Disinfection and individual prophylaxis against infectious diseases

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Republican Press Association, 1886 - 40 pages

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Page 3 - The Preventable Causes of Disease, Injury and Death in American Manufactories and Workshops, and the Best Means and Appliances for Preventing and Avoiding Them.
Page 5 - There can be no partial disinfection of such material; either its infecting power is destroyed or it is not. In the latter case there is a failure to disinfect.
Page 6 - of the same class as that to which disease germs belong, and the agents which destroy the latter also destroy. the bacteria of putrefaction, when brought in contact with them in sufficient quantity, or restrain their development when present in smaller amounts. A. large number of the proprietary "disinfectants...
Page 6 - This is true, for example, as regards the sulphate of iron or copperas, a salt which has been extensively used with the idea that it is a valuable disinfectant. As a matter of fact, sulphate of iron in saturated solution does not destroy the vitality of disease germs or the infecting power of material containing them. This salt is, nevertheless, a very valuable antiseptic, and its low price makes it one of the most available agents for the arrest of putrefactive decomposition in privy vaults, etc.
Page 24 - The amount used must be proportioned to the amount of material to be disinfected. Use one pound of corrosive sublimate for every five hundred pounds (estimated) of fecal matter contained in the vault, or one pound of chloride of lime to every thirty pounds.
Page 5 - ... and practical sanitation is now based upon the belief that the infecting agents in all kinds of infectious material are of this nature. Disinfection, therefore, consists essentially in the destruction of disease germs. Popularly, the term "disinfection" is used in a much broader sense. Any chemical agent which destroys or masks bad odors, or which arrests putrefactive decomposition, is spoken of as a disinfectant. And in the absence of any infectious disease, it is common to speak of disinfecting...
Page 34 - Association, subject to the provisions of the constitution as to continuance in membership. They shall be selected with special reference to their acknowledged interest in or devotion to sanitary studies and allied sciences, and to the practical application of the same.
Page 34 - ... so proposed. On recommendation of a majority of the committee, and on receiving a vote of two thirds of the members present at a regular meeting, the candidate shall be declared duly elected a member of the Association. The annual fee of membership, in either class, shall be five dollars.
Page 20 - No. 1 with nine parts of water one gallon in ten. This solution is preferable for general use, especially during the prevalence of epidemics, on account of the possibility of accidents from the poisonous nature of Standard Solution No. 4. When diluted as directed this solution may, however, be used without danger from poisoning through the medium of clothing immersed in it, or by absorption through the hands in washing. A poisonous...
Page 17 - In the sick-room we have disease germs at an advantage, for we know where to find them as well as how to kill them. Having this knowledge, not to apply it would be criminal negligence, for our efforts to restrict the extension of infectious diseases must depend largely upon the proper use of disinfectants in the sick room.

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