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as described by many poets—it was easy enough The Pawnees seem to be as prone to turn to to get into it, sed revocare grodum was a difficult their own good account the necessities of a stran- matter indeed. The old man exerted himself till ger, as the shrewdest and most unconscionable of the drops of perspiration fell from his forehead; their white brethren. When Mr. Murray was but had I not been there he must either have about to leave the Pawnee country, he was in made some person cut it up, or have sat in it unwant of two or three horses for himself and ser- til this minute. For some time I enjoyed this vants, but the cunning Indians, knowing that he scene with malicious and demure gravity, and must have them demanded twice or three times as then I showed him that he must try and pull it off much as their ponies were worth. Mr. Murray over his head. A lad who stood by them drew was finally advised, by the chief in whose wigwam it till it enveloped his nose, eyes, mouth and ears; he had dwelt, to expose his goods for sale, and his arms were raised above his head, and for some then notify the jockies of the village that he was minutes he remained in that melancholy plight, ready to trade-although he could not offer a blinded, choked and smothered, with his hands “kingdom-for a horse.” This plan worked ad- rendered useless for the time. He rolled about, mirably, and among those who came to dicker, sneezing, sputtering and struggling, until all was an old fat chief, with whom our Highlander around were convulsed with laughter; and our had sport enough to compensate him, one would squaws shrieked in their ungovernable mirth in a suppose, most amply for his previous vexations. manner that I had never before witnessed. At The following is his waggish description of the length 1 slit a piece of the edge and released the

old fellow from his straight waistcoat confinement; “Soon after this, while I was still sitting near he turned it round often in his hands, and made my packs of goods, like an Isarelite in Monmouth a kind of comic grave address to it, of which I street, an elderly chief approached, and signified could only gather a few words. I believe the his wish to trade. Our squaws placed some import of them was, that it would be a “good creameat before him after which I gave him the pipe; ture in the ice-month at the village." and in the mean time had desired my servant to so pleased with his good humor that I gave it to search my saddle-bags, and to add to the heap of him, and told him to warm his squaw in the ice saleable articles, every thing of every kind beyond month.” what was absolutely necessary for my covering on my return. A spare shirt, handkerchief and a waistcoat, were thus drafted; and, among other things, was a kind of elastic flannel waistcoat,

IRON. made for wearing next to the skin, and to be Coal was first used in England for smelting iron, drawn over the head, as it was without buttons in 1740. At that time England smelted only or any opening in front. It was too small for me, 17,000 tons of pig iron in fifty-nine furnaces. In and altogether so tight and uncomfortable, 1830, she made 1,000,000 of tons; she employed although elastic, that I had determined to part| 20,000 men in making pig iron, and 360,000 in with it. To this last article my. new customer manufacturing it into hardware and cutlery, at a took a great fancy; and he made me describe to cost of $109,332,223. In the United States we him the method of putting it on, and the warmth made in 1831, 191,536 tons of pig iron in 239 and comfort of it when on. Be it remembered furnaces, and this year we shall probably make that he was a very large corpulent man, probably 250,000 tons, of which 100,000 tons will be made weighing sixteen stone ; I knew him to be very in Pennsylvania. But there are two furnaces in good natured, as I had hunted once with his son ; Wales which make as much as all this state, and and, on returning to his lodge, the father had there are a thousand tons made there every day feasted me chatted with me by signs, and taught in the year, by means of coal. In a former letter me some of that most extraordinary Indian meth- I stated what is the result of the experiment at Farods of communication. He said he should like to randsville, in using bituminous coal. It succeeds try on the jacket; and as he threw the buffalo to admiration. But it is found by George Crane, robe off his huge soldiers, I could scarcely keep in England, that he can use anthracite coal to still my gravity when I compared them with the gar- greater advantage in smelting iron. They are ment into which we were about to attempt their now trying it at Pottsville, and it is said that it introduction. However, by dint of great industry will succeed. I trust and believe it will. It is and care, we contrived to get him into it. In the almost universally used by the smiths of Pennsylbody it was a foot to short, and fitted him so close vania. I am told it is a fact,—and an astounding that every thread was stretched to the uttermost; one it is, that at this hour, we have orders in the sleeves reached a very little way below his el. England, which they cannot answer this season, bow. However, he looked upon his arms and for railroad iron to the amount of $20,000,000 ! person with great complacency, and elicited This ought not to be so. There is no reason why many smiles from the squaws at the drollery of we should not make this twenty millions of dol. his attire ; but, as the weather was very hot, he lars circulate among our own people. We have soon began to find himself too warm and confined, every facility, but we have not yet begun to use and he wished to take it off again. He moved our coal in making iron, and till we do, we cannot his arms-he pulled the sleeves--he twisted and pretend to compete with England. turned himself in every direction, but in vain. The woolen jacket was an admirable illustration of the Inferno of Dante and Virgil, and of matrimony, Nothing is beautiful but truth.



has been evinced in the selection of these volumes.

They embrace a great variety of the most important SCHOOL DISTRICT LIBRARIES.—We consider this as subjects, comprising history, biography, the physical being a subject of very great importance, and one which sciences, agriculture, mechanics, natural history, &c. &c., cannot fail of attracting more and more of public atten- treated of in a manner that cannot fail to be highly in. lion. In the state of New York alone, there are more teresting and instructive to every class of readers. We than ten thousand school districts, and in each one of are happy to notice, that the admirable work of Paley these, it is proposed to establish a library that shall be on Natural Theology, edited by Professor Potter, has a free to all the inhabitants. These libraries are to be place in this series; and we hope to see in the succespermanently maintained, and an addition of new books sive series promised by the same publishers, other volis every year to be made to them. The Legislature at umes of a similar character, which, without interfering its last session, directed that the sum of fifty-five thou- with the peculiar tenets of religious sects, shall impart sand dollars should be annually distributed to the school a high moral and christian tone to the distriet library. districts out of the public funds, for this object; at the

We trust that every encouragement will be held out same time requiring that at least an equal amount, as to this enterprise, inasmuch as we consider it to be inin the case of the school-moneys, shall be contributed dispensable in carrying into successful effect, the plan by the towns. By another act, passed in 1835, the dis- of school district libraries, by securing to the districts, tricts are authorized to raise the sum of twenty dollars in all cases, the best books at at the lowest possible the first year, and ten dollars in any subsequent year, for the same purpose. With this effective legislation, aided by many con

The Courtier of the Days of Charles II. By the Ausiderations which cannot fail of strongly commending

thor of “Mrs. Armytage,” “Mary Raymond," &c. these libraries to public favor, it is scarcely to be doubt

2 volumes, 12 mo. Harper & Brothers. ed that they will shortly be introduced into all our

These two volumes are from the prolific pen of Mrs. school districts; and when this shall be the case, and C. F. Gore, and contain a great deal of highly entertainthe system is at length so established, that district li-ing matter. They are made up of a series of tales, braries shall be esteemed as no less essential than district chiefly of an historical character, and are thirteen in schools, in the work of public instruction, who does not number. The first, which gives the title to the work, perceive the mighty influence which will be thus brought occupies the larger portion of the first volume, and in a to bear on the intellectual and moral condition of the pleasing manner, lets us into the secret history of the community; and of what incalculable good such a sys

court of the merry moparch. “ The Royalists of Peru," tem may be made productive, by affording to all, those is a tale of thrilling interest, and conveys to the mind means of acquiring useful knowledge, which are now of the reader an excellent moral lesson, teaching him possessed only by comparatively few.

that virtue of character, in any station, is one of the There is one thing, however, which must be consid- most exalted and useful of all the graces which adorn ered as of the utmost importance in relation to these human character. We cheerfully commend these vollibraries; and that is, the character of the books of umes to the attention of the reading public. which they are to be composed. Everything, indeed, depends upon this; for while injudiciously selected books Morton's Hope, or the Memoirs of a Provincial. 2 vol. would be but little read, or read with comparatively lit umes, 12 mo. Harper & Brothers. tle profit, the effect of books of a frivolous character, or This


readable book has been lying upon our taof an immoral tendency, would be positively injurious. ble for some time. The scenes though laid in many We rejoice, therefore, to see that efforts are making to lands, are well connected by the interesting thread of meet this new demand. The Messrs. Harpers are now the narrative. The author is understood to be Profespublishing, with the approval, and under the direction sor Longfellow, one of the best writers of our country. of the superintendent of common schools, their second series of books for district libraries. This series, con

Blanche of Navarre. This is the title of a Play from sisting of forty-five volumes, averaging about three hun. the prolific pen of Mr. James, and recently published by dred and fifty pages, handsomely printed and bound, and the Messrs. Harper. Like everything else from the the subjects illustrated by numerous engravings, is en- pen of this popular author, it is good. But we do not closed in a neat case with lock and key, and furnished fancy this style of literature for the closet; the stage is to the districts throughout the State, at the very low its legitimate sphere. Those who do, will find this an price of twenty dollars.

excellent historical drama, full of stirring incident and We embraced an opportunity, several months since, interesting features of the times of Philip of Navarre, to notice with approbation, the first series of the school about the middle of the sixteenth century. district library, in fifty volumes, published by the same gentlemen--and we are pleased to learn that the pub The Boston Notion.-A mammoth newspaper bearlic have fully sustained the views we then expressed, by ing this title, has recently appeared in Boston, and is extending to that collection an extensive patronage. the largest one ever printed in this country-perhaps in Without speaking in detail of the different works com- the world. It is to be issued double size, once every posing the present series, we cannot but declare our three months. One recently published, contained one great satisfaction with it as a whole. Much judgement | hundred and eight square feet of reading matter!

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of millions of their countrymen upon their heads,

the fire of patriotism and religious zeal warming Did we wish to impersonate our young and their hearts, while upon their foreheads they growing republic by some graphic symbol by wore a broad phylacteric on which was inscribed which its first and onward progress might be in- from the sacred scriptures of freedomdicated, we could not choose one more appropri-1“ WHERE LIBERTY DWELLS, THERE IS MY COUNTRY.” ate than that furnished by the artist in our frontispiece. There stands the young and vigorous

The forest--the flood—the savage--all dispupioneer, buoyant with hope and high expectations ted their progress; but stout hands and stouter of the future, stripped for the mighty contest be-hearts—the encouraging voice of contemporaries tween human strength and the giant forest-sons and the beckoning hand of posterity—the rightof nature. With his axe in hand he stands alone eousness of their cause and the bright reward in the midst of the vast wilderness, far from the that glittered upon the distant goal, all combined hallowed associations of youth and the charities to make them look upon danger as unworthy of of home and of neighborhood, prepared to pros- notice, and to inspire them with that courage trate the umbrageous forest and admit the life-- which makes mountains dwindle into mole-hills giving sunbeams to the exuberant bosom of mo- when intercepting the progress of a mighty movether earth. When first he left the teeming shores ment. As circle follows circle when a pebble is of the Atlantic, bearing upon his head a parent's cast into the quiet lake, so did civilization extend blessing and within his heart the glow of pure its conquering influence from this little nucleus, patriotism, he saw not the dangers and difficulties until cities, and villages, and fields of grain spread he had to encounter. But when they arose out like a beauteous panorama, to the very base threatening around him-when the flood disputed of the towering Alleganies. But there was one his progress—the towering mountain loomed up thing yet to be accomplished. The young piolike a giant before him, and the red-man of the neer felt his strength, and the new world he had forest watched his every movement with a jealous developed presented a far better scope for his eneye—then the moral courage of his nature expand- ergies than the beaten track pursued by his aned and strengthened, and his soul was elevated cestors. He felt that parental authority was a with the thoughts of that mighty conquest he was ruinous restraint, and compliance therewith to be about to achieve. His axe was his trusty clay. incompatible with the necessary efforts for the more, his young wife-his country's honor--uni- accomplishment of his glorious designs; and he versal freedom-these composed his oriflamme resolved to break the fetter. For a time he laid to encourage him in the heat of battle ; and his aside the axe and the plough and battled manfuk cause was the cause of religion, humanity, truth, ly for freedom. The contest was long and painequity and freedom. With such a weapon, such ful, but the star of his destiny lighted his path, a rallying standard, such a noble incitement, did the principles of right were the “cloud by day the hardy pioneer wrestle with the gnarled oak and the pillar of fire by night,” and after seven and towering beach till they were overcome, and long years of painful struggle, the eagle of victory luxuriant grainfields like a green oasis in the perched upon his standard, and the British lion midst of the desert, gladdened his heart with the retreated, maimed and affrighted, to his lair. smiles of abundant prosperity. Where he had re Thus freed, our young republic opened wide cently fought his victorious battle, a village up- its benevolent arms as an asylum for the oppresrose, a monumental trophy of his prowess; and sed of all lands. It had changed the wilderness from eastern lands lands where his ancestors into a rich and inviting territory, and a vast flood dwell—the commercial marts upon the borders of of emigration poured its tributary waters into its the sea—he hears the echo of his song of triumph, bosom till the Alleganies no longer formed an and beholds a mighty tide of physical and intellec- obstructing dyke. Over their rough battlements tual strength flowing on in his track, to populate, this flood found its way, and through the vast and beautify and enrich the domain he has conquered, fertile valley of the Ohio irrigating streams of and to rear and foster there other pioneers to physical strength, intelligence and wealth flowed, push farther onward toward the sands of the great spreading freshness and beauty wherever they Pacific.

penetrated. Year after year, new pioneers openSuch has been the onward progress of oured paths farther and farther into the wilderness, country. But little more than two hundred years and formed new channels for the tide of emigrahave elapsed since the first permanent colony tion and population, till now the Mississippifrom Great Britain landed upon the snow-clad the father of floods-flows for hundreds of miles rock of Plymouth, to co-operate with others who amid the fields and dwellings of a busy people. had erected a few altars along the more southern Now, when we speak of our country,our doregions of the Atlantic shore. Like the young main-the term is vague and inconclusive. From pioneer, they came from home with the blessings the lagoons of Florida to the farthest verge of the

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