Page images

to the Edwardian period. These mounds were surmounted with works in stone or wood, and must have served rather as places of occasional retreat in case of attack, than a permanent residence. At no great distance is the last remaining one of three cromlechs which were standing in Pennant's time; and even this surviving one has within the last few years suffered the loss of one of the supporters, so that the cap-stone is now partially resting on the ground. This stone is of large size for a Welsh cromlech, measuring fourteen feet by twelve. Its thickness is, however, inconsiderable, being only fourteen inches. No traces of cups or circles could be found upon it. Still further on is another of these sepulchral monuments, not very large, but tolerably perfect, with the exception of one or two of the supporting slabs. The other supporters are of such equal dimensions that the cap-stone lies perfectly horizontal.

Criccieth Castle is more remarkable for its fine position than for size or interest. The principal apartments were in the round towers flanking the main entrance, the space enclosed by the walls of the building being an irregular trapezium. Beyond it is another court, the works continuing to the edge of the cliff. Pennant does not doubt that this was the work of some Welsh prince, and that Edward I merely cased the towers at the entrance, giving them their present round form, the interior being square. There can, however, be as little doubt that the whole of the present Castle is of Edward's work, although it is by no means improbable that some native prince may have had his castle there; which could, however, form no part of the present building, being evidently by the same hand as the portion assigned to Edward by Pennant himself. The church at Criccieth has nothing remarkable about it. It is of late Perpendicular, and good of its kind.

Time not allowing a contemplated visit to Penturc, the excursionists proceeded to Llanelhaiarn, at the foot of the mountain on which Treceiri stands. The fine incised stone found a few years ago near the churchyard, and now in the schoolroom, has been noticed by Professor Westwood (Arch. Camb., 1867, p. 342).

Pennant has given a long account of Treceiri, and illustrated it with a rude map. Mr. Parry, of Madryn, has also noticed the work and given a map of it on a smaller scale. The object of the present visit was to secure some accurate representation of some portions of the work before the work of destruction, now going on with activity, has swept them away. An account of this visit will appear shortly in the Journal. The last object visited was a cromlech close to the village of Four Crosses, and which is in tolerable preservation. It presents a peculiarity as to the size and position of the supporting stones, and which appear to have been intentional on the part of the original builders. But a more remarkable circumstance connected with it is the fact that the monument has given the name of Cromlech to the farm on which it stands, and that such has been the name of the farm from time immemorial. Rowland, the author of Mona Antiqua, is sometimes thought to have been the first to have called such chambers by this name, and he died a short time before 1723.


Whether any

deeds are in existence anterior to 1700 cannot be ascertained. The farm was once a portion of the Cors-y-gedol estate, but was sold some years ago by the then owner. But whatever may be the age

of the name, it is curious that this particular monument should have given its name to the land, and that, too, in a district where among the peasants such monuments are hardly ever known by the name of cromlech.

Thus satisfactorily concluded the twenty-second meeting of the Cambrian Archäological Association.

On account of local difficulties, no temporary museum was established.

3. d.


OCTOBER, 1868.

£ 3. d. By Tickets sold 3 3 0 Printing

2 8 0 By Donations

30 0 0
Labour in excavating

1 0 0 Gas, attendance, cleaning 0 12 9 £33 3 0 Guides, churches, etc. 0 13 0

£4 13 9 28 9 3


C. C. BABINGTON, Chairman of

E. H. ELLIS, Treasurer.
R. W. Mason, Secretary.

£33 3 0

The following gentlemen have contributed to the Local Fund up to this date, October 20, 1868 :

£ S. d. E. F. Coulson, Esq.

5 0 0 H. J. Ellis Nanney, Esq.

3 0 0 Hugh Reveley, Esq.

2 2 0 Thomas Casson, Esq.

1 11 0 John Casson, Esq.

1 1 0 F. Parry Davies, Esq.

1 1 0 Rev. J. Williams Ellis

1 1 0 Archdeacon Evans

1 1 0 Arthur Farre, Esq., M.D.

1 1 0 J. W. Greaves, Esq.

1 1 0 Samuel Griffiths, Esq.

1 ] O Samuel Holland, Esq.

1 10 R. W. Howell, Esq.

1 1 0 J. Humphreys Jones, Esq.

1 1 0 Major Matthews

1 1 0 R. Lloyd Jones Parry, Esq.

1 1 0 Capt. G. H. Owen

1 1 0 William Parry, Esq.

1 1 ( F. S. Percival, Esq.

1 1 0 H. L. Thomas, Esq.

1 1 0 T. Ignatius Williams, Esq.

1 1 T. Å. Oliver, Esq.

0 10 0


£30 0 0



ABERDARON Church, Caernarvon. Burghill, Herefordshire, incised
shire, restoration of, 453

stone at, 179

Alignments in Wales, 169

Alliances, matrimonial, of the

royal family of England with the Cambrian Archeological Associa-

princes and magnates of Wales, tion, preliminary notice of meet-


ing, 204

Anglo-Saxon and Irish MSS.,

meeting at Portmadoc,
miniatures and ornanients of, 25th August, 188; account of,
by Professor Westwood; notice report, etc., 457
of, 210

statement of expenditure

Ancient interments, etc., in An and receipts for 1867, 205

glesey and North Wales, 217 Cartulary of Margam, contribution

Archæology of the Peak of Der towards, 24, 182, 345

byshire, by H. Vale; review of,95 Catholicon de Jehan Lagadeuc,

Architecture, domestic, of South review of, 213

Pembrokeshire, 70

Celtic Tumuli of Dorset, by Warne;

Arwystli, ancient, camps, etc., 1 notice of, 94

Asaph, St., history of diocese, by Circular habitations, ancient re-

Rev. J. R. Thomas, 453

mains of, in Holyhead Island,


relics found near, 401

Beaumaris, free school of, and Clynnog Vawr, St. Beuno's chest

David Hughes, M.A., 95
Berw and the Hollands, Anglesey, Collectanea Antiqua, by C. Roach

Smith, vol. vi ; review of, 455
Beuno's, St., chest at Clynnog Conway, old college at, 344
Vawr, 197

Cornish cromlechs, by Blight, 454
Brieuc, St., Normandy, interna. Cromlech at Pant y Saer, Mona
tional congress at, 213

Antiqua, 89
Builder, notice of a villa by H. Cromwell alias Williams family,
Vale at Eastbourne, 213

pedigree of, 342, 343


at, 197

Derbyshire, archæology of the Inscribed stones, early, proper

Peak, by H. Vale; review of, 95 names on, 341 Dervel, St., figure of, 209

Interments, ancient, etc., in AnDevonshire, bells in old parish glesey and North Wales, 217

churches, by Ellacombe, 212 Dillwyn, Herefordshire, antiquities

of, 130 Dinas Mawddwy, relics of, 201 Lancashire, Wavertree, prehistoric Dorset, Warne's Celtic tumuli of, remains at, 206 notice, 94

La Tourelle, Brittany, subterra

nean chambers at, 293

Liber Landavensis, original MS. Ewyas Harold, account of, 60 of, 311

letter from the Bishop of

Llandaff, 452 Grant of fees to Lord President of Llanbadarn Fawr, Cardiganshire,

Wales, from Harl. MSS. No. mural paintings in church of, 368, 140

449 Griffith (Moses), drawings by, re

Llanddewi Brefi, Matgorn-yr-ych cent discovery of, 454

Canawg, 85
Loventium of Ptolemy, 450

Ludlow Castle, survey, A.D. 1771, Harleian MS. No. 368, grant of 142

fees to the Lord President of Llyfr Coch Asaph, index to, 151, Wales, 140

329 Haverfordwest temp. Henry III,

transcripts from, 433 209 Hereford, ancient customs of, by

R. Johnson ; review of, 216 Hereford Meeting, correction of Margam, contribution towards a

Report of, by E. A. Freeman, cartulary of, 24, 182, 345 92

Matgorn-yr-ych Canawg, LlanHerefordshire, uncertain stone im ddewi Brefi, 85 plements, 446

Matrimonial alliances of the royal Holland arms at Conway, 344 family of England with the Hollands of Berw, Anglesey, his princes and magnates of Wales, tory of, 97

147 Holyhead Island, remains of an Mona Antiqua, cromlech at Pantcient circular habitations, 385 y Saer, 89

relics found near, 401 Holywell, Flintshire, repairs of well, etc., 343

Pant-y-Saer, Anglesey, cromlech Hughes (David), M.A., and the

at, 89 free school of Beaumaris, 95 Pembrokeshire, South, domestic Humecillus, meaning of,query, 210 architecture of, 70

Pen Caer Helen, Caernarvonshire,

208 Implements, stone, uncertain, 446 Powysland Club publications, 91 Incised stone at Burghill, Here- Proper names on early inscribed fordshire, 179

stones, 341

Subterranean chambers at La Tou Water-stoups in Wales and Cornrelle, Brittany, 293

wall, 166, 443 Welsh language, notice of diction

ary of, by D. S. Evans, 211, 343 Urns, sepulchral, etc., in Anglesey Williams alias Cromwell, family and North Wales, 217

pedigree, 342, 343





19 71



Earthwork at the Moat Farm, Arwystli
Camp at Pen Clun Hill
Earth work on Rhyd-yr-Owen Farm, Arwystli
Monckton, Pembroke .
Old Rectory, Nangle, Pembroke
Interior of same
Eastington ,
Bonville Court
Cromlech, Pant-y-saer
Berw, Anglesey
Water-Stoups found in Wales
Ditto found in Wales and Cornwall
Parc-y-Marw, Pembrokeshire
Sculptured Slab, Burghill, Herefordshire
Seal of Morgan Gam .
St. Beuno's Chest, Clynnog Vawr
Iron Fetters and Mace, Dinas Mawddwy
Urns found at Wavertree, Lancashire
Porth Dafarch, Holyhead Island
Fragment of the large Urn found at Porth Dafarch
Urn enclosed within the larger Vessel
The larger Urn restored, etc.
Small cinerary Urn
Urn, as supposed, of Bronwen, daughter of Llyr
Drinking Cup, fragments found with ditto
Urn found near Tomen


Bronze Blade and relic of Flint found in

Wooden Bodkin found in Urn near ditto
Urn found near the Menai Bridge
Figs. 13 and 14. Plate
Flint Knife found in an Urn near Llangollen
Three Urns found on Mynydd Carn Goch, near Swansea
Cist enclosing Urns found on ditto


75 75 77 78 79 82 83 89 97 166 166 177 178 180 183 197 202 206 217 223 225 225 226 236 238 240 241 242 244 246 248 253 254

near ditto

[ocr errors]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
« PreviousContinue »