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119, 140. Prov. 30.5.
d Deut. 32. 31, 39.
Ps. 85. 8.
for God's mighty deliverances
and manifold blessings. 30 As for God, his way is perfect : 41 They cried, but there was none 9. Ps. 12. 6. & c the word of the Lord is || tried: he to save them : even unto the Lord,
is a buckler to all those that trust in but he answered them not. 101, reined. him.
42 Then did I beat them small as 31 d For who is God save the the dust before the wind : I did cast 1 Sam. 2. 2. LORD? or who is a rock save our them out as the dirt in the streets. God?
43 Thou hast delivered me from 32 It is God that girdeth me with the strivings of the people; and thou strength, and maketh my way per- hast made me the head of the heathen: fect.
a people whom I have not known shall 33 He maketh
feet like hinds' serve me. feet, and setteth me upon my high 44 † As soon as they hear of me, Heb. at the places.
they shall obey me: † the strangers the car 34 He teacheth my hands to war, shall 11 + submit themselves unto me. sons of the so that a bow of steel is broken by
45 The strangers
l| Or, yield mine arms.
and be afraid out of their close places. Jeigned 35 Thou hast also given me the 46 The Lord liveth; and blessed + Heb. lie.
shield of thy salvation : and thy right be my rock; and let the God of my | Or, seith
hand hath holden me up, and || thy salvation be exalted.
36 Thou hast enlarged my steps and || subdueth the people unto me. ments for me. under me, that my feet did not 48 He delivereth me from mine 10r
destroyeth. aine ancles. slip.
enemies: yea, thou liftest me up above 37 I have pursued mine enemies, those that rise up against me: thou and overtaken them: neither did I hast delivered me from the + violent + Wiebe man turn again till they were consumed.
38 I have wounded them that they 49 e Therefore will I || give thanks & Rom. 15.9. were not able to rise: they are fallen unto thee, O LORD, among the heaunder my feet.
then, and sing praises unto thy name. 39 For thou hast girded me with 50 Great deliverance giveth he to
strength unto the battle : thou hast his king; and sheweth mercy to his called to bow. † subdued under me those that rose anointed, to David, and to his seed up against me.
his grace. 12 David prayeth for grace.
ty Reekness toy hast gultiplied
+ Heb. giveth avenge
that is, take the fenced cities of my enemies. Edwards, 45. The strangers shall fade &c.] Foreign nations Bp. Wilson.
faint with fear and trembling in their strong holds. 33. He maketh my feet &c.] He maketh me able to Edwards. stand on the sides of mountains and rocks, (which were 48. — from the violent man.] He certainly means anciently used as fastnesses in time of war.) The feet from Saul. Dr. Kennicott. of the sheep, the goat, and the hart, are particularly 50.- to his anointed,] To Christ, the spiritual David, adapted to standing on such places. Street.
and to all true Christians, which are His seed. Bp. 34. — so that a bow of steel &c.] Probably this sen- Wilson. tence should be read, agreeably to some of the ancient From the first words of this hymn we learn, that the versions, Thou makest my arms like a bow of brass. Divine favours and deliverances should inspire us with Edwards, Bp. Lowth.
the most tender and sincere affection, and lead us to The ancients had the art of giving a temper to brass praise God continually. David's account of the extreme which made it as hard and solid as steel and made dangers he had been exposed to, and the wonderful various kinds of weapons and armour of bronze. Cal power
of God displayed in his deliverance, shews, that met.
into whatever extremities we fall, we should never de35. — thy gentleness &c.] That is, Thy kindness spair of God's assistance, if we fear Him;
that His maketh me great. Street.
is greater than man's, and that He never wants 36. Thou hast enlarged &c.] David means, that God means to deliver those who hope in Him. Lastly, had opened a free course for him to victory and triumph, David's zeal, expressed in the latter verses of this and had also endued him with strength to run that Psalm, proves that it is not sufficient to praise God in course. Bp. Horne.
private for His mercies, but we ought to proclaim His 40. — given me the necks of mine enemies;] The word, praises and lovingkindness to the utmost of our power, here translated “neck,” is the back part of the neck; that His holy name may be glorified by us, and by all and therefore equivalent to back, as the Greek trans- men. Ostervald. lates it. The passage may therefore be rendered, As for my enemies, Thou givest me their back; that is, Psalm XIX. This Psalm descends gradually from puttest them to flight. Mudge, Bp. Lowth.
an opening uncommonly splendid and sublime, to a Vol. II.
a Gen. 1. 6.
these their voice is heard.
b Rom. 10.
1. Or, doctrine. | Or,
The creatures shew God's glory.
David prayeth for grace.
right, rejoicing the heart: the com-
of God; and the firmament shew- lightening the eyes. eth his handy-work.
9 The fear of the Lord is clean, 2 Day unto day uttereth speech, enduring for ever: the judgments of and night unto night sheweth know- the Lord are † true and righteous + Heb. truth. ledge.
altogether. 3 There is no speech nor language,
10 More to be desired are they Or, without || + where their voice is not heard. than gold, yea, than much fine gold: ¢ Ps. 119. 72,
4.6 || Their line is gone out through a sweeter also than honey and † the a Ps. 119. tuleb with all the earth, and their words to the honeycomb. voice heard. end of the world. In them hath he 11 Moreover by them is thy ser- Heb; the set a tabernacle for the sun,
vant warned: and in keeping of them honeycombs.
cleanse thou me from secret faults.
shall I be upright, and I shall be
fect, || converting the soul: the testi- sion. restoring.
mony of the LORD is sure, making 14 Let the words of my mouth, and
the meditation of my heart, be acgentler and more moderate strain, and the softest ex- next verse to the custom of the bridegroom's going out pressions of piety and devotion. The whole composi- at midnight with lamps and torches. The passage will tion abounds with great variety of both sentiment and receive great light from our Saviour's parable of the imagery. The glory of God is demonstrated in His wise and foolish virgins. Dodd. works both of nature and providence. The piety of it 8. – pure,] The original word should be translated is so natural, and yet so exalted; so easy to be under- as it is in the Greek, “ clear” or “ bright.” Bp. Lowth, stood, so adapted to move the affections, that it is hardly Dr. Kennicott. possible to read it with any attention, without feeling 9. — clean,] That is, pure, or free from all alloy of something of the same spirit by which it was composed. superstition. Green. Bps. Lowth and Sherlock.
10. More to be desired &c.] The Divine law is far From a citation which St. Paul hath made of the more precious than the richest treasures upon earth; fourth verse, it appears, that, in the exposition of this and more delightful to him who practises it, than the Psalm, we are to raise our thoughts from things natural most luxurious sensual pleasures. Travell. to things spiritual; we are to contemplate the publi- and the honeycomb.] Or, as in the margin, the cation of the Gospel, the manifestation of the Light of dropping of the honeycomb, which is the choicest part life, the Sun of righteousness, and the efficacy of evan- of the honey. Green. gelical doctrine. In this view the ancients have con- Pliny says, “ In all kinds of honey, that which flows sidered the Psalm, and the Church hath therefore ap- of itself as wine and oil, and is called acæton, that is, pointed it to be read on Christmas-day. Bp. Horne. without sediment, is most commended.” And Homer
Ver. 2. Day unto day uttereth speech,] The return mentions “honey spontaneously distilling," as pecuof the sun from one day unto another day tells us that liarly sweet. Parkhurst. there is a God; and the like return of the moon or 12. — his errors ?] That is, sins of ignorance and stars, or darkness from one night unto another night, infirmity; or, as it follows, those secret faults which teaches us the same. Dr. Wells..
escape our notice. Green. 3. There is no speech &c.] They are not endowed, 13. — presumptuous sins ;] Wilful and deliberate sins. like man, with the faculty of speech ; but they address Dr. Wells. themselves to the mind of the intelligent beholder in - the great transgression.] The meaning of this another, and that, when understood, a no less forcible expression may be, rebellion and final apostasy from way; the way of picture, or representation. Bp. Horne. God. Bp. Horne. Or, idolatry. Dr. Kennicott. Or,
4. Their line is gone out &c.] Rather, Their sound it may be taken generally, any great transgression. Dr. is gone out into all the earth, and their report, &c. Wells. Dr. Waterland and Old Translation. The meaning is, King David here mentions two principal means by they proclaim the Divine glory in plain and intelligible which God has made Himself known to us; which are, characters, to the remotest parts of the earth; as the the works of nature, and His word. Let us therefore Gospel shall be proclaimed hereafter by the preaching make a good use of both these means ; meditating of the Apostles, Rom. x. 18. Travell.
upon the marvellous works of God, which afford us - a tabernacle for the sun,] The nuptials of the such proofs of His power and wisdom; but particularly Jews, and other Eastern nations, were celebrated with let us apply ourselves to the reading and meditating on great magnificence and splendour. They were held His word.' David's high encomiums on God's word under a tent, or canopy, erected for that purpose, to inform us, that it is a sure, evident, and unerring rule which custom David here alludes; as he does in the of faith and practice; that it is of infinitely more value
Heb. thy keis. * Heb. #ppert lkte.
Heb. tern to azkes : Or,
The church blesseth the king in his exploits. PSALMS.
A thanksgiving for victory. + Heb. aay
ceptable in thy sight, O LORD, † my 9 Save, LORD: let the king hear
us when we call.
O LORD; and in thy salvation
how greatly shall he rejoice !
request of his lips. Selah.
+ accept thy burnt sacrifice. Selah. blessings of goodness: thou settest a Eske far.
4 Grant thee according to thine crown of pure gold on his head.
5 We will rejoice in thy salvation, gavest it him, even length of days for
tion: honour and majesty hast thou
saveth his anointed; he will hear him 6 For thou hast + made him most Heb. set 1. Heb. from t from his holy heaven + with the blessed for ever: thou hast + made him blessings. kis koliness. saving strength of his right hand. exceeding glad with thy countenance.
gladded him + Heb. by the freagth of
7 Some trust in chariots, and some 7 For the king trusteth in the with joy. fne salvation in horses: but we will remember the Lord, and through the mercy of the of his right name of the LORD our God.
Most High he shall not be moved.
find out those that hate thee. than the most excellent things of this world; that it we will set up our banners :] In token of triumph; was given to enlighten and sanctify us, to rejoice and hich among other ways was celebrated by the setting comfort the heart; that the fear of the Lord procures up of banners or trophies. Poole. perfect happiness to those who are possessed with it, 9. Save, Lord : &c.] We ought to read this accordand that there is great reward in the keeping of His ing to the Greek translation : O Lord, save the king ; holy commandments. Ostervald.
and hear us when we call. Mudge, Calmet.
pray Psalm XX. The first verses of this Psalm are spoken for the prince whom God hath set over them, and inteby the people, or rather the priests of the temple, upon rest themselves in the advantages or deliverances which the king's coming to offer sacrifice, before he set out God grants to their governours : also that it is the faupon some expedition : in the sixth, the high priest, vour and protection of God which makes the glory and upon seeing the sacrifice consumed to ashes, joined safety of the people, and of kings; that it is to that faperhaps with the other usual signals of favour, breaks vour, and not to their own strength and power, they are to out in the expression, “Now I know, &c.” The last attribute their good success ; and therefore, that kings again are spoken by the people or priests as a chorus. and their subjects should strive above all things to obJudge.
tain the favour of God. Ostervald. This and the following are two of the Psalms appointed to be used in our Inauguration service.
Psalm XXI. This is a Psalm of triumph and thanksVer. 2. Send thee help &c.] Send thee help from the giving for victory. It is generally considered as deholy heavens, and from His sanctuary, which is a type scribing, under the figure of David, the exaltation, glory, and figure thereof; and strengthen thee out of Zion, and majesty of Christ, who completely triumphed over where He hath by His command appointed the holy death. The fourth, fifth, and sixth verses, are indeed ark of His covenant to be placed, and from whence He particularly applicable to our blessed Redeemer. It is gives answers and directions to all thy actions. Bp. appointed by the Church to be used on the AscensionHall. See note at Exod. xxvi. 33.
day. Travell. 3. — accept] The Hebrew expression is, "turn to Ver. 3. For thou preventest him &c.] Didst crown ashes,” (see the margin ;) and if we look to the period him with manifold blessings both more and sooner than under the law, we shall find this the usual method of he either desired or expected. Poole. signifying the Divine acceptance of the sacrifice. Dr. 4. He asked life of thee, &c.] David had in the days Jlagee. See the note on Gen. iv. 4.
of Saul only asked for “ life ;” and God had given to 5. - in the name of our God] To the honour of God, him and his posterity, “ length of days for ever and as the conqueror.
shall set them
rolled him sell on the
| Or, keptest
of the morn
a Matt. 27.
in great discouragement.
10 Their fruit shalt thou destroy were not confounded.
a reproach of men, and despised of
they shake the head, saying, 1 Or, thou
12 Therefore || shalt thou make 8 ° + He trusted on the Lord that c Matt. 27. them turn their back, when thou he would deliver him: let him deliver * Heb. He shalt make ready thine arrows upon him, || seeing he delighted in him. thy strings against the face of them. 9 But thou art he that took me out LORD.
|| Or, if he 13 Be thou exalted, LORD, in thine of the womb: thou || didst make me delighi in own strength : so will we sing and hope when I was upon my mother's for praise thy power. breasts.
me in safety. 10 I was cast upon thee from the PSALM XXII.
womb: thou art my God from my
11 Be not far from me ; for trou-
ble is near; for there is t none to Heb. not a
helper. ing. leth Shahar, A Psalm of David.
12 Many bulls have compassed me: MY-God, my God, why hast thou strong bulls of Bashan have beset me
. * Heby form. far † from helping me, and from the 13 They tgaped upon me with + Heb words of my roaring?
their mouths, as a ravening and a mouths 2 O my God, I cry in the daytime, roaring lion.
but thou hearest not; and in the night 14 I am poured out like water, and Heb: there season, and + am not silent. all my bones are || out of joint: my ore
3 But thou art holy, O thou that heart is like wax; it is melted in the
inhabitest the praises of Israel. midst of my bowels. 9. Thou shalt make them &c.] The meaning is, they sufferings; and He Himself repeated the first verse of shall as certainly perish, as if they were cast into a fiery it while He was hanging on the cross, Travell. oven ; the Lord, who is justly incensed against them, - Aijeleth Shahar,] Or, hind of the morning. The shall utterly consume them with a sharp and unavoidable morning-hind was probably a well-known song, which destruction. Bp. Patrick.
gave name to a particular tune, if not instrument; not 10. Their fruit] That is, their offspring. Green. unlikely of the melancholy kind, as possibly it might
12. — shalt thou make them turn their back,] Or, as describe a poor hind pursued by hunters. Mudge. in the margin, Thou shalt make them a mark to shoot at. Ver. 1. My God, my God, &c.] Christ, the beloved Green.
Son of the Father, when hanging on the cross, comthine arrows] The judgments of God are called plained in these words, that He was deprived, for a time, His “arrows,” being sharp, swift, sure, and deadly. Bp. of the Divine presence and comforting influence, while Horne.
He suffered for our sins. If the Master thus underwent From this, as from the preceding Psalm, we learn the trial of a spiritual desertion, why doth the disciple that God defends just and pious kings who call upon think it strange, unless the light of Heaven shine conHim and trust in Him; whereas He throws down and tinually upon his tabernacle ? Bp. Horne. destroys unrighteous princes, and especially such as op- the words of my roaring?] He means the words pose the establishment of His kingdom, and the designs of his complaint. Bp. Patrick. of His providence. Ostervald.
3.- inhabitest the praises of Israel.] That is, dwell
est in the tabernacle, where the praises and thanksgivings Psalm XXII. This Psalm contains a most full and of Israel are offered to Thee for mercies granted them. clear prophecy of our blessed Saviour's passion, and the Edwards, Bp. Horne. propagation of His Gospel. It is entitled a Psalm of 7. All they &c. From this verse to the twentieth, David ; and I doubt not but that greatest part of it the words are prophetical of Christ, and literally fulfilled related primarily to David himself. It contains a most in Him. See Matth. xxvii. 39. Dimock. pathetick and poetical description of his own sufferings 12. Many bulls &c.] Mine enemies, who are as furiand calamities; but expressed in such figures as were ous and formidable as the bulls fed in the rich pastures most literally fulfilled in the sufferings of Christ. Arch- of Bashan, beset me on every side. Green. See note at deacon Randolph.
Numb. xxxii. 1. It is very properly appointed to be used on Good Fri- 14. I am poured out like water,] He means that his day, as it contains a wonderful prophecy of our Saviour's flesh has no consistency, or is loose as water. Green.
is to me.
d Matt. 27.
Luke 23, 33,
e Luke 23.
He prayeth in great distress.
He praiseth God. 15 My strength is dried up like a him; and fear him, all ye the seed potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to of Israel. my jaws; and thou hast brought me 24 For he hath not despised nor into the dust of death.
abhorred the affliction of the afflicted; 16 For dogs have compassed me: neither hath he hid his face from the assembly of the wicked have in- him; but when he cried unto him,
closed me: I they pierced my hands he heard. Mark 15. 24. and
25 My praise shall be of thee in the
vows before them that fear him. 18. They part my garments among
26 The meek shall eat and be saJohn 19. 23. them, and cast lots upon my vesture. tisfied: they shall praise the LORD
19 But be not thou far from me, that seek him: your heart shall live
27 & All the ends of the world shall g Ps. 2. 8. &
shall worship before thee.
down to the dust shall bow before
72. 11. &
+ Heb, sy eslycae. + Heb. from de hand.
1 Heb. 2. 12.
15. My strength is dried up &c.] In other words, I of David was as exemplary as his piety. God seems to am quite exhausted and dried up, like a piece of a bro- have inspired him with a comfortable assurance that his ken pot : so extreme is my thirst, that I am scarce able prayers were heard. • For Thou hast heard me,” says to utter my complaints; but am just upon the point of he," from the horns of the unicorns.” Archdeacon expiring and returning to the dust of the earth. How Randolph. exactly was this prophecy verified in the person of our unicorns.] The animal here meant is probably blessed Lord, when He sweat as it were great drops of the rhinoceros. "It has one horn upon
which blood, and endured all the agonies of the cross ! Tra- is very strong, and grows to a considerable length. cell.
Green. See the note on Numb. xxiii. 22. - my tongue cleaveth to my jaws ;] Parching thirst, 25.- I will pay my vows] That is, offer the sacrifice here expressed by the Psalmist, is one of the usual con- which I vowed. Mudge. comitants of extreme grief of mind, or torture of body. 26. The meek shall eat &c.] Of this sacrifice the humDr. Hales.
ble or afflicted, he says, should eat, and praise God for 16. For dogs have compassed me : &c.] A multitude the mercy He had shewn to His servant. The latter part of malicious people have beset me fiercely as dogs, and of the verse is addressed to them; “your heart shall live got me into their power in order to wound and destroy for ever :" take courage and fear not, God will never me. Dr. Hammond. Thus these words may be figura- desert them that fear him. Mudge. tively applied to David ; but they were literally fulfilled 29. All they that be fat &c.] It is here foretold that in the Saviour of the world, whose feet and hands His the “ fat ones of the earth,” the great, the opulent, the enemies pierced through with nails on the cross. Green. flourishing, the nobles and princes of the world, should
17. I may tell all my bones : &c.] The skin and flesh be called in to partake of the feast, and join in the Chriswere distended by the posture of the body on the cross, tian worship and service. Rich, as well as poor, are that the bones, as through a thin veil, became visible, invited; and the hour is coming when all the race of and might be counted ; and the holy Jesus, forsaken Adam, as many as sleep in the “dust” of the earth, and stript, naked and bleeding, was a spectacle to hea- unable to raise themselves from thence, quickened and ven and earth. Bp. Horne.
called forth by the voice of the Son of Man, must bow 18. They part my garments &c.] This was so far true the knee to the King Messiah. Bp. Horne, Archdeacon of David, that his enemies spoiled his goods, and rifled Randolph. his substance. But it is particularly remarkable, that 29–31. - and none can keep alive &c.] The Greek at our Saviour's crucifixion the soldiers divided His gar- version and some other ancient versions probably give ments among them, and His coat being without seam, the true reading of these clauses : “My soul shall live, they would not rend it, but cast lots for it ; and thus, and my posterity shall serve God. My seed shall be as the Evangelists themselves tell us, this Scripture was reckoned to the Lord in the generation which shall fulfilled. Such exact agreement in these minute circum- And they shall declare His righteousness to a stances could not occur casually; and it carries with it people which shall be born; for He, the Lord, hath done a striking proof of the interposition of God, and a strong it."" The words thus read and translated are a plain confirmation of the truth of the Gospel. Archdeacon prophecy of the propagation of the Gospel, and callRandolph.
ing of the Gentiles. Abp. Secker, Archdeacon Ran21. Save me from the lion's mouth : &c.] The faith dolph.