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sence of the enemy.

Or, what




4 There is a companion, which re- I wont to tell him more than seven about 200, joiceth in the prosperity of a friend, watchmen, that sit above in an high about 200.

but in the time of trouble will be tower.
against him.

15 And above all this pray to the
5 There is a companion, which most High, that he will direct thy

helpeth his friend for the belly, and way in truth. | Or, in pre- taketh up the buckler || against the 16 Let reason go


every en-

terprize, and counsel before every
6 Forget not thy friend in thy action.
mind, and be not unmindful of him 17 The countenance is a sign of
in thy riches.

changing of the heart.
7 Every counseller extolleth coun- 18 Four manner of things appear:
sel ; but there is some that coun- good and evil, life and death : but
selleth for himself.

the tongue ruleth over them conti-
8 Beware of a counseller, and nually.

know before || what need he hath ; 19 There is one that is wise and use there is of

for he will counsel for himself; lest teacheth many, and yet is unprofit-
he cast the lot upon thee,

able to himself.
9 And say unto thee, Thy way is 20 There is one that sheweth wis-
good : and afterward he stand on the dom in words, and is hated: he shall
other side, to see what shall befall be destitute of all || food.

1 Or, wisdom. thee.

21 For grace is not given him
10 Consult not with one that sus from the Lord; because he is de-
pecteth thee: and hide thy counsel prived of all wisdom.
from such as envy thee.

22 Another is wise to himself;
11 Neither consult with a woman and the fruits of understanding are
touching her of whom she is jealous; commendable in his mouth.
neither with a coward in matters of 23 A wise man instructeth his

war; nor with a merchant concerning ple; and the fruits of his understand-
exchange; nor with a buyer of selling fail not.
ing; nor with an envious man of 24 A wise man shall be filled with
thankfulness; nor with an unmerciful blessing; and all they that see him
man touching kindness; nor with the shall count him happy.
slothful for any work; nor with an 25 The days of the life of man
hireling for a year of finishing work; may be numbered: but the days of
nor with an idle servant of much bu- Israel are innumerable.
siness: hearken not unto these in


26 A wise man shall inherit llglory | Or, credit. matter of counsel.

among his people, and his name shall
12 But be continually with a godly be perpetual.
man, whom thou knowest to keep the 27 My son, prove thy soul in thy
commandments of the Lord, whose life, and see what is evil for it, and
mind is according to thy mind, and give not that unto it.
will sorrow with thee, if thou shalt 28 For all things are not profit-

able for all men, neither hath every
13 And let the counsel of thine soul pleasure in every thing.
own heart stand: for there is no man 29 Be not unsatiable in any dainty
more faithful unto thee than it. thing, nor too greedy upon meats:
14 For a man's mind is sometime

30 For || excess of meats bringeth metariety

by what he personally suffered from some false friend, 17. The countenance is a sign, &c.] That is, The counor it arises from the general prevalence of the vice of tenance shews whether the heart be gay or sorrowful, hypocrisy in his time. Arnald.

content or afflicted. Arnald. 5. which helpeth his friend for the belly,] Which 18. but the tongue ruleth over them] Implying, that helpeth his friend, not from any regard to him, but for the tongue which confers a good or bad reputation, the table which he keeps, and the subsistence he derives commands the greatest good of life. Calmet. from him. Arnald.

25. the days of Israel are innumerable.] The true 8. lest he cast the lot upon thee,] The Latin version Israelite liveth for evermore, and his name shall not be gives a preferable sense, “Lest he throw some impedi- blotted out. Arnald. ment or stumblingblock in thy way.” Calmet, Arnald. 27. prove thy soul in thy life,] Study and know thy

14.— than seven watchmen, that sit above &c.] See own powers, and undertake nothing before thou hast note at 2 Kings ix. 17.

ascertained thy ability for it. . Calmet.



1 Or, as a dead men.




Apocrypha. sickness, and surfeiting will turn into 11 Give a sweet savour, and a meabout 200. choler.

morial of fine flour; and make a fat about 200. 31 By surfeiting have many pe- offering, || as not being. rished; but he that taketh heed

pro- 12 Then give place to the physilongeth his life.

cian, for the Lord hath created him:

let him not go from thee, for thou CHAP. XXXVIII.

hast need of him.

13 There is a time when in their
1 Honour due to the physician, and why. 16
How to weep and mourn for the dead.

hands there is good success.
The wisdom of the learned man, and of the 14 For they shall also pray unto
labourer and artificer : with the use of them the Lord, that he would prosper that, ,

which they give for ease and ll re- 1 Or, caring. ONOUR a physician with the medy to prolong life.

15 He that sinneth before his uses which ye may have of him: for Maker, let him fall into the hand of the Lord hath created him.

the physician.
2 For of the most High cometh 16 My son, let tears fall down
| Or, a gift. healing, and he shall receive || honour over the dead, and begin to lament,
of the king;

as if thou hadst suffered great harm
3 The skill of the physician shall thyself; and then cover his body ac-
lift up his head : and in the sightcording to the custom, and neglect
of great men he shall be in admira- not his burial.

17 Weep bitterly, and make great
4 The Lord hath created medi- moan, and use lamentation, as he is
cines out of the earth ; and he that is worthy, and that a day or two, lest
wise will not abhor them.

thou be evil spoken of: and then 5 a Was not the water made sweet comfort thyself for thy heaviness. with wood, that the virtue thereof 18 For of heaviness cometh death, might be known?

and the heaviness of the cheart break- & Prov. 13.
6 And he hath given men skill, eth strength.
that he might be honoured in his 19 In affliction also sorrow
marvellous works.

maineth: and the life of the poor is
7 With such doth he heal [men,] the curse of the heart.
and taketh away their pains.

20 Take no heaviness to heart:
8 Of such doth the apothecary drive it away, and remember the last
make a confection; and of his works end.
there is no end; and from him is 21 Forget it not, for there is no
peace over all the earth.

turning again : thou shalt not do him 9 My son, in thy sickness be not good, but hurt thyself. 1. Is 21. 58. 2. negligent: but "pray unto the Lord, 22 Remember || my judgment: for 1 Or, the

and he will make thee whole. thine also shall be so; yesterday for

10 Leave off from sin, and order me, and to day for thee. thine hands aright, and cleanse thy 23 d When the dead is at rest, let d2 Sam. 12. heart from all wickedness.

his remembrance rest; and be com

a Exod. 15. 25.

13. & 17.


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30. — will turn into choler.] Will cause bilious dis- 15. let him fall into the hand] He will fall into the orders.

hand, &c. Calmet. The sense is, that God will bring

upon him “that sinneth before his Maker” sickness and Chap. XXXVIII. ver. 1. the Lord hath created him.] disease, so as to make necessary the help of a physician. Hath blessed him with the power of attaining the know- Arnald. ledge which he possesses.

17.- and that a day or two, &c.] Respecting the cus5. Was not the water made sweet &c.] It is thought toms of mourning over the dead in the East, see notes by many, that the author here makes allusion to the at Gen. 1. 10; 2 Sam. xii. 20; Jer. ix. 17. sweetening of the waters at Marah, Exod. xv. 25. Calmet. 19. - the life of the poor is the curse of the heart.

8. -- from him is peace] That is, health and comfort. The sense seems to be, The poor, living in continual Arnald.

abasement and affliction, is ever ready to burst out into 11. Give a sweet savour,

&c. as not being.] That is, impatience and to curse his hard lot. Calmet. In thy sickness offer freely unto God, as one that is 21. thou shalt not do him good,] Thou shalt not do leaving the world, and has but little hope of life: but good to one that is dead. Calmet. think not thyself (ver. 12.) in so desperate a condition 22. Remember my judgment : &c.] Thus, as some inas to hinder thee from making use of proper medicines terpret, the dead addresses the living, Remember the for thy recovery. Calmet.

sentence of mortality passed upon me; as my present


about 200.

breed of bullocks!

furrows; and is diligent to give the B the law of the most High, and is


Apocrypha. forted for him, when his spirit is they shall not be found where para- c Hiki's T about 200. departed from him.

bles are spoken.
24 The wisdom of a learned man 34 But they will maintain the
cometh by opportunity of leisure: state of the world, and (all] their
and he that hath little business shall desire is in the work of their craft.
become wise.
25 How can he get wisdom that

holdeth the plough, and that glorieth
in the goad, that driveth oxen, and is 1 A description of him that is truly wise.

12 An exhortation to praise God for his
occupied in their labours, and whose

works; which are good to the yood, and + Gr. of the talk is † of bullocks?

eril to them that are evil. 26 He giveth his mind to make

UT he
kine fodder.

27 So every carpenter and work- occupied in the meditation thereof,
master, that laboureth night and day: will seek out the wisdom of all the
and they that cut and grave seals, ancient, and be occupied in prophe-
and are diligent to make great va- cies.
riety, and give themselves to coun- 2 He will keep the sayings of the
terfeit imagery, and watch to finish a renowned men: and where subtil

parables are, he will be there also.
28 The smith also sitting by the 3 He will seek out the secrets of

, and considering the iron work, grave sentences, and be conversant
the vapour of the fire wasteth his in dark parables.
flesh, and he fighteth with the heat 4 He shall serve among great men,
of the furnace: the noise of the ham- and appear before princes: he will
mer and the anvil is ever in his ears, travel through strange countries; for
and his eyes look still upon the pat- he hath tried the good and the evil
tern of the thing that he maketh; he among men.
setteth his mind to finish his work, 5 He will give his heart to resort
and watcheth to polish it perfectly: early to the Lord that made him, and

29 So doth the potter sitting at will pray before the most High, and
his work, and turning the wheel about will open his mouth in prayer, and
with his feet, who is alway carefully make supplication for his sins.
set at his work, and maketh all his 6 When the great Lord will, he
work by number;

shall be filled with the spirit of un-
30 He fashioneth the clay with his derstanding : he shall pour out wise

arm, and || boweth down his strength sentences, and give thanks unto the with his feet. before his feet; he applieth himself Lord in his prayer.

to lead it over; and he is diligent to 7 He shall direct his counsel and
make clean the furnace:

knowledge, and in his secrets shall he
31 All these trust to their hands : | meditate.
and every one is wise in his work. 8 He shall shew forth that which

32 Without these cannot a city be he hath learned, and shall glory in
inhabited : and they shall not dwell the law of the covenant of the Lord.
where they will, nor go up and down: 9 Many shall commend his un-

33 They shall not be sought for in derstanding; and so long as the world publick counsel, nor sit high in the endureth, it shall not be blotted out; congregation: they shall not sit on his memorial shall not depart away, the judges' seat, nor understand the and his name shall live from generasentence of judgment: they cannot tion to generation.

! Or, tempereth it

declare justice and judgment; and 10 a Nations shall shew forth his a Chap. 44. state is, so will thy condition be soon; to-day was my - to lead it over ;] Or to glaze it: melted lead is turn, to-morrow will be thy visitation; what has hap- used in potteries for the purpose of glazing earthen pened to me is thine and every man's lot. Arnald.

29. — turning the wheel about with his feet,] The 34. But they will maintain &c.] Meaning, that the manner in which potters worked in different countries conveniences of life, and very much that contributes to is described as different. See Jer. xviii. 3. Homer de- the welfare and comforts of society, depend on the scribes the potter as turning the wheel with his hands. useful exertions of the labouring part of the community, Calmet.

each in his several craft and calling. Arnald.






1. Or, gain unto il.


b Gen. 1. 31. Mark 7, 37.


Apocrypha. wisdom, and the congregation shall 23 As he bath turned the waters CHRIST about 200. declare his praise.

into saltness : so shall the heathen in- about 20.
11 If he die, he shall leave a herit his wrath.
greater name than a thousand: and if 24 ° As his ways are plain unto c Hos. 14. 9.
he live, he shall || increase it. the holy; so are they stumbling blocks

12 Yet have I more to say, which unto the wicked.
I have thought upon; for I am filled 25 For the good are good things
as the moon at the full.

created from the beginning: so evil
13 Hearken unto me, ye holy things for sinners.

children, and bud forth as a rose 26 The principal things for the !! Or, rivers of growing by the || brook of the field : whole use of man's life are water, fire,

14 And give ye a sweet savour as iron, and salt, flour of wheat, honey,
frankincense, and flourish as a lily, milk, and the blood of the grape, and
send forth a smell, and sing a song oil, and clothing:
of praise, bless the Lord in all his 27 All these things are for good to

the godly: so to the sinners they are
15 Magnify his name, and shew turned into evil.
forth his praise with the songs of your 28 There be spirits that are creat-
lips, and with harps, and in praising ed for vengeance, which in their fury

after this manner : lay on sore strokes; in the time of
16 All the works of the Lord are destruction they pour out their force,
exceeding good, and whatsoever he and appease the wrath of him that
commandeth shall be accomplished in made them.
due season.

29 Fire, and hail, and famine, and
17 And none may say, What is death, all these were created for
this ? wherefore is that? for at time vengeance;
convenient they shall all be sought out: 30 Teeth of wild beasts, and scor-
at his commandment the waters stood pions, || serpents and the sword, pu- 1 Or, riper.
as an heap, and at the words of his nishing the wicked to destruction.
mouth the receptacles of waters. 31 They shall rejoice in his com-

18 At his commandment is done mandment, and they shall be ready
whatsoever pleaseth him; and none upon earth, when need is ; and when
can hinder, when he will save. their time is come, they shall not

19 The works of all flesh are be- transgress his word.
fore him, and nothing can be hid from 32 Therefore from the beginning

I was resolved, and thought upon
20 He seeth from everlasting to these things, and have left them in
everlasting; and there is nothing writing.
wonderful before him.

33 All the works of the Lord are
21 A man need not to say, What good: and he will give every needful
is this? wherefore is that? for he hath thing in due season.
made all things for their uses.

34 So that a man cannot say, This
22 His blessing covered the dry is worse than that: for in time they
land as a river, and watered it as a shall all be well approved.

35 And therefore praise ye the Chap. XXXIX. ver. 12. - I am filled as the moon at and appease the wrath of him that made them.] the full.] The translations differ here: according to Appease the Divine wrath by executing His appointed some, the sense may be, I make gradual progress in judgments to the full. Junius. knowledge, as the moon gradually increases to the full. 29. and death,] Meaning the pestilence and other Calmet.

scourges, which cause certain and rapid death. Calmet. 17. - the waters stood as an heap,] Referring to the 31. They shall rejoice in his commandment,] The things miraculous passage of the Red sea and the river Jordan. in the natural world, which are used as the instruments

23. As he hath turned the waters into saltness :] In the of the Divine judgments, are here, by a strong figure of destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Calmet.

speech, represented as listening to the Divine command, 27. All these things are for good to the godly :] To the and rejoicing in their appointed work. Arnald. See good, these things, necessary to the life of man, prove a Jer. xlvii. 6; and the note there. blessing by the laudable use which they make of them ; 34.- for in time they shall all be well approved.] Thus but to the wicked they prove evil and pernicious, from it is only our ignorance, or partial consideration of the the manner in which they abuse them. Calmet. works of nature, that makes us think we see great faults

28. There be spirits &c.] Evil spirits, who are used in them. But if we examine into them more closely, or as the instruments of Divine vengeance on sinners. if we try to mend them, it very soon appears that the Calmet.

mistake is in ourselves. Bp. Leng,

his eyes.



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Before CHRIST about 200.

c Gen. 7. 11.

ch. 41. 10.

a Eccles, 1.3.



Before Lord with the whole heart and mouth, 10 These things are created for
about 200. and bless the name of the Lord. the wicked, and for their sakes came

the flood. CHAP. XL.

11 d All things that are of the d Gen. 3. 19.

earth shall turn to the earth again :
1 Many miseries in a man's life. 12 The and that which is of the waters doth e Eccles. 1. 7.

reward of unrighteousness, and the fruit of
true dealing. 17 A virtuous wife and an

return into the sea.
honest friend rejoice the heart, but the fear 12 All + bribery and injustice shall + Gr. bribes.
of the Lord is above all. 28 A beggar's be blotted out : but true dealing shall
life is hateful.

endure for ever.
REAT a travail is created for 13 The goods of the unjust shall

every man, and an heavy yoke be dried up like a river, and shall
is upon the sons of Adam, from the vanish with noise, like a great thunder
day that they go out of their mother's in rain.
womb, till the day that they return 14 While he openeth his hand he
to the mother of all things.

shall rejoice: so shall transgressors
2 Their imagination of things to come to nought.
come, and the day of death, (trouble] 15 The children of the ungodly
their thoughts, and (cause] fear of shall not bring forth many branches :

but are as unclean roots upon a hard
3 From him that sitteth on a throne rock.
of glory, unto him that is humbled in 16 * The weed growing upon every fJob 8. 11. &
earth and ashes;

water and & bank of a river shall be 4 From him that weareth purple pulled up before all grass. and a crown, || unto him that is cloth- 17 Bountifulness is as || a most || Or, a

garden that is ed with a linen frock.

fruitful garden, and mercifulness en- blessed.
5 Wrath, and envy, trouble, and dureth for ever.
unquietness, fear of death, and anger, 18 To labour, and to h be content h Phil. 4. 11.
and strife, and in the time of rest with that a man hath, is a sweet life:
upon his bed his night sleep, do but he that findeth a treasure is above
change his knowledge.

them both.
6 A little or nothing is his rest, 19 Children and the building of a
and afterward he is in his sleep, as in city continue a man's name: but a
a day of keeping watch, troubled in blameless wife is counted above them
the vision of his heart, as if he were both.
escaped out of a battle.

20 Wine and musick rejoice the
7 When all is safe, he awaketh, heart: but the love of wisdom is above
and marvelleth that the fear was them both.

21 The pipe and the psaltery make
8 [Such things happen) unto all sweet melody : but a pleasant tongue
flesh, both man and beast, and that is is above them both.
sevenfold more upon sinners.

22 Thine eye desireth favour and b Chap. 39.

9 b Death, and bloodshed, strife, beauty: but more than both corn
and sword, calamities, famine, tribu- while it is green.
lation, and the scourge;

23 A friend and companion never

g Gen. 41. 3.

Il Or, to the porter.

1 Tim. 6. 6.

29, 30.

Chap. XL. ver. 2. Their imagination of things &c.] food, which soon passes hy, and is dried up. Calmet. This passage is thought to be corrupted. The construc- See Job vi. 15; and the notes there. tion is perplexed, and chiefly so for want of a verb to 14. While he openeth his hand &c.] While the just connect the whole, and give it a determinate sense; and liberal man openeth his hand," he shall rejoice," which our translators have attempted to supply by in- but transgressors shall come to nought. Junius, Arnald. serting the verbs “trouble” and “cause.” Arnald. 16. The weed growing upon every water &c.] The word

4. - unto him that is clothed with a linen frock.] The translated “weed" properly signifies sedge, growing in word properly means, " with raw linen.” In Egypt, marshes, and especially on the borders of the Nile; this where the author of this book is thought to have written, is of rapid growth, but is soon plucked up for fuel. So, the common people universally wear linen frocks, dyed it is intimated, shall be the fate of the wicked. Calmet. with indigo. The expression here may mean, undyed Compare Job viii

. 11, 12; and see the notes there. cloth of the crudest kind, worse than that ordinarily 18. - he that findeth a treasure] He that is made rich worn by the common people. Harmer.

by the free bounty of Providence. 5. - do change his knowledge.] Trouble his mind, dis- 22.- corn while it is green.] Which combines what is turb his thoughts. Calmet.

pleasing in outward appearance with what is serviceable 13. — like a river,] Like a sudden torrent or land to the necessities of life. Junius.

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