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his death to have occurred about this time, and his successor to have been Henry.

Henry de Humfranville, with others, in 1262, paid a marc for a writ of attachment that the Sheriff of Devon was directed to issue, He died 55-6 H. III, 1271-2, seized of one-fifth of the manor of Torriton and onefifth of Kilmington and of the manors of Layford and Dun, or Down-Umfraville and of Langrue, all in Devon, and John, his brother, then aged 30, was his next heir. [Escaet. 56 H. III, No. 2. Fine Rolls, ii, 559.]

In 1272, 15 Feb., John did homage for his brother's land. [Hundred rolls, 70 and 82], one-fifth of Toriton and Kilminton, etc., in Devon. [Exc. Rot. Fin. II, 559. In 1274 he held half a fee in Devon of Gilbert de Clare, occupied by undertenants. [Plac. de Q. W., 170-3.] In 1280 he was summoned with Walter de Sully to answer respecting his rights in Torrington [Ibid. 169], and as to certain rights in Lyw and Kilmington which he disclaimed.

In 1229 he witnessed an agreement between Gilbert de Clare and the Abbot of Neath (Francis's Neath, 34.] In 1291 Ralph de Arundel sought to recover from John and his wife Alicia, seizin of a messuage, etc., at Bishop's Morchard, 15th Oct., 1294. [Abb. Orig. Rot. i, 69.) 15 Oct., 1224, being then a knight, he was summoned to serve against the Welsh [Writs M. Sum. i, 265], and at the death of Gilbert de Clare he held, as heir of Gilbert de Humfranville, one quarter fee in Northover and five fees in Lakeford, co. Devon. (Escaet. 24 Ed. I, No. 107.)

In 1289 John was member for Devon [Parl. Writs 67], and 12 March, 1301, had summons to serve against the Scots (Writs M. Sum. 351]. In 305 he witnessed a Bonville Charter [75, B 22] *to Margam, and at the death of Johanna in 1307 he held (four fees) one messuage and four carucates of land, paying therefore per annum 268. 8d. By Abb. Rot. Orig. i, 200, it appears that he granted a part of his maner of Torrinton to a Gilbert de Humfranville, who 6 Ed. II, 1313, was fined

forty marks for having acquired it without the king's leave. John also witnessed a charter by William de Braose, of doubtful date. [N. Mon. vi, 491.]

Mr. Floyd is uncertain as to the period of John's death, but at the death of the last Earl Gilbert de Clare in 1314 John had been succeeded by Henry de Humfranville, who held four fees in Pennard (Penmark], worth £60 per annum. [Escaet 8 Ed. II, 68, and 1 Ed. III, No. 9, 2 Nov.

Henry, the successor, before 1314, at the partition of the de Clare estates, held four fees in Penmark, and is so set down in the Spenser survey of 1329. In 1327 he was on the inquisition held at the petition of Gilbert Turberville, and was then a knight. In 1333 he is stated by Mr. Traherne to have been on the court which decided on a claim of wreck made by the Abbot of Margan, and in 1340 he witnessed a Despencer charter to Cardiff, and in 1341 one to Neath Abbey. [Francis, Neath, 38.] In 1349, on the death of Hugh le Despencer, he held the four fees in Penmark, value £70. His wife's name was Isabella (N. Mon. ii, 403] and Alice was his heiress.

Alice de Humfranville married, 12 Ed. II, Sir Simon, son and heir of Matthew de Furneaux of Stringston. He died 24 Ed. III, leaving issue by her one child, Elizabeth.

Elizabeth de Furneaux, heiress of Furneaux and Humfranville, married, says Collinson [iii, 213], during her father's lifetime, Sir John Blount, who died before 1362.

Lady Blount survived her husband, and 8 R. II, founded a chantrey in Athelney Abbey for the good estate of William Aungier ? and Henry Rodham, and also of herself Elizabeth, of Lady Alice Stafford, Lady Maud Stafford, Robert Wrench, and all other friends and benefactors of the said Elizabeth. Also for the souls of Sir John Blount, Sir Simon de Furneaux and Alice his wife, Sir Henry de Humfranville and Isabel his wife, Sir Wm. Blount and Maud his wife, the Lady

Julian Talbot, Lady Elizabeth Cornwall, Sir Brian Cornwall her son, Sir Richard Stafford and Sir Richard Stafford the younger his son, Robert Flito and Robert Stockton, and for the souls of all her departed friends. [Coll. I, 262.]

Among the St. John evidence [Lansdown MS. 860a. fol. 318] is a charter by which “Elizabeth le Blount, wife of the Lord John le Blount, Kt., in her widowhood, grants to John Purvill, perpetual vicar of Lankarvan, and to John Tokiker, son of William Tokiker, all the pasture between my wood in the castle of Penmark, and the brook there, etc. Dated 13 May, 36 Ed. III."

Sir John and Lady Elizabeth had one daughter, Alice le Blount, heiress of the Humfranville and Furneaux estates. She married first Sir Richard Stafford, who was dead 8 R. II, and afterwards Sir Richard Storey, who survived. She died childless, 1414-5. [Ing. p.m., 2 H. IV, No. 27.]

Upon Lady Storey’s death the Furneaux estates seem to have gone to the descendants of the sisters of her grandfather, Sir Simon, but the descent of those of Hunfranville, and the manner in which they eventually reached St. John is not so clear. On the death of Ed. le Despenser in 1375 (1345-6) [Escaet. 19, Ed. III] three of the Penmark fees were held conjointly by Elizabeth Blount, John de Arundel, and John de Hath, and Thomas Michell, and John Andrews, so that St. John did not succeed at once to a share of the Humfranville property, even if, as is generally stated, he married one co-heir of Humfranville, while Blount married the other.

44, Ed. III, 1370-1, was a deed of partition between John St. John, chivaler, and Elizabeth Blount, Lady of Calme, running thus:

“ Know all men present and to come that we, Nichol Denis, parson of the Church of Coytif, Thomas Michel, parson of the Church of Pourkerrye [Porthkerry], William Bachelor, parson of the Church of Pconstew ? give, grant, and by this our present charter, confirm to Oliver St. John, John Arundel, Robert

Willis, and John de Hach, a moiety of the manor of Penmark, and of the advowson of the Church pertaining to that manor, with all their appurtenances, which lately were given to Oliver St. John and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of John de la Bere. Witness Laurence de Berkerolles, Edward de Estradlyne, Thomas Turberville,” etc.

Charter 75, c. 48, bears the seal of Gerbert, son of Robert, the device of which is a cinquefoil. This evidently was derived from the coat of his chief, Lord Henry de Humfranville.

All of the name, including the Northern Earls of Angus, bore the cinquefoil as a part of their arms.

The pedigree of Humfranville or Umfreville, given in Pole's Devun, commences with Henry, who bore “orusuly a rose or” [no doubt a five-foiled rose), and was of Lapford, a member of the Honour of Torinton, probably by his marriage with one of the five co-heirs of Matthew de Thoreton. His son John was father of Sir Henry s.p. and John, father of Sir Henry, who left two daughters, coheirs, Alice, who md. Sir Simon Furneaux and had Lapford, and Elizabeth, who married Oliver St. John of Penmark. To their heirs, according to this version, Lapford reverted on the death of Alice Storey s.p., and while St. John of Fonmon, ancestor of Lord St. John, had Penmark, Lapford was settled upon Edward St. John, a cadet, whose daughter and heir married Nicholas Arundel of Trerice, in whose descendants Lapford remained.

There was another family of Umfreville of Comb Pyne and Down Umfreville, in Devon, probably cousins, who bore “gules, three roses and a chief or.”

William the Cellarer is probably the “ Frater Willielmus ap Lutegar Cellararius," who visited King John at Bradenstoke Abbey in September, 1207, and succeeded in obtaining a respite for the payments due from Margam to the king for the Welsh lands at Kenfig.

The earliest William in the St. John Pedigree was son of Roger, and grandson of Sir John St. John of Fonmon, Fitzhamon's retainer, who appears in the Liber Ruber of the Exchequer. His rank would place him at

the head of the witnesses. His mother Cicely was daughter and heiress of Robert de Haia of co. Sussex, but who probably had property in Monmouthshire, where the family were benefactors to the church of Basalleg. According to Dugdale, Sir John had no children, and the Fonmon estate went to the descendants of his sister's child, who married Adam de Port of Basing, their descendants taking the name of St. John.

The male St. Johns were of Devon. William, the first Port who took the St. John name, was great nephew of William, and great great grandsire of Sir John St. John of Fonmon, reputed to have married Elizabeth Umfreville, by which match Penmark was eventually brought into the St. John family. X.-Charta Ruathlan ... et Eynani filii Roberti filii Enyani de terra

de Rossowlin.

[Coll. Topog. et Gen. v. 20.) Canaythen primo dedit terram de Rosowlin domui de Margan consensu domini sui et postea factus ei conversus vir ... et tutissime vixit omnibus diebus vite sue.

Morgan ab Cradoc tradidit Canaythen filium Roberti ab Eynon obsidem pro se domino suo Willielmo comiti Glovernie [et] per modicum tempus rebellavit contra dominum suum.

Hoc audito comes precessit erruere oculos obsidis et remittere ad . . . . In recompensatione oculorum Morgan dedit ei terram de Rossowlin et ille ex consensu domini sui dedit ecclesie beate Marie de Margan.

The original is endorsed in red ink upon one of the cartulary rolls of Margam, and is supposed by Mr. Traherne to have been taken from the register of Neath, extant at St. Donats in 1574, but now lost.

Rossowlin, now Resolven, lies in the vale of Neath. Bryn Kynhaythwydd occurs in an old survey of it. A rude cross, on which the words "proparavit hanc" are alone legible, is attributed to Canaythen.

XI.-Carta Morgani fil. Caradoci.

[Harl. Chart. 75, B. 31.] Omnibus ad quos presens scriptum pervenerit Morganus filius Caradoci salutem.

Noverit Universitas vestra me concessisse et dedisse monachis de Margan communem pasturam et aisiamenta terre mee in bosco

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