« PreviousContinue »
Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud: The deeds of mercy. I have spoke thus much,
Which it thou follow, this strict court of Venice Duke. This letter from Bellario doth commend Must necds give sentence 'gainst the merchant A young and learned doctor to our court :
there. Where is he?
Shy. My deed's upon my head! I crave the law, Ner.
He attendeth here hard by, The penally and forfeit of my bond. To know your answer, whether you'll admit him. Por. Is he not able to discharge the money ? Duke. With all my heart:-some three or four Bass. Yes, here I tender it for him in the court; of you,
Yea, twice the sum: if that will not suffice, Go give him courteous conduct to this place. I will be bound to pay it ten times o'er, Mean time, the court shall hear Bellario's letter. On forfeit of my hands, my head, my heart:
(Clerk reads.) Your grace shall understand, If this will not suffice, it must appear that, at the receipt of your letter, I am very sick : That malice bears down truth. And I beseech you, but in the instant that your messenger came, in Wrest once the law to your authority: Loving visitation was with me a young doctor of To do a great right, do a little wrong; Rome, his name is Balthazar: I acquainted him And curb this cruel devil of his will. toith the cause in controversy between the Jew and Por. It must not be; there is no power in Venice Antonio the merchant : we turned o'er many books Can aller a decree established: together : he is furnish'd with my opinion; which, 'Twill be recorded for a precedent; better'd with his own learning (the greatness And many an error, by the same example, whereof I cannot enough commend,) comes with Will rush into the state: it cannot be. him, at my importunity, to fill up your grace's re. Shy. A Daniel come to judgment! yca, a Daquest in my stead. I beseech you, let his lack ofl. niel . years be no impediment to let him lack a reverend O wise young judge, how do I honour thee! estimation ; for I never knew so young a body with Por. I pray you, let me look upon the bond. so old a head. I leave him to your gracious accept- Shy. Here 'lis, most reverend doctor, here it is ance, whose trial shall beller publish his commen- Por. Shylock, there's thrice thy money offer'd dation.
thee. Duke. You hear the learn'd Bellario, what he Shy. An oath, an oath, I have an oath in heaven: writes:
Shall I lay perjury upon my soul ?
No, not for Venice.
Why, this bond is forfeit;
Nearest the merchant's heart :-Be merciful; Duke. You are welcome: take your place. Take thrice thy money ; bid me tear the bond. Are you acquainted with the difference
| Shy. When it is paid according to the tenor. That holds this present question in the court? It doth appear, you are a worthy judge;
Por. I am informed thoroughly of the cause. You know the law, your exposition
Duke. Antonio and old Shylock, both stand forth. Whereof you are a well-deserving pillar,
Proceed to judgment: by my soul I swear,
Shylock is my name. There is no power in the tongue of man Por. Of a strange nature is the suit you follow; To alter me: I stay here on my bond. Yet in such rule, that the Venetian law
Ant. Most heartily I do beseech the court Cannot impugn' you, as you do proceed.
To give the judgment. You stand within his danger, do you not?
Why then, thu it is. [To Antonio. You must prepare your bosom for his knife. Ant. Ay, so he says.
Shy. O noble judge! O excellent young man!
urpose of the law Ant. I do.
Hath full relation to the penalty, Then must the Jew be merciful. Which here appeareth due upon the bond Shy. On what compulsion must I ? tell me that... Shy. 'Tis very true : O wise and upright judge!
Por. The quality of mercy is not strain'd; How much more elder art thou than thy looks! It droppeth, as the gentle rain from heaven
Por. Therefore, lay bare your bosom. Upon the place beneath: it is twice bless'd;
Ay, his breast : It blesseth him that gives, and him that takes : So says the bond ;-Doth it not, noble judge 1 'Tis mightiest in the mightiest; it becomes Nearest his heart, those are the very words. The throned monarch better than his crown: Por. It is so. Are there balance here, to weight His sceptre shows the force of temporal power, The flesh? The attribute to awe and majesty,
Shy. I have them ready. Wherein doth sit the dread and fear of kings; Poř. Have by some surgeon, Shylock, on you But mercy is above this scepter'd sway, It is enthroned in the hearts of kings,
To stop his wounds, lest he do bleed to death. It is an attribute to God himself;
Shy. Is it so nominated in the bond ? And earthly power doth then show likest God's, Por. It is not so express'd; But what of that? When mcrcy seasons justice. Therefore, Jew,' 'Twere good you do so much for charity. Though justice be thy plea, consider this,
Shy. I cannot find it; 'tis not in the bond. That, in the course of justice, none of us
Por. Come, merchant, have you any thing to say I Should see salvation : we do pray for mercy : Ant. But little; I am arm?d, and well prepar'd. And that same prayer doth teach us all to render Give me your hand, Bassanio; fare you well!
Grieve not that I am fallen to this for you ; (1) Oppose. (2) Reach or control, For hercin fortune shows herself more kind
Than is her custom: it is still her use,
Thou diest, and all thy goods are confiscate.
; from which lingeri Of such a miscry doth she cut me off.
ungering penance| Por. Why doth the Jew pause ? take thy for
feiture. Commend me to your honourable wife:
Shy. Give me my principal, and let me go. Tell her the process of Antonio's end,
Bass. I have it ready for thee; here it is. Say, how I lov'd you, speak me fair in death; Por. He hath refus'd it in the open court; And, when the tale is told, bid her be judge, He shall have merely justice, and his bond. Whether Bassanio had not once a love.
Gra. A Daniel, still say l; a second Daniel ! Repent not you that you shall lose your friend, I thank thee, Jew, for teaching me that word. And he repents not that he pays your debt;
Shy. Shall I not have barely my principal ? For if the Jew do cut but decp enough,
Por. Thou shalt have nothing bui the forfeiture, I'll pay it instantly with all my heart.
To be so taken at thy peril, Jew.. Bass. Antonio, I ain marricd to a wife,
Shy. Why then the devil give him good of it! Which is as dear to me as life itself';
I'll stay no longer question. , But life itsell, my wife, and all the world,
Tarry, Jew, Are not with me esteeni'd above thy life:
The law hath yet another hold on you. I would lose all, ay, sacrifice them all
It is enacted in the laws of Venice, Here to this devil, to deliver you.
If it be prov'd against an alien, Por. Your wife would give you little thanks for That by dircct, or indirect attempts, that,
He seck the life of any citizer, If she were by, to ficar you make the offer. The party, 'gainst the which lierlot'n contrive,
Gra. I have a wife, whom I protest I love; Shall seize one half his goods; the other half I would she were in heaven, so she could
Comes to the privy cofler of the state; Entreat some power to change this currish Jew. And the offender's life lies in tv: mercy
Ner. 'Tis well you offer it behind her back; or the duke only, 'gainst all other voice. The wish would make elsc an unquiet house. In which predicament, I say thou stand'st: Shy. Thesc be thc Christian husbands: I have a For it appears by manifest proceeding, daughter;
That, indirectly, and direc:ly too, ' Would any of the stock of Barabbas
Thou hast contriv'd against the very liso Had been her husband, rather than a Christian! Or the defendant; and thou hast incurr'd
(Aside. The danger formerly by me rehears'd. We tride time : I pray thee pursue sentence. Down, therefore, and beg mercy of the duke. Por. A pound of that same merchant's flesh is Gra. Beg, that thou may'st have leave to hang thine ;
thyself: The court awards it, and the law doth give it. And yet, thy wealth being forfeit to the state, Shy. Most rightful judge !
Thou hast not left the value of a cord; Por. And you must cut this flesh from off his Therefore, thou must be hang'd at the state'scharge. breast;
Duke. That thou shalt sce the difference of our
For half thy wealth, it is Antonio's;
Por. Ay, for the state ; not for Antonio.
You take my house, when you do take the prop One drop of Christian blood, thy lands and goods That doth sustain my house ; you take my life, Are, by the laws of Venice, confiscate
When you do take the means whereby I live. Unto the state of Venice.
Por. What mercy can you render him, Antonio? Gra. O upright judge !-Mark, Jew ;-0 learn- Gra. A halter gratis; nothing else, for God's sake. ed judge!
Ant. So please my lord the duke, and all the Shy. Is that the law ?
Thyself shalt see the act: To quit the fine for one half of his goods; For, as thou urgest justice, be assur'd,
I am content, so he will let me have Thou shalt have justice, more than thou desir'st. The other half in use,--to render it, Gra. O learned judge !-Mark, Jew ;-a learned Upon his death, unto the gentleman judge!
That lately stole his daughter : Shy. I take this offer then ;-pay the bond thrice, Two things provided more-That, for this favour, And let the Christian go.
He presently become a Christian ; Bass.
Here is the money. The other, that he do record a gilt, Por, Sort;
Here in the court, of all he dies possess'd, The Jew shall have all justice ;-soft!-no haste; – Unto his son Lorenzo, and his daughter. He shall have nothing but the penalty.
Duke. He shall do this; or else I do recant Gra. O Jew! an upright judge, a learned judge! The pardon, that I late pronounced here.
Por. Therefore, prepare thee to cut off the flesh. Por. Art thou contented, Jew, what dost thou Shed thou no blood; nor cut thou less, nor more,
say? But just a pound of flesh: if thou tak'st more, Shy. I am content. Or less, than a just pound,-be it but so much Por.
Clerk, draw a deed of gift, As makes it light, or heavy, in the substance,
Shy. I pray you, give me leave to go from hence; Or the division of the twentieth part
I am not well; send the deed aller me, or one poor scruple; nay, if the scale do turn And I will sign it. But in the estimation of a hair,
Duke. "... Get thee gone, but do it.
Gra. In christening thou shalt have two god-SCENE 11.-The same. A street. Enter Portia fathers;
and Nerissa. Had I been judge, thou should'st have had ten Por. Inquire the Jew's house out, give him thua more,
dced, To bring thee to the gallows, not the font.
And let him sign it; we'll away to-night,
(Exit Shylock. And be a day before our husbands home. Duke. Sir, I entreat you home with me to dinner. This deed will be well welcoinc to Lorenzo.
Por. I humbly do desire your grace of pardon; I must away this night toward Padua,
Enter Gratiano. And it is meet, I presently set forth.
Gra. Fair sir, you are well overtaken: Duke. I am sorry, that your leisure serves you My lord Bassanio, unon more advice,
not. Antonio, gratify this gentleman ;
llath sent you here this ring; and doth entreal
Your company at dinner. For, in my mind, you are much bound to him.
That cannot be: (Exeunt Duke, magnificoes, and train. This
This ring I do accept most thankfully, Bass. Most worthy gentleman, I and my friend, And
, And so, I pray you, tell him: Furthermore, Have by your wisdom been this day acquilted
I pray you, show my youth old Shyluck's house. of grievous penalties; in lieu whereof,
Gra. That will I do. Three thousand ducats, due unto the Jew,
Sir, I would speak with you :We freely cope your courteous pains withal.
I'll see if I can get my husband'a 'ring, (To Portia. Ant. And stand indebted, over and above,
Which I did make hiin swear to beep for ever, In love and service to you evermore.
Por. Thou may'st, I warrant: We shall bare Por. He is well paid, that is well satisfied ;
old swearing, And I, delivering you, am satisfied,
That they did give the rings away to mcp; *** And therein do account myself well paid;
But we'll outface them, and outswear them too. My mind was never yet more mercenary.
Away, make haste; thou know'st where I will larry. I pray you, know me, when we mcet again;
Ner. Come, good sir, will you show me to this I wish you well, and so I take my leave.
(Ezan Bass. Dear sir, of force I must attempt you sur
ther ; Take some remembrance of us, as a tribute, Not as a fee : grant me two things, I pray you,
Enter Lorenzo and Jessica.
Lor. The moon shines bright:- In such a night
as this Do not draw back your hand; I'll take no more; And you in love shall not deny mc this.
When the sweet wind did gently kiss the trees,
JAnd they did make no noise ; in such a night, Bass. This ring, good sir,-alas, it is a trifle; I will not shame myself to give you this.
Troilus, methinks, mounted the Trojan walls, Por. I will have nothing else but only this;
And sigh'd his soul toward the Grecian tonts, And now, methinks, I have a mind to it.
Where Cressid lay that night..
Jes. Bass. There's more depends on this, than on
In such a night,
Did Thisbe fearfully o'ertrip the dew ; the value. The dearest ring in Venice will I give you,
And saw the lion's shadow cre himself,
And ran dismay'd away.
In such a night, Only for this, I pray you, pardon me.
Stood Dido with a willow in her hand
Upon the wild sea-banks, and war'd her love You teach me how a beggar should be answer'd.
To come again to Carthage.
Jes. Bass. Good sir, this ring was given me by my
In such a night
" Mcdca gather'd the enchanted herus
That did renew old son.
In such a night, That I should neither sell, nor give, nor lose it.
ir Did Jessica steal from the wealthy Jew: Por. That 'scuse serves many men to save their gifts.
And with an unthrill love did run froin Venice, An if your wise be not a mad woman,
As far as Belmont.
And in such a night,
|Did young Lorenzo swear he lov'd her well; For giving it to me. Well, peace be with you!
Stealing her soul with many vows of faith,
And in such a night, Let his deservings, and my love withal,
Si Did pretty Jessica, like a little shrew, Be valued 'gainst your wife's commandment.
Slander her love, and he forgave it her. Bass. Go, Gratiano, run and overtake him,
| Jes. I would out-night you, did nobody cumo: Give him the ring; and bring him, if thou canst. But, hark, I hear the fooling of a man. Unto Antonio's house :-away, make haste.
Enter Stephano. (Exil Gratiano. Come, you and I will thither presently;
| Lor. Who comes so fast in silence of the night! And in the morning early will we both
Steph. A friend. , Fly toward Belmont: Come, Antonio. (Exeunt. Lor. A friend? what friend ? your name, I pray
yoni, friend? (1) Reflection.
| Steph. Stephano is my name ; and I bring worde My mistress will before the break of day
Enter Portia and Nerissa, al a distance. Be here at Belmont: she doth stray about
Por. That light we sec, is burning in my hall. By holy crosses, where she kneels and prays
How far that liitle candle throws his beams! For happy wedlock hours.
So shines a good deed in a naughty world. Lor
Who comes with her ? Ner. When the moon shone, we did not see the Steph. None, but a holy hermit, and her maid.
candle. I pray you, is my master yet return'a ?
Por. So doth the greater glory dim the less : 'Lor. He is not, nor we have not heard from A substitute shines brightly as a king, him.-
Until a king be by; and then his state But go we in, I pray thee, Jessica,
Empties itsclf, as doth an inland brook And ceremoniously let us prepare
Into the main of waters. Music! hark! Some welcome for the mistress of the house. | Ner. It is your music, madam, of the house. Enter Launcelot.
Por. Nothing is good, I see, without respect;
Methinks, it sounds much sweeter than hy day. Laun. Sola, sola, wo ha, ho, soia, sola!
Ner. Silence bestows that virtue on it, madam. Lor. Who calls ?
Por. The crow doth sing as swcctly is the lark, Laun. Sola! did you see master Lorenzo, and/When neither is attended; and, I think, mistress Lorenzo ? sola, sola!
The nightingale, if she should sing by day, Lor. Leave hollaing, man; here.
When every goose is cackling, would be thought Laun. Sola! where? where ?
No better a musician than the wren. Lor. Here.
How many things by scason scason'd are Laun. Tell him, there's a post come from my To their right praise, and truc perfection! master, with his horn full of good news; my mas-Peace, hoa! the moon sleeps with Endymion, ter will be here ere morning.
[Exit. And would not be awak'd! (Music ceases. Lor. Sweet soul, let's in, and there expect their Lor.
That is the voice, coming.
Or I am much docciv'd, of Portia.. And yet no matter;-Why should we go in ?
Por. He knows me, as the blind man knows the My friend Stephano, signify, I pray you,
cuckoo, Within the house, your mistress is at hand; By the bad voice. And bring your music forth into the air.
Dear lady, welcome home. (Exit Stephano. Por. We have been praying for our husbands' How sweet the moonlight sleeps upon this bank!
welfare, Here will we sit, and let the sounds of music
Which speed, we hope, the better for our words. Creep in our ears; soft stillness, and the night, Are they return'd ? Become the touches of sweet harmony.
Madam, they are not yet; Sit, Jessica: Look, how the floor of heaven But there is come a messenger before, Is thick inlaid with patinest of bright gold;
To signify their coming. There's not the smallest orb, which thou behold'st,
Go in, Nerissa, But in his motion like an angel sings,
Give order to my scrvants, that they take Still quiring to the young-ey'd cherubins :
No note at all of our being absent henec;Such harmony is in immortal souls;
Nor you, Lorenzo ;-Jessica, nor y011. But, whilst this muddy vesture of decay
[A tuckel? sounds. Doth grossly close it in, we cannot hear it. Lor. Your husband is at hand, I hear his trumpet: Enter musicians.
We are no tell-tales, madam ; fear you not.
Por. This night, methinks, is but the day-light Come, ho, and wake Diana with a hymn;
sick, With sweetest touches pierce your mistress' ear, It looks a litile paler; 'lis a day, And draw her home with music.
Such as the day is when the sun is hid. Jes. I am ncver merry, when I hear sweet music.
(Music. Enter Bassanio, Antonio, Graliano, and their Lor. The reason is, your spirits are attentive:
followers. For do but note a wild and wanton herd, | Bass. We should hold day with the Antipodes, Or race of youthful and unhandled colts,
If you would walk in absence of the sun. Fetching mad bounds, bellowing, and neighing Por. Let me give light, but let me not be light; loud,
For a light wife doth inake a heavy husband, Which is the hot condition of their blood; And never be Bassanio so for me; If they but hear perchance a trumpet sound, But God sort all!-- You are welcome home, my lord. Or any air of music touch their ears,
Buss.. I thank you, madam: give welcome to You shall perceive them make a mutual stand,
my friend.Thcir savage eyes turn'd to a modest gaze, This is the man, this is Antonio, By the sweet power of music: Therefore, the poct To whom I ain so infinitely bound. Did feign that Orpheus drew trees, stones, and Por. You should in all sense be much bound to floods;
Por. Sir, you are very welcome to our house:
Therefore, I scant this breathing courtesy.: The motions of his spirit are dull as night,
(Gratiano and Nerissa scem to talk apart. And his affections dark as Erebus :
Gra. By yonder moon, I swear, you do me Let no such man be trusted.-Mark the music.
wrong ; (1) A small fl-t dish, used in the administration
(2) A flourish on a trumpet. of the Eucharist,
(3) Verbal, complimentary form.
In faith, gave it to the judge's clerk :
Which did refuse three thousand ducats of me, Would he were gelt that had it, for my part, And begg'd the ring; the which I did deny him, Since you do take it, love, so much at heart. And suffer'd him to go displeas'd away:
Por. A quarrel, ho, already? what's the inatter ? Even he that had held up ihe very life Gra. About a hoop of gold, a paltry ring of my dear friend. What should say, sweet lady ? That she did give me; whose posy was
I was enforc'd to send it alter him: For all the world, like cutler's poetry
I was beset with shame and courtesy ; Upon a knife, Love me, and leave me not.
My honour would not let ingratitude Ver. Whai talk you of the posy, or the value ? So much besincar it: Pardon me, good lady; You swore to me, when I did give it you,
For, by these blessed candles of the night, That you would wear it till your hour of death; Had you been there, I think, you would have begg'd And that it should lie with you in your grave: The ring of me to give the worthy doctor. Though not (or me, yet for your vehement oaths, Por. Let not that doctor e'er come near my You should have been respective,' and have kept it.
house: Gure it a judge's clerk !--but well I know, Since he hath got the jewel that I lov'd, The clerk will ne'er wear hair on his face, that And that wluch you did swear to kcep for me, had it.
I will become as liberal as you:
No, not my body, nor my husband's bod:
Lie not a night from home; watch me like Argus:
Now, by mine honour, which is yet my own, I could not for my heart deny it him.
I'll have that doctor for my bedfellow. Por. You were to blame, I must be plain with you, Ner. And I his clerk; therefore be well advisid, To part so slightly with your wife's first gilt; How you do leave me to mine own protection. A thing stuck on with oaths upon your finger | Gra. Well, do you so: let pot me take him then; And riveted so with faith unto vour Desh.
For, if I do, I'll mar the young clerk's pen. I gave my love a ring, and made him swcar
Ant. I am the unhappy subject of these quarrels. Never to part with it; and here he stands;
Por. Sir, grieve not you ; You are welcome I dare be sworn for him, he would not leave it,
notwithstanding. Nor pluck it from his finger, for the wealth | Bass. Portia, forgive me this enforc'd wrong; That the world masters. Now, in faith, Gratiano, And, in the hearing of these many friends, You give your wife tou unkind a cause of grief; I swear to thee, even by thine own fair cyes, An'lwere to me, I should be mad at it.
Wherein I see myself, Bass. Why, I'were best to cut my left hand off,l. Por.
Mark you but that! And swear, I lost the ring defending it. [Aside. In both my eyes he doubly sees himself :
Gra. My lord Bassanio gave his ring away In each eye öne :-swear by your double sell, Unto the judge that beggd it, and, indeed, And there's an oath of credit. Deserv'd it too ; and then the boy, his clerk, | Bass.
"Nay, but hear me: That took some pains in writing, he begg'd'mine: Pardon this fault, and by my soul 'I swear, And neither man, nor master, would take aught I never more will break an oath with thee. But the two rings.
| Ant. I once did lend my body for his wealth ; Por.
What ring gave you, my lord ? Which, but for him that had your husband's ring, Not that, I hope, which you receiv'd of me.
[To Portia. Bass. If I could add a lic unto a fault,
Had quite miscarried : I dare be bound again, I would deny it; but you see my finger
My soul upon the forfeit, that your lord Hath not the ring upon it, it is gone.
Will never more break faith advisedly. Por. Even so void is your false heart of truth. Por. Then you shall be his surely: Give him this; By heaven, I will ne'er come in your bed
And bid him keep it better than the other. Until I see the ring.
Ant. Here, lord Bassanio ; swear to keep this Ner. Nor I in yours,
ring. Till I again see mine.
Bass. By heaven, it is the same I gave the doctor. Bass. Sweet Portia,
Por. I had it of him: pardon me, Bassanio; If you did know to whom I gave the ring, For by this ring the doctor lay with me. If you did know for whom I gave the ring,
Ner. And pardon me, my gentle Gratiano; And would conceive for what I gave the ring, For that same scrubbed boy, the doctor's clerk. And how unwillingly I left the ring,
In lieu of this, last night did lie with me. When nought would be accepted but the ring, | Gra. Why, this is like the mending of highways You would abate the strength of your displeasure. In summer, where the ways are fair enough:
Por. If you had known the virtue of the ring, at! are we cuckolds, ere we have deserve it? Or half her worthiness that gave the ring,
Por. Speak not so grossly.--You are all amaz'd: Or your own honour to contain the ring,
Here is a letter, read it at your leisare; You would not then have parted with the ring. It comes from Padua, from Bellario: What man is there so much unreasonable, There you shall find, that Portia was the doctor ; If you had pleas'd to have defended it,
Nerissa there, her clerk: Lorenzo here With any terms of zeal, wanted the modesty Shall witness, I set forth as soon as you, To urge the thing held as a ceremony ?
And but even now return'd; I have not yet Nerissa teaches me what to believe;
Enter'd my house.-Antonio, you are welcome ; I'll die for't, but some woman had the ring. And I have better news in store for you,
Bass. No, by mine honour, madam, by my soul, Than you expect : unseal this letter soon; No woman had it, but a civil doctor,
There you shall, three of your argosies
Are richly come to harbour suddenly: (1) Regardsul. (2) Advantage. .. You shall not know by what strange accident