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truth and the

or, set times.

d Isai. 2. 3.

1 Or.

+ Heb. going. + Heb. to intreat the


Good works are required of them. CHAP. VIII, IX. Joy and enlargement are promised.

shall do; o Speak ye every man the LORD, and to seek the Lord of hosts:
truth to his neighbour; † execute I will go

the judgment of truth and peace in 22 Yea, many people and strong
c Ephes, 4.
your gates :

nations shall come to seek the LORD † Heb.judge

17 And let none of you imagine of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray pedement of evil in your hearts against his neigh- before the LORD.

bour; and love no false oath: for all 23 Thus saith the Lord of hosts;
these are things that I hate, saith the In those days it shall come to pass,

that ten men shall take hold out of all
18 | And the word of the Lord of languages of the nations, even shall
hosts came unto me, saying,

take hold of the skirt of him that is
19 Thus saith the Lord of hosts ; a Jew, saying, We will go with you:
The fast of the fourth month, and the for we have heard that God is with
fast of the fifth, and the fast of the you.
seventh, and the fast of the tentb, shall

be to the house of Judah joy, and 1 God defendeth his church. 9 Zion is er-
1 Or, solemn, gladness, and cheerful || feasts; there-

horted to rejoice for the coming of Christ, fore love the truth and


and his peaceable kingdom. 12 God's
20 Thus saith the LORD of hosts; promises of victory and defence.
It shall yet come to puss, that there TL buin the land of Hadrach,

HE burden of the word of the about 587. Mic. 4. 1, 2. shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities:

and Damascus shall be the rest therecontinually.

21 And the inhabitants of one city of: when the eyes of man, as of all

shall go to another, saying, "Let us the tribes of Israel, shall be toward face of the

go || † speedily + to pray before the the Lord. promises here made to the Jews are conditional, and the This and the three foregoing verses refer in some performance of them is made to depend upon their measure to the great accession of converts, which the observing the rules of justice and righteousness, which Jewish church received between the captivity and the God commanded their fathers by the Prophets, as "the coming of Christ ; but principally to the number of weightier matters of the law,” and now again enjoined Christian disciples, which the Jewish preachers made upon them. See chap. vii. 9, 10. W. Lowth.

and perhaps to the future conversions, of which the res19. The fast of the fourth month, &c.] Besides the toration of the Jews will be an eminent cause. Abp. two fasts mentioned, chap. vii. 5, the Jews observed Newcome. two others; that of the fourth month, when Jerusalem was taken, Jer. lii. 6, 7 ; and that of the tenth month Chap. IX. This chapter begins with announcing the when the Babylonians began the siege, Jer. lii. 4. In fate of the Syrian, Sidonians, and Philistines, contrasted answer to the question proposed, chap. vii. 3, the Pro- | with the better prospects of the Jewish nation. It forephet here tells them, that they may now disuse these tells the coming of the Messiah to Jerusalem, and the fasts, and lay aside the mournful circumstances, with peace of His kingdom. The restoration of Israel and which they were solemnized; since the judgments which Judah is afterwards predicted, together with a series of occasioned them were removed. W. Lowth.

glorious victories and great prosperity, which are set - therefore love the truth and peace.] God values an forth at large in this and the next chapter. Dr. Blayupright conversation more than the exactest care of out- ney. ward performances: see ver. 16; and the note on chap. vii. Ver. 1. The burden of the word of the Lord in the land 9. These instructions prepared men's minds for receiv- of Hadrach,] “The burden of the word of the Lord” ing the Gospel, the laws of which chiefly recommend pu- is a burdensome prophecy, threatening ruin and desrity of heart and life : see Jer. xxxi. 33. W. Lowth. truction : see Jer. xxiii. 33 ; Nahum i. 1. Hadrach is

21. And the inhabitants of one city shall go &c.] not elsewhere mentioned as the name of a country: the These expressions allude to the Jews going up in com- context shews it to be some part of Syria. W. Lowth. panies to Jerusalem at their solemn feasts. "Compare - and Damascus shall be the rest thereof :] God's Isai. ii. 2, 3; Micah iv. 1, 2. W. Lowth.

anger rests on those whom He punishes, Ezek. v. 13 ; 23.— ten men] A certain number for an uncertain. xvi. 42 ; xxiv. 13. And His rod or His arm rests upon See the last note on Mic. v. 5. W. Lowth.

His enemies, Ps. cxxv. 3 ; Isai. xxx. 32. Abp. Newcome. shall take hold of the skirt] Mr. Harmer, having The land of Hadrach and Damascus is here said to be observed that it was customary in the East to kiss the the place, on which "the burden” or calamity was to hem of the garment of a person of rank, and especially “rest” or settle; that is, the land would still continue to when a favour was asked or granted, adds, that “ten be visited by the like calamities as it had before undermen taking hold of the skirt of a Jew” is to be under- gone, first under Tiglath-pileser, as prophesied by Isaiah, stood as an application of the most submissive kind, to chap. xvii, and Amos, chap. i. 3—5 ; and again under be taken under his protection, or received among his Nebuchadnezzar, Jer. xlix. 23. Dr. Blayney. dependents. That it was a mode of humble solicitation - when the eyes of man, as of all the tribes of Israel, is evident from 1 Sam. xv. 27 : and like that of embrac- shall be toward the Lord.] This plainly implies, that a ing the knees, and laying hold on the feet, it was the time would come, when men, and the tribes of Israel in natural gesture of an importunate suitor, who would particular, should turn their eyes towards Jehovah, and seem to say thereby, “I will not let thee go, except thou look up to Him, either in hopes of deriving some blessbless me." Dr. Blayney.

ing from Him, or in gratitude for mercies received.


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Before CHRIST about 587.


it be very

a Ezek. 28. 3, &c.



God defendeth

his church.
2 And Hamath also shall border 6 And a bastard shall dwell in
thereby; Tyrus, and Zidon, though Ashdod, and I will cut off the pride about 587.
a wise.

of the Philistines.
3 And Tyrus did build herself a 7 And I will take away his + blood + Heb. blood.
strong hold, and heaped up silver as out of his mouth, and his abomina-
the dust, and fine gold as the mire of tions from between his teeth : but he
the streets.

that remaineth, even he, shall be for
4 Behold, the Lord will cast her our God, and he shall be as a go-
out, and he will smite her power in vernor in Judah, and Ekron as a
the sea; and she shall be devoured Jebusite.
with fire.

8 And I will encamp about mine
5 Ashkelon shall see it, and fear; house because of the army, because
Gaza also shall see it, and be very of him that passeth by, and because
sorrowful, and Ekron; for her expec- of him that returneth: and no op-
tation shall be ashamed; and the king pressor shall pass through them any
shall perish from Gaza, and Ashkelon more: for now have I seen with mine
shall not be inhabited.

eyes. But the scope of the prophecy goes to shew, that even word, rendered “ bastard,” does not here imply an illeat that time those devoted nations had no prospect of gitimate offspring, but simply one of foreign extraction. emerging ; "the burden” would still “rest” or settle So that it is meant, that the city should be peopled with upon them. Dr Blayney.

strangers, not descended from its present possessors. 2,3. And Hamath also shall border thereby ; &c.] Nei- Ashdod, or Azotus, was burned and destroyed by ther shall Hamath be freed therefrom : nor Tyrus, and Jonathan, brother of Judas Maccabeus, and eight thouZidon, though they be crafty and subtle enough, to use sand of its men burned or slain, 1 Mac. x. 84, 85. all human power and wit for their own safety and These were probably what was meant by “the pride of evasion ; and though Tyrus have built strongholds the Philistines,” the prime or excellency of the ancient for her defence, and have heaped up great treasures of inhabitants, in whose room the strangers were introwealth. Bp. Hall.

duced. Dr. Blayney. 3. and heaped up silver as the dust,] Tyre was the 7. And I will take away his blood out of his mouth, most celebrated place in the world for trade and riches, &c.] The idolatrous and abominable practices of the " the mart of nations,” conveying the commodities of Philistines shall cease. The metaphor is taken from the East to the West, and of the West to the East. Bp. beasts of prey, who gorge themselves with blood. Abp. Newton.

Newcome. 4. Behold, the Lord will cast her out, &c.] Ezekiel At what time or whence the new colony was brought had likewise foretold that the city should be consumed to dwell in Ashdod, we are not informed. But some by fire, chap. xxviii. 18. And accordingly Alexander years after, in the reign of Alexander Jannæus, Azotus besieged, and took, and set the city on fire. The ruins is enumerated by Josephus among the cities of the Pheof old Tyre contributed much to the taking of the new nicians, which the Jews had been some time possessed of: city : for with the stones and timber and rubbish of and it is well known, that that people exacted of all that the old city Alexander built a bank or causey from the were under their dominion a conformity, to a certain continent to the island, thereby literally fulfilling the degree at least, to their religious rites and usages. This words of Ezekiel, “ they shall lay thy stones and thy will serve to explain what is here meant by taking his timber and thy dust in the midst of the water," chap. blood out of his mouth, and his abominations from bexxvi. 12. Bp. Newton.

tween his teeth.” The stranger was required to abstain 5. Ashkelon shall see it, &c.] The cities of the Philis- from eating blood, and from such things as were held tines, Ashkelon, Gaza, and Ekron, shall be very much in abomination by the Jewish law. Dr. Blayney. terrified at the news of Tyre's destruction, whence they - but he that remaineth, even he, shall be for our hoped for succours against the enemy. W. Lowth. God, &c.] Those that remain of them shall be conscien

the king shall perish from Gaza,) By the title of tiously devoted to God ; and shall become friends and “king" any chief ruler may be designed ; so that the patrons of My people within My Church; yea, even plain purport of the passage is, that Gaza should cease those of Ekron shall so have a part in My Church, as to enjoy the benefit of civil government. Accordingly the Jebusite hath in the material and outward JerusaGaza, having suffered severely on being taken by Alex- lem. Bp. Hall. ander the Great, was at length totally ruined and des- To be “as a governour in Judah" means to be retroyed by Alexander Jannæus, one of the Asmonean garded and honoured. The Jebusites were inhabitants kings of Judea : so that we find it spoken of in Acts of Jerusalem, Judg. i. 21. Josephus informs us, that viii. 26, by the name of “Gaza, which is desert.” Dr. many of the Philistines became proselytes to Judaism, Blayney.

and particularly the cities of Gaza and Ashdod. Abp. Ashkelon shall not be inhabited.] Ashkelon and Newcome. the other cities of the Philistines having been subjugated 8. And I will encamp about mine house &c.] Amid the by Nebuchadnezzar, as foretold by Jeremiah, chap. foregoing revolutions and alterations of affairs in the xlvii, never recovered their former independency; but, world, God here promises to preserve His temple, while falling under the dominion of the great empires in suc- so many castles and strong holds about Jerusalem were cession, were almost continually involved in their wars, overturned, so many cities swept of their inhabitants by and suffered considerably, till by degrees they dwindled the besom of destruction. Bp. Horne. away, and at last sunk to nothing. Zephaniah's pro- for now have I seen with mine eyes.] Mine eye has phecy, chap. ii. 4—7, extends to this. Dr. Blayney. pervaded future events, and I have thus determined.

6. And a bastard shall dwell in Ashdod, &c.] The l'Abp. Newcome. Or, I have looked on the condition of

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Before CHRIST about 587.

Zion is exhorted to rejoice


for the coming of Christ. 9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter about 587. of Zion; shout, 0 daughter of Jero. Le 10 And I will cut off the chariot

from Ephraim, and the horse from salem: behold, thy King cometh unto Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall Matt. 21.5. thee: he is just, and || having salva- be cut off: and he shall speak peace 10, 12. 15. tion; lowly, and riding upon an ass, unto

the heathen : and his dominion and upon a colt the foal of an ass. shall be from sea even to sea, and c Ps. 72. 8.

b Isai. 62. 11. saring himself.

an ass.

My people with an eye of pity and compassion. W. which the promised Saviour should accomplish. See Lowth.

Luke ü. 11; Matt. i. 21. The Messiah was to be dis9. Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion ; &c.] From tinguished from all other kings and conquerors by His the promise contained in the foregoing verse, of God's appearance likewise and demeanour. He was to visit protecting His Church and temple, the Prophet in a His people in great humility,“ lowly, and riding upon sudden transport takes occasion to break forth into a

Though God, He was to become man: see joyful representation of the coming of the Messiah. W. Isai. vii, 14 ; Matt. i. 23. He was to be “a man of Lowth. With reference to this event the passage is cited sorrows, and acquainted with grief :" see Isai. lii. 14, in two places of the New Testament, Matt. xxi. 5; and the whole of the fifty-third chapter, especially ver. John xii. 15 : so that we can have no doubt of the ap- 3. He was to keep the law, and to die for sin; see Ps. plication. Dr. Blayney.

xl. 7; Heb. x. 7. From all which passages it is plain, Beautiful and striking is the manner, in which this that Messiah was to be an humble and a suffering chaprophecy is introduced. The Prophet does not coldly racter. The types and the prophecies are as plain for inform Jerusalem, that her king should come to her, and His humiliation, as they are for His exaltation : nor that, when He did come, she ought to rejoice. Rapt could any one person accomplish them all, without into future time, he seems to have been present at the being equally remarkable for lowliness and meekness, glorious scene. Standing upon mount Olivet, he hears glory and honour. Bp. Horne. the hosannas of the disciples, and beholds the procession riding upon an ass, and upon a colt &c.] Or, approach towards the gates of Jerusalem : he turns even upon a colt, &c. See John xii. 14; Luke xix. himself to the city, and breaks forth in transport, “Re- 30. A proof of lowliness, and that He did not affect joice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, o daughter the pomp of the world, but came with the same primiof Jerusalem.” Bp. Horne.

tive simplicity as the patriarchs and judges used of -- behold, thy King cometh unto thee :] These old. See Gen. xxii. 3 ; Juuges v. 10; x. 4. W. Lowth, words assign the reason, why Jerusalem was called on to Bp. Chandler. rejoice ; namely, the approach of her King : “behold, The character given of the Messiah, that He should thy King cometh unto thee.” A Person was to visit ride on an ass, was in opposition to the pride of the warJerusalem, who should deserve to be emphatically styled like kings of Israel, who, by their great strength in chaher “King.” The nations had their kings and con- riots and horses, had ruined themselves and their people. querors, their Nebuchadnezzars and Cyruses, their And herein he was to resemble those, who had indeed Alexanders and Cesars : these appeared in their turns been deliverers of their country; kings, who feared upon the stage, contending for the empire of the world. God, and therefore feared no enemy; who, though Each performed the part assigned him by an all-direct- mounted on asses, and colts the foals of asses, were ing Providence, and then vanished away. Zion beheld able to put to flight the thousands and ten thousands all these changes, and still survived the commotions of chariots and horses that came against them. Bp. occasioned by them. The Prophets had promised her a Sherlock. King, who should overcome her enemies, and triumph The ancient Jews explained this prophecy of the Mesgloriously; who should erect, in the time of the fourth siah; and it is plain from the Gospels, that the Jews in great monarchy, an universal and everlasting kingdom, Christ's time understood it so, Matt. xxi. 8, 9; Luke and give laws to the world; nay, who should govern all | xix. 37, 38 ; Mark xi. 10. Bp. Chandler, W. Lowth. things in heaven and earth. Bp. Horne.

10. And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, &c.] He, that is so often described in the Prophets as Ephraim and Judah shall not engage in war to spread King of Israel, (see Ps. ii. 6 ; Jer. xxiii. 5,) was known the Messiah's kingdom, but their spiritual King shall by that name among the Jews in our Saviour's time, peaceably convert Gentiles, and shall extend His domi(see John i. 49,) and called elsewhere by the name of nion every where. Abp. Newcome. “ David their King,” Jer. xxx. 9; Hos. iii. 5. W. In the state of meekness and lowliness, before deLowth.

scribed, Christ was to gain a complete victory over the he is just, and having salvation ; lowly, &c.] enemies of man's salvation. The warfare was new, and Righteousness, salvation, and humility, were to distin- it is no wonder that the weapons employed in it should guish the person and reign of the Messiah. Righteous- be uncommon. Other warriours prepare their horses ness leads the way: He is just” or righteous. St. and their chariots, their bows, their spears, and their Stephen affirms the Prophets to have foreshewn the shields. But Messiah disarms His followers, in order coming of Jesus under the title of “the Just One,” that they may overcome. No plainer declaration could Acts vii. 52. See Ps. xlv. 4 ; Jer. xxiii. 6 : and com- have been made, that the conquests of Messiah were not pare Matt. xxvii. 4, 19; Luke xxiii. 4, 47. Salvation is to be of a secular nature; that His kingdom was not of the next sign or token of the King of Zion. “ He is this world. See John xviii. 36. Bp. Horne. just, and having salvation." He was to execute that and he shall speak peace unto the heathen :] As part of the regal office, which consisted in rescuing a well as to His own people the Jews. Accordingly, when people from their oppressors. The history of Israel the Prince of Peace came to make His abode amongst contains an account of many “saviours,” raised up at us, the angelick choir descended to sing “ Peace on sundry times for this purpose. Such were Moses, earth :” peace with God, by the pardon of sin; peace Barak, Gideon, Samson, and many more in the ages with ourselves, by the answer of a clear conscience; after them. But the deliverances, effected by any of peace with one another, by mutual charity: And who these, were not to be mentioned, unless as shadows and would not wish to see, who would not labour to profaint resemblances of that grand and complete salvation, I mote, the full accomplishment of the last clause of the

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God's promises of

victory and defence. from the river even to the ends of the God shall blow the trumpet, and about 587. earth.



with whirlwinds of the aberut 587. 11 As for thee also, || by the blood south. | Or, whose

of thy covenant I have sent forth thy 15 The Lord of hosts shall defend d' Isai. Gi. 1. prisoners out of the pit wherein is them; and they shall devour, and no water.

|| subdue with sling stones; and they 10r, suddwe 12 q Turn you to the strong hold, shall drink, and make a noise as the sling. ye prisoners of hope: even to day through wine; and they || shall be 10r, skali su do I declare that I will render double filled like bowls, and as the corners of boets, &c. unto thee;

the altar.
13 When I have bent Judah for 16 And the LORD their God shall
me, filled the bow with Ephraim, save them in that day as the flock of
and raised up thy sons, 0 Zion, his people: for they shall be as the
against thy sons, O Greece, and stones of a crown, lifted up as an
made thee as the sword of a mighty ensign upon his land.

17 For how great is his goodness,
14 And the LORD shall be seen and how great is his beauty! corn
over them, and his arrow shall go shall make the young men || chearful, . Or, grow,

forth as the lightning: and the Lord and new wine the maids. prophecy, in the extension of this kingdom and domi- ment of Messiah's kingdom by the publick preaching nion of Christ “from sea even to sea, and from the of the Gospel, and for subduing the nations to My spiriver even to the ends of the earth ;” that so all the ritual dominion, I will pick out My first champions nations of the world might remember themselves, and from among you of Judah : so that Judah shall be like turn to the Lord Jesus, as many did at the first preach- My bow that I bend, and make ready against My eneing of his Gospel. Bp. Horne.

mies; and Ephraim like My quiver which I will fill full This prophecy, together with those of Hosea, chap. of arrows, to be shot against all opposers. And I will ii. 18; Micah v. 5, 10; Haggai ii. 22, as they foretold raise up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece; the outward peacefulness of Christ's Church or king- that is, the first preachers shall be Jews, to reduce the dom, relate to the flourishing state of it in the latter Grecians with the first under the easy yoke of the Mestimes of the world. The words which denote the extent siah: And I will make thee, () Zion, to be like the of that kingdom,“ His dominion shall be from sea” &c. sword of a mighty commander, for by My word in thy are taken from Ps. lxxii. 8, where David describes the mouth, which is My spiritual sword, I will reduce other extent of Solomon's kingdom, from the Red sea to the nations unto My kingdom. Dr. Stokes. Mediterranean, and from the river Euphrates to the bor- 14. And the Lord shall be seen over them, &c.] He der of Egypt: compare Exod. xxiii. 31 ; 1 Kings iv. 21; shall give good proof of his gracious protection of them, Deut. xi. 24. This, as appears from several expressions and shall manifestly shew that He fighteth for them in that Psalm, was a figurative description of Christ's from heaven. Bp. Hall. kingdom, which should be enlarged towards the four - with whirlwinds of the south.] With violent temquarters of the world. W. Lowth.

pests, according to the nature of the south wind in the 11. by the blood of thy covenant I have sent forth East. See Job xxxvii. 9; Isai. xxi. 1. The images in thy prisoners out of the pit &c.] As for thee, O Zion, this verse are very sublime. Abp. Newcome. whose covenant with me is made and confirmed by the they shall drink, &c.] Their courage shall be precious blood of the Messiah, in that new and ever-increased, as when men's spirits are raised by wine ; see lasting testament, I do herein give thee a type of thy Ps. lxxviii. 65; and they shall be filled with the blood future deliverance from all thy spiritual miseries. Bp. of their enemies, as the bowls and corners of the altar Hall. Anciently in great houses, and particularly in are with the blood of sacrifices. W. Lowth. The blood the East, deep dry pits, called dungeons, were appro- of the sacrificed beasts was part of it received in bowls priated for the confinernent of prisoners. Into one of for the purpose of sprinkling, and the rest poured out these Jeremiah was cast, Jer. xxxviii. 6. Dr. Blayney. at the foot of the altar, Lev. iv. 5—7. Dr. Blayney. This

12. Turn you to the strong hold,] Repent, and apply may be a figurative expression of a conquest, to be here yourselves unto God, your only help and refuge, you understood of a spiritual warfare. Dr. Stokes. that are such prisoners, as are not without a good hope 16. they shall be as the stones of a crown, &c.] and modest assurance of Divine succour and relief. Dr. They shall be advanced to honour, as the precious Stokes. “ The strong hold,” namely Christ who is the stones of a royal crown, or as an ensign, which is lifted salvation and high tower of His Church. Poole, up with honour over the heads of the people. Bp.

that I will render double unto thee ;] That I will Hall. make you abundant amends for all the evils


have 17. For how great is his goodness, and how great is his suffered : compare Isai. lxi. 7. The words appear to beauty!] How great is the blessing, how great is the allude to Job xlii. 10. W. Lowth.

beauty, wherewith God shall, upon those victories, grace 13. When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with and adorn His people! Bp. Hall. Ephraim,] When I have made Judah My bow, and corn shall make the young men chearful, &c.] The Ephraim My arrow; in the Hebrew phrase the bow is sense is, that by the Divine blessing the young men, said to be "filled" with the arrow, when the arrow is who reap the corn, and the maidens, who gather in the fitted to it. W. Lowth.

vintage, shall both thrive in their respective occupations. and raised up thy sons, 0 Zion, against thy sons, Dr. Blagney. Victory is promised in the preceding O Greece,] The passage may be understood with a spi- verse, and fruitful seasons in this. Abp. Newcome. Or ritual application thus : To make way for the establish- probably the expressions are figurative, and imply, that


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about 587.

shall make the riders on ashamed.

1 Or, lightnings.

a Jer. 10.8. Hab. 2. 18. + Heb. teraphims.

God is to be sought unto.


He will save his flock. Before CHRIST

men, which tread down their enemies CHAP. X.

in the mire of the streets in the battle: about 587. i God is to be sought unto, and not idols. 5 and they shall fight, because the LORD

As he visited his flock for sin, so he will is with them, and || the riders on Or, they
save and restore them.

horses shall be confounded.
of the LORD rain in the
A time of heater razniş in the of ,

6 And I will strengthen the house horses
LORD shall make || bright clouds, and of Joseph, and I will bring them again
give them showers of rain, to every to place them; for I have mercy upon
one grass in the field.

them: and they shall be as though I
2 For the a t idols have spoken had not cast them off: for I am the
vanity, and the diviners have seen a LORD their God, and will hear them.
lie, and have told false dreams; they 7 And they of Ephraim shall be
comfort in vain : therefore they went like a mighty man, and their heart
their way as a flock, they were trou- shall rejoice as through wine: yea,
bled, because there was no shepherd. their children shall see it, and be glad;

3 Mine anger was kindled against their heart shall rejoice in the Lord.
the shepherds, and I + punished the 8 I will hiss for them, and gather
goats: for the Lord of hosts hath them; for I have redeemed them:
visited his flock the house of Judah, and they shall increase as they have
and hath made them as his goodly increased.
horse in the battle.

9 And I will sow them among the
4 Out of him came forth the corner, people: and they shall remember me
out of him the nail, out of him the in far countries; and they shall live
battle bow, out of him every oppressor with their children, and turn again.

10 I will bring them again also out 5 4 And they shall be as mighty of the land of Egypt, and gather them

1 Or, ansicered that, &c.

+ Heb.

risited upon.

the soldiers in these spiritual combats foretold shall have description of the war-horse, chap. xxxix. 19—25, whose such joy as the young men used to express at a plentiful courage and strength are there displayed, as setting harvest, and the young maidens at the end of a happy forth the glorious perfections of his Maker. Such, it is vintage. Dr. Stokes.

said, God would make the house of Judah to be, fur

nished with every requisite for obtaining military sucChap. X. This chapter is a continuation of the pro- cess. Dr. Blayney. phecy begun in the preceding one, and goes on with a 4. Out of him came forth] Or, “shall come forth.” representation of the future prosperities of Judah and W. Lowth. “ Him,” that is, Judah. Abp. Newcome. Israel, in consequence of the recovery of God's favour. the corner,] Or chief. A community is often Dr. Blayney.

represented as an edifice, or building: and the correVer. 1. Ask ye of the Lord rain &c.] The promise sponding parts expressed by the same name. Hence as of future plenty suggests the mention of the means by the largest stones or timbers are used in the angles to which it might then be procured; namely, supplication bind together and strengthen the sides of the building, to Jehovah, and not to idols. Abp. Newcome.

which meet therein, as in a cominon centre; so the angle make bright clouds,] Or "lightnings," as in the or corner metaphorically denotes the chief personage in margin, and in Job xxviii

. 26. Great rains usually a community, on whom its strength and security prinaccompany thunder and lightning : see Jer. x, 13. W. cipally depends. Dr. Blayney. Lowth.

the nail,] As a nail is used to fasten the timbers 2. For the idols have spoken vanity, &c.] That is, by or parts of a building together, it may serve to denote the answers which the priests gave in their name : the officers next in command under the chief, by whose for elsewhere they are called dumb idols,” Hab. ii. means the common soldiers are united and kept steady 18," which have mouths, but speak not,” Ps. cxv. 5. and in regular order. “ The battle bow" means the W. Lowth.

archers in an army. Dr. Blayney. therefore they went their way as a flock,] There- every oppressor] Rather, “ every ruler :" the fore both they and you were driven into captivity, as original word is used in a good sense, Isai. lx. 17. The sheep are driven away and scattered, without a shep- meaning is, Judah shall furnish both civil and military herd to guide or protect them. Compare Jer. 1. 17; governours. Abp. Newcome. Ezek. xxxiv. 5. Bp. Hall, W. Lowth.

8. I will hiss for them,] I will summon them from 3. the goats :) The shepherds” are the wicked distant countries by a certain signal, as a shepherd calls kings and princes : “ the goats,” the wicked common his flock together with his whistle: compare İsai. v. 26; Jews. Dr. Wells. Goats,” rather than sheep, which led vii. 18. W. Lowth. My people out of their way. Bp. Hall.

as they have increased.] In the most flourishFor the Lord of hosts hath visited &c.] Rather, ing times, such as the reigns of David and Solomon. “ but the Lord of hosts” &c. But now hath God given W. Lowth. His people manifest tokens of His favour and protec- 10. I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt, tion. W. Lowth. But Jehovah of hosts is about to visit &c.] The Prophets, when they foretell the general reHis flock, &c. Dr. Blayney.

storation of their nation, often express it by their returnas his goodly horse in the battle.] See Job's fineling from Egypt and Assyria. See Isai. xi, 15, 16 ; xix.

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