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that he even falls short of them in the accounts and descriptions of diseases, parts in which we might expect he had excelled. Indeed the work is put together in so extremely careless a manner, that midwifery, one of the subjects enumerated in the title page, is entirely omitted, so that we neither fee the terms midwifery, labour, child-birth, nor many others relating to the art. "The forceps he calls an instrument to extract extraneous bodies, which may be driven into any of the soft parts of the body." But they are used on a thousand other occasions: to extr ict splinters of bones, or stones from the bladder, which were r o: driven in, but generated there; and the midwifery forceps to extract the foetus from the uterus. "The foetus he calls simply the young while in the uterus." Hooper enumerates the peculiarities of the fœtus, as the thymus gland, foramen ovale, &c. In the Encyclopædia we have the Spanish fly thus loosely described:
"Cantharides, Spanish flies, possessing extraordinary stimulant, corrosive, and other virtues." In Hooper's dictionary the de'scription of th ia is more minute.
"Cantharides (Cantharis, idis, pi. Cantharides, um; from x«»fiatfo«, a beetle, to whose tribe it belongs), Spanish flics, Meloe , vesicatorius of Linnæus. The importance of these flies, by their stimulant, corrosive, and epispastic qualities, in the practice of physic, is very considerable; indeed so much so as to induce many to consider them as the most powerful medicine in the Matcria Medica. When applied to the (kin, in the form of a plaster, it soon raises a blister full of serous matter, and thus relieves inflammatory diseases. The tincture of these flies is of great utility in several cutaneous diseases, rheumatic affections, &c. but it should be used with caution." Hooper constantly, as in the above instance, gives the derivations of the terms, and full descriptions of the articles used in medicine. This, with much other necessary , information, are in vain looked for in the present Encyclopædia^ which must be much improved before it can be put in competition with the compendiums already in use:
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Art. 29. Elementary Evidence) os the Truth osChrist'lenity j lit a Series of Easter Catechisms^ on the Resurrection and other Mi-, rkrles of Christ, on Prophecy, and on Christ's Testimony ef himself. fly the Right Reverend Thomas Burgess, D.D. Bijhof of St. Da. •2,-id'i. izmd. 264 pp. 3s. Rivingtons, &c. 1806.
These Elementary Evidences are not now for the first time published, but first collected in the present form. We have befor*
H h 2 seen seen and noticed them under the title of Easter Catechisms •. They .are of the most useful and instructive kind, and are well calculator to perform the services which the learned and pious Bishop hope» to render by them.
"i- To produce a conviction of the truth of Christianity, from the evidence of Scripture, and especially from Christ's testimony of himself.
"2. To promote the study of the Scriptures, by authenticating the evidences by numerous and minute citation; and
"3. To bring that study to a further practical use, by drawing from our Saviour's example and injunctions, and from the laith and conduct of the first believers in Christ, such illustration! and rules of faith and duty, as may tend essentially to form the character and temper of a Christian."
We are delighted to contribute, by any means in our power, to the celebrity and circulation of so valuable awork
ART. 30. The Unity of the Christian Body stated. A Sermon, preached in Lambeth Chapel, on the 28th of April, 1805, at the Consecration of the Right Reverend Henry Ratknrft, LL. D. Lord Bijbop of Norwich,, and published at the Commend of his Grace the Archbishop of Canterbury. By Rickard Prefer, D. D. ?n~ bendary of "Durham. 4XQ. 19 pp. Is- Payne, &c. 1805
This preacher undertakes to show that the unity 6f Christiansas one body, under their legitimate head, Jesus Christ, was the. grand object of the Christian Dispensation: and he sums up his reasoning in the following manner.
** There neyer'has been a period in the whole succession of the Christian church, in which this exhortation of the Apostle has not been greatly wanted. And if the evangelical principle, so strongly inculcated, were but permitted duly to actuate the Christian body of this land ;' would unity of affection then seem irreconcileable with some diversities of religious opinions? would small exceptions, either to the internal government or the discipline of our religious establishment, be fondly magnified into reasons for breaking social communion ; 'arid even for assuming a posture of hostility against our national church? would the very ministers of its own appointment take occasion, from tenets at the best extremely disputable, to form distinct parties, and diffuse animosities amongst Christian brethren i No; it would then be felt how much of wisdom and Christian spirit there is, in recollecting,, that agreement, as to points of the highest value and moment, affords better reasons for holding together the Christian
* Brit. Crit. Vol. xxm. p. 683.
body, than any disagreements, as to matters of external and fir* >mal concern, can ever yield, for tearing it asunder; it would then be felt not only that the authorities of the national church, in all their degrees, kinds, and places, are rendered venerable by the sanction they derive from our first Fathers in Christ, and from the successive usage of all Christian ages; but also that they are such more for the fake of the Christian body than their own; and that the proper action of them all is indispensably needed by every singlo power in it, and that of every single power by them all. Then too would the wish revive, that the blessings »f Christianity might be spread in genuine purity, without any unnatural mixture with the seeds of enmity, among Christians— That every effort for its diffusion might proceed in perfect con. fistency with an authorized system in all its parts—That every agency in its service might be fitly prepared and adjusted to the end designed, and conducted under establish :d rule and in regular course, without deviating into anomalous innovation, and without tending in the least to raise alienation of spirit among members of the Christian body." P. 17.
There is some want of clearness in the discourse, and even in the passage we have cited; but the intention of the author to persuade to unity and Christian love, is worthy of him and of the ■occasion.
Art. 31. Female Compaffion^ illujirated and exemplified in the Fftablijbment and Superintendence/ of a Charitable Itiftitmion for the Relief of ueccjfit out Families in the City of Rochester, and adjacent Parijbct; a Sermon preached in the Pcrijb Church of St. Nicholas, Rochester, on Sunday, fjth August, 1806. By the Ren. Charles Mooret M. A. Vicar. 4*0. 21 pp. is. Hatchard. 1806.
The chief part of this discourse is occupied in explaining the ■principles and .plan of the charity in question, which seem, indeed, to be truly laudable. Towards the end the author remarks upon the exemplary activity of women in their benevolence, of which he gives instances from Holy Writ. It is very probable that the sermon will, as was intended by the preacher, extend the knowledge and increase the patronage of the society.
Art. 32. A Sermon, preached at Holyrood Church, Southampton, on Sunday, August 10, I 806, on the Duty of Humanity toward the irrational Part of the Creation. By the Rev. Charles Sleech Hatutrey, A.B. Curate of Holyrood Parijb-. Publijb.d at the Request of the lnjiitutor of the Annual Sermon on the Subject. 8vo.
. ao pp. Is. Baker, Southampton; Rivingtons, London. 1806. *
The inftitutor of this annual sermon (whose name we do not discover) appears to be animated by a truly Christian fotri to.
H h 3 wards
wards the brute creation. The preacher seconds his good intentions, by proving, " that the claims of the brute creation to kind and merciful treatment, are derived from the dictates of reason, and enforced by the commands of revelation." P. 18.
At p. 16 we find a passage exactly agreeing with the remarks in our xxvii. vol. p. 440, on a similar occasion. We recommend this sermon, and the subject of it, to the notice of pamti in particular, that they may " sow the seeds of humanity in the early education of their children."
Art. 33. The Forbidden Trie. A Sermon preached at the Church of St. Lawrence, Reading, on Thursday, October 2, IS04, at Archbijbop Laud's Lecture, and published at the Request of many of the Clergy and others, iiiho •were present. By the Rev. Nathaniel Gilbert, Vicar of Iilcdlcw, Bucks. 8vo. 36 pp. IS. Hatchard, Sec, 1805.
The principal purpose of this valuable Sermon, which we have suffered to lie unnoticed longer than we intended, is to vindicate the l.teral interpretation of the Sacred History of the Fall of Man, against the infidels, the Gcddeses, and all other deniers or allegorizers of Scriptures. This object is pursued with much clearness of method, and soundness of argument. The preacher considers the objections of opponents as reducible to these suppositions: either that our first parents ought not to have been put under any test of obedience; or, secondly, that some better test might be suggested; or, lastly, that whether a better can be found or no, the particular test recorded was weak, unreasonable, or improper.
I. The first argument is easily disposed of, since it cannot be conceived that many persons will seriously contend, that God had not a right to bestow his blessings on whatever conditions he ehose.
II. In seeking for a better test, the author gives some very strong reasons, why a moral test, under the circumstances of our first parents, would not have been preferable.
III. He comes, in the third place, to justify the command ac. tually recorded in the Mosaic History, which he does upon these considerations:—1. That it was plain, and could not be misunderstood; 2. that it was easy; 3. that it was not contemptible; 4. that it opposed a salutary check to those propensities by which sin was most likely to assail and enter their hearts; namely, the animal appetites, and an inordinate curiosity and desire of knowledge; 5. (though this seems rather to belong to the second head of enqj'r,) th.it any one moral command, so particularly enjoined, would have seemed to weaken the obligation of all the jest; 6. tha*- .( po.itive law was most fit to keep in view the supreme au'hor.ty of the lawgiver; which ought to be the highest ton .Jerai.on in the mind 9s a creature tqwardi his Creator.
From From this doctrine, several other considerations of importance are also deduced.
We have analysed the principal part of this sensible discourse, as briefly as possible, to let our readers fee what they have to expect in it. Nor should we have felt an inclination to object to any sentence in it, had it not been for a note upon the conclusion, (p. 35) where the author appears studiously to justify a par. tkolar mode of preaching; by which, though he does not use the term, he seems to mean that pretending to the high distinction of Evangelical. To this we must reply, that if ministers of that class only inculcate, as he does, that " there is no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus, toha inalk not aster tie fitjb, but after the Spirit;"—if they pretend to no personally revealed experiences;—if they do not terrify their hearers with absolute and irreversible decrees, contrary to the gracious and universal invitations of Christ; if they do not, even in appea ranee, disunite faith and good works, which are, as he re. presents them, inseparable; no worthy minister of the church will object to their preaching; except, indeed, they presume to accuse others of not inculcating, what in truth they do inculcate. The misfortune is, that the shades of opinions are so mixed and blended in various teachers, at present, that when we answer one, we must say what is inapplicable to many others. The present author, if he belongs at all to the class he defends, must be among the most moderate of it; that is, if he always teaches at be does here.
A IT. 34. A Sermon preached in the Pari/h Church es St. Pans*, Cavent Garden, at the Primary Visitation of the Archdeacon os Middlesex, May 20, 1806. By James Cow, M. A. Vicar of Ha/ibury. 8vo. 26 pp. is. Rivingtons, 1806.
The sentiments of this discourse are plain, pious, and practical. They are also well suited to the occasion on which they were de. livered. There is not, indeed, any peculiar energy in the expression, or novelty in the illustration of them; but they are luch as show the principles of a good Christian, and the dispositions of a conscientious minister,
A*T. 35. A Sermon preached at the Parish Church »s Aylfiam, • Norfolk, on the ..-//> of December, 1805, being the Day appointed for a General Thanksgiving to Almighty G<.d, for the signal Victory obtained by bit Majesty's Ships, under the Command of the late Lord Viscount Nelson, over the Combined Fleets of France find Spain. By the Rev. John Bedingfeld Collyer, 8vo. aj pp. is. 6d. Norwich. 1806.
A very respectable discourse, from which many favourable extracts might be made, among which is the following. "We