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THEOLOGY

An Inquiry the Principles of the Poor Laws, and to shew their immoral tendency. By 'J.

, E. Bichen, F. L. S. 4s, 6d,

Thoughts on the Laws relating to Salt, as they affect the Fisheries, Agriculture, and Manufactures of the Kingdom, with a Copy of the Evidence given by the Author to the Board of Trade on the same subject. By Samuel Parkes. 8vo. 6s.

Modern Politics, taken from Machiavel, Borgia, and other choice Authors. By an Eye-witness (Archbishop Lancroft). First printed in 1657 25. 6d.

The Police Report of May, 1817, relative to Public-House Licenses; with the Minutes of Evidence. 8vo. 7s.

An Essay on Public Credit, by David Hume. First printed in 1752, with a Letter to the People of Great Britain and Ireland on the prophetic character of its principles, and sliewing, from indisputable facts, that a National Bankruptcy must ultiinately be produced by a perseverance in the Pitt and Paper System. By Imlac.

A Serinon preached at St. Mary's, Oxford, on Thursday, March 6th, 1817, before the University, at the Lent Assizes. By Jobn Davison, M. A. Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. 410. 1s. 6d. : Parochial Instruction; or Sernions delivered at different times in the Course of Thirty Years. By James Bean, M. A. one of the Librarians of the British Museum, and Assistant Minister of Welbeck Chapel. 8vo. 109. 6d.

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A Visitation Sermon, preached July 1, 1816, at Stanford, before the Bishop of Peterborough, and the Clergy of Rullaud and part of Northampton. In which are considered some of the most important qualifications for the Ministry, and in which is especially evinced the necessity of Learning to a Tbeotogian, by an exarnination of the chief requisites for forming a skilful Interpreter of the Sacred Writings. Illustrated with Notes. By S. T. Bloomfield, M. A. Vicar of Bisbrooke, in Rutland. 3$. ! · The

Doty of Contentment under present Circumstances, a Serinon preached at St. John's, Bedford-row, March 9 and 10, 1817: 'By Daniel Wilson, M. A. Minister. 18. 6d.

Dissertations on the Prophecies of the Old Testament, by the late D. Levi, containing all such Prophecies as are applicable to the coming of the Messiah, the Restoration of the Jews, and the Resurrection of the Dead; revised and amended by J. King. Q vols. 11. 19. ' ' est body

"The Golden Key which unlocks a Cabinet of curious Truths. 8vo. 10s.

The Biblical Cyclopædia; or, Dictionary of the Iloly Scriptures. By Wik liam Jones.' vols. 8vo. 11. 10s.

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Sermons on Faith, Doctrines, and Public Daties. By the Very Rev. William Vincent; D. D. Jate Dean of Westininster. With a Life of the Author, hy the Rev, Robert Nares, Archdeacon of Staford. 8vo. 10s. 6d. !!!

Letters addressed to a Serious and Humble Inquirer after Divine Truh. By the Rev. Edward Cooper, Rector of Hamstall, Ridware, and Yoxall, Stafford. 12m1o.* 5s..

Sermons of the Rev. Sydney Smith, Rector of Foston, Yorkshire. 2 vols. 8vo. 18s.

Christion Essays. By the Rev. Samuel Charles Wilks, Curate of St. Martin's, Excter. 2 vols. 8vo. 149.

Topography illustrative of the Battle of Platæa, consisting of Plans of the Plain and City of Placæa, of Plans of Eleuthera, Enve, and Phyle, and a View of Eleuthera, from Drawings inade on the Spot, by T. Allason, and

engraved

TOPOGRAPHY.

VOYAGES AND TRAVELS.

on

engraved by Cooke. Accompanied by Memoirs read to the Academy of Ioscriptions and Belles Lettres of the Institute of France." By John Spencer Stanhope, F. R. S. and Acad. Inscrip. and Bell. Lett. Instit. Paris

. Corresp. 8vo. with Plates separate, in folio. 285.- The Plates separately, 11. 1s.

Guide to all the Watering and Sea Bathing Places in England and Wales, for 1817: consisting of accurate and circunstantial descriptions of every place of fashionable resort, and of the curiosities and scenery in their environs. 16s.

Walls through London, including Westminster, the Borough of Southwark, and surrounding suburbs. By David Ilughson, LĻD.

% vols. fc. 8vo. 11. 10s.; demy 8vo. 21. 8s.

English Topography; or, a Series of Ilistorical and Statistical Descriptions of the Counties of Englaud and Wales. Accompanied by a correct Map of each County, froin original surveys. Royal 4to. 31. 10s. imp. 410. 51. 5%. Thanet and the Cinque Ports. No. VI. fc. 8vo. ?s. 00.; demy 3vo, 4s.

Journal of a Tour in Germany, Sweden, Russia, Poland, &c. during the years 1813 and 1814. By J. T. James, Esq. Student of Christ Church, Osford, Secoud Edition, 2 vols. 8vo, with 12 Plates. 30s,

An Account of the Singular Habits and Circumstances of the People of ihe Tonga Islands, in the South Pacific Ocean. By Mr. William Mariner, of the Port;au-Prince private Ship of War, the greater part of whose crew was massacred by the natives of Leelooga. 2 vols. 8vo, with a Portrail. 248.

Narrative of the Loss of she American Brig Commerce, wrecked the Western Coast of Africa, in 1815; with an Account of the Sutterings of her surviving Officers and Crew, who were enslaved by the wandering Arabs, on the Great African Desert; and Observations, made during the Travels of the Author', while a Slave to the Arabs. By James Riley, late Master and Supercargo. Concluded by a Description of the City of Tombuctuu, on the River Niger, and of another large City, far South of it, on the same River, called Wassanah. Printed uniformly with Park's and Adams's Travels in Africa. 410, with a Map. 365, sons

A few Copies of Mungo Park's First Expedition to Africa, reprinted in Quarto, with (by permission) Major Reuncit's valuable Memoir on the beography of Africa with the Portrait, and all the Maps and Views., 21. 2s. boards. A few Copies of Vol. II. quarto, containing the last Journey and Life, may be had, 11. 118. od.

A Narrative of the Briton's Voyage to Pitcairn's Islarid. By Lieut. Shillibeer, R. M. 8vo. 8s. 6d.

Letters on Ceylon, particularly relative to the Kingdom of Candy. By Capt. L. De Bussche, late Acting Deputy Adjutant-General in Ceylog. 8vo, os.

Travels in Greece, Egypt, and the Holy Land; being the first section of the Second Part of Travels in various Countries of Europe, Asia, and Africa. By E. D. Clarke, LL, D, octavo edition. Vols. III. and Iy. 11. 16$..

The Last Month in Spain; or, Wretebed Travelling through a Wretched Country. By an English Officer. 85.,

** X ! Voyages and Discoveries in the South Sea, or Pacific Ocean. Vol. V. (and last). By James Burney, Esq. F.R.S. and Captain in the Royal Navy., 11. 1».

Narrative of a Voyage to Hudson's Bay, in his Majesty's ship Rosamond, containing some account of the North Eastern Coast of America, and of the Tribes inhabiting it. By Lieut. Edward Chappell, R. N. 8vo. 125.4 ssTravels through France and Germany, in 1815, 16, and. 17; comprizing a View of the Moral, Political, and Social State of those Countries. By J. Joigenson, Esq. 8vo. 10s. 6d. 's France. "By Lady Morgan). 410. 21, 198, 6d.

NEW

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NEW FRENCH WORKS.

Recently Imported by BOSSANGE and MASSON, Serrand–Théorie des révolutions, rapprochée des principaux évènemens qui en ont été l'origine, le développement ou la suite, avec une Table générale et analytique. 4 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 21. 2s.

Koch-Histoire abrégée des traités de paix entre les puissances de l'Europe, depuis la paix de Westphalie. Ouvrage entièrement refondu, augmenté et continué jusqu'au Congrès de Vienne et au traité de Paris de 1815. Tome 1 à 4. 8vo. 21.

Bonald-Pensées sur divers sujets et discours politiques. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 16s.

Bossuet—Ses Euvres complètes. 8vo. Tome 1 à 27. To be complete in 40 vots. at 10s. each.

Rousseau (J.J.)—Ses Euvres complètes. 8 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 51. 12s. Vols. I. to III. only are yet published.

Voltaire-Ses Euvres complètes. 8 vols. 8vo. 121. The three first vols. only are yet published.

Ódeleben (Baron d') Relation circonstanciée de la campagne de 1813, en Saxe. 2 vols. 8yo. Paris, 1817. 16s.

Jomini (le Gévéral Baron de)— Tableau de la Campagne d'Automne de 1813, en Allemagne. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 98.

Michaud-Histoire des Croisades. 8vo. tome III. Paris, 1817. 12s.

Maite-brun--Précis de la géographie universelle, ou description de toutes les parties du monde. 8vo. tome V. Paris, 1817. 165.

Ségur (le Comte de)-Abrégé de l'Histoire Universelle, ancienne et moderne, à l'usage de la jeunesse, orné de 150 cartes ou gravures. Vols. I. to IX. To be completed in 44 vols. 18mo.

Biocl'raité Élémentaire de Physique expérimentale. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 11. 4s.

Fodéré-Traité du Délire appliqué à la Médecine et à la Législation. 2 vols. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 11. 6s.

Loiseleur de Longchamps—Nouveau Voyage dans l'Empire de Flore, ou principes élémentaires de Butanique. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 13s.

Magendie-Précis élémentaire de Physiologie. 8vo. Paris, 1817. tome II. 10s. 6d.

Gicquel-Des-Touches Tables comparatives des principales dimensions des bâtimens de guerre Français et Anglais de tous rangs, de leur nature, gréeibent, artillerie, &c. 4to. Paris, 1817. 168.

L'Angleterre et les Anglais, ou petit portrait d'une grande famille. S vols. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 11. 4s.

Gottis (Madame)—Le jeune Loys, Prince des Francs. 4 vols. 12mo. Paris, 1817. 13s.

Genlis-Les Tableaux du Comte de Forbin. 8vo. Paris, 1817. 8s.

Genlis–Zuma, ou la découverte du Quinquina, Suivi de la Belle Paule, de Zénéïde, des Roseaux du Tibre, &c. 12mo.' Paris, 1817. 58.

Jouy (de)-L’IIermite de la Guyane. Tome III. Paris, 1817. 6s.

Hadot (Barthélemy)--Les Vénitiens, ou le Capitaine Français. 12ino. Paris, 1817. 14s.

TO THE READER. The GENERAL INDEX, announced in our foriner Number, is deferred till the Pub. lication of the NINETEENTH VOLUME,—and it will form Nos. XXXIX. and XL.

London: Printed by C. Roworth, Bell-yard, Temple-bar.

THE

QUARTERLY REVIEW

JULY, 1817.

Art. I. - Historical Account of Discoveries and Travels in

Africa. - By the late John Leyden, M. D.; enlarged and completed to the present time, with Illustrations of its Geography and Natural History, us well as of the Moral and Social Condition of its Inhabitants. By Hugh Murray, Esq. F. R. S, E.

2 vols. 8vo. Edinburgh. 1817. FROM the remotest period of European history, down to the pre

sent moment, discoveries in Africa have been eagerly prosecuted as an object of peculiar interest. The Phænicians, the Greeks, the Romans, the Arabians, the Portugueze, the French, and the English, have all fitted out their expeditions to this quarter, some from a liberal spirit of inquiry, and with the view of extending human knowledge, some from a religious zeal to propagate the faith which they professed, and others from the all-powerful impulse of the

auri sacra fames.' In the early ages we have imperfect traces of voyages undertaken to ascertain the extent of the unknown coast of this great continent beyond the pillars of Hercules, on the side of the Mediterranean, and beyond Cape Guadafui, on that of the Red Sea; and after those, as Mr. Murray observes, many endeavours

to penetrate into the depth of that mysterious world in the interior, which, guarded by the most awful barriers of nature, inclosed, as with a wall, the fine and fertile shores of northern Africa.' - No want of zeal is discoverable in those who embarked on any of the expeditions on record, whether ancient or modern, whatever the primary object of thene might have been; and yet, to the reproach of the state of geographical science in the nineteenth century, as compared with the march of other branches of knowledge, if we cast our eyes on the chart of Africa, we shall see its grandest features distorted, or vaguely traced, or left incomplete:--so imperfect, indeed, is our knowledge of this vast continent, that in what are deemed the best charts, full two-thirds of it appear a blank; or, what is still worse, chains of mountains and trackless deserts, rivers, lakes and seas, are laid down ad libitum ; their course and direction being determined by no other scale or dimensions than the mere whim of the map-maker, and many of them having, in all probabiHity, no existence but on paper.

In the two volumes of Mr. Murray no pretensions are set up to new discoveries, no novel theories are broached, no favourite hypotheses advanced, nor is any condemnation passed on those which VOL. XVII. NO, XXXIV.

have

X

have been formed by others. They contain a plain, sensible,
well-arranged, and, as far as our reading and recollection serve us,
a faithful abstract, and connected view of the progress of discovery
in Africa from the earliest ages.' The author tells us that Doctor
Leyden's' Historical and Philosophical Sketch of the Discoveries
and Se ments in Northern and Western Africa, &c.' forms the
basis of his publication ; that bis original wish was to preserve
the portion of the narrative composed by Dr. Leyden, distinct from
the additions here made to it; that such a plan, however, would ne-
cessarily have broken down the unity and connection of the work;
and that there appeared a necessity therefore for taking down,
as it were, the parts of Doctor Leyden's performance, and arrang-
ing them anew in the more comprehensive plan which is now adopt-
ed. In our opinion Mr. Murray has judged wisely, in so doing,
as otherwise, instead of supplying the world with a distinctly ar-
ranged view of progressive discovery, he could only have furnished,
at best, an ill-arranged piece of patchwork. That no injustice,
however, may be done to the memory of Doctor Leyden, a list is
given of the parts of these volumes for wbich the compiler is in-
debted to the labours of that gentleman, and which form, indeed,
but a very small portion of the present work: a work which we
can safely recommend to those who take an interest in African dis-
coveries, as containing, in a condensed form, an abstract of almost
all the information hitherto collected of the geography of this im-
mense continent, with brief notices of the manners and condition of
its inhabitants.

As our review can embrace only a small part of the vast mass of information comprehended in the two volumes, it may be sufficient to give a brief summary of their contents; and then to abstract such parts of the narrative of discoveries and travels’ as appear to be most interesting and important, and which we conceive to be those persevering enterprizes undertaken, first by the Portugueze, and afterwards by the English; adding at the same time, from our own sources of information, brief sketches of the history and character of those unfortunate adventurers, who have llen a sacrifice to their zeal for discovery, and the enlargement of human knowledge.

The two introductory chapters are employed in tracing the progress of discovery from the earliest ages to the commencement of maritime enterprize in modern Europe—the various attempts of the ancients to circumnavigate Africa-the subsequent endeavours to penetrate into the interior-the history of the first entrance of the Arabians into Africa--their establishment on the Niger, and the foundation of Tombuctoo. The remainder of the volume, which is occupied by the first book, gives the progress of modern disco

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