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1818.] Original Letters between Dr. Young and Mr. Richardson.

not hold a pen very often. The dreadful accident Nancy told you of, has unhinged me. In obedience to your coinmands, I thought I had some little matters humbly to suggest; but my few observations cannot be read, I am afraid, not even by myself. Transcription cannot be attempted by me till I can get steadier fingers. I never could dictate. But, as you have changed your scheme, I think my observations will be quite needless, till I have the favour you make me hope for, in a return of the manuscripts, with your last hand. One thing, however, I take the liberty to mention—That, when in the former part you say so many glorious things in behalf of original writing, and to discourage imitations; so justly extol the great men of antiquity, as well as among the moderns; yet in the last part, make such mere nothings of all human attainments and genius; I could not but wish that the piece was made two distinct pieces, or subjects: for they are both laudable in a high degree; one for the delight of learned men; the other, and, doubtless, the most eligible, for the sake of true piety and our everlasting welfare. My head is confused, and I do not express myself, perhaps, to be understood. Let me ask, however great and noble what you say of Mr. Addison's death is, whether it may not bear shortening 2 Will it not be thought laboured? And when, from the different nature of diseases, some of them utterly incapacitating, and deliriums happening often, it is not, or may not be, discouraging to surviving friends, to find wanting in the dying those tokens of resignation and true Christian piety, which Mr. Addison was graciously enabled to express so exemplarily to Lord W. Sir J. S. was a good man; yet I have heard you mention his hard and painful death with no small concern. Forgive my freedom;but I know you will. And now, Sir, let me say, that your message to me by man and horse, riding all night, affrighted me till I opened your letter; I thank God, nothing unwished for happened to add to my apprehensigns and my sad feelings, for I had lain awake from two this morning: wicked sleeplessness! I am, dear and Rev. Sir, Your's ever, S. Richardson.

45 LETTER CXLI. Rev. and dear sir, Dec. 22, 1758. I presume you design the same type and manner as the Centaur? I am sorry that sleeplessness is your complaint. But, when you sleep-not, you are awake to noble purpose: I to none at all; my days are nothing but hours of dozings, for want of nightly rest; and through an impatience, that I am ashamed of, because I cannot subdue it. Continue, dear Sir, your prayers and blessings, to Your most faithful and affectionate servant, S. Rich ARDson. Due respects to good Mrs. Hallowes. All mine are most cordially your's! Many happy seasons ! Why, Sir, but a small number?—Shall it be 500, 750, or 1000? Thank you, Sir, for your kind acceptance of my humble advice. As I am able, I will look after the marks you mention.

Dear sir, April 1759.

Dispose of as many copies as you
please: one to the Speaker, with my
respects and duty.
Mr. Doddington,
Duchess of Portland,
Dr. Heberden,
Mrs. Johnson,
The Hon. & Right Rev.

Lord Bp. of Durham,

I would sell the copy to the persons mentioned, but I know not the reasonable price for it: that I leave to your determination; or, if you like not that, to their honour.

I greatly grieve that you are doubly absent from me through your indisposition: God remove it! Accept my thanks for your kind and material assistance in this little attempt. Pray send me three or four copies for my friends here; and if, hearing objections, any thing material occurs, it would be well if I knew it, with regard to the second.

What can I send you but my best

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wishes? I wish much more was in the
power of, Dear Sir, -
Most your's,

My love to all. - No apology for delay; I truly rejoice at the occasion of it.


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Haste away, and come again, Quickly bring thy partner here;

Spring awaits ye, -hill and plain,
Now the robes of brightness wear.
Quickly go, and quickly come.
To my ivy-shelter'd wall;
Make my cot thy lasting home :
Go! thy lovely partner call.
South Molton, Devon.
Such sweetness and goodness, together
- combin’d ; -
So beauteous her face, and So bright is her
So loving, yet chaste; and so humble, yet fair;
So comely her shape, and so decent her air;
So skilful, that Nature's improved by her art;
So prudent her head, and so bounteous her
So wise without pride, and so modestly neat,
'Tis strange, this agreeable creature's a cheat :
But, tho’ she to Man for a mortal was giv'n,
These virtues betray her extraction from

-orSONNET. ”TIS midnight dark, and fear appals my T breast, 3. As roar terrific Night's infuriate gales; Haply, e'en now, grim Death some wretch assails,<Some houseless wand’rer, long estrang'd to rest Wasted by sorrow, and by cares oppress'd : Amidst this din, the soul to slumber fails, Trembles each nerve, and horror dread prevails. Now rising wildly from my bed distress'd, I view the lurid sky, and hear the sound Of dreadful thunder; flash the lightning dire: and all is tumuli my lov’d cot around. Now aw’d, yet not dismay’d, by Nature’s ire, To Nature’s God, omnipotent and wise, I turn for succour my imploring eyes. -oSTANZAS. (From an unfinished Poem.)

"HE soul that was shrouded in Sorrow’s

dark night, A rations beam woke to gladness and light; And the inte, that so longlorn and tuneless had hung, Once more with the wild notes of harmony rung! Ah! why did that beam only shine to beguile 2 Ah! why did it teach the fond mourner to Smile 2

Why faithlessly grant him a seeming reprieve, Then leave him in Sadness, still deeper to grieve

The light is gone by, and the music is o'er, And the feelings so lovely, are lovely no more;

Original Poetry.

47 That soul once again its dark vigils is keeping, And the lute 'neath the cold chain of silence

is sleeping.
A. A. W.
-o- -

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To ReUp EN PHILLIPs, JUN. Chemist, of Exeter; for Purifying Gas for the purpose of Illumination. YooHE patentee has succeeded in a preparation of lime, which, with its apparatus, is unerring in its operation, works without pressure, demands no attention from workmen, except at the time of renewing, which renewal may he made in a few minutes without any interruption to the purifying; requires very little water, and not any drains. The mixture, when no longer of use, may be removed, or permitted to remain on the premises, without any inconvenience: and, as the washing is done away, the brilliancy of the gas is left unimpaired. The following may be considered as an outline of the process:—fresh lime must be mixed with a sufficient quantity of water to render it granulated, or of such a consistence that the gas can pass freely through it; when it must be placed, a few inches in depth, upon shelves perforated with small holes, in appropriate vessels, which in number, size, and arrangement, must be determined by the size and sittiation of the establishment, and which may be secured by a water-joint of the depth of an inch and half only: these vesscls are so adjusted that the mixture, when no longer fit for the purpose of purifying, may be retained in them, until cntirely deprived of all offensive smell, which a couple of hours will effect. -o

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to manage, and not at all suited to operations on a large scale. proposed is free from these objections, and will be found to combine the foregoing advantages with several others of considerable valuc.

Mr. Taylor's mode of applying heat is

found very economical as to the consumption of fuel; the saving generally amounts to onc-third, and in some cases C Well in Ore, As the vessels or stills are not exposed to the destructive action of the fire, they are not liable to wear out; they are more casily cleaned; and may be made of any material capable of containing the boiling fluid. It being unnecessary to surround them with brickwork, much expense is saved; and, from their occupying less room, a far more convenient arrangement of them can be made. The buildings in which such vessels are placed need not be lofty; neither fireplace nor ash-pit being required under

them, they may stand but little elevated

from the ground. In the distillation of spirits, essential oils, simple waters, vinegar, &c., the improvement in flavour and quality will be found very considerable; at the same time that a larger product may be obs tained, from its being possible to continkie the operation until the last portions are drawn over, without risk of injuring the still.

The same important advantages will

be found in boiling and evaporating all kinds of vegetable, oily, or saline, substances; and any operation requiring a heat considerably above that of boiling water may be performed with certainty and safety. It is particularly applicable to many chemical opcrations, and various other branches of business; such as soap-boiling, salt-refining, dying, tallowmelting, chandling, &c. Then follows a description of the apparatus for boiling sugar and distilling rum by the heat of steam :—the steam-boiler may be placed in any small building adjoining either the boiling-house or the still-house. It is represented in an engraving accompanying Mr. Taylor's pamphlet, as placed in the shed which covers the fire-places of the teaches”, &c. now generally used. The fire-place of

* The name of the pans used for boiling sugar in the West Indies. the

The plan now

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water by a pump worked by hand or at

tached to the steam-engine; or an apparatus is furnished, if desired, which feeds the boiler without labour or machinery. In either case, the water for this purpose is drawn from a cistern placed over the fire-flue at the end of the boiler; and, by returning the condensed water from the boiling and distiliing apparatus into the cistern, heat and labour are oeconomised. The principle on which the steam-boiler is constructed, the mode in which it is cxecuted both as to material and workmanship, and the arrangement of its appendages, are such as to obviate every danger from mismanagement, or from its wearing out by long use. The following vessels are attached to the steam-boiler for boiling sugar and distilling rum:—Two clarifiers, each holding 500 gallons. They are placed at an elevation allowing of their being supplied with cane-juice from the mill. The index cocks regulate the heat admitted into the steam coils placed at the bottom of the clarifiers;–there are likewise two cocks to carry off the condensed water. Large cocks are inserted in the clarifiers to draw off the clarified cane-juice into the grand evaporator. Openings with screw-plugs are also provided to discharge the impurities which settle at the bottom of the clarifiers, and render these vessels easy to clean. A scum funnel and pipe is attached to receive and carry off the scummings. The grand evaporator, capable of containing 620 gallons. The index cock, by which heat is admitted into the steam coil of the grand evaporator, and by which the rate of boiling is regulated. A discharging valve, opened and closed with a lever handle, empties the contents of the grand evaporator into the second Monthly MAG. No. 316.

Patents lately Enrolled.


49 evaporator in a few minutes. The second evaporator, capable of containing 380 gallons, furnished with steam coil, regulating cocks, scum funnel, and a discharging valve with lever handle, by which the teache can be supplied with syrup. The teache, containing 145 gallons, provided with steam coil and regu*lating cocks, by which the boiling of the sugar is completed. The sugar when boiled to its proper proof can be drawn off into the coolers by means of a cock in teache. The whole of the apparatus is supported on a handsome and substantial frame work of cast iron, with steps and platforms conveniently placed to get at the various vessels. Two stills, capable of working 500 gallons each, provided with copper heads, man-holes, and discharging cocks and index cocks, by which heat is admitted to the steam coils placed in the stills, and by adjusting which the rate of their working is regulated. These stills may be used with a common worm or with the patent refrigerator, by means of which distillation may be carried on without requiring water for condensation, and with great oeconotny of time, heat, and labour. This apparatus takes very little room, and is not liable to be out of repair, the stills and refrigerator may be placed in distinct buildings, and yet be heated by the same steam-boiler. The following advantages will be found to result from the adoption of this apparatus:—The vessels employed are not liable to wear out. Their first cost and the expence of erecting them are much less than of those in present use. Labour, fuel, and time, are most materially oeconomised by this mode of working. The quality and quantity of the sugar produced will be improved and increased. . The flavour of the rum distilled by the heat of steam will be finer and cleaner than that which has been exposed to the action of fire. No substance is more liable to be wasted or spoiled during its manufacture than sugar; and it is beyond the reach of art to remedy the most common injuries done to it.

List of New Patents, and we earnestly solicit the Patentees to favour us with copies or cartracts of their Specifications. J. Scott, esq. of Pengo-place, Surrey; for an improvement in steam-boats, and in the machinery for propelling the same, —Jam. 23, 1818. JAMEs Ikin, of William-street, Christ Church, Surrey, machinest; for an im: H proved

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