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King Henry the Fourth:
Henry, prince of Wales, afterwards king.
Thomas, duke of Clarence;
Prince John of Lancaster,* afterwards (2 Hen- his sons. ry V) duke of Bedford;
Prince Humphrey of Gloster, afterwards (2
Earl of Warwick;
Earl of Westmoreland; of the king's party.
Lord chief justice of the King's Bench.
A gentleman attending on the chief justice.
Earl of Northumberland;
Scroop, archbishop of York;
Lord Mowbray; lord Hastings;
enemies to the king.
Lord Bardolph; sir John Colevile;
Travers and Morton, domesticks of Northumberland.
Falstaff, Bardolph, Pistol, and Page.
Poins and Peto, attendants on prince Henry.
Shallow and Silence, country justices.
Davy, servant to Shallow.
Mouldy, Shadow, Wart, Feeble, and Bullcalf, recruits.
Fang and Snare, sheriff's officers.
Rumour. A Porter.
A Dancer, speaker of the epilogue.
Lady Northumberland. Lady Percy.
Lords and other attendants; officers, soldiers, messenger, drawers, beadles, grooms, &c.
*See note under the Persona Dramatis of the First Part of
this play. Steevens,
SECOND PART OF
KING HENRY IV.
Warkworth. Before Northumberland's Castle.
Rum. Open your ears; For which of you will stop
1 Enter Rumour,] This speech of Rumour is not inelegant or unpoetical, but it is wholly useless, since we are told nothing which the first scene does not clearly and naturally discover. The only end of such prologues is to inform the audience of some facts previous to the action, of which they can have no knowledge from the persons of the drama. Johnson.
2 •painted full of Tongues.] This direction, which is only to be found in the first edition in quarto of 1600, explains a passage in what follows, otherwise obscure. Pope.
3 Rumour is a pipe-] Here the poet imagines himself describing Rumour, and forgets that Rumour is the speaker.
And of so easy and so plain a stop,
That the blunt monster with uncounted heads,
Can play upon it. But what need I thus
Among my houshold? Why is Rumour here?
Hath beaten down young Hotspur, and his troops,
Even with the rebels' blood. But what mean I
To noise abroad, that Harry Monmouth fell
Than they have learn'd of me; From Rumour's tongues
so easy and so plain a stop,] The stops are the holes in a flute or pipe. So, in Hamlet: "Govern these ventages with your finger and thumb:-Look you, these are the stops." Again: "You would seem to know my stops." Steevens.
5 And this worm-eaten hold of ragged stone,] The old copies read -worm-eaten hole. Malone.
Northumberland had retired and fortified himself in his castle, a place of strength in those times, though the building might be impaired by its antiquity; and, therefore, I believe our poet wrote: And this worm-eaten hold of ragged stone. Theobald.
Theobald is certainly right. So, in The Wars of Cyrus, &c. 1594 : Besieg'd his fortress with his men at arms,
"Where only I and that Libanio stay'd
"By whom I live. For when the hold was lost," &c.
Again, in King Henry VI, P. III:
"She is hard by with twenty thousand men,
"And therefore fortify your hold, my lord." Steevens.
KING HENRY IV.
ACT I.....SCENE I.
The Porter before the Gate; Enter Lord BARDOLPH.
Bard. Who keeps the gate here, ho?—Where is the
Port. What shall I say you are?
Tell thou the earl,
Port. His lordship is walk'd forth into the orchard; Please it your honour, knock but at the gate,
And he himself will answer.
Here comes the earl.
North. What news, lord Bardolph? every minute now Should be the father of some stratagem:1
The times are wild; contention, like a horse
As good as heart can wish:
The king is almost wounded to the death;
Prince Harry slain outright; and both the Blunts
1 some stratagem:] Some stratagem means here some great, important, or dreadful event. So, in The Third Part of King Henry VI, the father who had killed his son says:
"O pity, God! this miserable age!
"What stratagems, how fell, how butcherly!
"This mortal quarrel daily doth beget!" M. Mason.