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Consisting of Memoirs of very eminent and remarkable Persons recently Deceased. -so

*...* In this Article it is proposed to record Biographical Facts, and not mere verbal

Eulogies, resulting from the partialities of relatives and friends. In this respect, we hope to be enabled, by persons possessing a competent knowledge of the parties, to distinguish

this feature of our Wiscellany from the common-place Newspaper Reports, which, without

taste or discrimination, are admitted into other periodical works. When no interesting fact, connected with the Life of an Indiridual, can be selected as worthy of record, the

negation affords evidence that the name cannot be admitted into this Department, and must

rather be considered as belonging to our ordinary Register of Mortality.


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Cambridge. He took the degree of M.A. 2nd became fellow in 1788. But, not choosing to take orders, he resigned his fellowship in 1796; and, in 1798, married the daughter of Lieut. Gen. Dickson, who died in 1806. As a coal-owner, he re. sided part of the year at Hartford near Morpeth; the remainder of his time was spent in London. His publications on political and constitutional subjects are numerous. His principal work is entitled “Materials for Thinking,” in 2 vols. 1863, which passed through several editions; it contains information respecting the most conspicuous characters of the French Revolution. To this work, another edition of which is just announced with many alterations, must be added, as flowing from his prolific pen, “Three Letters to the Bishop of Landaff,

1795.” “Examination of the Merits and '

Tendency of the Pursuits of Literature, two parts, 8vo. 1790.” “A Vindication of Pope and Gralton from the Attacks of an Anonymous Defamer, 8vo. 1799.” “Various Thoughts on Politics, Morality, and Literature, 8vo. 1300.” “Unanimity in the present Contest recommended, 8vo. 1803.” “Advice addressed to the Lower

Ranks, 1803.” “The Life and Character 3

of Bonaparte, 13mo. 1804.” “Letters on the Affairs of Spain, 1809.” “A Constitution for the Spanish Nation, from the Spanish of Estrado, 1810.” “Introduction to the History of the Revolution in Spain,

m the Spanish of Estrado, 1810.” “Treatise on the Privilege of the House of Commons, 8vo. 1810.” “Examination of the Dispute between Spain and her American Colonies, 8vo. 1811.” “Letters on the Annual Subscriptions to the Sons of the Cícrgy, 8vo. 1811.” “Cobbett and the Reformers impartially examined, 1813.”

Mr. Burdon was proverbial for his kindness to the destitute: his charity was equalled by his integrity, which was of the most inflexible kind, and which no certainty of personal advantage, however great, could, for an instant, induce him te compromise. Having said this, we lament to state, that, had he been less vacillating in his political opinions, we should feel more disposed to bestow our approbation on this part of his character. To us, accustomed to adopt an uniform and decided mode of thinking and writing, it is difficult to divine those latent springs of human action which, in their operation, confound our reason and awaken our sorrow.

He died at his residence in Welbeckstreet, at the age of fifty-three, deservedly and sincerely lamented by his domestis circle, as a loss which is to them irreparable.


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IN our last number we had the painful task of announcing to the medical world the death of Dr. Joseph Adams, on the 20th of June last.

Dr. J. Adams was born in London of a highly respectable family; his father, an eminent apothecary in the city, selected him for his successor, though his youngest son, from his early attachment to classical studies,—an attachment which continued through life, although he never allowed it to engross more than a proper share of his attention. Of studious and retired habits, his education during his apprenticeship must have been eminently fitted to qualify him for the part he was to act in future life. After that period, he studied chiefly under Dr. David Pitcairn and Mr. Pott; at St. Bartholomew's ; and, subsequently, under

Dr. Saunders at Guy's, and Mr. Hunter at

St. George's. Mr. Hunter's theories (novel, ingenious, and profound,-but exhibited to the world in an uncouth phraseology,) had hitherto been neglected by many who might have understood them, and, by others, only studied for the purposes of misrepresentation and virulent attack; and, it was peculiarly fortunate for the interests of medical science, that they took deep root in a mind like that of Dr. Adams, equally capable of elucidating and defending them; and, it is a singular fact, that none of those who had found that they could attack Mr. Hunter with impunity have ever ventured to answer his defender. We do not conceive that we are injuring the memory of Dr. A. by stating that the energies of his body were not equal to those of his mind, nor that his labours in the closet still farther tended to incapacitate him for the personal and active labour—we had almost said drudgery, of an apothecary. His success in practice after the death of his father not answering his expectations, he was readily persuaded by his friends, and particularly the late Dr. Saunders, to obtain a diploma, and settle in the island of Madeira, where a physician seemed to be wanted. In that island, he succeeded in rendering an important service to the invalids of this country, by improving every means of accommodation: there too he was enabled, from actual observation, to draw the distinguishing marks between true Elephantiasis or Syrian Leprosy, and Giecian Leprosy, and give to the world what has been shewn by every subsequent observation to be a standard description of the former disease. During Dr. Adams' absence from En. gland, the cowpox (which he had first introduced to the world—vide Morbid Poisons, 1st edit.) had contributed to increase the attention paid to the subject MONTHLY MAG, No. 315.

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of Morbid Poisons, and a second edition was loudly demanded. To publish this, and render it more complete by personai observations on the nature of sivvens, Dr. A. returned to this country. His arrival took place at a time fortunate for the interests of medical science; the death of Dr. Woodville had left open the office of physician to the small-pox hospital, and Dr. Adams was called to fill his place; every difficulty in the regulations of the hospital, and the bye-laws of the college, was done away, and he immediately fixed his permanent residence in London. From this time, Dr. Adams' life was less varied by incident; he continued advancing in reputation and practice till his death. In the year 1809, he was elected fellow of the Linnean Society, and, on the death of Dr. Lettsom, president of the Medical and Philosophical Society of London; of the former of which he had long been a member, as well as of the Soc. Medicale d’Emulation of Paris. The accident which, at least, accelerated the death of Dr. Adams, was a compound fracture of the leg, from a fall whilst walking on his estate at Holloway, on the 7th of June; it had united by the first intention, and every thing appeared to go on in the most satisfactory manner till an hour preceding his death, when he appeared rather restless, but continued to see his friends and converse with his usual liveliness: he took his dinner at five in the afternoon, and expressed himself as “very comfortable,” but shortly afterwards was seized with cold sweat and fainting; he appeared to revive for a few minutes, but soon relapsed, and gradually ceased to breathe at seven o'clock in the evening on the 20th of June, 1818. In private life Dr. Adams will long be remembered with respect and affection; not only his widow and more immediate relatives will feel their loss, but a large circle of friends to whom his many good qualities had endeared him, humane, benevolent, liberal: by his friends, by his pupils, by the poor, his memory will long be cherished, and by all classes to whom his mame was known his death will be esteemed a public calamity. --JAMES cop B, Esq. Secretary to the East India Company, was born in 1756. He wrote many pieces for the stage, the first of which “Strangers at Home,” a comic opera, appeared in 1786. He afterwards successively wrote, “English Reading, 1787.” “The First Floor,” a farce, 1787. “Love in the East,” a comic opera, 1788. “The Doctor and Apothecary,” a farce, 1788. “The Haunted Tower,” a comic opera, 1789. Ramah Droog,” 1800, “A House to be Sold,” a musical piece, 1803. He also M Wrote

82 Biographiana:—Mr. Courtenay.

wrote the songs to the “Siege of Belgrade,” the “Pirates,” and the “Shepherdess of Cheapside;” and we believe also some other pieces for the stage, which have not been printed. Some of the pieces, above mentioned, obtained, at the time of their acting, a considerable share of the public applause; but we believe that the attacks of some later wits upon Mr. Cobb's character as a dramatist, have somewhat diminished the attractions of his pen. He married, in 1800, Miss Stanfell, of Fratton, Hampshire; and in private life, and in his situation as secretary to the East-India Company, a place which he filled with credit for a long series of years, as a worthy and respectable man. He § on the first day of June, at Windsor, whither he had gone for the benefit of his health, in the sixty-third year of his age, -GoMR. court ENAY, Late M.P. for Appleby, a Lord of the Treasury, &c. THIs gentleman is said to have been descended from a younger branch of the family of William Courtenay, Viscount Courtenay, a house so illustrious in point of lineage, that Gibbon, in his celebrated historical work, has dedicated a long dissertation to illustrate it. Sir Wm. Courtemay, of Powderham Castle, in the county of Devon, having become the male representative of this great house, on the demise of the Marquis of Exeter in 1566, in 1588 joined with several English noblemen and gentlemen in a plan to send over settlers, “for the better planting of Ireland;” and thus laid the foundation of that immense estate which, until lately, was enjoyed by his posterity. John Courtenay, descended most probably from one of these “settlers,” was born in Ireland, and, to the latest period of his life, bore testimony to the place of his birth, by a certain Hibernian accent, which gave a ceasiderable degree of quaintness to his jokes, and added fresh poignancy to his wit. After, receijing a good education in his native land, he obtained a commission in the army; and, either by good or ill fortune—for the fact must be allowed to be equivocal—became acquainted with, and was patronised by, the first Marquis Townshend; who became viceroy of the sister kingdom in 1767, and remained there until 1772. The subject of this brief memoir was a frequent guest at the Castle, and either fol. lowed or accompanied his noble friend to England. On the latter obtaining the of. fice of master-general of the Ordnance, soon after his return, he did not forget his witty and faithful adherent; on the con: trary, he appointed him his secretary, and thus gave a new direction to his career. In addition to this, he also nominated him one

[Aug. 1, of the members for Tamworth, a borough in which that nobleman is said to have: possessed and exercised great influence, although a peer of the realm, in 1780. On this occasion, Mr. Courtenay was of course obliged to assume the same political hue as his protector; for we find him at one time supporting the American war by employing all his powers of ridicule against the opponents of ministers. On the 20th of February, 1781, he spoke in favour of the Civil List Bill, which added new influence to the crown; and, on this occasion, endeavoured to turn its adversaries into ridicule, on account of their pretended patriotism. “The cry of, O Liberty : O virtue! O my country!” observes he, “has been the iucessant, pathetic, and fallacious topic of former oppositions; as for the present, they must of course be supposed to act on better and far purer motives! They, doubtless, weep over their falling country; and yet the patriot's, like the poet's, eye, ‘in a fine frenzy rolling, deigns at times to cast a wistful squint on the riches and honours enjoyed by ministers, and those they are pleased to term their venal supporters. And, if I were not apprehensive,” adds he, “of hazarding a ludicrous allusion (which is always improper on a serious subject), I would compare their conduct to the sentimental alderman's, in one of Hogarth's prints, who, when his daughter is expiring, wears, indeed, a parental face of woe, grief, and solicitude—but all this grimace is put on for no other purpose than to secure her diamond ring, which he is in the very act of drawing gently from her finger!” Notwithstanding this sally, he soon after frankly asserted, that “the American war was neither wise, politic, nor expedient;” and it must be fairly allowed, that he com fined his support of ministers in so far as the country was engaged in hostilities with France and Spain. When his friend the Earl of Townshend was accused, by Colonel Barre, of continuing the useless fortifications at Portsmouth and Plymouth, he iamented that this attack should have been made by a gailant veteran, who, like Serjeant Kite, in the comedy of the “Recruiting Officer,” was accustomed “to eat ravelins for breakfast, and pick his teeth with pallisadoes!” Immediately after this, Lord North was driven from office, by repeated votes of the House of Commons; and Lord Townshend and Mr. Courtenay retired with him. No sooney did this event take place, than the ex-master-general and his secretary immediately opened a red-hot battery, in each house of Parliament, on the iduke of Richmond, whom they, in their turn, accused of extravagance beyond example, and an expenditure hitherto unequalled in the annals of this country. At length, in conscquence of the evermemorable

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memorable coalition, Lord North and Mr. Fox obtained possession of the Treasury Bench, where the subject of this memoir sat also, until they were all obliged to retire, in consequence of the miscarriage of the India Bill, owing, as has been said, to the personal interposition of the sovereign. This ill-fated measure having rendered them generally obnoxious, they withdrew, greatly to the satisfaction of the nation at large; and from that time Mr. Courtenay appears to have acted strenuously and uniformly with opposition. He was among the first to recognize the cruelty and injustice of the slave trade; and, in 1791, delivered one of his best speeches in support of Mr. Wilberforce's motion for its abolition. “Every member,” observes he, “ought to recoileet, that on his vote this night depends the happiness of millions; that it is in his power to repress the most odious traffic that ever disgraced mankind; to sanction a measure, the beneficial effects of which will be felt over an extensive quarter of the globe; and which will sow the seeds of civilization, and establish the first principles of humanity, in regions where they were formerly unknown.” This gentleman also hailed the dawn of the French revolution as an event auspicious to the happiness of mankind; and, when Mr. Pitt, in 1793, proposed to declare war, without deigning to assign any reason, he treated him as an apostate from his former principles and professions. He, at the same time, played off his wit on Mr. Canning, whose interested attachment to the minister, according to him, had at length fixed his uncertain vote and his varying opinions:— “Thus a light straw, whirl’d round with ev'ry blast, Is carried off in some dog's tail at last.” In 1794 he appears to have visited the House of Correction in Cold-Bath Fields, which he termed, “the Bastille ;” and, in a speech in the House of Commons, he stated some of the many enormities committed there: “A person of the name of Smith, who was confined for a libel, had been immured in a cell, where he was not only deprived of the means of supporting his wife and children by his industry, but his

Northumberland and Durham, 83

health had been destroyed, and his mind perhaps deranged.” He next stated the case “of a hackney-coachman, who had been detained six months in this odibus prison, on the complaint of a gentleman, for refusing to take a fare, when his horses were lamed, and unfit for work If such a piece of injustice,” added he, “had been committed by Robespierre, what indigmation and clamour would have been excited s” After some apposite allusions to the “vital Christianity” of Mr. Wilberforce, who was always busied in “redressing distant wrongs,” he observed, “that Governor Aris, and his reveiend coadjutors in the magistracy, perhaps kindly subjected their prisoners to so much unneces. sary pain in this world, that less punishment might be inflicted on them in the next.” Mr. Courtenay having been returned for Appleby in 1796, in 1797 supported Mr. (the present Earl) Grey, in his plan for a reform in the House of Commons; and, during the remainder of his parliamentary career, he steadily voted against all the measures and projects of Mr. Pitt. At length, like Belisarius, grown old in the service of his country, he finally retired from the fatigue of late hours and prolonged debates; and on this occasion, by the unexampled liberality of a Kentish earl, was permitted to name his successor. From this period until his death, which occurred in 1816, Mr. Courtenay has resided chiefly in the metropolis, on a small annual income, just sufficient to supply his wants, and enable him to pass his old age, if not in luxury, at least in independance. He had married early in life, and has left behind him a son, bred to the church, and two daughters; one of whom married the late Mr. Johnson, a banker, who had been in India; the other is the wife of Mr. L. D. Campbell. In 1786 he published a poetical review of the literary and moral character of Samuel Johnson ; in 1790 he produced his Philosophical Reflections on the French Revolution, addressed to Dr. Priestley; in 1793 he addressed Mr. Burke on the same fruitful theme; and in 1794 appeared several poetical epistles from Paris, Rome, ald Naples.

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Miss Maria Hopper, of Newcastle.—Mr. Lancelot Johnson, to Miss Elizabeth Syer, both of Barnardcastle. — Mr. William Aynsley, of Dallington, to Miss Dorothy Moor.—Mr. Thomas Russell, to Miss Frances Temperley.—Mr. Matthew Dunn, to Miss Ridley.—Mr. Edward Baty, to Miss Jane Latham: all of Hexham.— Andrew Gibson, esq. M.D. to Miss Elizabeth Annett, of Ajnmonth.-Mr. Henry Debord, of North Blyth, to Miss Catharine Rowell, of Weddrington Steads,Mr. G. R. Hutton, of Shincliff, to Miss Jane Miétcalf, of Newcastle.— Mr. John Elliott, of Otterburn, to Mrs. Mary Jackson, of Davey Siield. — Mr. William Hamilton, of Rock's Bushes, to Miss Isabella Nixon, of Newton.—Mr. William Coats, of West Pitts, to Miss Isabella Bland, of Barnardcastle.—Mr. Thomas Lilly, of East Ord, to Miss Eleanor Thompson, of Tweedmouth. — Mr. T. Greenwell, esq. of Ford, to Miss Smales, of Durham. Died.] At Newcastle, in Northumberland-street, 71, Mrs. Mary Cook.-22, Mr. William Haswell.—Mr. Peel.—At North Shore, Mr. Ralph Gibbon.—In Pilgrim-street, 85, Mrs. Margaret Meggison.—34, Mr. Joseph Longstaff. At Gateshead, 75, Mr. George Wilkinsom.—Mr. Wetherby, much respected.— At an advanced age, Mrs. Headlam, wife of T. H. esq. At Durham, 30, Mr. Lawrence Harvey, respected.—71, Hawdon Phillipson Rowe,

eSq. %. North Shields, 27, Mrs. Ann Pearson. –93, Mrs. Jane Davidson.—39, Mrs. Mary May.—66, Mrs. Rebecca Gibson.— 90, Mrs. Mary Ward.-34, Mr. J. Wood. –80, Mrs. Dorothy Lamshaw. At Bishopwearmouth, 24, Miss Margaretta Barnes.—64, Mrs. T. Reed.—65, Mr. William Friend. At Barnardcastle, Mr. John Blekinson. —Mrs. Margaret Bell. At Sunderland, 47, Mr. Joseph Usher. At Stockton, Mrs. R. Jaques. At Tynemouth, 67, John Davidson, esq. Clerk of the Peace for Northumberland, much and deservedly respected. At Alnwick, 63, Mr. James Galloway. —Mrs. Mary Chambers. At Bedlington, 83, Mr. Matthew Catch2ide.—At Mill Hills, Haydon Bridge, 32, Mrs. A. Wailes, – At Lennell-house, Patrick Brydome, esq., F.R.S.—At Twezelcastle, 81, Sir Francis Bloke, bart, regretted.—At Lowick, Mrs. Jameson, wife of Mark J. esq. town clerk of Berwick.-At Swalwell, 26, Miss Jane Forster.—At Wolviston, 84, Mr. Appleby. : CUM BERLAND AND WESTMORELAND. Three candidates were nominated for Carlisle, Mr. Curwen, Sir James Graham, and Mr. Parkins: after some strong efforts

Cumberland and Westmoreland–Porkshire.

[Aug. 1, on all sides, Mr. Parkins declined. The numbers stood,Cnrwen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 250 Graham -. • , 225 Parkins. . . . 9 Sir James Graham with difficulty made his escape from the people. The contest for Westmoreland, between Lord Lowther, Col. Lowther, and Mr. Brougham, was unexampled in severity:—

• * * * * * * * * * 4

Mr. Brougham. Ld. Lowther. Col. L' Plumpers . . . . 623 13 4. Total Voters 889 1211 1157

Declared majority for Col. Lowther... 268
The Lowther family have, therefore, suc-
ceeded in their first reneontre with Mr.
Brougham. He threatens them with a
second; and, if his politics are less equi-
Vocal, his success cannot be doubted.
Married.] Mr. Robert Gibson, to Miss
Hannah Cowen.—Mr. William Wilson, to
Miss Ann Stewart.—Mr. Richard Jack-
son, to Miss Mary Pattenson; all of
Carlisle.—Mr. John Mallison, to Miss
Susannah Bell.—Mr. John Hodgson, to
Miss Priscilla Hodgsou: all of Penrith.-
Mr. George Studholme, to Miss Elizabeth
Graves, both of Wigton.—John Walker,
esq. of Woodside, Maryport, to Miss
Allenby, of Flimby.—Mr. Árchibald Smith,
to Miss Reid, both of Langholm.
Died.]. At Carlisle, in English-street, 65,
Mrs. , Mary Richardson, suddenly.—In
Scotch street, Mrs. Matthews.-3i, Mr.
John Chambers.-55, Mr. John Cowen.
At Workington, 42, Mr. William
At Penrith, 22, Miss Jane Mary.—88,
Mrs. Tolson.—72, Mrs. Mary Routledge.
At Brampton, Mrs. R. Gibson.
At Wedholm-hill,60, Mr.William Light-
foot.—At Campsall, 70, Mr. Richard
Pease.—At Cumw hinton, Mrs. Eleanor
Thompson.—At Dockray, Mrs. Kay.


The election for York closed, after four days’ hard polling, in which much bodily injury was suffered. The numbers stood :- Hon. L. Dundas . . . . . . 1446 Sir M. M. Sykes, bart. 1276 W. B. Cooke, esq. . . . . 1955. Mr. Cooke was invited by a numerous body of freemen, and his cause was the popular one. The election for Hull was vigorous and spirited : the candidates, Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Graham, (son of the member for Car. lisle, but opposed to his father in politics,) and Mr. Staniforth. The numbers stood, . Mitchell . . . . . . . . . . . . 1324 -Graham • . . . . . . . . . . . 1074 Staniforth . . . . . . . . . . 1036 A scrutiny was demanded, and granted: it ended in the establishment of Mr.

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