Page images
PDF
EPUB

THE

PRINCIPAL FACTS

OF THE

NEW TESTAMENT

CONFIRMED, &c.

PART II. CHAP. CXXVI.,

PRUDENTIUS.

1. AURELIUS PRUDENTIUS CLEMENS, an elegant
Latin poet, descended of an lionourable family, was born at
Saragossa in Spain, in the year 348, when Fl. Salia, or
Salias, was consul. Hea wrote the preface to his Cathe-
merinon, in the fifty-seventh year of his age; as he says
himself in that preface, whereb his other writings also are
briefly enumerated : consequently he is well placed as
flourishing about the year 405.
2. I put belowe Gennadius's chapter of Prudentius, in

a Per quinquennia jam decem,
Ni failor, fuimus. Septimus insuper
Annum cardo rotat, dum fruimur sole volubili.

Inrepsit subito canities seni,
Oblitum veteris me Saliæ Consulis arguens,
Sub quo primi dies mihi.

Cathem. lib. in Præf.
• Pugnet contra hæreses : Catholicam discutiat fidem :

Conculcet sacra Gentium :
Labem Roma tuis inferat idolis :
Carmen martyribus devoveat: Laudet apostolos.

Ibid. < Prudentius, vir seculari literaturâ eruditus, composuit Aitojaiov, [Alatvxov,] de toto Veteri et Novo Testamento, personis exceptis. Commentatus est autem

his book of Illustrious Men, published in 494; and I refer tod some learned moderns, such as are desirous of a more particular account of this writer.

3. Some have thought that Prudentius was consul; but without any good reason. Others have supposed that he was præfect of the Prætorium, or præfect of Rome : but there is no full proof of either. Gennadius, however, says, that he had a military employment at court. What Prudentius says of himself, in the forementioned preface, I transcribe below : from whence it appears, I think, that for a while he studied the law, and was a pleader; and that he had been a civil magistrate in some cities : after which he took to the profession of arms, and was honoured with some high military preferment under the emperor, either Theodosius, or Honorius : and, before he was very old, he retired from the world.

4. Prudentius celebrates, in his poems,f our Lord's nativity, and the circumstances of it; and also, his miracles, death, and resurrection. in morem Græcorum Hexaëmeron de Mundi Fabricâ usque ad conditionem primi hominis, et prevaricationem ejus. Composuit et libellos, quos Græcâ appellatione attitulavit, Apotheosis, Psychomachia, Hamartigenia, id est, de Divinitate, de Compugnantiâ Animæ, De Origine Peccatorum. Fecit et in Laudem Martyrum, sub aliorum nominibus, invitationem ad Martyrium, librum unum, et Hymnorum alterum : speciali tamen intentione adversus Symmachum, idololatriam defendentem. Ex quorum lectione agnoscitur Palatinus miles fuisse. Gennad. de V. I. cap. 13.

a Cav. H. L. T. i. Fabr. ad Gennad. cap. 13. ap. Bib. Ec. Voss. de Hist. Lat. I. ii. c. 10. Tillem. Mem. T. x. Du Pin. Bib. T. iii. p. 5. J. Le Clerc. Bib. Univ. T. xii. p. 135–193. Pagi. Ann. 405. n. 19.

• Quid nos utile tanti spatio temporis egimus ?
Ætas prima crepantibus
Flevit sub ferulis....

- - - ,
Exin jurgia turbidos
Armârunt animos, et male pertinax
Vincendi studium subjacuit casibus asperis.
Bis legum moderamine
Frenos nobilium reximus urbium ;
Jus civile Lonis reddidimus, terruimus reos.
Tandem militiæ gradu
Evectum pietas principis extulit,
Adsumtum propius stare jubens ordine proximo.

Cathem. Præf.
"O beatus ortus ille, virgo cum puerpera

Edidit nostram salutem, fæta Sancto Spiritu.

Cantharis infusa lympha fit Falernum nobile.
Nuntiat vinum minister esse promtum ex hydriâ.
Ipse rex sapore tinctis obstupescit poculis, &c.

Cathem. Hymn. ix, ver. 19,* &c. Vid. et Cath. Hymn. xii.

5. There is a book, called his Enchiridion, consisting of small poems, celebrating many remarkable events of the Old and the New Testament. Those of the New are taken out of the gospels, the Acts, ands the Revelation.

6. Some bave hesitated about the genuineness of that work, because it is not taken notice of by Prudentius in the preface before cited : nevertheless, it is particularly mentioned by Gennadius, by the title of Diptychon. Whether it be genuine, or not, the same things occur in the other unquestioned writing's of Prudentius.

7. In particular, theh Revelation is plainly referred to in some of the hymns in the Cathemerinon. And he seems to bave supposed, thati St. John had his visions in sleep.

8. I add one thing more : Prudentiusk considers martyrs as intercessors; and hopes, through them, to obtain of Christ the forgiveness of his sins.

8 Bis duodena senum sedes, pateris citharisque,

Totque coronarum fulgens insignibus, agnum,
Cæde cruentatum laudat : qui evolvere librum,
Et septem potuit signacula pandere solus.

Enchir. Num. 49. seu ult.
Corde fusus ex Parentis, ante mundi exordium
Alpha et l cognominatus : ipse fons et clausula
Omnium, quæ sunt, fuerunt, quæque post futura sunt.

Cathem. Hymn. ix. 5. 10–12. Vid. Apoc. i. 8.
i O quam profunda justis

Arcana per soporem
Aperit tuenda Christus !
Quam clara, quam tacenda,
Evangelista summi
Fidissimus magistri,

Nebuhis vides remotis, &c.

Cathem. Hymn. vi. v. 73. &c.
Tali sopore justus
Mentem relaxat heros,
Ut spiritu sagaci
Cælum peragret omne.

Ibid. ver. 112, &c.
k Hos inter, O Christi decus,

Audi poëtam rusticum,
Cordis fatentem crimina,
Et facta prodentem sua.

Indignus agnosco et scio,
Quem Christus ipse exaudiat ;
Sed per patronos martyres
Potest medelam consequi.

llepi separov. Hymn. vi.
In laudem Laurentii. ver. 573–580.

CHAP. CxXVII.

PALLADIUS.

1. IN tbe chapter of St. Jerom, I have quoted Palladius, bishop of Helenopolis in Bithynia, author of the Lausiac History; and Palladius, author of a Dialogue of the Life of St. Chrysostom, written in 408. Whether they are different, or one and the same, is a question debated by many b learned men ; particularly by° Du Pin, who reckons them one and the same; byd Tillemont ande Fabricius, who think them to be different. I do not think it needful now to produce distinctly the reasons on either side. I here intend only to make some extracts out of the forementioned Dialogue, composed at Rome in 408, soon after the death of St. Chrysostom, by Palladius, friend of that bishop.

2. In this Dialogue, the gospels, the Acts of the Apostles, the epistles, and particularly the epistle to the Hebrews, are freely quoted.

3. Hes quotes the epistle to the Ephesians with that title.

4. Heh has the words of 2 Pet. ii. 3, and quotes the epistle of St. Jude, expressly transcribing ver. 12, 13.

5. A large part of St. John's third epistle is bere quoted, in this manner : 'Asi in the catholic epistles, the blessed John writes to Gaius, against a certain bishop ; commending the hospitality of Gaius, and exhorting him not to imitate such bishops as were wicked.'

6. These things deserve our notice. St. Chrysostom, as we saw in his chapter, received only three of the catholic epistles: that of James; the first of Peter; the first of

* See Vol. iv. ch. cxiv.

Vid. Cav, H. L. T. i. Emer. Bigot. in Pr. ad. Dialog.

į Pallade. Du Pin. Bib. des Aut. Ecc. T. iii. p. 92, 93.

. d Tillem. Pallade, art. 12. Mem. T. xi. e Solet a multis longo jam tempore Palladio huic tribui Dialogus de Vitâ S. Chrysostomi, qui cum Theodoro Diacono Romano habitus Romæ fingitur circa ann. 408, non diu post Chrysostomi mortem. Auctorem Dialogi a Palladio Lausiacæ scriptore recte distinguunt Baronius A. 388. n. 110. Emericus Bigotius in Prefat. ad Dialogum, et Tillemontius. Fabr. Bib. Gr. I. v. c. 32. sect. 4. T. ix. p. 8.

1 Καθως νοθετων Εβραιως λεγει ο hayalogowy Ilavlos. Dialog. cap. 1. p. 2. E. ap. S. Chrysost. Opp. T. xiii. Vid. et p. 45. D. et p. 75. et passim.

8 Cap. 18. p. 71. F. Η Oις το κριμα αργει, και η απολεια αυτων και νυςαζει-περι ών Ιεδας, adelpos lakwße, onoivo OÚTOL ELOLV Oi ev tau aya au ipwy omilades. Dial. c. 18. p. 68. C. D.

Καθως εν ταις καθολικαις γραφει Γαϊωο Makaniog Iwavvns, k. A. Ib. cap. 20. p. 79.

John. But this writer, though a friend and admirer of St. Chrysostom, quotes the second epistle of Peter, the epistle of Jude, and the third of John; and therefore, probably, received all the seven catholic epistles. This shows, that there were then different sentiments about some books of scripture. Men seem to have indulged a liberty of judging for themselves : and they determined, as the evidence appeared to them. And it is chiefly for the sake of these quotations, that I have made a distinct article of Palladius.

7. Whether he received the book of the Revelation, does not appear.

8. He has these expressions : « Thek chief-shepherd himself; and chief-master, and chief-sophist, Jesus Christ; the reformer of the human error.'

CHAP. CXXVIII.

NONNUS. 1. NONNUS, of Panapolis, in Egypt, flourished, according to Cave, a about 410; according to 6 Mill, in the beginning of the fifth century. Du Pin says, “his time is not exactly known. • All we can say, is, that he lived after Gregory • Nazianzen, and before the reign of Justinian.'

2. He wrote in Greek verse a paraphrase of St. John's gospel, still extant. Some various readings have been observed in him. The principal is, that he has not the history of the woman taken in adultery and brought before our Saviour, which we now have at the beginning of the eighth chapter of St. John's Gospel. Moreover, in chap. xix. 14, he seems to have read d • about the third hour,' where we have “ about the sixth hour :" concerning which, may be seen, Mill, Bengelius, J. J. Wetstein, Wolfius, and others, upon the place, and elsewhere.

ΚΑυτος ο αρχιπoιμης και αρχιδιδασκαλος και αρχισοφισης Ιησες ο Χριςος, ο Tng avOpwaring #lavns diopowing, k. 1. cap. 12. p. 47. A. 4 Vid. Cav. H. L. T. i. Fabr. Bıb. Gr. I. v. c. 16. T. vii. p. 682, &c. Prolegom. ad. N. T. 908, &c.

© Bibl. des Aut. Ecc. T. ii. P. ii. p. 77.

d 'EKTN 8", "V EVET BOL Tepooasparov, ET leto nws.

Hv de TitaLVOMEvn Tpitarn Javatopopoc úpn. Nonn.

« PreviousContinue »