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without heart, without brains, eyeless, unnatural, hypocritical, relentless and unjust, then let me be covered with confusion of face.' And again, after calling the society a coNSPIRACY AGAINST HUMAN RIGHTS, who are unanimous in abusing their victims, unanimous in proclaiming absurdities, propagating libels, exciting prejudice, apologizing for slavery, using hollow pretences, and after declaring that it is based upon falsehood and duplicity, and is at once dangerous and implacable, he adds, • These are my accusations, and if I do not substantiate them I am willing to be covered with reproach.'
To prove these heinous charges of unanimity among the clergy, Christian professors, judges, lawyers, senators, representatives, and editors,' in a conspiracy so glaring, absurd, and wicked, against all that is sacred in humanity and religion, he then divides his subject into ten sections, entitled as follows :
1. The American Colonization Society is not hostile to slavery.
Then follow seventy-six pages containing the sentiments of the people of color who have been collected together for the purpose, ir various parts of the country; and have otherwise expressed their views in the Liberator and elsewhere ; together with much of the author's. own views and feelings, in perfect consonance with theirs.
We have neither space nor inclination to give each of these topics the criticism and rebuke they deserve, nor do we deem it important minutely to examine in detail a publication so essentially slanderous in all its parts. Indeed the spirit in which the book is written, as exhibited in the brief extracts already made, will be its own refutation with every candid and liberal mind. The author writes as though goaded by a feeling of malevolence and revenge, which is utterly unaccountable, when the mild and pacific character of this colonization scheme is. considered; but which probably arises from his supposed persecutions. being attributed by himself and friends to the American Colonization Society, or its prominent patrons, and which supposition of obliquity of principle and morbidity of feeling is no compliment to his intelligence, nor even to his integrity. His attempt to hold the society and its objects accountable for every thing that has been said by slave holders and others in their pamphlets, tracts, speeches, and other publications, is neither just nor liberal, nor is the insertion of detached sentences, from such documents, consistent with moral honesty, particularly when it is found that the book is more than half filled with such perversions of what their authors said, from the meaning distinctly recognized in the documents from which they have been taken. This is eminently the case with most of the extracts from the society's reports and peria odical
It is fit that this Mr. Garrison should see how he will stand before the public by a few extracts from his own words, promiscuously chosen.
Speaking of himself and his book, he says thus, To rebuke great and good men, is the highest effort of moral courage !' p. 6. •I should oppose this society, even were its doctrines harmless !' p. 18. • Should the slave holders become instantly metamorphosed into angels, they would still hold the rational creatures of God as their property, and yet commit no sin.' p. 92. • Many of the colored people, I proudly rank: among my most familiar friends. p. 131.
Soine of the finest men I met with, during a residence in London and Paris, were the offspring of African mothers. I have repeatedly seen black gentlemen sitting on the sofas conversing with the white ladies—and there were no persons present who appeared more respectable, or who were more respected.' p. 45.
Without multiplying these extracts, sufficient has been said to show Mr. Garrison the iniquity and illiberality of his crusade against the American Colonization Society; and if he object to these precious morceaus of his book, let him remember that he himself has set the example by his garbled perversion of language and sentiment in the extracts he has made from published documents, and that his .rule should work both ways. And he will also recollect that many of his remarks on the amalgamation of Africans with the whites, which seems with him not only admissible, but desirable and essential to his favorite scheme of immediate abolition, are too obscene to permit the pollution of our pages, either with their sentiment or language.
For ou es, much as we condemn the design, character, and tendency of his whole book, there is no part of it more disgraceful to himself, nor more offensive to the true friends of emancipation and abolition, than the avowal expressed in so many forms, that he expects and demands an amalgamation of the American and African races, as an essential feature of his scheme. This he has before taught in the Liberator, and for this the free colored people, who are his most familiar friends,' highly applaud his liberality of sentiment, and patronize his paper because it aims at this noble and praiseworthy result! If Mr. Garrison would consent to take to himself an African wife, or betroth his daughters to the black gentlemen who sit on the sofas conversing with white ladies,' we apprehend he will find few even among the enemies of the Colonization Society who are such thoroughgoing abolitionists as himself. The idea is as absurd and visionary, as it is wicked in itself, and the hopelessness of such a project is as manifest as the laws of nature, and the author of such a proposition, if it were feasible, would deserve and receive the execration of his species. As it is, however, the proposition demands for its author our commiseration rather than our censures, and his appeal in confirmation of his views, to the iniquitous and abominable licentiousness of southern libertines, is too shocking to receive or require refutation, and we may say after all he has ever written on this topic,
'It is a monster of such hideous mien,
That to be hated, needs but to be seen.' We have thus devoted a much larger space to this mischievous production than we designed, but when it is remembered that this is the
boasted effort of a man who, although of our own color, professes to be the champion of the African race in this country, and is aimed at the foundation and character of the noblest charity now in existence in any country ; we deem it proper to give this early notice of the publication and its author, especially as the whole is presented to the public under a garb of sanctity broader than the phylacteries of the ancient Pharisees; and a profession of reverence for humanity, justice, and truth, which may gain for it access to many who would otherwise be in no danger from its cunning and vulgar sophistry.
We believe that the American Colonization Society offers the only and last hope for the regeneration of bleeding Africa, and doubt not but God in his providence and grace designs, by means of its operations, to civilize and Christianize that vast continent. In common with other evangelical denominations, our Church has commenced the work to which even Mr. Garrison does not object. One missionary of the cross has already sailed, and two others are preparing to embark for the colony, and with the Christian band already there, they purpose to devote their lives to the great work of dispensing the light and power of the Gospel to the tribes in the interior, to whom the colony has already opened a great and effectual door. And although not sanguine that all the wishes of the friends of the children of Africa in our country, who conduct the operations of the society, will be speedily accomplished ; yet we believe much will be done, and all that can be done for their emancipation, and that in a very few years the aocursed slave trade on the coast of Africa will be for ever abolished by means of the colony. And experience has demonstrated that more has been done toward preparing the way for freeing the blacks of our land, by this reviled colonization scheme, than has ever been effected by all the abolition societies, or ever will be done by all the · Liberators' in the country. Let the philanthropists of America only combine their energies, in the north and in the south, in the east and in the west, in favor of the colony, and a few years will wipe off the slanders of all its enemies, and write the epitaph of Mr. Garrison and his book. God almighty will put his seal upon the society and its operations, and our country shall yet be disenthralled, and Africa's sons shall yet be free and independent in their own land.
LUTHER'S TABLE TALK. How much the world is indebted, under the blessing of God, to Luther, who can tell ? Little did he think, when he began to oppose the decrees of the pope in respect to the sale of indulgences, what a mighty work he was commencing. Nor did the veneration which he felt for his holiness prevent him from persevering in his attempts to correct the abuses which he saw every where existing, though he seemed little conscious at the time that he was undermining the foundation of the papal hierarchy. From such small beginnings do great events date their origin.
Having, however, launched forth into the sea of reformation, he fearlessly buffeted the waves and billows, until he had the satisfaction to witness his trembling bark moored in a safe and secure harbor. Here, secluded from the tempests which were raging about him, he. could converse with his friends in tranquillity. Among other conversations with which the pages of his history abound, we select the following, in which we behold the same bold sentiments and ardent feelings of mind, by which this servant of God was ever distinguished, as well as the same abhorrence of the pope and his adherents with which Luther became inspired when he first clearly and fully saw into the true character of that lordly prelate.
God,' said Luther, could be exceeding rich in money and in temporary wealth, if He pleased ; but He will not. If He were but to come to the pope, to the emperor, to a king, a prince, a bishop, to a rich merchant, a citizen, or a farmer, and were to say, “ Except thou givest me a hundred thousand crowns, thou shalt die this instant,”then every one would presently say, “ I will give it with all my heart, if I mayabut live.” But now we are such unthankful slovens that we give Him not so much as a Deo gratias, although we receive from Him richly, and overflowing, so great benefits, merely out of His goodness and mercy. Is not this a shame? Yet, notwithstanding such our unthankfulness, our Lord God and merciful Father doth not suffer Himself thereby to be scared away, but continually doth show to us all manner of goodness. But,' said Luther, if, in His gifts and benefits, He were more sparing, and in imparting the same to us were more close-handed, then might we learn to be thankful. If, for example, He
human creature to be born into the world with only one leg or foot, and seven years afterward gave him the other leg; or, in the fourteenth year gave one of the hands, and in the twentieth the other, then we should better acknowledge God's gifts and benefits ; we should then also value them at a higher rate, and be thankful to almighty God for the same. But now, since God heaps upon us these and the like His blessings, we never regard the same, nor show ourselves thankful to Him.'
• Then again,' said Luther, 'God hath given to us in these days a whole sea full of His word ; He giveth unto us all manner of language, and good, free, liberal arts : we buy, at this time, for a small price, all manner and sorts of good books; moreover, He giveth unto us learned people, that do teach well and orderly, insomuch that a young youth (if he be not altogether a dunce) may learn and study more in one year now, than formerly in many years. Arts are now so cheap that they almost go begging for bread. Wo be to us,' said Luther, that we are so lazy and improvident, so negligent and unthankful. But God, I fear, will shut up his liberal hand and mercy again, and will give unto us sparingly enough, so that we shall have again sects, schisms, preachers of lies, and scoffers of God, and then we shall adore and carry
them upon our hands, seeing that now we do contemn His word and servants.'
The greater God's corporeal gifts and wondrous works are, the
less,' said Luther, they are regarded. The greatest and most precious treasure of this kind that we receive of God is, that we can speak, hear, see, &c. Yet who is there that feels these to be God's gifts, or gives Him thanks for them? Men value such things as wealth, honor, power, and other things of less worth : but what costly things can they be that so soon vanish away? A blind man (if he be in his right wits) would willingly miss of all these, if he might but see.
The reason, said Luther, . why the corporeal gifts of God are so much undervalued, is this, that they are so common, and God bestows them on the senseless beasts, as well as upon us people, and often in greater perfection. But what shall I say ? Christ made the blind to see. He drove out devils, raised the dead, &c, yet must he be upbraided by the ungodly hypocrites who gave themselves out for God's people, and must hear from them that He was a Samaritan, and had a devil. Ah!' said Luther, the world is the devil's, wheresoever it be. How then can it acknowledge God's gifts and benefits? It is with God almighty, as it is with parents and their children which are young : they regard not so much the daily bread, as an apple or a pear, or other toys.'
How to preach before a prince.—As Dr. Erasmus Albert was called Mark of Bradenburg, he desired Luther to set down a method of preaching before a prince elector. Luther said, “ Let all your preaching be in the most simple and plainest manner ; look not to the prince, but to the plain, simple, gross, unlearned people, of which cloth the prince also himself is made. If I,” said Luther, " in my preaching, should have regard to Philip Melancthon, and other learned doctors, then should I work but little goodness. I preach in the simplest manner to the unskilful, and that giveth content to all. Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, I spare, until we learned ones come together; then we make it so curled and finical, that God himself wondereth at us." ;
The kingdom of love. In ceremonies and ordinances, the kingdom of love must have the precedence and govern, and not tyranny. It must be a willing love, not a halter love; it must be altogether directed and managed for the good and profit of one's neighbor; and the greater he is that doth govern,' said Luther, the more he ought to serve according to love.
How necessary patience is.-I,' said Luther, 'must be patient with the
pope ; I must have patience with heretics and seducers ; I must have patience with the roaring courtiers ; I must have patience with my servants ; I must have patience with Kate, my wife : to conclude, the patiences are so many, that my whole life is nothing but patience.'
MOUNT ETNA. This famous mountain has been often described by adventurous and scientific travellers. It is situated on the eastern side of Sicily.
Various conjectures have been formed respecting the etymology of the name Etna. It being usually written in the Itineraries, Ethana, some have traced its origin from asben, which signifies to burn, and others from sains, (athuna,) a furnace ; either of which seems to be a very probable derivation, when it is considered that this mountain