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turned away.

Or, as a meditation.

1 Or, A Prayer, being a Psalm of Moses.

seventy years.

Heb.it Generation

and genera10.

He complaineth of human fragility, PSALMS.

and the brevity of life. PSALM XC.

fore thee, our secret sins in the light
1 Moses, setting forth God's providence, 3 of thy countenance.

complaineth of human fragility, 7 divine 9 For all our days are + passed 1. Heb.
chastisements, 10 and brevity of life. 12 away in thy wrath : we spend our
He prayeth for the knowledge and sensible years || as a tale that is told.
experience of God's good providence.

10 + The days of our years are 1 Heb. As
1 || A Prayer of Moses the man of threescore years and ten; and if by of our years,
God.

reason of strength they be fourscore in them are Link Da tbotu hast bene cour dwell- years, yet is the store meter lab aur and

2 Before the mountains were fly away.
brought forth, or ever thou hadst 11 Who knoweth the power of
formed the earth and the world, even thine anger ? even according to thy
from everlasting to everlasting, thou fear, so is thy wrath.
art God.

12 So teach us to number our days,
3 Thou turnest man to destruction; that we may + apply our hearts unto Heb. cause
and sayest, Return, ye children of wisdom.

13 Return, O Lord, how long? a ? Pet. 3. 8. 4 a For a thousand years in thy and let it repent thee concerning thy Or , when he sight are but as yesterday || when it is servants.

past, and as a watch in the night. 14 0 satisfy us early with thy

5 Thou carriest them away as with mercy; that we may rejoice and be
a flood; they are as a sleep: in the glad all our days.
morning they are like grass which 15 Make us glad according to the
Il groweth up.

days wherein thou hast afflicted us,
6 In the morning it flourisheth, and the years wherein we have seen
and groweth up; in the evening it is evil

...
cut down, and withereth.

16 Let thy work appear unto thy
7 For we are consumed by thine servants, and thy glory unto their
anger, and by thy wrath are we trou- children.
bled.

17 And let the beauty of the Lord
8 Thou hast set our iniquities be- our God be upon us : and establish

to come.

men.

kaih passed then.

1 07, is changed.

stroyed before the new and spiritual kingdom of Messiah lays to heart the effects of Thy anger, and considers was set up in the earth. Christian communities, and the that it is proportioned to our piety or disobedience? individuals that compose them, are in like manner cor- Travell. Moses here laments the insensibility of the rected and punished for their offences. “Nevertheless, Israelites under the judgments of God. They saw His God's lovingkindness will He not utterly take from us, wrath sweeping numbers away for their sins, and yet nor suffer His faithfulness to fail.” So, “ I am with none studied to divert it, by fearing Him as they ought. you alway," says the Redeemer, “even unto the end of Green. the world, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against 13. Return, O Lord, &c.] Return, O Lord, at length, My church,” Matth. xxviii. 20, and xvi. 18. Nor shall from Thy severity against us; and let Thy servants feel the world be destroyed until Christ come again, and His Thy gracious pardon. Bp. Patrick, Travell. glorious kingdom be ready to appear. Bp. Horne. 16. Let thy work &c.] He prays God to shew them The end of the third Book of Psalms.

and their posterity those glorious works which hereto

fore He had exerted in behalf of His people, and to Psalm XC. It has been commonly imagined, that shine upon and prosper what they were doing. Mudge. this Psalm was composed by Moses, when God short- 17. And let the beauty &c.] Let the countenance of ened the days of the murmuring Israelites in the wil- the Lord our God smile upon us; and prosper Thou derness ; see Numb. xiv. It chiefly refers to the mortal the work of our hands. Green. and transitory state of man on earth, and is therefore This Psalm is remarkable for affording us much adopted by the Church in the Funeral Service. Travell

. useful instruction. In it we have the governour of a our dwelling place] Our place of refuge. numerous people sequestering his mind from the maMudge, Old Translation.

nagement of publick affairs to private meditations; from 3, 4. — and sayest, Return, &c.] That is, Thou re- beholding the present outward appearances, to consistorest men to life. “ For a thousand years, &c.” that dering the real nature and secret causes of things : in is , though the time of their restoration is remote, it is the midst of all the splendour and pomp, of all the stir equally certain ; for a thousand years are to 'Thee as one and tumult about him, he observes the frailty of human day.

condition, he discerns the providence of God justly 4.- a watch in the night.] See the note on Exod. xiv. ordering all; this he does not only in the way of wise 24.

consideration, but of serious devotion, moulding his 9. For all our days &c.] For we constantly feel some observations into pious acknowledgments, and earnest effect or other of Thine anger, whereby our lives decline prayers to God. Thus doth that great and good man exceeding fast. Bp. Patrick.

teach us all, (more particularly men of high estate and 11. Who knoweth &c.] But who is there that duly I much business,) to find opportunities of withdrawing

Ver. 1.

H

Luke 4. 10.

The security and

PSALMS.

happiness of the godly. thou the work of our hands upon us; and ten thousand at thy right hand; yea, the work of our hands establish but it shall not come nigh thee. thou it.

8 Only with thine eyes shalt thou

behold and see the reward of the
PSALM XCI.

wicked.
1 The state of the godly. 3 Their safety. 9 9 Because thou hast made the LORD

Their habitation. 11 Their servants. 14 which is my refuge, even the most high,
Their friend ; with the effects of them all.

thy habitation;
E that dwelleth in the secret 10 There shall no evil befall thee,

place of the most high shall neither shall any plague come nigh
+ Heb. lodge. † abide under the shadow of the Al- thy dwelling.
mighty.

11 a For he shall give his angels a Matt. 4.6.
2 I will say of the. Lord, He is charge over thee, to keep thee in all
my refuge and my fortress: my God; thy ways.
in him will I trust.

12 They shall bear thee up in their
3 Surely he shall deliver thee from hands, lest thou dash thy foot against
the snare of the fowler, and from the a stone.
noisome pestilence.

13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion
4 He shall cover thee with his fea- and || adder: the young lion and the i Or, asp.
thers, and under his wings shalt thou dragon shalt thou trample under
trust : his truth shall be thy shield and feet.
buckler.

14 Because he hath set his love
5 Thou shalt not be afraid for the upon me, therefore will I deliver him:
terror by night; nor for the arrow I will set him on high, because he
that flieth by day;

hath known my name.
6 Nor for the pestilence that walk- 15 He shall call upon me, and I
eth in darkness; nor for the destruc- will answer him: I will be with him
tion that wasteth at noonday. in trouble; I will deliver him, and

7 A thousand shall fall at thy side, honour him. their thoughts from those things which commonly amuse from the judgments of God, should in safety behold the them, (the

cares, the glories, the pleasures of this world,) destruction wrought by them upon impenitent and inand fixing them upon matters more improvable to devo- corrigible sinners. Bp. Horne. tion; the transitoriness of their condition, and their 12.- lest thou dash &c.] Lest any the slightest harm subjection to God's just providence; joining also to should befall thee. Bp: Patrick. See the quotation of these meditations suitable acts of religion, due acknow- these rds at Matth. iv. 6. ledgments to God, and humble prayers. This was his 13. Thou shalt tread &c.] The most noxious and vepractice among the greatest encumbrances that any nomous creatures shall have no power to hurt thee, but man could have; and it should also be ours. Dr. Barrow. thou shalt subdue and trample them under foot. So

shall Christ triumph over the “dragon, that old serPsalm XCI. The subject of this Psalm is the secu- pent,” Rev. xx. 2, and He shall make His faithful serrity, the success, and the reward of piety. If any reader vants victorious “over all the power of the enemy," will carefully weigh and consider the nature and dignity Luke x. 19. Travell. of the imagery contained in this Psalm, having due re- the dragon] See the notes on Deut. xxxii. 33; spect at the same time to the principles of the mystical Psalm xliv. 19; and Lam. iv. 3. allegory, I am persuaded he will agree with me, that 14. Because he hath set &c.] In the former part of the something of a mystical design is concealed under the Psalm the prophet spoke in his own person ; here God literal meaning of it. Without a question, the pious Himself is plainly introduced as the speaker. Bp. person, the king, or high priest perhaps, who in the Horne. literal sense is the principal character of the poem, is because he hath known my name.] Hath acknowmeant in reality to represent some greater and sublimer ledged My power, and relied on that alone for protecpersonage. Bp. Lowth.

tion. Bp. Patrick, Travell. Ver. 1. He that dwelleth &c.] “To dwell in the secret How much man stands in need of the protection of place of the Most High,” is a figurative expression, and Heaven, appears from a survey of the dangers to which signifies no more than to put ourselves under the Di- he is continually exposed. Various are the terrours of vine protection. Green.

the night, manifold the perils of the day; from diseases, 3. Surely he shall deliver &c.] Leaving the former whose infection makes its progress unobserved; from sentence unfinished, the Psalmist turns and addresses assaults, casualties, and accidents, which can neither be the same person whom he had been describing : “He foreseen, nor guarded against. The soul has likewise indeed shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, her enemies ready to attack and surprise her at all hours. from the destroying pestilence.Bp. Lowth.

Avarice and ambition are abroad watching for her in the 4–7. He shall cover thee &c.] This imagery is beau- day; while concupiscence, like a pestilence, “walketh tiful and diversified, and at the same time uncommonly in darkness.” In adversity she is disturbed by terrours; solemn and sublime. Bp. Lowth.

in prosperity still more endangered by pleasures. But 8. Only with thine eyes &c.] The meaning is, that the Jesus Christ has overcome the world, to prevent us from righteous person all along spoken of, himself secure I being overcome by it. Bp. Horne.

of days.

see

The prophet exhorteth to praise God PSALMS. for his great works, judgments, 8c. + Heb. length

16 With + long life will I satisfy the workers of iniquity shall be scathim, and shew him my salvation. tered.

10 But my horn shalt thou exalt
PSALM XCII.

like the horn of an unicorn: I shall
1 The prophet exhorteth to praise God, 4 for be anointed with fresh oil.
his great works, 6 for his judgments on the 11 Mine

eye
also shall

my

de-
ricked, 10 and for his goodness to the sire on mine enemies, and mine ears
godly.

shall hear my desire of the wicked
T A Psalm or Song for the sabbath that rise up against me.
day.

12 « The righteous shall flourish a Hos. 14. 5. T' is a good thing to give thanks like the palm tree: he shall grow

unto the LORD, and to sing praises like a cedar in Lebanon. unto thy name, O most high:

13 Those that be planted in the 2 To shew forth thy lovingkind-house of the Lord shall flourish in

ness in the morning, and thy faith- the courts of our God. + Hed. in the fulness + every night,

14 They shall still bring forth fruit 3 Upon an instrument of ten in old age; they shall be fat and

+ Heb.green. I or upon the strings, and upon the psaltery; ||upon + flourishing ; rith the karp. the harp with ta solemn sound.

15 To shew that the Lord is
4 For thou, Lord, hast made me right: he is my rock, and there is no
glad through thy work: I will triumph unrighteousness in him.
in the works of thy hands.

PSALM XCIII.
5 0 LORD, how great are thy | 1 The majesty, power, and holiness of Christ's
works! and thy thoughts are very

kingdom.
deep.

THE

HE LORD reigneth, he is clothed 6. A brutish man knoweth not; with majesty; the Lordis clothed neither doth a fool understand this. with strength, wherewith he hath gird

7 When the wicked spring as the ed himself: the world also is esta-
grass, and when all the workers of blished, that it cannot be moved.
iniquity do flourish; it is that they 2 Thy throne is established t of Heb. from
shall be destroyed for ever:

old: thou art from everlasting.
8 | But thou, Lord, art most high 3 The floods have lifted up, O
for evermore.

LORD, the floods have lifted up their
9 For, lo, thine enemies, O LORD, voice; the floods lift up their waves.
for, lo, thine enemies shall perish; all 4 The Lord on high is mightier

up

• Heb. Hingaion.

them.

Psalm XCII. This Psalm was appointed by the Jews of a Christian. It is his duty, as being the least return to be used constantly on the sabbath day, as it was pro- he can make to his great Benefactor: it ought to be his bably composed by David after God had given him rest | delight, for it is that of angels, and will be that of every from all his enemies. See 2 Sam. vii. 1. Fenton. grateful heart, whether in heaven or on earth. The

Ver. 4.- thy work :) The following part of the Psalm mercy” of God in promising salvation, and His “faithshews, that by “God's work” here, the Psalmist means, fulness” in accomplishing it, are inexhaustible subjects His providence in the government of human affairs. for morning and evening praises ; every instrument Rosenmüller,

should be strung, and every voice tuned to celebrate 6. A brutish man - a fool] He who is ignorant of the them, until day and night come to an end. But more final issue of things, and attendeth not to his eternal especially should this be done on the sabbath day; which, interest, is in Scripture language the “ brutish man,' when so employed, affords a lively resemblance of that and the “fool,” who knoweth not the works, neither eternal sabbath, to be hereafter kept by the redeemed understandeth the designs of Heaven. Bp. Horne. in the kingdom of God. Bp. Horne.

8.- art most high] The expression is equivalent to God's sitting in heaven, and there overruling all the Psalm XCIII. ver. 1. - clothed with majesty :] See designs of men to His own glory, and the good of His the second note from Bp. Sanderson on Job xxix. 14. servants. Mudge.

3. The floods have lifted up, &c.] The meaning is, 10. But my horn &c.] But, as the unicorn is supe- Our numerous enemies are risen up against us, and nour in power and strength to other creatures, so shall threaten to overwhelm us, like a furious storm. Travell. my authority be exalted above others; and I shall enjoy The rage and clamour of the enemies of God's people is a continual course of happiness ; like one who is newly frequently represented by the raging and roaring of the anointed for the enjoyment of a feast. Travell.

Green. unicorn:) See the note on Psalın xxii. 21.

4. The Lord on high &c.] The King of heaven is 13. Those that be planted &c.] Those who, like fruit- stronger than all earthly potentates, and will subdue ful trees, are firmly rooted in their obedience to God's them under his feet. Poole. laws, shall be sheltered under His protection, and shall This Psalm teaches us, that God rules with glory and grow and increase in His service. Travell.

magnificence over all the world; that His throne is Thanksgiving is the duty, and ought to be the delight, l established in righteousness; that His power infinitely

sea.

+ Heb. to

+ Heb. God

forth.

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+ Heb, shall
be after it.

13.

The prophet complaineth of tyranny.

PSALMS.

The blessedness of affliction. than the noise of many waters, yea, he not hear ? he that formed the

eye, than the mighty waves of the sea.

shall he not see? 5 Thy testimonies are very sure :

10 He that chastiseth the heathen, holiness becometh thine house, O shall not he correct? he that teacheth LORD, † for ever.

man knowledge, shall not he know ? length of days.

11 c The LORD knoweth the c 1 Cor. 3. 20.
PSALM XCIV.
i The prophet
, calling for justice, complaineth thoughts of man, that they are vanity.

12 Blessed is the man whom thou
of tyranny and impiety. 8 He teacheth
God's providence. 12 He sheweth the chastenest, O LORD, and teachest him
blessedness of afliction. 16 God is the de- out of thy law;
fender of the afflicted.

13 That thou mayest give him rest of revenges.

LORD + God, to whom ven- from the days of adversity, until the
O

geance belongeth ; O God, to pit be digged for the wicked.
Heb. shine whom vengeance belongeth, t shew 14 For the LORD will not cast off
thyself.

his people, neither will he forsake his
2 Lift up thyself, thou judge of inheritance.
the earth: "render a reward to the 15 But judgment shall return unto
proud.

righteousness : and all the upright in
3 LORD, how long shall the wicked, heart shall + follow it.
how long shall the wicked triumph ? 16 Who will rise up for me against

4 How long shall they utter and the evildoers? or who will stand up
speak hard things? and all the work- for me against the workers of ini-
ers of iniquity boast themselves? quity.

5 They break in pieces thy people, 17 Unless the LORD had been my O Lord, and afflict thine heritage. help, my soul had || almost dwelt in | Or, quicklg.

6 They slay the widow and the silence.

stranger, and murder the fatherless. 18 When I said, My foot slippeth; a Ps. 10.11, 7 . Yet they say, The LORD shall thy mercy, O Lord, held me up.

not see, neither shall the God of 19 In the multitude of my thoughts
Jacob regard it.

within me thy comforts delight my
8 Understand, ye brutish among soul.
the people: and ye fools, when will 20 Shall the throne of iniquity
ye be wise?

have fellowship with thee, which 9 b He that planted the ear, shall frameth mischief by a law ? exceeds that of all created beings: from whence we are last, and all the upright shall follow God, and justify the to conclude, that He will reign for ever, for the good ways of His providence. Travell, Bp. Patrick. and advantage of His people, and of all those who serve 17. my soul &c.] I had been laid in the grave Him and submit themselves to Him. Ostervald.

among the silent dead. Bp. Nicholson.

20. Shall the throne &c.) Can it be possible, O Lord, Psalm XCIV. In this prayer, the children of Israel that thou shouldest take the part of oppression and inrepresent to God the sad condition they were reduced to justice, and have any fellowship with those unrighteous by the cruelty of their enemies, whose insolence, im- judges, who oppress Thy servants under the pretence of piety, and blasphemies, they describe. The Prophet law and justice? Bp. Patrick, Travell. nevertheless adores the wisdom and goodness of God, The man who enjoys the world under a sense of reliin the corrections wherewith He visits men; and gion, and of the power and goodness of God, will so use foretells the deliverance of the righteous, and the de- the world as not to abuse it; will look upon the uncerstruction of the wicked. Ostervald. This is one of the tainties of life with the unconcernedness of one who Psalms appointed for the fast service on the thirtieth knows he has a much nobler possession, of which no of January

one can rob him : he will part with his riches without Ver. 1. — shew thyself.] Appear in the defence of torment, he will keep them without anxiety, and use Thy oppressed servants. Travell.

them so as to make them a blessing to himself and all 4. — hard things?] That is, insolent, malicious, con around him. If the course of the world be disordered, temptuous and threatening words. Poole.

and threaten the inhabitants thereof with calamity and 12, 13. Blessed is the man &c.] Since, therefore, the distress, he will maintain his inward peace, knowing schemes of the adversary are vain, and the counsel of that “the Lord is King, be the earth never so unquiet.' Jehovah shall infallibly stand, happy is the man who, He will look with pleasure on all the scenes of futurity, having learned from the Scriptures of truth the lessons being well assured that the world that now is, and the of faith and patience, enjoys tranquillity of mind in time world that is to come, are in the hands of God. These of trouble, while destruction is preparing for the impe- are the comforts which, in the multitude of sorrows nitent. Bp. Horne.

which surround us, will refresh the soul of a religious 15. But judgment shall return &c.] Although the man ; whilst they who forget God are spending a justice of God may seem to be called in question, while wretched life in lamenting over the misfortunes of this the wicked Aourish and the godly are afflicted; yet world, and are ending it to begin a more wretched life shall true righteousness and judgment return at the in the world that is to come. Bp. Sherlock.

b Exod. 4.11. Prov. 20.12.

& 4. 7.

22, &c. + Heb.

O

enter into my
rest.

+ Hed. pretest bis face.

Heb. Is

10r, the brights of the

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• Heb.

w the

Exhortations to praise God

PSALMS.

for his greatness and goodness.
21 They gather themselves toge-1 7 For he is our God; and we are
ther against the soul of the righteous, the people of his pasture, and the
and condemn the innocent blood. sheep of his hand. a To day if ye a Hebr. 3. 7.

22 But the Lord is my defence; will hear his voice,
and my God is the rock of my refuge. 8 Harden not your heart, bas in 5 Exod. 17.

23 And he shall bring upon them the † provocation, and as in the day Numb. 14.
their own iniquity, and shall cut them of temptation in the wilderness :
off in their own wickedness; yea, the 9 When your fathers tempted me, contention.
LORD our God shall cut them off. proved me, and saw my work.

10 Forty years long was I grieved
PSALM XCV.

with this generation, and said, It is a
1 An exhortation to praise God, 3 for his people that do err in their heart, and
greatness, 6 and for his goodness, 8 and they have not known my ways:
not to tempt him.

i Unto whom I sware in my
COME, let us sing unto the wrath + that they should not enter + Heb. if they

into rest.

my
Lord: let us make a joyful
noise to the rock of our salvation.

PSALM XCVI.
2 Let us + come before his pre- | 1 An exhortation to praise God, 4 for his
sence with thanksgiving, and make a greatness, 8 for his kingdom, 11 for his ge-
joyful noise unto him with psalms.

neral judgment.
3 For the LORD is a great God, O SING

unto the LORD a new : Chron. 16. and a King above .

sing , 4 + In his hand are the deep places the earth.

of the earth : || the strength of the 2 Sing unto the Lord, bless his huis are his. hills is his also.

name; shew forth his salvation from
5 + The sea is his, and he made it: day to day.
and his hands formed the dry land. 3 Declare his glory among the

6 O come, let us worship and bow heathen, his wonders among all peo-
down : let us kneel before the LORD ple.
our maker.

4 For the Lordis great, and greatly
Psalm XCV. The author of the Epistle to the He- 11.- into my rest.] That is, into the land of Canaan,
brews hath taught us to consider this Psalm as an which was a type of heaven. Dr. Wells.
address to believers under the Gospel; and he affirms it The wisdom and piety of the Church hath appointed
to be written by David, Heb. iv. 7. Bp. Horne. this Psalm to be used every day in the beginning of our

Ver. 3. - above all gods.] Above all the powers of publick morning devotions, that there may be an union heaven and earth. Bp. Patrick.

of all in heart and voice in the acknowledgment of God's 4.- the strength of the hills] That is, the loftiest and mercy. It is from not acknowledging at all, or not largest hills. Dr. Hammond.

acknowledging together, the superiority of God over all 6.- let us kneel before the Lord] It is most becoming, the world, and His power and justice of disposing of on all occasions, to express religious feelings of the all things in it, that we fail in our humility towards Him, mind by suitable actions of the body; and, especially, and in the exercise of Christian duties towards all men; to “ kneel before the Lord our Maker” when we humbly and it is from not enough remembering the ingratipour forth to His sacred name the tribute of our prayers tude and rebellion of our forefathers, and the grievous and adorations.

punishments they underwent for the same, the forcing 7. For he is our God; &c.] “For He is our God, we God to reverse His own purpose, and compelling Him are the people of His pasture, and the sheep of His not to let them see the blessing He intended to them, hand, if ye will hear His voice to-day;" that is, if ye will that we are still so much inclined to murmur at His be His obedient people, He will continue to be your providence, and undervalue His power. Lord Clarendon. God. Or else, the word translated “if” may be rendered in the optative form; “O that you would hear Psalm XCVI. We learn from 1 Chron. xvi, that, on His voice to-day," saying unto you, “ Harden not &c.” the removal of the ark to the place prepared for it on However this be, what follows to the end of the Psalm mount Zion, David delivered this Psalm to be sung is undoubtedly spoken in the person of God Himself. in commemoration of God's special presence among Bp. Horne,

them. It is a solemn invocation to the people to give 8, 9. Harden not &c.] These verses allude to what glory to God, to acknowledge and adore Him, both as passed at the place called Massah, and Meribah, from the Creator of all things, and the supreme and righteous the people there striving with their God, notwithstand- Judge of the world. By common consent of Jews as ing all the mighty works which He had wrought for well as Christians, this Psalm is applied to the times of thern before their eyes, Exod. xvii. 7. Bp. Horne. the Messiah. Bp. Horne, Travell. 9. When your fathers tempted me,] See the notes on According to the Greek version, this Psalm was used

at the dedication of the second temple, after the return 10. -- they have not known my ways :] They liave not of the Babylonish captivity. And it was somewhat acknowledged My power and presence among them. altered to accommodate it to that purpose. Rosenmüller. Bp. Wilson.

• Ver. 1.- a new song :] See note at Ps. xxxiii. 3.

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Numb. xiv. 22.

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