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sence of the enemy.
4 There is a companion, which re- I wont to tell him more than seven about 200, joiceth in the prosperity of a friend, watchmen, that sit above in an high about 200.
but in the time of trouble will be tower.
15 And above all this pray to the
helpeth his friend for the belly, and way in truth. | Or, in pre- taketh up the buckler || against the 16 Let reason go
terprize, and counsel before every
changing of the heart.
the tongue ruleth over them conti-
know before || what need he hath ; 19 There is one that is wise and use there is of
for he will counsel for himself; lest teacheth many, and yet is unprofit-
able to himself.
1 Or, wisdom. thee.
21 For grace is not given him
22 Another is wise to himself;
26 A wise man shall inherit llglory | Or, credit. matter of counsel.
among his people, and his name shall
able for all men, neither hath every
30 For || excess of meats bringeth metariety
by what he personally suffered from some false friend, 17. The countenance is a sign, &c.] That is, The counor it arises from the general prevalence of the vice of tenance shews whether the heart be gay or sorrowful, hypocrisy in his time. Arnald.
content or afflicted. Arnald. 5. — which helpeth his friend for the belly,] Which 18. — but the tongue ruleth over them] Implying, that helpeth his friend, not from any regard to him, but for the tongue which confers a good or bad reputation, the table which he keeps, and the subsistence he derives commands the greatest good of life. Calmet. from him. Arnald.
25. — the days of Israel are innumerable.] The true 8. — lest he cast the lot upon thee,] The Latin version Israelite liveth for evermore, and his name shall not be gives a preferable sense, “Lest he throw some impedi- blotted out. Arnald. ment or stumblingblock in thy way.” Calmet, Arnald. 27. — prove thy soul in thy life,] Study and know thy
14.— than seven watchmen, that sit above &c.] See own powers, and undertake nothing before thou hast note at 2 Kings ix. 17.
ascertained thy ability for it. . Calmet.
1 Or, as a dead men.
Apocrypha. sickness, and surfeiting will turn into 11 Give a sweet savour, and a meabout 200. choler.
morial of fine flour; and make a fat about 200. 31 By surfeiting have many pe- offering, || as not being. rished; but he that taketh heed
pro- 12 Then give place to the physilongeth his life.
cian, for the Lord hath created him:
let him not go from thee, for thou CHAP. XXXVIII.
hast need of him.
13 There is a time when in their
hands there is good success.
which they give for ease and ll re- 1 Or, caring. ONOUR a physician with the medy to prolong life.
15 He that sinneth before his uses which ye may have of him: for Maker, let him fall into the hand of the Lord hath created him.
as if thou hadst suffered great harm
17 Weep bitterly, and make great
thou be evil spoken of: and then 5 a Was not the water made sweet comfort thyself for thy heaviness. with wood, that the virtue thereof 18 For of heaviness cometh death, might be known?
and the heaviness of the cheart break- & Prov. 13.
maineth: and the life of the poor is
20 Take no heaviness to heart:
turning again : thou shalt not do him 9 My son, in thy sickness be not good, but hurt thyself. 1. Is 21. 58. 2. negligent: but "pray unto the Lord, 22 Remember || my judgment: for 1 Or, the
and he will make thee whole. thine also shall be so; yesterday for
10 Leave off from sin, and order me, and to day for thee. thine hands aright, and cleanse thy 23 d When the dead is at rest, let d2 Sam. 12. heart from all wickedness.
his remembrance rest; and be com
a Exod. 15. 25.
13. & 17.
30. — will turn into choler.] Will cause bilious dis- 15. let him fall into the hand] He will fall into the orders.
hand, &c. Calmet. The sense is, that God will bring
upon him “that sinneth before his Maker” sickness and Chap. XXXVIII. ver. 1. — the Lord hath created him.] disease, so as to make necessary the help of a physician. Hath blessed him with the power of attaining the know- Arnald. ledge which he possesses.
17.- and that a day or two, &c.] Respecting the cus5. Was not the water made sweet &c.] It is thought toms of mourning over the dead in the East, see notes by many, that the author here makes allusion to the at Gen. 1. 10; 2 Sam. xii. 20; Jer. ix. 17. sweetening of the waters at Marah, Exod. xv. 25. Calmet. 19. - the life of the poor is the curse of the heart.
8. -- from him is peace] That is, health and comfort. The sense seems to be, The poor, living in continual Arnald.
abasement and affliction, is ever ready to burst out into 11. Give a sweet savour,
&c. as not being.] That is, impatience and to curse his hard lot. Calmet. In thy sickness offer freely unto God, as one that is 21. — thou shalt not do him good,] Thou shalt not do leaving the world, and has but little hope of life: but good to one that is dead. Calmet. think not thyself (ver. 12.) in so desperate a condition 22. Remember my judgment : &c.] Thus, as some inas to hinder thee from making use of proper medicines terpret, the dead addresses the living, Remember the for thy recovery. Calmet.
sentence of mortality passed upon me; as my present
breed of bullocks!
furrows; and is diligent to give the B the law of the most High, and is
Apocrypha. forted for him, when his spirit is they shall not be found where para- c Hiki's T about 200. departed from him.
bles are spoken.
12 An exhortation to praise God for his
works; which are good to the yood, and + Gr. of the talk is † of bullocks?
eril to them that are evil. 26 He giveth his mind to make
27 So every carpenter and work- occupied in the meditation thereof,
parables are, he will be there also.
, and considering the iron work, grave sentences, and be conversant
29 So doth the potter sitting at will pray before the most High, and
shall be filled with the spirit of un-
arm, and || boweth down his strength sentences, and give thanks unto the with his feet. before his feet; he applieth himself Lord in his prayer.
to lead it over; and he is diligent to 7 He shall direct his counsel and
knowledge, and in his secrets shall he
32 Without these cannot a city be he hath learned, and shall glory in
33 They shall not be sought for in derstanding; and so long as the world publick counsel, nor sit high in the endureth, it shall not be blotted out; congregation: they shall not sit on his memorial shall not depart away, the judges' seat, nor understand the and his name shall live from generasentence of judgment: they cannot tion to generation.
! Or, tempereth it
declare justice and judgment; and 10 a Nations shall shew forth his a Chap. 44. state is, so will thy condition be soon; to-day was my - to lead it over ;] Or to glaze it: melted lead is turn, to-morrow will be thy visitation; what has hap- used in potteries for the purpose of glazing earthen pened to me is thine and every man's lot. Arnald.
29. — turning the wheel about with his feet,] The 34. But they will maintain &c.] Meaning, that the manner in which potters worked in different countries conveniences of life, and very much that contributes to is described as different. See Jer. xviii. 3. Homer de- the welfare and comforts of society, depend on the scribes the potter as turning the wheel with his hands. useful exertions of the labouring part of the community, Calmet.
each in his several craft and calling. Arnald.
1. Or, gain unto il.
b Gen. 1. 31. Mark 7, 37.
Apocrypha. wisdom, and the congregation shall 23 As he bath turned the waters CHRIST about 200. declare his praise.
into saltness : so shall the heathen in- about 20.
12 Yet have I more to say, which unto the wicked.
created from the beginning: so evil
children, and bud forth as a rose 26 The principal things for the !! Or, rivers of growing by the || brook of the field : whole use of man's life are water, fire,
14 And give ye a sweet savour as iron, and salt, flour of wheat, honey,
the godly: so to the sinners they are
after this manner : lay on sore strokes; in the time of
29 Fire, and hail, and famine, and
18 At his commandment is done mandment, and they shall be ready
19 The works of all flesh are be- transgress his word.
I was resolved, and thought upon
33 All the works of the Lord are
34 So that a man cannot say, This
35 And therefore praise ye the Chap. XXXIX. ver. 12. - I am filled as the moon at and appease the wrath of him that made them.] the full.] The translations differ here: according to Appease the Divine wrath by executing His appointed some, the sense may be, I make gradual progress in judgments to the full. Junius. knowledge, as the moon gradually increases to the full. 29. — and death,] Meaning the pestilence and other Calmet.
scourges, which cause certain and rapid death. Calmet. 17. - the waters stood as an heap,] Referring to the 31. They shall rejoice in his commandment,] The things miraculous passage of the Red sea and the river Jordan. in the natural world, which are used as the instruments
23. As he hath turned the waters into saltness :] In the of the Divine judgments, are here, by a strong figure of destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah. Calmet.
speech, represented as listening to the Divine command, 27. All these things are for good to the godly :] To the and rejoicing in their appointed work. Arnald. See good, these things, necessary to the life of man, prove a Jer. xlvii. 6; and the note there. blessing by the laudable use which they make of them ; 34.- for in time they shall all be well approved.] Thus but to the wicked they prove evil and pernicious, from it is only our ignorance, or partial consideration of the the manner in which they abuse them. Calmet. works of nature, that makes us think we see great faults
28. There be spirits &c.] Evil spirits, who are used in them. But if we examine into them more closely, or as the instruments of Divine vengeance on sinners. if we try to mend them, it very soon appears that the Calmet.
mistake is in ourselves. Bp. Leng,
Before CHRIST about 200.
c Gen. 7. 11.
ch. 41. 10.
a Eccles, 1.3.
the flood. CHAP. XL.
11 d All things that are of the d Gen. 3. 19.
earth shall turn to the earth again :
reward of unrighteousness, and the fruit of
return into the sea.
endure for ever.
every man, and an heavy yoke be dried up like a river, and shall
shall rejoice: so shall transgressors
but are as unclean roots upon a hard
water and & bank of a river shall be 4 From him that weareth purple pulled up before all grass. and a crown, || unto him that is cloth- 17 Bountifulness is as || a most || Or, a
garden that is ed with a linen frock.
fruitful garden, and mercifulness en- blessed.
20 Wine and musick rejoice the
21 The pipe and the psaltery make
22 Thine eye desireth favour and b Chap. 39.
9 b Death, and bloodshed, strife, beauty: but more than both corn
23 A friend and companion never
g Gen. 41. 3.
Il Or, to the porter.
1 Tim. 6. 6.
Chap. XL. ver. 2. Their imagination of things &c.] food, which soon passes hy, and is dried up. Calmet. This passage is thought to be corrupted. The construc- See Job vi. 15; and the notes there. tion is perplexed, and chiefly so for want of a verb to 14. While he openeth his hand &c.] While the just connect the whole, and give it a determinate sense; and liberal man openeth his hand," he shall rejoice," which our translators have attempted to supply by in- but transgressors shall come to nought. Junius, Arnald. serting the verbs “trouble” and “cause.” Arnald. 16. The weed growing upon every water &c.] The word
4. - unto him that is clothed with a linen frock.] The translated “weed" properly signifies sedge, growing in word properly means, " with raw linen.” In Egypt, marshes, and especially on the borders of the Nile; this where the author of this book is thought to have written, is of rapid growth, but is soon plucked up for fuel. So, the common people universally wear linen frocks, dyed it is intimated, shall be the fate of the wicked. Calmet. with indigo. The expression here may mean, undyed Compare Job viii
. 11, 12; and see the notes there. cloth of the crudest kind, worse than that ordinarily 18. - he that findeth a treasure] He that is made rich worn by the common people. Harmer.
by the free bounty of Providence. 5. - do change his knowledge.] Trouble his mind, dis- 22.- corn while it is green.] Which combines what is turb his thoughts. Calmet.
pleasing in outward appearance with what is serviceable 13. — like a river,] Like a sudden torrent or land to the necessities of life. Junius.