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362, supposing he might be the elder Appollinarius, who flourished about the middle of the fourth century ; but the opinion of Daillé, or what is not very different, has generally prevailed. Samuel Basnaged agrees exactly with him, and confutes Pearson's arguments; nor does Tillemonte scruple to show the weakness of Pearson's reasonings : Pagir freely owns, that they were not quoted before

the year 532, and were not written till after the council of · Chalcedon : Nourri supposeth thats they were written bc

tween the years 431 and 451, but not made public till some time after. James Basnage, whom I transcribe below, says, they were written in the latter part of the fifth, or the beginning of the sixth century. So general a concurrence of opinions is there for that time. I refer in the margini to some other writers. David Blondelk speaks of this author as writing about the year 490 : and I place him at that time likewise, to oblige those who may suppose these works to have been written forty or fifty years before they were taken notice of.

3. All this is said for the sake of a Catalogue of the Ann. 51. a. 60, &c.

e S. Dionys. l'Areopagite, note 4. Mem. Ec. T. ii.

T-- cum nec Eusebius, nec Hieronymus, nec Gennadius, nec ullus eorum, qui quinque primis ecclesiæ seculis vixere, mentionem illorum fecerint-et anno tantum 532 in Collatione Constantinopoli Catholicos inter et Severianos habità hæretici aliquid ex Dionysio Areopagità Catholicis objecerint, hique illorum auctoritatem flocci fecerint. Quare libri illi post pacem ecclesiæ a Constantino Magno redditam, et post Concilium Chalcedonense, elucubrati ab aliquo Dionysio juniore. Ann. 834. n. 18. Conf. ib. Ann. 875. n. 18. et Ann. 107. n. 8.

8 Nourri App. ad. Bib. PP. Diss. 10. n. 9. p. 386. Paris. 1694.

* En effet ce fut à la fin du cinquième, ou au commencement du sixième siècle, que parurent les cuvres de Denys l'Areopagite, qui furent citées la première fois l'an 533, dans la dispute des Acephales. L'auteur, qui a emprunté ce nom, a fait assez obscurement, et à sa maniere mystique, le catalogue des livres sacrés. Mais il en dit assez pour faire comprendre qu'il excluoit du Canon tous les livres que les Juifs en ont chasses. Hist. de l'Eglise, 1. viii. ch. 10. p. 443.

i Vid Usser. Diss. de Scriptis Dionysio Areop. suppositis. Ad calcem libri de Scriptur. Sacr. et Vernac. p. 281, &c. Launoi de duobus Dionysiis. Fabr. Bib. Gr. T. v. p. 3–5. Du Pin, Bib. des Aut. Ec. T. i. p. 34-38. Asseman. Bib. Or. T. i. p. 451.

* Des Sibylles, l. ii. ch. 20. p. 219. à Charenton. 1649. Ο Πασα μεν γαρ ιερα και αγιογραφος δελτος ή την εκ θεο των οντων γενητής υπαρξιν τε και διακοσμησιν, η την νομικην ιεραρχιαν και πολιτειαν, η των το θειο λογο κληροδοσιων διανεμησεις και κατασχεσεις, η κριτων ιερων, η βασιλεων, σοφων, η ιερεων ενθεων συνεσιν, η παλαιων ανδρων εν ποικιλια και πληθει των ανιοντων ακατασεισoν εν καρτερια φιλοσοφιαν, η των πρακτεων σοφας υποθηκας, η θειων ερωτων ασματα και ενθεος εικονας, η των εσομενων τας υποφητικας προαναρρησεις, η τας ανδρικας Ιησε θεεργιας, η τας αυτ8 μαθητων θεοπαραδοτες και θεομιμητες πολιτειας και ιερας διδασκαλιας, η την κρυφιαν και μυσικην εποψιαν τ8 των μαθητων αγαπητό και θεσπεσια η την υπερκοσμιον Ιησε θεολογιαν τους προς θεωσιν επιτηδειοις υφηγησατο, και ταις ιεραις των

books of the Old and New Testament, found in the third chapter of this author's Ecclesiastical Hierarchy ; but expressed in an obscure and niysterious manner, suited to his usual way of writing.

4. I have put the whole in the margin, for the use of those who read Greek: it is not easy to be translated ; but we may make a few remarks. James Basnage, in the place above cited, is clearly of opinion, that this writer mentions no books of the Old Testament, but those of the Jewish canon. It is also plain, that one of those books is the Song of Songs. And Daillém says, he omnits no sacred book, either of the Old or the New Testament: however, the be• loved disciple' alone is expressly mentioned. It is manifest, that the author received the Revelation : and it is probable, he thought St. John's gospel to be the last written book of the New Testament; it being mentioned last, and next after the book of the Revelation.

CHAP. CALV.

GENNADIUS.

1. GENNADIUS, of Marseilles, is placed, by a Cave, at the year 495, about which time his book of Illustrious Men must have been written. In the last chapter of that book he mentions bis own works : the conclusion of which chapter is, • That be had written a treatise or treatises concerning the Millennium; and concerning the Revelation of the blessed John, that work, and an epistle concerning his faith, sent to Gelasius, bishop of Rome.'

TENETWV kal IroELDEOLV avaywyais ouveppik word. Dionys. Areop. de Eccles. Hierarch, cap. 3. sect 4. p. 287, 288. Antverp. 1634.

m- quo loco scripturæ, tum veteris tum novæ, absolutissimum canonem exhibet, singulaque utriusque volumina recenset, non quidem usitatis ac solenpibus in ecclesiâ nominibus illa nuncupans, (a quo ille ubique, velut a quodam piaculo, diligentissime sibi cavet,) sed tamen ita perspicue designans ac describens, ut facile sit intelligere, nullum ab eo prætermissum esse divinum librum. Dall. ubi supra, I. i. c. 16. p. 101.

• Vid. Cav. H. L. T. i. et Conf. Fabr. ad Gennad. cap. ult. G. J. Voss. de Hist. Lat. i. c. 18. H. Noris. Hist. Pelag. I. ii. c. 16. Du Pin, Biblioth. T. ii. P. ii. p. 277.

bEgo Gennadius, Massiliæ presbyter, scripsi adversus omnes hæreses libros octo, et adversus Nestorium libros tres, et tractatus de mille annis, et de Apocalypsi beati Johannis, et hoc opus, et epistolam de fide meâ misi ad beatum Gelasium, urbis Romæ episcopum. Gennad. de V. I. cap. C.

2. The book of Illustrious Men is still extant : and I have often referred to it. The epistle to Gelasius, Concerning his Faith, is also generally supposed to be extant, though it now goes by a different title, it is in the Appendix of the eighth tome of the Benedictine edition of Augustine's works.

3. But the chief reason of my placing Gennadius here is a regard to his treatises concerning the Millennium, and St. John's Revelation; which I suppose to afford a good argument that he received the Revelation as a work of St. John the apostle and evangelist.

CHAP. CXLV.

GELASIUS, BISHOP OF ROME.

1. GELASIUS, an African, succeeded Felix III. in the see of Rome, in the year 492. A decree in a council of seventy bishops, concerning canonical, ecclesiastical, and apocryphal scriptures, is ascribed to him. The genuineness of which decree is denied, or disputed, by a Pearson, Cave, © Samuel and 1 James Basnage; but vindicated by e Pagi, and' Jeremiah Jones. But, whereas it has been generally placed at the year 494, Pagi says, it was not published before 496. It is not necessary that I should enter into an argument about a thing of so late a date: I shall only al. lege that part of the decree, which relates to the books of the New Testament.

2. After a particular enumeration of the books of the Old Testament, follows: · Ther order of the scriptures of the

c De Ecclesiasticis Dogmatibus liber, Gennadio tributus. • Vindic. Ep. Ign. P. i. cap. 4.

Hist. L. T. i. p. 462, 463. c Ann. 496. n. 9, 10.

d Hist. de l'Egl. I. viii. c. 8. n. 7. p. 439, 440. Ann. 494. n. 2-6. New and Full Method, &c. vol. I. p. 189, 190.

& Item ordo scripturarum Novi et æterni Testamenti. Evangeliorum libri quatuor. Secundum Matthæum liber unus. Secundum Marcum liber unus. Sccundum Lucam liber unus. Secundum Joannem liber unus. Actuum Apostolorum liber unus.

Epistolæ Pauli apostoli numero xiv.

Ad Romanos epistola una. Ad Corinthios epistolæ duæ. Ad Galatas epistola una. Ad Thessalonicenses epistolæ duæ. Ad Ephesios epistola una. Ad Philippenses epistola una. Ad Colossenses epistola una. Ad Timotheum epistolæ duæ. Ad Titum epistola una. Ad Philemonem epistola una. Ad Hebræos epistola una.

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New and everlasting Testament; four books of the gos• pels; according to Matthew one book, according to Mark • one book, according to Luke one book, according to John • ove book; one book of the Acts of the Apostles; the • epistles of the apostle Paul fourteen; to the Romans one ! epistle; to the Corinthians two epistles : to the Galatians • one epistle; to the Thessalonians two epistles; to the • Ephesians one epistle; to the Philippians one epistle; to ' the Colossians one epistle; to Timotby two epistles; to • Titus one epistle ; to Philemon one epistle ; to the He• brews one epistle : likewise, the Revelation of Jobn one • book : Jikewise, the seven canonical epistles; one epistle • of the apostle James, two epistles of the apostle Peter, • three epistles of the apostle John, one epistle of the apos• tle Judas Zelotes.' And it is added, “That upon the pro• phetical, evangelical, and apostolical scriptures, the • catholic church is built, by the grace of God.'

3. The reader will observe the order in which the books are placed. It deserves also to be observed, I think, that whoever were the authors of this catalogue of books of scripture, they received none for authentic and canonical, or the rule of faith, but such as were written by apostles, or supposed to be written by apostles ; except the gospels according to Mark and Luke, and the Acts of the Apostles.

4. Beside these, many hi ecclesiastical writings are mentioned, which are allowed to be made use of. After which follows' a long catalogue of apocryphal books, which are * mentioned, and rejected. Many of which have been properly taken notice of in several parts of this work ; though without particular references to this decree, which, being so late in time, was not necessary; and would have rendered this work tedious and prolix beyond my intention.

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Item Apocalypsis Joannis liber unus.

Item Canonicæ epistolæ numero septem. Jacobi apostoli epistola una. Petri apostoli epistolæ duæ. Johannis apostoli epistolæ tres. Judæ zelotis apostoli epistola una.—Post propheticas, evangelicas, atque apostolicas scripturas, quibus ecclesia catholica per gratiam Dei fundata est, illud etiam intimandum putamus, &c. •Concilium Romam,

quo a lxx. episcopis libri sacri et authentici ab apocryphis sunt discreti, sub • Gelasio. Ap. Labb. Conc. T. iv. p. 1260, 1261.

h Et quamvis aliud fundamentum nullus possit ponere, præter id quod positum est, qui est Christus Jesus, tamen ad ædificationem nostram eadem sancta Romana ecclesia post illas Veteris vel Novi Testamenti, quas regulariter suscepimus, etiam has suscipi non prohibet. Ib. p. 1262.

Notitia librorum apocryphorum, qui non recipiuntur. Ib. p. 1264.

CHAP. CALVI.

ANDREW, BISHOP OF CÆSAREA, IN CAPPADOCIA.

1. ANDREW, bishop of Cæsarea, in Cappadocia, is placed by Cave,a at the year 500; though his exact time is not certainly known. He wroteb a Commentary upon the book of the Revelation ; of which some notice must be taken by us.

2. In the preface to his work, he says, Hec needs not to enlarge, in proving the inspiration of this book, since many ancients have borne testimony to its authority; as Gregory. the Divine, Cyril, [of Alexandria,] Papias, Irenæus, Methodius, and Hippolytus.

3. Andrew divided the book of the Revelation into 24 larger, and 72 smaller sections. This he takes notice of in his preface : and Arethas, who also afterwards wrote a Commentary upon this book, mentions it particularly in hise preface. Mill says, that Andrew herein imitated Euthalius, who had done the like for some other parts of the New Testament. I place Mill's account of this matter below,f at length.

4. Upon Rev. i. 9, he observes, thats Jobn bad been condemned to live in the island Patmos ; but he does not say when, nor by whom.

5. He seems to suppose, that b St. John's gospel was written before the Revelation.

--- vixisse videtur circa exitum seculi istius, ac claruisse anno 500. Incerta enim prorsus illius ætas; nec ulla ejus apud veteres mentio. Hist. Lit. T. i. p. 467. Conf. Fabr. Bib. Gr. T. vii. p. 791. b Ad fin. S. Chrysost. Comment. in Johann, ed. Morell. T. viii.

c Vid. Proæm. p. 3. « Διελοντες την παρασαν πραγματειαν εις λογες κδ' και οβ κεφαλαια, δια την τριμερη των κό' πρεσβυτερων υποςασιν, σωματος και ψυχης και πνευματος. p. 3. B.

e Vid. Areth. ad Calc. T. iii. Comment. (Ecum. p. 640. Andreas, Cæsareæ Cappadocum episcopus, sub finem seculi hujus quinti, Apocalypseos librum a se Commentario illustratum partitus est, ad exemplum Euthali, in sectiones majores et minores, seu in λογος et κεφαλαια. Λογοι majores quædam portiones erant, Euthalianis · Lectionibus haud multo absimiles. Hujusmodi autem notavit Andreas xxiv. pro numero viginti quatuor Seniorum, circa thronum sedentium--Kepalaia vero, sive segmenta minora, constituit (ad numerum, uti dicit, partium, sc. . corporis, animæ, et spiritûs,' ex quibus constabant Seniores) ter viginti quatuor, seu lxxii. apposito etiam cuique Capitulo lemmate quodam, materiam, quæ in eo tractatur, paucis indicante. Mill. Proleg. n. 998.

& P. 8. B. h Eπειπερ εν τω κατ' αυτον ευαγγελια τους υψηλοις και θεοπρεπεσιν υπερ navTaç E VÒLETPEYE Kavtavla , k. 1. p. 4. B.

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