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1023. a Ps. 31.1.

the day;

+ Heb. Be thos to me

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arm.

David imploreth Gods help.

PSALMS.

He praiseth God. for perseverance. 19 He praiseth God, and soul ; let them be covered with repromiseth to do it cheerfully.

proach and dishonour that seek my IN

N a thee, O LORD, do I put my hurt.

trust: let me never be put to con- 14 But I will hope continually, and
fusion.

will yet praise thee more and more.
2 Deliver me in thy righteousness, 15 My mouth shall shew forth thy
and cause me to escape: incline thine righteousness and thy salvation all
ear unto me, and save me.

for I know not the numbers
3 + Be thou my strong habitation, thereof
for a pack oj whereunto I may continually resort : 16° I will go in the strength of

thou hast given commandment to save the Lord God: I will make men-
me; for thou art my rock and my tion of thy righteousness, even of
fortress.

thine only.
4 Deliver
me, o my God, out of

17 O God, thou hast taught me
the hand of the wicked, out of the from my youth: and hitherto have I
hand of the unrighteous and cruel declared thy wondrous works.
man.

18 Now also + when I am old and + Heb. unto 5. For thou art my hope, O LORD greyheaded, O God, forsake me not; grey hairs. God: thou art my trust from my until I have shiewed 7 thy strength + Heb. thine youth.

unto this generation, and thy power
6 By thee have I been holden up to every one that is to come.
from the womb: thou art he that 19 Thy righteousness also, O God,
took me out of my mother's bow- is very high, who hast done great
els: my praise shall be continually of things: O God, who is like unto
thee.

thee !
7 I am as a wonder unto many ;

20 Thou, which hast shewed me
but thou art my strong refuge. great and sore troubles, shalt quicken

8 Let my mouth be filled with thy me again, and shalt bring me up again
praise and with thy honour all the from the depths of the earth.
day.

21 Thou shalt increase my great-
9 Cast me not off in the time of ness, and comfort me on every side.
old
age;

forsake me not when my 22 I will also praise thee † with Heb. with strength faileth.

the psaltery, even thy truth, O my ment of 10 For mine enemies speak against God: unto thee will I sing with the pallery. et le bratch, me; and they that + lay wait for my harp, O thou Holy One of Israel. soul take counsel together,

23 My lips shall greatly rejoice
11 Saying, God hath forsaken him: when I sing unto thee; and my soul,
persecute and take him; for there is which thou hast redeemed.
none to deliver him.

24 My tongue also shall talk of thy
12 O God, be not far from me: 0 righteousness all the day long: for
my God, make haste for my help. they are confounded, for they are

113 Let them be confounded and brought unto shame, that seek my

consumed that are adversaries to my hurt. tion of the Sick, as the greatest part of it is proper for a relief from Thy goodness; and I doubt not that Thou dying person, to express his trust in God, the want of wilt again draw me out of this extreme danger, which His help, &c. Bp. Wilson.

has brought me to the brink of the grave. Travell, pation are made to those, who, renouncing all conti

: "We mayʻiearn from hence, Ist, That those who trust dence in the world, “ trust” in God alone for it. For in God are never confounded; and that they may bethis reason the Psalmist so often begins his prayer take themselves to Him under all their wants, with a with a declaration of his faith, which is to the soul in perfect assurance of His help; but that this confidence affliction, what an anchor is to a ship in distress. Bp. cannot be well grounded, unless they have the same Horne.

pious sentiments that David discovers in this Psalm. 2. Deliter me in thy righteousness,] A second argu- 2dly, As this prince, for his comfort and encouragement ment here used is the righteousness” of God, who to praise God, called to mind the favours he had received cannot but be faithful and just to His own gracious from Him in time past, so should we preserve the reword. Bp. Horne.

membrance of the mercies God has vouchsafed us from 7. I am as a wonder unto many ;] That is, My de- our youth, and through the whole course of our lives. plorable miseries have made many consider me as a 3dly, It is the duty of those who have been exposed to prodigy of wretchedness. Travell.

great afflictions, and whom God has happily delivered, 20. Thou, which hast shewed &c.] Great and num- to join with this holy Prophet in admiring and celebrating berless as my distresses have been, I have ever found His great goodness towards them. Ostervald.

David sheweth the happiness,

PSALMS. justice, and glory of Solomon's reign. PSALM LXXII.

sea to sea, and from the river unto the
1 David, praying for Solomon, sheweth the ends of the earth.

goodness and glory of his, in type, and in 9 They that dwell in the wilder-
truth, of Christ's kingdom. 18 He blesseth ness shall bow before him; and his
God.

enemies shall lick the dust.
| Or, of.
| A Psalm || for Solomon.

10 The kings of Tarshish and of LIVE the king thy judgments, the isles shall bring presents: the

1015.

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the king's son.

gifts.
2 He shall judge thy people with 11 Yea, all kings shall fall down
righteousness, and thy poor with before him: all nations shall serve
judgment.

him.
3 The mountains shall bring peace 12 For he shall deliver the needy
to the people, and the little hills, by when he crieth; the poor also, and
righteousness.

him that hath no helper.
4 He shall judge the poor of the 13 He shall spare the poor and
people, he shall save the children of needy, and shall save the souls of the
the needy, and shall break in pieces needy,
the oppressor

14 He shall redeem their soul from
5 They shall fear thee as long as deceit and violence: and precious shall
the sun and moon endure, throughout their blood be in his sight.
all generations.

15 And he shall live, and to him
6 He shall come down like rain + shall be given of the gold of Sheba: Heb; one
upon
the mown grass :

: as showers prayer also shall be made for him
that water the earth.

continually; and daily shall he be
7 In his days shall the righteous praised.
flourish; and abundance of peace tso 16 There shall be an handful of
long as the moon endureth.

corn in the earth

upon the top of the 8 He shall have dominion also from mountains; the fruit thereof shall

+ Heb. till there be no moon.

Psalm LXXII. David seems to have composed this emblem of the great King, Christ Jesus, whose dominion Psalm on his having appointed Solomon to be his suc- shall endure as long as the world remaineth. Travell, cessor. Travell.

Bp. Patrick. This Psalm describes, in the most beautiful imagery, 8. He shall have dominion &c.) “ From sea to sea," and most lively colours, the peaceful glories of the Mes- that is, with reference to the Messiah, over all the siah's future reign; His righteousness, or impartial earth. administration of justice; the universal homage and 9. They that dwell &c.] The most barbarous nations worship to be paid to Him; the perpetuity of His do- shall do him homage, and his enemies shall be constrained minion, whose name shall endure for ever," " in whom to prostrate themselves at his feet with the most abject mankind shall be blessed, and whom all nations shall submission. Travell. call blessed :” magnificent predictions, utterly inappli- 10. Tarshish] For Tarshish, see note at i Kings cable to Solomon, but truly characteristick of Christ. x. 22. Dr. Hales.

Sheba - Seba] For the former see the note on In this Psalm there is such a variety and beauty of 1 Kings x. 1; the latter was also probably in Arabia imagery, such a splendour of diction, such elegance in Felix. Consult the "map of the world” for their prothe composition, that I believe it will be impossible in bable situations. the whole compass of literature, sacred or profane, to 14. He shall redeem &c.] He shall preserve them from find such an union of sublimity with sweetness and being ruined either by the deceitful wiles or violent grace. Bp. Lowth.

attacks of their enemies; nor shall he, to gratify his Ver. 1. Give the king thy judgments,] That is, cause own ambition, be prodigal of their precious lives. So him to govern the kingdom according to Thy preceps. shall the Saviour of the world redeem the souls of His Rosenmüller.

people from their most cruel enemies, sin and death ; and the king the king's son.] The king and the so valuable in His sight shall their blood be, that He king's

's son are the same person, a character that belongs shall shed His own for it! Bps. Patrick and Horne, to none before Solomon, who was the first priace in Travell. Israel that was at the same time king and son of a king. 16. There shall be an handful &c.] The country shall Mudge.

be so fruitful in his days, that even a handful of corn, 3. The mountains shall bring &c.] In other words, sown upon the lofty hills, shall produce a crop that Peace, manifested by its consequence, plenteousness, shall shake with a loud noise, like the cedars upon shall be upon the mountains and sittle hills of Judea, by mount Lebanon : and the people in the city shall be means of that righteous judgment, which Solomon wiú fruitful and populous, like the innumerable blades of execute in the land. Bp. Horne.

grass in a field, which the Lord hath blessed. Such, 5. They shall fear thee &c.] His righteous adminis- under the reign of the Messiah, shall be the amazing tration shall redound to his everlasting honour, and increase of the word, when sown in hearts that before shall gain him the esteem and reverence of his people, were barren ; such the astonishing multiplication of through all generations : so that he shall be a lively citizens in the Christian church. Travell, Bp. Horne.

+ Heb. shall be. + Heb. sha! ke as a son to costiste his

fur erer.

+ Heb. with.

they pass the thoughts of

10T, A

4:1p).
| Or, get.
+ Heb. clean
of heart.

He blesseth God.

PSALMS.

The prosperity of the wicked. shake like Lebanon : and they of the 3 a For I was envious at the fool- & Job 21. 7. city shall flourish like grass of the ish, when I saw the prosperity of the Jer. 12. i. earth.

wicked. 17 His name + shall endure for 4 For there are no bands in their ever: † his name shall be continued death: but their strength is † firm. + Heb. fat.

as long as the sun: and men shall be 5 They are not fin trouble as + Heb. in the father's name blessed in him: all nations shall call other men; neither are they plagued other men. him blessed.

† like other men.
18 Blessed be the LORD God, the 6 Therefore pride compasseth them
God of Israel, who only doeth won- about as a chain ; violence covereth
drous things.

them as a garment.
19 And blessed be his glorious name 7 Their eyes stand out with fat-
for ever : and let the whole earth be ness: † they have more than heart | Heb.
filled with his glory; Amen, and could wish.
Amen.

8 They are corrupt, and speak the heart. 20 The prayers of David the son wickedly concerning oppression : they of Jesse are ended.

speak loftily. PSALM LXXIII.

9 They set their mouth against the
1 The prophet, prevailing in a temptation, 2

heavens, and their tongue walketh
sheweth the occasion thereof, the prosperity through the earth.
of the wicked. 13 T'he wound given thereby,

10 Therefore his people return
diffidence. 15 The victory over it, know- hither : and waters of a full cup are
ledge of God's purpose, in destroying of the wrung out to them.
wicked, and sustaining the righteous.

11 And they say, How doth God || A Psalm of Asaph. know? and is there knowledge in the Peale for

ITR

RULY God is good to Israel, most high?

even to such as are t of a clean 12 Behold, these are the ungodly, heart.

who prosper in the world; they in2 But as for me, my feet were almost crease in riches.

gone; my steps had well nigh slipped. 13 Verily I have cleansed my heart 20. The prayers of David &c.] Meaning perhaps, that eyes, pride and oppression are the offspring of worldly this is the end of the first collection of Psalms that was prosperity. Bp. Horne. made, probably under Solomon, for the service of the as a chain ;] Alluding to the prevailing custemple. Michaelis.

tom of wearing collars or chains on their necks. As most of the things mentioned in this Psalm agree See Cant. iv. 9. Bp. Horne. See notes on Job xxix. more perfectly to the kingdom of our Lord than to 14. that of Solomon, since Jesus Christ was to be that 7. Their eyes stand &c.] Their very countenance glorious King, who was to bring the most distant peo- expresses the proud swelling of their hearts, which are ple into subjection, whose kingdom was to last to the puffed up by such a constant state of prosperity, even end of the world, and under whose government men beyond their own sanguine expectations. Travell

. Fere to enjoy complete happiness, and be filled with the 8. They are corrupt, &c.). They are so corrupt, that choicest blessings of heaven; we have therefore here they mock at the rules of justice, and defy those who the description of our own happiness, which should put would oppose them : they haughtily claim to theminto our own mouths the praises with which David con- selves an exemption from the laws of God and man. cludes this hymn, “Blessed be the Lord God, &c.” Travell. Ostertald.

9. They set &c.] They blaspheme the God of heaven, The end of the second Book of Psalms.

and calumniate His servants on earth. Green.

10. Therefore his people &c.] Therefore God's people Psalm LXXIII. This Psalm, and several which fol- falleth off to them, and from thence they reap no small low, were composed by Asaph; they are chiefly filled advantage. Green. This passage is extremely difficult: with sad and melancholy complaints. Travell. Who according to our old translation, the sense of the ninth this

Asaph was is uncertain. Some have thought it was and tenth verses may possibly be, They presume to scan Asaph the singer, who was famous in David's days. the mysterious ways of Heaven with as much clearness But it seems more probable that it was Asaph the seer, and precision as they affect to display in judging of who lived in the days of Hezekiah, 2 Chron. xxix. 30. human affairs. This raises their credit in the opinion Dr. Wells.

of ignorant people, which they are sure to turn to their Ver. 2. But as for me, &c.] Yet, notwithstanding own advantage. Travell. my conviction of this truth, my faith in the Divine 11–14.–

How doth God &c.] The whole of this goodness began to stagger, and I was in danger of fall- seems to be the reflection of God's people on the appaing into a state of distrust and infidelity. Travell, Bp. rent prosperity of the wicked, and the despairing inferPatrick.

ence they drew from it: it was so contrary to the usual 4. For there are no bands in their death :] They are face of things under the Mosaick dispensation, and to in no peril of death. Old Translation.

all they had been taught to expect, that it tempted them 6. Therefore pride &c.] Among men who have not to doubt even the first principles of all religion. Dr. the love of God in their hearts, or His fear before their | Kennicott.

+ Heb.my chastisement was.

1

+ Heb. it was labour in

1 Or, A

The fearful end of the wicked.

PSALMS.

The psalmist complaineth in vain, and washed my hands in in- | but God is the † strength of my heart, + Heb. rock. nocency.

and my portion for ever.
14 For all the day long have I 27 For, lo, they that are far from
been plagued, and + chastened every thee shall perish: thou hast.destroyed
morning

all them that go a whoring from thee.
15 If I say, I will speak thus; 28 But it is good for me to draw
behold, I should offend against the near to God: I have put my trust in
generation of thy children.

the Lord God, that I may

declare all
16 When I thought to know this, thy works.
t it was too painful for me;

PSALM LXXIV. mine eyes.

17 Until I went into the sanctuary i The prophet complaineth of the desolation of God; then understood I their

of the sanctuary. 10 He moveth God to end.

help in consideration of his power, 18 of
18 Surely thou didst set them in his reproachful enemies, of his children,

and of his covenant.
slippery places : thou castedst them
down into destruction.

1 || Maschil of Asaph.

Psalm for 10 How are they brought into de O GOD, why hast thou cast us turple

Asaph to give solation, as

off for ever? why doth thine
utterly consumed with terrors. anger smoke against the sheep of thy

20 As a dream when one awaketh; pasture?
so, O LORD, when thou awakest, 2 Remember thy congregation,
thou shalt despise their image.

which thou hast purchased of old ; the
21 Thus

my heart was grieved, and || rod of thine inheritance, which thou | Or, tribe. I was pricked in my reins.

hast redeemed; this mount Zion, 22 So foolish was I, and tignorant: wherein thou hast dwelt. + Heb. with I was as a beast + before thee.

3 Lift up thy feet unto the per-
23 Nevertheless I am continually petual desolations; even all that the
with thee: thou hast holden me by enemy hath done wickedly in the
my right hand.

sanctuary.
24 Thou shalt guide me with thy 4 Thine enemies roar in the midst
counsel, and afterward receive me to of thy congregations; they set up
glory.

their ensigns for signs.
25 Whom have I in heaven but 5 A man was famous according as
thee? and there is none upon earth he had lifted up axes upon the thick
that I desire beside thee.

trees.
26 My flesh and my heart faileth: 6 But now they break down the

+ Heb. I knew not.

thee.

15. If I say, &c.] But, if I persevere in such dis- must meditate upon the word of God, and the ways of course, and speak like these men, I shall betray the Providence : then we shall find that the felicity of cause of all those who are Thy true children, o‘God. worldly men is vain, and of short duration; and that Travell.

they are set in slippery places, from whence they fall 17. Until I went &c.] Until I applied to Thee by suddenly. Ostervald. prayer and meditation on Thy word. See Ps. lxxvii. 13.

20. As a dream &c.] Their prosperity is but as a Psalm LXXIV. This Psalm was occasioned by the dream when one awaketh; so, O Lord, when Thou desolation of Jerusalem and the temple, and the rest of seest fit to punish them, Thou shalt cause all their the country of Judea, made by Nebuchadnezzar, or the glory and prosperity quickly to vanish. Dr. Wells. Babylonish forces. Dr. Wells.

21. - I was pricked in my reins.] I was deeply Ver. 2. the rod of thine inheritance,] The " tribe wounded with disquieting thoughts and tormenting or portion “of thine inheritance,” as in the margin. passions, envy, sorrow, and anger. Poole.

Bp. Horne. See the note on Jer. x. 16. 23. Nevertheless I am continually with thee :] Not- 3. Lift up thy feet &c.] God is represented as withstanding these foolish thoughts, I am under the having withdrawn Himself, and departed afar off; He care of Thy good providence. Bp. Patrick.

is therefore entreated to return without delay, to view 27. - thou hast destroyed &c.] Thou hast destroyed the long lasting desolations of the once highly-favoured those who, forsaking Thy service, have devoted them- city, and the ravages made by enemies in the sanctuary. selves to the worship of other gods. Bp. Patrick. See Bp. Horne. the note on Exod. xxxiv. 16.

4. Thine enemies roar &c.] That is, they send up This Psalm teaches us how we ought to judge of the shouts of triumph in those places where Thy people prosperity of the wicked and the afflictions of the righ- used to praise Thy name. Bp. Patrick. teous. We ought never to believe that wicked men, - they set up their ensigns for signs.] They erect who live in mirth and plenty in this world, and who their standards in token of victory. Bp. Patrick. enjoy all their wishes, are truly happy, or that the righ- 5, 6. A man was famous &c.] It was formerly teous, because they are afflicted, serve God in vain. thought an employment of much honour, to cut down Asaph has taught us, that to resist this temptation we l and prepare trees for the building of Thy holy sanc

axes

them.

sectuary

of the desolation of the sanctuary,

PSALMS.

and prayeth for help. carved work thereof at once with

17 Thou hast set all the borders and hammers.

of the earth : thou hast † made sum- Heb. made + Heb. They 7 + They have cast fire into thy mer and winter. here sent tay

sanctuary, they have defiled by cast- 18 Remember this, that the enemy irto the fire ing down the dwelling place of thy hath reproached, O Lord, and that name to the ground.

the foolish people have blasphemed
8 They said in their hearts, Let thy name.
4 Heb. čreak. us + destroy them together : they have 19 O deliver not the soul of thy

burned up all the synagogues of God turtledove unto the multitude of the
in the land.

wicked : forget not the congregation
9 We see not qur signs: there is of thy poor

for ever.
no more any prophet: neither is there 20 Have respect unto the cove-
among us any that knoweth how long. nant: for the dark places of the earth

10 O God, how long shall the ad- are full of the habitations of cruelty.
versary reproach ? shall the enemy 21 O let not the oppressed return
blaspheme thy name for ever? ashamed: let the poor and needy

11 Why withdrawest thou thy hand, praise thy name.
even thy right hand ? pluck it out of 22 Arise, O God, plead thine own
thy bosom.

cause : remember how the foolish
12 For God is my King of old, man reproacheth thee daily.
working salvation in the midst of the 23 Forget not the voice of thine
earth.

enemies: the tumult of those that 13 a Thou didst + divide the sea rise up against thee † increaseth con- + Heb. + Heb. break. by thy strength : thou brakest the tinually. [ Or, tảales. heads of the || dragons in the waters. 14 Thou brakest the heads of

PSALM LXXV. leviathan in pieces, and gavest him 1 The prophet praiseth God. 2 He promiseth to be meat to the people inhabiting to judge uprightly. 4 He rebuketh the the wilderness.

proud by consideration of God's providence. 15 Thou didst cleave the fountain

9 He praiseth God, and promiseth to exe

cute justice. and the flood : thou driedst up Josh. 3. 13. † mighty rivers.

To the chief Musician, || Al-tas- 10r, Destroy ef strength. 16 The day is thine, the night also chith, A Psalm or Song || of Asaph. 101, for

Asaph.

NTI and the sun.

thanks, unto thee do

a Exod. 14. 21.

ascendeth.

b Exod. 17.

Sumb. 20. 11.

+ Heb.riters

tuary. But now every man thinks himself most de- and mournful, was in danger of being speedily deserving, that can do the greatest havock in Thy temple. voured by her inveterate enemies. Bp. Horne. Bp. Hall.

20. Have respect unto &c.] Have regard unto the 9. We see not &c.] We see not any token of Thy promises into which Thou didst enter with Thy people : divine presence with us, nor is there so much as a Pro- for now the land is full of rapine and cruelty, and every phet to give us advice or comfort, or to tell us when dark corner of it is a den of thieves and murderers. Bp. these calamities will have an end. Travell.

Patrick. 11.- pluck it out of thy bosom.] That is, Exert thy This Psalm engages us to make these four principal power again for the destruction of Thy enemies. Tra reflections : 1. That the Church has been in all ages exTell

. The hand, when unemployed, was usually inserted posed to persecution; and therefore we ought not to in the folds of the garment on the bosom. See note at wonder, if the Christian Church has been, and still is, Ps. lxxix, 12.

sometimes persecuted. 2. That as God, 'to punish the 13. thou brakest &c.] Thou didst confound the Jews for their abuse of His service, suffered them to be great and mighty enemies of Israel, in the Red sea. led into captivity; for the same reasons He has often Bp. Hall.

delivered His church into the hands of persecutors, dragons] See the note on Ps. xliv. 19.

with a design to try it, and to purify it. 3. When God 14. Thou brakest the heads &c.] “Leviathan” stands appears the most provoked with His people, He does for Pharaoh, or the Egyptian power, represented by the not quite forsake them, but always remembers His Egyptian animal, the crocodile. The heads” of levi- covenant, and delivers them at last. 4. As the Proathan are the princes of Egypt, the leaders of the phet was grieved for the calamities of the Jews, and Egyptian armies. And the “people inhabiting the wil-prayed for their restoration, so Christians ought to be derness,” to whom they were given for a prey, are the sensibly affected with the misfortunes of the church, wild beasts haunting the deserts. Bp. Horne.

and to pray continually for its deliverance and pros17. borders of the earth :] The boundaries of the perity. "Ostervald. earth, so that the sea cannot overwhelm them. See Jer. v. 22; Job xxxvii. 8, 11. Rosenmüller.

Psalm LXXV. It is not improbable that this Psalm 19. - thy turtledove] Thy church, which like a was composed by Asaph on the destruction of the As. turtledore, simple, defenceless, solitary, meek, timid, I syrian army under Sennacherib. Travell.

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