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& 107. 1. &
Jer. 10. 12.
d Gen. 1. 14.
+ Heb. for the
An exhortation to give thanks
to God for particular mercies. 21 Blessed be the LORD out of 12 With a strong hand, and with a Zion, which dwelleth at Jerusalem. stretched out arm: for his mercy enPraise ye the LORD.
dureth for ever.
13 8 To him which divided the g Exod. 14. PSALM CXXXVI. Red sea into parts: for his mercy en
21, 22, An exhortation to give thanks to God for par. dureth for ever: ticular mercies.
14 And made Israel to pass through a Ps. 106. 1. aGIVE thanks unto the Lord; the midst of it: for his mercy endureth 113. 1. for he is good: for his mercy
for ever : endureth for ever.
15 h But + overthrew Pharaoh and h Exod. 14. 2 O give thanks unto the God of his host in the Red sea: for his mercy 1 Heb.shaked gods : for his mercy endureth for endureth for ever, ever.
16 i To him which led his people i Exod. 15. 3 0 give thanks to the Lord of through the wilderness: for his mercy lords : for his mercy endureth for endureth for ever. ever.
17 To him
which smote great
18 k And slew famous kings: for Deut: 29.7. b Gen. 1. 1. 5 To him that by wisdom made his mercy endureth for ever :
the heavens: for his mercy endureth 19 Sihon king of the Amorites: 1 Numb. 21. for ever.
for his mercy endureth for ever : c Gen. 1.6.
6 . To him that stretched out the 20 in And Og the king of Bashan: m Numb. 21. earth above the waters: for his
endureth for ever:
21 " And gave their land for an n Josh. 12. 7. 7 . To him that made great lights: heritage: for his mercy endureth for for his mercy endureth for ever:
8 The sun † to rule by day: for Taliags by
22 Even an heritage unto Israel
his servant: for his mercy endureth
low estate: for his mercy endureth for
24 And hath redeemed us from
our enemies: for his mercy endureth
for his mercy endureth for ever. and active. In the inhabitants of heaven, who behold world is in reality no less admirable, than are those exGod without the vail of matter interposed, it is always traordinary interpositions of Omnipotence, whereby it 50; and therefore, they rest not day nor night from hath been sometimes interrupted and suspended; though singing hallelujahs, nor cease one moment to rejoice in the latter, on account of their novelty, are apt to affect God their Saviour. Bp. Horne.
us more than the former doth, which is ever before our eyes, and therefore less regarded by us.
How many Psalm CXXXVI. This is a delightful hymn of praise of those for whom the wonders of creation, providence, and thanksgiving to Jehovah, God of gods, and Lord and redemption have been wrought, think none of them of lords, for the wonders of creation, of providence, and worthy their attention! Angels admire and adore, where grace; which were probably celebrated in due order man will not deign to cast an eye, or employ a thought. by one half of the choir, while the other half, or perhaps Bp. Horne. the whole in full chorus, took up the burden of each verse, The Sovereign Being, the great Author of nature, “ For His mercy endureth for ever:” a form prescribed has in Him all possible perfection, as well in kind as by David (1 Chron. xvi. 41.) to be used continually in in degree : so that when we have raised our notion of the Divine service: a form highly proper for creatures, this infinite Being as high as it is possible for the mind and sinful creatures, to use; whose great employment of man to go, it will fall infinitely short of what He it is now, and will be for ever, to magnify the mercy really is. “There is no end of His greatness.” The and lovingkindness of their God. Bp. Horne. most exalted creature He has made is only capable of
Ver. 2. — God of gods :] That is, Sovereign of all the adoring it, none but Himself can comprehend it. Such heavenly hosts. Bp. Patrick. See Exod. xviii. 11. Dimock. He is, when considered by the light of reason and phi
3: – Lord of lords :] Lord of the kings and princes losophy. But if we would see Him in all the wonders of the earth. Bp. Patrick.
of His mercy, we must have recourse to revelation, 4. To him who alone doeth great wonders :] All the which represents Him to us not only as infinitely great works of God are wonderful, and speak Him alone to and glorious, but as infinitely good and just in His have been their author. The established course of the dispensations towards man. We should often refresh
e Exod. 12.
i Exod. 13. 17.
The constancy of the Jews in captivity. PSALMS.
David praiseth God. 26 O give thanks unto the God of | to be + destroyed; happy shall he be, toile. heaven : for his mercy endureth for + that rewardėth thee as thou hast + Heb. that
served us. PSALM CXXXVII.
9 Happy shall he be, that taketh deed which 1 The constancy of the Jews in captivity: 7
and dasheth thy little ones against
recompenseth unto the thy
thou didst to
b Isai. 13. 16. + Heb. the rock.
Byt down, yea, aby lovely when (1 David praiseth God for the truth of his
+ Heb. the words of a song. + Heb. laid us on heaps.
head of my joy. a Obad. 10, &c. + Heb. Make bare.
we remembered Zion.
word. 4 He prophesieth that the kings of 2 We hanged our harps upon the the earth shall praise God. 7 He professwillows in the midst thereof.
eth his confidence in God. 3 For there they that carried us
TA Psalm of David. away, captive required of us fa song; I WILL.praise thee with my whole and they that † wasted us required of heart: * before the gods will I a Pg. 119. 46. us mirth, saying, Sing us one of the sing praise unto thee. songs of Zion.
2 I will worship toward thy holy 4 How shall we sing the Lord's temple, and praise thy name for thy + Heb. land, song in a + strange land?
lovingkindness and for thy truth : for of
5 If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, thou hast magnified thy word above let my right hand forget her cunning. all thy name.
6 If I do not remember thee, let 3 In the day when I cried thou my tongue cleave to the roof of my answeredst me, and strengthenedst mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem me with strength in my
soul. + Heb. the above t my chief joy.
4 All the kings of the earth shall
of the Lord: for great is the glory 8 O daughter of Babylon, who art of the Lord. our minds with such thoughts of Him, and annihilate 8.- happy shall he ben] The meaning of these words ourselves before Him, in the contemplation of our own is, He shall go on and prosper, for the Lord of hosts worthlessness, and of His transcendent excellency and shall go with him, and fight his battles against the perfection. Addison.
enemy and oppressor of His people. Bp. Horne.
9. - dasheth thy little ones against the stones.] That Psalm CXXXVII. This is the woful lamentation of the Babylonians probably used this cruelty to the Isone of the Jewish captives in Babylon, either at the raelitish children, see Lam. ï. 11, and Isai. xiii. 16. time of their captivity, or at their return from it. It Dimock. contains a mournful reflection on their banishment from If the law of nature obliges a man to love and revetheir native country, combined with the insolent be- rence his parents who begat him, it also binds him to a haviour of their enemies; and foretells the future de- vehement affection and concernment for his country, struction which awaited the city of Babylon and its the place of his birth, and the air that nourished him. devoted inhabitants. Travell.
The happy state and condition of his country is a greater Ver. 1.
we sat down,] Sitting on the ground was joy and comfort to a true patriot, than his own para posture that denoted mourning and deep distress. See ticular state of wealth and prosperity can be; and he is Lam. ii. 10; Job ii. 13. Bp. Lowth.
more afflicted and cast down for any publick misery 4. How shall we sing &c.) Many singers were carried that befalls it, than for any circumstance of it that brings captives, Ezra ii. 41. These would of course carry their calamity to himself. Lord Clarendon. instruments with them and be insulted, as here. Their songs were sacred, and unfit to be sung before idolaters. Psalm CXXXVIII. In the Greek version this Psalm But the words, “How shall we sing, &c.” are not an is said to have been made use of by Haggai and Zeanswer given to their enemies, but the free utterance chariah at the rebuilding of the temple. Dr. Hammond. of the feelings of the Jews amongst themselves. Abp. Ver. 1.- before the gods] Probably, in the preSecker.
sence of the princes and nobles assembled at some na5. — her cunning.] Or, skill to play upon the harp. tional solemnity: Dr. Wells.
2. — toward thy holy temple,] Wherever the ark was, 6. - if I prefer not &c.] Literally, if I do not exalt there was the temple of Jehovah. See 1 Sam. ii. 3. Jerusalem above the chief, or top, of my joy; that is, and the Psalmist probably directed himself to that if I do not make it the principal subject of my joy. point. See Dan. vi. 10. Dimock. Bp. Lowth.
--for thou hast magnified &c.] God, he says, had 7. Remember, O Lord,—day of Jerusalem ;] Or, Re. done honour to His word beyond all that had ever been member, O Lord, to “ the children of Edom” the day said or imagined of Him. Mudge. Or the rendering of Jerusalem; that is, punish them for their cruel in- may be, " for Thou hast magnified Thy name and Thy sults. Dimock.
word above all things.” Dimock and 'Old Translation. - the day of Jerusalem ;] The day on which it 5. -- they shall sing in the ways of the Lord :] They was destroyed. Rosenmüller.
shall rejoice in the doctrine of God delivered by Christ.
of the sea;
David praiseth God
for his allseeing providence. 6 Though the Lord be high, yet 5 Thou hast beset me behind and hath he respect unto the lowly: but before, and laid thine hand upon the proud he knoweth afar off.
7 Though I walk in the midst of 6 Such knowledge is too wondertrouble, thou wilt revive me: thou ful for me; it is high, I cannot attain the wrath of mine enemies, and thy Whither shall I go from thy right hand shall save me.
spirit? or whither shall I flee from 8 The Lord will perfect that which thy presence ? concerneth me: thy mercy, O LORD, 8°* If I ascend up into heaven, a Amos 9. 2, endureth for ever: forsake not the thou art there : if I make
bed in works of thine own hands.
hell, behold, thou art there.
9 If I take the wings of the morn-
10 Even there shall thy hand lead
11 If I say, Surely the darkness To the chief Musician, A Psalm of shall cover me; even the night shall David.
be light about me.
12 Yea, b the darkness + hideth b Job 26.6. O
LORD, thou hast searched not from thee; but the night shineth + Heb. me, and known me.
as the day : + the darkness and the darkeneth
reins : thou hast covered me in my
fearfully and wonderfully made: mar-
greatly. tongue, but, lo, O Lord, thou know- soul knoweth † right well. est it altogether.
15 My || substance was not hid Zrength, or,
1 Or, viszerest.
6.-- but the proud he knoweth afar off.] As to the strained me, that I cannot stir without Thy leave. Bp. proud, God “knoweth” and He detesteth them; He Patrick. beholdeth and keepeth them at a distance. Bp. Horne. 7.- from thy spirit ?] By this expression most of
In the former part of this hymn, the fervent zeal the ancient Fathers, and the generality of modern which animates true believers appears in a strong light; interpreters, understand the Holy Ghost. It is also it inclines them to rejoice in God, to worship Him, to clear from Psalm li. 11. &c. that this Person of the sing His praises, and to declare His lovingkindness Trinity was well known to the Jews in the time of David. before all men, even before the great men of the earth, Dimock. that they may learn to fear God, and shew forth His 8.- if I make my bed in hell,] That is, if I lie down glory. Ostervald. From the last verse we learn, that in the grave. Abp. Secker. in troublous times, and the days of affliction, we must 9. If I take the wings &c.] Could I be transported, look back on that which God hath already done for us, with the swiftness of light, to the regions of the farthest and from thence draw an argument, that He will per- east; or could I make my dwelling in the remotest fect that which remains, and not leave His work un- western sea. Travell. finished : we must remember that His mercies fail not the sea ;] That is, the Mediterranean sea, which after a time, but endure for ever the same; and when was west of Judea, Dimock. we call to mind, that we are the work of His own hands, 13. For thou hast possessed my reins :) Or rather, how can we think He will forsake us, unless we utterly Because Thou hast created my reins. This verse conand finally forsake Him? Bp. Horne.
tains the reason why darkness could not screen him from
the Lord, because, He who fashioned the heart and Psalm CXXXIX. It seems evident, from the latter reins, would in every place be able to search them. part of this noble and instructive Psalm, that the author Dimock, Green. penned it at a time when he was persecuted and calum- 14. I will praise thee ; for I am fearfully and wonderpiated, as an appeal to the all-seeing Judge between fully made :] Those who were skilled in anatomy among him and his adversaries. Bp. Horne.
the ancients, concluded from the outward and inward Ver. 2.- afar off.] From Heaven Thy dwelling- make of the human body that it was the work of a place. Green. Long before ;” that is, Long before they Being transcendently wise and powerful. As the world are uttered, is the rendering in the old translation. grew more enlightened in this art, their discoveries gave
3. Thou compassest my path &c.] That is, Thou them fresh opportunities of admiring the conduct of watchest and siftest all my actions, both by day and Providence in the formation of a human body. Galen night. Travell.
was converted by his dissections, and could not but own 5.- laid thine hand upon me.] That is, hast so re- a Supreme Being upon a survey of this His handyVol. II.
|| Or, what days they should be
c Ps. 40. 5.
Ps. 58. 4.
David prayeth for sincerity,
and against his enemies. from thee, when I was made in secret, 12 He comforteth himself by confidence in
1 To the chief Musician, A Psalm of
David. stance, yet being unperfect; and in 1. Heb. all of thy book + all my members were writ- DELIVER me, O Lord, from
the evil man: preserve me from ten, || which in continuance were the + violent man;
1 Heb. mas
of riolences. fashioned, when as yet there was none 2 Which imagine mischiefs in their fashioned. of them.
heart; continually are they gathered
tongues like a serpent; a adders' poi- a Rom. 3. 13.
4 Keep me, O LORD, from the
19 Surely thou wilt slay the wick- from the violent man; who have pur-
5 The proud have hid a snare for
gins for me. Selah. 21 Do not I hate them, O LORD,
6 I said unto the LORD, Thou art that hate thee? and am not I grieved my God: hear the voice of my supwith those that rise up against thee? plications, O Lord.
22 I hate them with perfect hatred: 7 O God the LORD, the strength
of my salvation, thou hast covered my
of the wicked: further not his wicked 24 And see if there be any † wicked device ; || lest they exalt themselves. | Or, let them of pain, or,
way in me, and lead me in the way Selah.
9 As for the head of those that
compass me about, let the mischief of
10 Let burning coals fall upon
-H work. By means of modern discoveries we see new
reverence and awe. It should be interwoven with all wonders in the human frame. In short, the body of our thoughts and perceptions, and become one with the man is such a subject as stands the utmost test of ex- consciousness of our being. It is not to be reflected on amination. Though it appears formed with the nicest with the coldness of philosophy, but ought to sink us wisdom upon a superficial survey of it, it still mends into the lowest prostration before Him, who is so astonupon the search, and produces our surprise and amaze- ishingly great, wonderful, and holy. Addison. ment in proportion as we pry into it. Addison.
15. — in the lowest parts of the earth.] By this ex- Psalm CXL. This Psalm is a prayer of David's for pression is meant “the womb;" where, by the wonder- deliverance from his malicious and treacherous enemies, ful power and wisdom of the Divine Workmaster ope- such as Doeg and the Ziphites, who had undertaken to rating in secret, the human form is gradually fashioned overthrow him, and a prediction of the evils which and matured for its birth. Bp. Horne.
should fall upon them, as a just reward of their dealings 16. Thine eyes did see &c.] When the matter, of with him. Dr. Hammond. which I am made, was without form, it was visible to Ver. 1. — from the violent man ;] Thus Saul is chaThee how all my body should be framed; and accord-racterized, Ps. xviii. 48. Green. ingly all my members were fashioned, and adapted to 3. They have sharpened &c.] That is, By their false their several uses. Bp. Patrick.
accusations, as by so much poison, they have en17. How precious &c.] How precious unto me, 0 deavoured to destroy me. Dr. Wells. God, are the thoughts of Thee! how numerous are the 5. The proud have hid a snare &c.] David here subjects of them! Green.
describes the subtilty and industry employed by his 19. - ye bloody men. Ye blood-thirsty men, shed- enemies to effect his destruction, by lying in wait for ders of blood. Bp. Horne, Poole.
him, as a skilful fowler doth for his game, so that they The consideration that the Divine Being inhabits in- thought it impossible he should escape their hands. finitude, that He dwells among all His works, that He Bp. Horne. is present to the mind of man, and that He discovers gins] Or, "traps.” Old Translation, Himself in a more glorious manner among the regions 9-11. As for the head &c.] The Prophet, in these of the blessed, should be kept awake in us at all times three verses, predicted those just judgments, which and in all places, and possess our minds with a perpetual | Heaven will inflict on the slanderers and persecutors of
+ Heb. way
not be exalled.
Heb.a nes of 109€. 1 Or, ag evil speaker,
sieked man him.
reprore me ;
of rioksca, be established in the carth: det his be hurled to his
He prayeth for acceptance,
PSALMS. and for a conscience free from guilt. them : let them be cast into the fire; 4 Incline not
men that work iniquity: and let me 11 Let not + || an evil speaker be not eat of their dainties. established in the earth : evil shall 5 || Let the righteous smite me; it 10r, Let the hunt the violent man to overthrow shall be a kindness : and let him re- smite me
prove me; it shall be an excellent kindly, and 12 I know that the LORD will oil, which shall not break my head : let not their maintain the cause of the afflicted, for yet my prayer also shall be in break my
head, &c. erer tarok. and the right of the
hear my words; for they are sweet.
7 Our bones are scattered at the PSALM CXLI.
grave's mouth, as when one cutteth i Darid prayeth that his suit may be accept
and cleaveth wood upon the earth. able, 3 his conscience sincere, 7 and his life
8 But mine eyes are unto thee, O
God the Lord: in thee is my trust;
not my soul 9 Keep me from the snares which bare. haste unto me; give ear unto my of the workers of iniquity.
they have laid for me, and voice, when I cry unto thee.
10 Let the wicked fall into their 2 Let my prayer be † set forth
own nets, whilst that I withal tesbefore thee as incense; and the lift
fort was in prayer unto God.
+ Heb. make
LORDI cry unto thee : make
+ Heb. directed .
+ Heb. pass
the righteous. Their lips, which uttered mischief against nacle, where all the solemn prayers of the Israelites, others, shall be the means of covering themselves with together with their daily sacrifices, were offered up. confusion, when out of their own mouths they shall And therefore he begs that God would accept of all be judged. Those tongues, which have contributed to which it was in his power to perform, namely, the deset the world on fire, shall be tormented with the hot votion of his heart, and the elevation of his hands in burning coals of eternal vengeance: and they who with prayer; that the one might ascend to heaven, fragrant so much eagerness and diligence have prepared pits for and well-pleasing as the cloud of “incense” mounting the destruction of their brethren, shall be cast into a from the holy altar; and the other, in conjunction with deep and bottomless pit, out of which they shall never it, prevail instead of the “ evening oblation,” for the rise. Bp. Horne.
deliverance of himself and his companions. Bp. Horne. We are here to observe, that God defends the right- 4. Incline not my heart] “ O let not mine heart be eous from the violence of the wicked; that His vengeance inclined.” Old Translation. pursues cruel and unjust men, and those who slander let me not eat of their dainties.] Let me not parand deceive their neighbours ; that how formidable take of their society. soever their power may appear, He defeats all their de- 6. When their judges &c.] This passage has been signs; and if He suffers the innocent to be oppressed variously rendered. According to our translation, the for a while, He shews at last that He is their Protector, sense may be, “When their judges” (the leaders, prinand gives them occasion to own and celebrate His cipal persons of my enemies)" are overthrown in stony power, justice, and goodness. In this view, and with places,” endeavouring to escape into a place of safety, such a spirit as this, and not with a spirit of resent- they will hearken to my counsels and offers, which they ment and revenge against them that have offended now despise. Poole. 118, we ought to read and meditate on this Psalm. 7. Our bones are scattered &c.] Expressing the great Ostertald.
danger, in which he and his friends were, of being
utterly destroyed by their enemies. Junius. Psalm CXLI. David being driven out of Judea by The chief security against the fruitless anguish of Saul, begs of God grace that he may not sin against impatience, must arise from frequent reflection on the Hin with his tongue, nor be drawn into any sinful com- wisdom and goodness of the God of nature, in whose pliances by living amongst idolaters. He confides in hands are riches and poverty, honour and disgrace, God's help, and prays that He would deliver him from pleasure and pain, life and death. A settled conviction those who sought his ruin. He probably composed this of the tendency of every thing to our good, and the Psalm just before his flight to Achish, king of Gath; possibility of turning miseries into happiness by rewhen he had a second time spared Saul's life, but could ceiving them rightly, will incline us to bless the name trust him no longer. See i Sam. xxvi, and xxvii. 1. of the Lord, whether He gives or takes away. Dr. Green, Bp. Horne.
Johnson. Ver. 2. Let my prayer &c.] This verse plainly shews, that the Psalmist was then at a distance from the taber- Psalm CXLII. This Psalm is entitled, “A prayer of