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informed, serve to grease the wheels of talk! Improvements, it is true, have been made in some of the paragraphs; a man is no longer spoken of by the slang phrase "an individual; but the Dean is so strangely forgetful of the courtesy due to women, that he uses, respecting them, the most debasing of all slang phrases. He speaks of “some of the European "rulers ”; [there are but two to whom the Dean's words can refer;-our own Sovereign Lady, and the Queen of Spain ;] and he describes these by an epithet which is equally applicable to dogs!—they are “ females!

Surely, after this, it will be only modest of the Dean to retire from the office of lecturer on the Queen's English; and, if his good sense has not utterly left him, he will wisely reflect on the folly of attracting attention to a style of writing which, as Junius said of the character of Sir William Draper, “ will only pass without censure when it passes without observation".

London, March, 1865.

PREFACE TO THE THIRD EDITION.

The issue of a second edition of these letters afforded me an opportunity for noticing certain explanations of my opponent, the Dean of Canterbury, and for extending my criticisms to his 'Plea for 'the Queen's English, No. III'.

I resumed the subject in perfect confidence that he, who in the recent edition of his essays on the Queen's English had honoured me with his expressions of friendship, and had thought it quite consistent with friendship that he should combat my objections, and maintain and defend his own opinions, would not refuse me a right which he claimed for himself.

I did not extend my criticisms to his recently published volume The Queen's 'English'; but, taking up the subject where I had left off, I continued my strictures on the essays as they originally appeared in 'Good Words'.

The reader is doubtless aware that, "in "a considerably altered form ", the said essays were subsequently "presented to

the public”. In that volume some of the passages which I had criticised were defended; others were, very prudently, omitted; and many more were “considerably altered "; but sentences “altered” by my opponent are not always improved. The following one has gone through the process;—“I used the word “ in an unusual sense, but at the same

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“ time one fully sanctioned by usage.This needs no comment. The Dean changed the structure of that passage also, where, between the pronoun “it” and the noun “ habit” to which it refers, eight-and-twenty substantives intervene. “But", it has been remarked, “in alter“ing this passage he opened his armour “in such a way as to give the critic a “most tempting opportunity for inflicting "another gash on his somewhat careless

opponent.” In 'Good Words' the Dean wrote,-"You perhaps have heard of the “barber who, while operating on a gentle

man, expressed his opinion, that, after all, “ the cholera was in the hair.As“altered”, the sentence runs thus,—“We remember in Punch the barber who, while operating”, &c. This, of course, suggests the idea that Punch, besides being a wit, and a satirist, is also a barber, and that he not

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