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murdering Christ, the Son of God, that came to save them; the consequence of which was so dismal and deplorable, that one would think it should have been sufficient warning to deter any from following their steps, in persecuting his followers; but as it was then, he that was born after the flesh, persecuted him that is born after the Spirit; even so it is now. And all that will live godly in Christ Jesus shall suffer persecution; for unto you it is given, in the behalf of Christ, not only to believe on him, but also to suffer for his sake. Nevertheless, it is a righteous thing with God, to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; and to them who are troubled, rest.

These things I do not write, I can truly say, that I rejoice in them, or to vaunt over them; for I am heartily sorry for the occasion, and them that give it; nor should I have brought them up, or mentioned it against them, did they not still appear in the same spirit; and had not the said Cotton Mather still endeavoured to set himself as an adversary against God's Truth and people, by abusing of us as he hath done; so that it is justly improved against them, as a check to their envy. And I hope none that are of a better mind, will be offended at my plain dealing with them; for to use his own terms,* “The catholic spirit of communion wherewith it is written, and the liberty which I have taken to tax the schismatical imposition and persecutions of a party, who have always been as real enemies to the English nation as to the Christian and Protestant interest." So that it is only against such that it is intended; and to lay it before them whom it doth concern, that they may come to a sight of their sin and repent, that the Lord may show them mercy, and remove His judgments from them, which I truly desire, if it be the will of the Lord; and that others also may behold, and take notice of the judgments that have come upon them, for their persecution and cruelty to the Lord's people, and may glorify God and say, “Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of Saints. Who shall not fear Thee, O Lord ! and glorify

* Introduction, chap. ii., page 3.

Thy name, for Thy judgments are made manifest?" And that they and all others may take warning, and hear, and fear, and do no more so wickedly; which I truly desire for their sakes: for though I am an utter enemy to all persecution, yet a friend to all men!

JOHN WHITING.* . London, the 10th of the

Ninth month, 1702.

* POSTSCRIPT.-Since the writing of the passage in page 152, about Thomas Maule, I have seen a letter of his in print, to Cotton Mather, showing his abuse, as to the words he alleges against him, Book VII., page 96, That they were not, “That the devil, sin," &c., "are nothing;” but, “That they had no being by creation;" which differs greatly. And by another hook, intitled, New England Persecutors Mauled, that “they seized and burned Sixteen pound worth of the said books;" and not only so, but tried him for it in 1696, but was acquitted by jury; and that he had suffered by imprisonment, whipping, and spoiling his goods, ten times, whereby the deceit and falsehood of the said Cotton Mather is further manifested, in pretending, “That they have renounced all laws against liberty of conscience," and yet act such things still.


ADDERTON, Major-General, reproved | Ambrose, Alice, returning to Dover,

by W. Christison for his pride, is dragged through the snow

and over rough fields face
his sudden death, 305.

downward, 235;
A Few Words to the King and both thrown into the water and nearly
Houses of Parliament, etc., 176.

drowned, 236;
Alden, Ralph, fined and imprisoned, put in the stocks at Hampton,

Alexander, Nicholas, banished, 327. disputes with Priest Millet, 252;
Allen, George, fined for non-swear is roughly handled at Boston,
ing, 147.

Allen, Josephı, fined for non-swear goes to Flushing, Long Island,
ing, 142.

Allen, Matthew, fined for non-swear is imprisoned and banished, 276;
ing, 147.

whipped in Virginia with knotted
Allen, Ralph, fined for not removing nine-corded whip, 287;
thic hat, 127;

returning to Boston, is ordered
fined for non-swearing, 142.

to be whipped through three
released from Boston prison, 211. towns, 288, 301 ;
Allen, Ralph, the younger, fined, same sentence repeated, 303.

Ames, William, in the Palatinate, 18.
Allen, William, fined for not remov- Apology of the Government of Massa-
ing the hat, 127;

chusetts as to the persecutions, 7.
heavily fined on many charges, Appendix to the book entitled New

England Judged, being certain writ-
released from Boston prison, 211. ings of those persons who were there
Ambrose, Alice, arrives from Eng- executed, 336.
land, 227;

Archer, Samuel, Marshal of Salen,
visits convinced persons about suddenly cut off, 323.
Dover, 229;

| Austin, Ann, see Mary Fisher.
sentenced to be tied to cart, and

whipped through eleven towns, BAPTISTS, Persecuted, pleaded for by

| Independents in England, 505.

Barlow, George, Marshal of Sandwich, Brend, William, put in irons and sav-
cruelty toward Friends, 142, 249.

agely whipped, 56;
Bellingham, Richard, Deputy-Gover befriended by Magistrate Cud.

nor, his treatment of Mary worth, of Plymouth, 135;

Fisher and Ann Austin, 10; whipped at Plymouth, 136;
of Ann Borden, 44;

is sent away from New Haven,
of William Shattock, 50;

157, 173.
of John Small and others, 51; Brewster, Margaret, her testimony as
favours hanging Quakers, 172; I to the appearance of the small-pox,
banishes E. Wharton from Bos- 329, 473.
ton, 199;

Brokesup, Joan, accompanies Eliza-
tempts the wife of J. Chamberlain beth Hooton from England to

to disown him while in prison, Virginia, thence to Boston, 260;

is sent to jail by Governor En-
causes Ann Coleman to be whip dicott, 201;

ped, so that she nearly dies, is driven into the Wilderness,

contends against W. Christison, visits Rhode Island and Barba-
301 ;

does, 264;
banishes and imprisons several returns to Boston, and is sent
Friends, 327;

away, 205;
dies distracted, 328.

goes to Virginia and to England,
Birkhead, Christopher, imprisoned in 265.

Holland and in France, 20, 21. Buffum, Joshua, sent to Boston, 55;
Boston, Visitation of, by fire, 550. appeal to Court from jail, 63;
Bower, Benanuel, cast into prison and fined and whipped, 69;

fined for giving food to E. Hooton, banished to Rhode Island for re-

fusing hat-honour, 73, 86.
Bowne, John, of Flushing, imprison- Burden, Ann, visits Boston to collect

ed, is banished to Holland, and re debts owing her, 45;
turns via Barbadoes to Long Island, is sick and in prison, 45;

is sent back to England, 46.
Bradstreet, Simon, Magistrate, 60; Burrough, Edward, his prophecy con-

his treatment of N. Phelps, 66; cerning the persecutors, 542.
threatening words to Wm. Led- Burton, John, taken to Boston, 51.
dra, 192;

Butter, Edward, Treasurer of Salem,
sent to England to defend the foiled in selling Quakers, 92; -

Provincial authorities, 216; continues to persecute them, 249;
brings back a Declaration of Lib cruelty toward Elizabeth Kitch-
erty of Conscience, 217.

in, 250.
Brend, William, arrives at Boston, 9;

imprisoned and shipped away, CALVINISTS IN EUROPE, they tolerate

Friends, 17.
comes to Salem, 54, 407;

Cambridge scholars abuse Friends,
is sent to Boston, 55;


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