till after the publication of that history. It contains a very elaborate
and interesting description of the island, which seems calculated to
become one of the most valuable appendages to the British empire in
the East. Captain Percival, having resided three years at Ceylon,
and having directed his attention, in a particular manner, to the best
means of acquiring every species of information, that could throw
· any light upon its history, upon its actual state ; upon its strength;

its natural productions; its commercial advantages; its local circum. : Itances; its military and political importance; the cultivation of its

loil; and the manners and difpofitions of its inhabitants; and having; moreover, enjoyed the best opportunities of personal observation; qua. lified himself, in the best possible way, for the composition of an authentic, and most useful, account of a settlement, at least as valuable and important, as any of our late acquisitions in India ; and which, With proper cultivation and improvement, may increase, very con: fider:ly, in value and importance.


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