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Rom. 3. 20.
David's comfort in prayer.
He complaineth of his griefs. 11 Or, A 1 || Maschil of David; A Prayer when prayer. 7 He prayeth for grace, 9 for Psalm of David, giving he was in the cave.
deliverance, 10 for sanctification, 12 for
destruction of his enemies.
CRIED unto the LORD with
| A Psalm of David.
thy righteousness. trouble.
2 And enter not into judgment 3 When my spirit was overwhelm- with thy servant: for a in thy sight a Exod. 54.7. ed within me, then thou knewest my shall no man living be justified. path. In the way wherein I walk- 3 For the enemy hath persecuted ed have they privily laid a snare for my soul; he hath smitten my life
down to the ground; he hath made Or, Look on
4 I | looked on my right hand, me to dwell in darkness, as those that the right hand, and see, and beheld, but there was no man have been long dead. that would know me: refuge + failed
4 Therefore is my spirit overperished from
me; f no man cared for my soul. whelmed within me; my heart within
5 I cried unto thee, O LORD: Ime is desolate.
5 I remember the days of old; I
6 Attend unto my cry; for I am the work of thy hands.
a thirsty land. Selah.
7 Hear me speedily, O Lord: my that I may praise thy name: the spirit faileth : hide not thy face from righteous shall compass me about; me, || lest I be like unto them that go i Or, for I for thou shalt deal bountifully with down into the pit.
like, &c. 8 Cause me to hear thy lovingPSALM CXLIII. kindness in the morning; for in thee
do I trust: cause me to know the 1 David prayeth for favour in judgment.
3 He complaineth of his griefs. 5 He way wherein I should walk; for I lift
strengtheneth his faith by meditation and up my soul unto thee. David when he was in the cave," probably of En-gedi, left all alone, in the garden, and on the cross, gave Himor Adullam; 1 Sam. xxiv. 1—3, and xxii. 1. It is an self unto prayer. Bp. Horne. earnest supplication to God, stating the utter failure of all human assistance, and humbly praying for the Divine Psalm CXLIII. In this Psalm David beseeches God aid. Travell.
that, passing by his manifold sins, and considering only Ver. 1. I cried] Rather, I will cry. The whole of what he suffered from his enemies, He would be pleased, this Psalm seems to be an actual prayer. Bp. Horne. according to His mercies in times past, to hearken unto
3. When my spirit was overwhelmed &c.] Or, When his prayer, to conduct him by His good Spirit, and to my spirit is overwhelmed within me, then Thou know- deliver him from persecution. This being one of the est my path : in the way wherein I walk, have they pri- penitential Psalms, is appointed to be used on Ashvily laid a snare for me. The meaning is, Though Wednesday. Travell
. my thoughts are so broken and confused, that I am Ver. 2. — for in thy sight shall &c.] For if Thou not able to counsel and direct myself in these straits, shouldest proceed according to the rigour of the law, yet Thou knowest the path wherein I walk, Thou the best man living would not be acquitted at Thy art with me, and wilt preserve me from those who tribunal. Bp. Patrick. watch all my steps, and lie in ambush for me. Bp. 3. — he hath made me to dwell &c.] He hath forced Horne.
me to seek my safety in holes and obscure places in the 7. — out of prison,] That is, out of the cave in which wilderness, where I seem
to be buried alive, without any he was confined. Bp. Patrick.
hope of a resurrection. Bp. Patrick. the righteous shall compass me about ;] To join 5. — on the work of thy hands.] On what Thou hast my party and assist me.
done for others in the like distress. Bp. Wilson. The state of David in the cave of Adullam was a state 6. as a thirsty land.] The circumstance of the of utter destitution ; but in that disconsolate, and seem- lands of the East being subject to great dryness, which ingly desperate situation, he desponded not. He had causes them to crack, affords the foundation of this Friend in heaven, into whose bosom he “poured forth figure, which is certainly extremely beautiful ; for these his complaint,” and to whom he told the story of his dry lands have deep chinks, which “thirst” for the trouble and distress. When danger besets us around, rain : this may be observed in India more than any and fear is on every side, let us follow the example of where, a little before the rains fall, and wherever the David, and that of a greater than David, who, when the lands are rich and hard. Harmer. Jews and Gentiles conspired against Him, and He was 8.- in the morning ;] That is, speedily. Dimock.
b! Sam. 22.
He blesseth God for his mercy.
PSALMS. He prayeth for his kingdom's happiness. 9 Deliver me, O LORD, from mine come down : touch the mountains, Hebu hide, enemies: 1 + filee unto thee to hide and they shall smoke. me.
6 e Cast forth lightning, and scatter e Ps. 18 13, 10 Teach me to do thy will; for them: shoot out thine arrows, and dethou art my God: thy spirit is good; stroy them. lead me into the land of uprightness. 7 Send thine + hand from above; + Heb. hands.
11 Quicken me, O Lord, for thy rid me, and deliver me out of great name's sake: for thy righteousness' waters, from the hand of strange sake bring my soul out of trouble. children;
12 And of thy mercy cut off mine 8 Whose mouth speaketh vanity,
9 I will sing a new song unto thee,
him and to man. 5 He prayeth that God praises unto thee.
11 Rid me, and deliver me from
the hand of strange children, whose
, strength, a which teacheth' my hand is a right hand of falsehood: * Heb. to the hands + to war, and my fingers to 12 That our sons may be as plants fight:
grown up in their youth; that our 2 b || My goodness, and my for- daughters may be as corner stones, tress; my high tower, and my deli- + polished after the similitude of a + Heb. cut. verer; my shield, and he in whom I palace: trust; who subdueth my people under 13 That our garners may be full,
affording + all manner of store: that Heb. from 3° Lord, what is man, that thou our sheep may bring forth thousands takest knowledge of him! or the son and ten thousands in our streets : of man, that thou makest account of 14 That our oxen may be † strong 1 Heb. able him !
to labour; that there be no breaking burdens, or, 4. Man is like to vanity: his days in, nor going out; that there be no are as a shadow that passeth away. complaining in our streets.
5 Bow thy heavens, O Lord, and 15 ' Happy is that people, that is I Ps93. 12. 10.- thy spirit is good ; lead me] Let Thy good is spoken in rapture on the regard God had shewn to Spirit lead me. Abp. Secker.
his petition. Mudge. — into the land of uprightness.] Or, “through 7. — great waters,] See the notes on Ps. xviii. 16, plain ground;" the clause before leads to this sense, and on Numb. xxiv. 7. and there is an expression much the same, Ps. xxvii. 11, from the hand of strange children ;] That is, in which the Psalmist prays God to conduct him in a from the Philistines, or from idolaters. Dimock. plain level way, (such was that of God's law,) because 8. – their right hand is &c.] The forms of oaths, like if he went out of that, he should be liable to stumble. other religious ceremonies, have been always various ; Mudge.
but consisting, for the most part, of some bodily action, The Prayer which king David makes at the beginning and of a prescribed form of words. Amongst the Jews, of this Psalm, in these words, “ Enter not into judg- the juror held up his right hand towards heaven, which ment with Thy servant; for in Thy sight shall no man explains this passage. Archdeacon Paley. See the note living be justified;" is of such general use, that there is on Deut. xxxii. 40. no man who has not reason to make it with humility 13. — our garners] Our storehouses. Green. and fervency. His application to God in the time of 14.
- no breaking in, nor going out :) No hostile introuble teaches us, that, whatever danger we are in, we vasion, nor going into captivity. Green. ought to seek for security and comfort in prayer, and The last verse of this Psalm leads us to reflect, wheretrust in God; and to this end we should meditate upon in the peculiar happiness doth now principally consist, His works, and the many proofs He has given in all of that people, whose God is the Lord.”. Their hapages of His lovingkindness towards those that fear Him. piness consists in something far above riches and outBut whether we are in affliction, or in any other state, ward greatness ; it consists in having the Lord Himself
, we ought above all things to beg of God grace to fear the Supreme Governour of the world, to take care of Him, that we may feel the effects of His love, and be them, and to provide all things needful for them. They guided by His good Spirit. Ostervald.
have His wisdom to instruct them; His power to pro
tect them; His mercy to pardon them; His grace to Psalm CXLIV. ver. 3. Lord, what is man, &c.] This adorn them here, and His glory to crown them for ever;
kind to kind.
c Job 7. 17. Ps. 8. 4. Hebr. 2. 6.
d Ps. 39. 5. Job 11.2.
loaden with flesh.
+ Heb. great
David praiseth God
for his goodness, providence, gic. in such a case: yea, happy is that 8 a The Lord is gracious, and full a Exod. 34. people, whose God is the Lord. of compassion; slow to anger, and Numb. 14.
+ of great mercy. PSALM CXLV.
9 The Lord is good to all: and 4 103. 8.
his tender mercies are over all his in mercy. i David praiseth God for his fame, 8 for his
works. goodness, 11 for his kingdom, 14 for his providence, 17 for his saving mercy.
10 All thy works shall praise thee, I David's Psalm of praise.
O Lord; and thy saints shall bless
WILL extol thee, my God, o 11 They shall speak of the glory
king; and I will bless thy name of thy kingdom, and talk of thy
majesty of his kingdom. 3 Great is the Lord, and greatly 13 Thy kingdom is tan everlasting leb. a + Heb. and of to be praised; tand his greatness is kingdom, and thy dominion endureth all ages. unsearchable,
throughout all generations.
honour of thy majesty, and of thy thee ; and thou givest them their + lieb. things, wondrous † works.
meat in due season.
merciful, or, shall sing of thy righteousness. 18 The Lord is nigh unto all them bountiful.
his greatness there is no search.
+ Heb. declare il.
and all because they have the Lord Himself for their move therein ; the earth, with its furniture without, and God, not only for their light, their life, their hope, their contents within ; the magnificent and stupendous ocean, help, their strength, their tower, their sun, their shield, which flows around it; the different tribes of animals and their exceeding great reward, but for their God; inhabiting both the one and the other; and above all, which is infinitely more than can be couched under any the construction of man, the lord of this lower world. other expression whatsoever. What can those persons Under the second class of God's works are ranged all lack who are thus related to, and interested in, Him that those which the Psalmist styles His “terrible acts,” or is all things in Himself? Bp. Beveridge.
the exertions of His power against His enemies; such
as the destruction of the old world by water; of Sodom Psalm CXLV. Hitherto in this Divine book we have and Gomorrah by fire; of Pharaoh and his host in the been presented with chequered scenes of danger and Red sea; of the Canaanitish nations by the sword; and deliverance, distress and mercy. The voice of com- the victory gained over sin and death by the resurrecplaint hath been sometimes succeeded hy that of thanks- tion of Christ. In the third rank stand those works giving; and praise, at other times, hath terminated in which have proceeded from the goodness of God, and prayer. But now, as if the days of mourning in Zion His righteousness in the performance of His promises. were ended, we hear no more of Messiah as a man of And among these we may reckon all the different prosorrows, or of the Church as despised and afflicted, after visions, which have been made by Him for the bodies of the same example, in the world. Henceforth we seem men in the world, and by grace for their souls in the not to be upon earth, but in heaven, mingling with church. On any of these subjects, meditation cannot celestial spirits around the throne, and singing, as in the be long employed without breaking forth into wonder, following Psalm, the praises of our God and King; gratitude, and praise. Bp. Horne. extolling His greatness, His might, His glory, His jus- We can never speak too much upon the goodness of tice, His mercy; the majesty of His kingdom, and all God, nor ought we to be ever weary in hearing about it. His adorable perfections and wondrous works. The Yet it is to be feared that this point is not well congeneral subject of this Psalm makes it suitable to the sidered and applied. For how could we be so void of service of Whit-Sunday, when we celebrate that great love to God, of gratitude towards Him, of faith and blessing, the descent of the Holy Spirit. Bp. Horne, hope in Him, were we thoroughly persuaded, did we Travell.
seriously consider, that He is so exceedingly good toVer. 5—7. I will speak of the glorious honour &c.] wards us? How can we be so insensible of the benefits Those works of God which demand to be celebrated by we enjoy, so distrustful of finding succour in our need, the tongues of men, are here divided into three kinds : so dissatisfied and discontented with what befals us, if First, such as declare His glory, and excite our admira- we conceive and weigh, that all things are guided and tion, whenever we behold them. Of this sort are the governed by immense goodness? How also, if men shining frame of the heavens, and all the bodies which I have such an opinion of God impressed on their minds,
† + PRA
The benefit of trusting in God.
PSALMS. The prophet exhorteth to praise God.
gers; he relieveth the fatherless and
10 The Lord shall reign for ever, h Exod. 15.
his mercy : 7 to praise him for his provi-
dence : 12 to praise him for his blessings 1 The psalmist voweth perpetual praises to
upon the kingdom, 15 for his power over God. 3 He exhorteth not to trust in man.
the meteors, 19 and for his ordinances in
the LORD: for it is RAISE ye the Lord. Praise good to sing praises unto our Hallelujah.
the LORD, O my soul. God; for it is pleasant; and praise is
3 a Put not your trust in princes, casts of Israel.
and bindeth up their + wounds. 4 Reb.griefs.
5 Happy is he that hath the God 5 Great is our Lord, and of great of Jacob for his help, whose hope is power: + his understanding is infinite. + Heb. in the LORD his God :
6 The Lord lifteth
7 Sing unto the Lord with thanks-
clouds, who prepareth rain for the
41. loveth the righteous :
and to the
young ravens which cry.
8 P. 118. S, 9.
the meek: of his under
Ps. 104, 27, 28.
comes it to pass, that they are so little careful to imitate fide alone in God, who is the Creator of the world, who Him in kindness, bounty, and mercy to one another? loves truth and equity, does right to those that are Dr. Isaac Barrow.
oppressed, and delivers them; and who will reign for
ever for the defence of His people and children. OsterPsalm CXLVI. It is observable that, in the original, vald. this and the following Psalms all begin and end with Hallelujah, that is, Praise ye the Lord. The Psalmist Psalm CXLVII. This is a Psalm of praise : by the here extols the name of God, and calls upon all men second, third, and thirteenth verses, it seems to have to place their confidence in Him alone, who is the been composed just after the restoration from captivity Creator, the Preserver, and the Governour of the uni- upon the rebuilding of Jerusalem. Mudge. Whether it verse, the Protector of the helpless, and the everlasting were composed upon the above occasion or not, it is an King of His people. Travell.
earnest exhortation to praise God for the illustrious Ver. 4.- his thoughts] All his devices and con- proofs of His power, wisdom, mercy, and justice totrivances. Dr. Wall.
wards all His creatures, and more especially for the We may learn from this Psalm : 1. That the best use abundant marks of His kindness and favour, which He we can make of our lives is to employ them in praising bestowed upon His chosen people. Travell. and glorifying God's holy name : 2. That it is a great Ver. 2. The Lord doth build &c.] It is the Lord folly to put our trust in princes, or in any man, since they that enables us to build up Jerusalem again, Ezra vi. are mortal, and therefore are mere weakness, and even 14, and encourages all our brethren, that still remain in as nothing; but to enjoy true happiness, we must con- / foreign countries, to return home. Dr. Wells.
in his mercy.
+ Heb. Who maketh thy
The prophet exhorteth to praise God. PSALMS.
All are exhorted to praise God. 10 He delighteth not in the strength terrestrial, 11 and the rational creatures to of the horse: he taketh not pleasure
praise God. in the legs of a man,
RAISE ye the Lord. Praise Ill.ba
Hallelujak. 11 The Lord taketh pleasure in
the Lord from the heavens:
2 Praise ye him, all his angels :
3 Praise ye him, sun and moon :
waters that be above the hea-
Lord: for he commanded, and they
for ever and ever: he hath made a de-
ye dragons, and all deeps :
10 Beasts, and all cattle; creeping
+ Heb. birds
of wing. Jacob, his statutes and his judgments 11 Kings of the earth, and all
ple; princes, and all judges of the 20 He hath not dealt so with
13 Let them praise the name of
the LORD: for his name alone is PSALM CXLVIII.
t excellent; his glory is above the + Heb. 1 The psalmist exhorteth the celestial, 7 the earth and heaven.
+ Heb. his words.
10. He delighteth not &c.] Hegrants not His favour most high God. This hymn is elegantly imitated, and to the nations which excel in military power, in cavalry put into the mouth of Adam by our countryman Milton, and infantry ; but He “taketh pleasure &c.” ver. 11. (Paradise Lost, b. v.) who is justly accounted the next
13. For he huth strengthened &c.] That is, He hath in sublimity to those poets who wrote under the influenabled us to fortify again the city of Jerusalem with ence of Divine inspiration. In truth, if we consider walls and gates. See Neh. vi. 15, 16. Dr. Wells. man on his first creation, such as the sacred writings
15. He sendeth forth &c.] Whatsoever His pleasure represent him; in perfect possession of reason and is concerning His creatures upon earth, it is speedily speech; neither ignorant of his own nor of the Divine and effectually accomplished. Bp. Hall.
nature, but fully conscious of the goodness, majesty, 17. — his ice] Meaning the hail. Street.
and power of God; not an unobservant spectator of the This Psalm presents us with two grand motives to beautiful fabrick of the universe; it is most probable
, induce us to love and praise God. The first, which is that on the contemplation of these objects his heart common to us with the Jews, and with all men, is would glow with gratitude and love, and that the effect taken from the power and wonderful wisdom by which of such an emotion would be an effusion of praise to He governs the world. The second is taken from the his great Creator, accompanied with a suitable energy blessings God bestowed on the Jews; and particularly and exaltation of voice. Indeed we scarcely seem to for granting them, together with His protection, the conceive rightly of that original and perfect state of peace and plenty, which they enjoyed in the land of man, unless we assign to him some of the aids of harCanaan, and giving them His holy word and His law. mony and poetical expression, to enable him to testify, In this respect we have still stronger motives to praise in terms becoming the dignity of the subject, his devout the Lord, in consideration of the spiritual blessings affections towards his infinite Creator. Bp. Lowth. vouchsafed to us; among which, the most valuable pri- Ver. 7. - ye dragons,] The word here translated vilege of all is, to be enlightened by the Gospel, and by “ dragons,” probably means whales and other sea the knowledge of His will. Ostervald.
monsters. Dimock. See note on Lam. iv. 3.
8. Fire,] That is, lightning. Dimock. Psalm CXLVIII. In this most beautiful Psalm the 9. and all cedars :] Comprehending alt forest whole creation is incited to celebrate the glory of the I trees.