« PreviousContinue »
as not being less wicked; but he is of a contrary opinion; which to support, he introduces the story of Job, who, though one of the belt men in the world, and a favorite of Heaven, was afflicted with the cruelleft tortures, by the Divine appointment, in order to try him. He seems to think an Auto de fè now and then very necessary, to punish the apoftatizing Jews of Portugal; and while on the subject of apostacy, takes an opportunity to speak of A- -2 BW in terms, which, it has been fince proved he richly deserved, tho' theltered by a C-nr of the Ex---r.
• Suppose an Englishman should take himself to Rome in a fit of • despair ; embrace Popery there for a morsel of bread; turn Je. fuit for conveniency; and vow eternal celibacy to God for temporal preferment: suppose the rage of disappointment, or the
calls of the flesh, should bring him back to London: though he • declared himself a Protestant more from hunger than conscience ; • rather railed against Papists to impose upon Protestants, than from • aversion to Popery; and, with religion on his tongue, cherished • impiety in his principles ; while he gave us no proofs to the con
trary, we might think of him favourably. But surely he could • not hope to steal into our esteem, by imposing on our understand•ings, with palpable falfhoods and absurd self-elations. He might • palm upon us, for a while, a common country-school-master, for • a profeffor of eloquence ; a little Italian seminary, for a grand
university ; nay, and even a Jefuit, for (what a Jésuit never can • be) an Inquifitor. They are impoftures we are not obliged to see
into. But surely he could never expect to gain our esteem, by violating, in complaisance to the flesh, a solemn promise made to God: nor could he, methinks, hope by such perfidy to pay his
court to the Church of England; a Church (as the late Arch. bishop of York wisely remarked to another petticoat proselyte) • whose moderation, by obliging none either to marry or live • fingle, does not thereby mean to encourage infidelity and breach • of vows made to the Great Creator, whom all churches adore.
• And yet such a one might be winked-at, while he left us the
power of winking. Till the impoftor were detected, we might • think him found at heart, however touched in the head. But if • time discovered him in the end to be a hypocrite and a cheat : if • he appeared to have two frings to his bow: if, not content with i
vaunting honours he never poslessed, in hopes of acquiring an • esteem he wanted merit to earn ;-not content with defaming the
party he disowned, the better to betray the side he professed, and • Yudas-like impose upon both ;-not content with telling absurd
fables of self-commendation to fifty different persons, fifty different ways,
and tiffly denying them all, when he had done :-)f • not content, 1 say, with all this, he broke his promise to God, • and his faith to two churches ; privately sued for favour to Je* suits, while publickly disclaiming all intercourse with them; and
secretly wrote for and courted the absolution of Popes, while he • openly abused them in print ; could such a prevaricating caitif • deserve credit from man, or favour from heaven? mult we not disbelieve all he said, miftruit all he did, and suspect all he mean'd?
• What! though the lenity of our laws might suffer such a wretch • to enjoy fuch diffimulation with corporal impunity ; could his • own hardened conscience secure him from self-condemnation ; ' or our stupidity protect him from merited infamy? is there a mor• tal of sense, with a heart still untainted by the rot of hypocrisy, ! and a mind still ungulled by the illusions of prejudice, but must condemn the threefold impostor to everlasting contempt ?'
Our author concludes with a miserable letter, burlesquing the style and manner of some merchant settled at Lisbon, with whom this draw.cansir chuses to be angry,
Art. 17. Ode on the present Times. 4to. Pr. 6d.
4to. Pr. 6d. Dodfley. This piece was published before war was declared against France ; that the versification is easy and spirited, will appear from these two Itanzas. • They err, who doubt if Rome's imperial frame
• Was virtue's toil, and dream that chance alone
• Dash'd Mithridates from his Pontick throne,
Of ftrength in councils, fortitude in arms, • The world's fubjected empire was the prize, • And nature's boundaries theirs, the ambient fea and kies. Were the sentiments of these stanzas properly considered by Britons, they would rouse from their present apathy, break through the filken bands of pleasure that confine them; and exerting the virtuous spirit of their ancestors, make the Gallic Monarch once more tremble on his throne.
Art. 18. An Elay on the Present State of our Publick Roads ;
Shewing the absolute Necessity of a total Prohibition of the Use of Narrow Wheels, on all Carriages drawn by more than One Horse Lengthways. And the Benefit that will accrue thereby to Farmers and Carriers, to Trade and Manufa&tures, as well as Ease, Pleajure, and Safety to Travellers.' 8vo. Pr. 6d. Baldwin. The author of this little pamphlet is a zealous advocate for Broad Wheels, which he with great justice observes, must be of the utmost service to our Roads, Farmers, Carriers, Travellers, to our Trade and Manufactures, and in short, to the Kingdom in general: he quotes the authority of a dealer in Coals, who informed him that four horses will draw two chaldron of coals easier with broad wheels, than three did one chaldron with narrow ones : notwith
ftanding all which superior and manifest advantages, our author re: marks, that most of our Farmers are like the Hottentots, who have always lived in filth and nastiness, and chuse to continue in it, being generally as obstinate as the Irish, who formerly used to draw their Ploughs by the horses tails, till they were compelled to use harnefies by act of Parliament. The pamphlet concludes with an encomium on the Highgate road, the only one on which broad wheels are much used, and which our author assures us has not a rut to be seen upon it: He therefore humbly hopes, that the Legisiaiure will intirely prohibit the use of narrow wheels ; in which honest wish we heartily concur with him for the benefit of the whole Community.
Art. 19. Heliocrene : A Poem, in Latin and English, on the Chuly
beate Well, at Sunning-Hill, in Windsor Foreft. 410. The author of this little piece, who is it seems, in humble imitation of his patron god Apollo, both Phyfician and Poet, having experienced the medicinal virtues of the mineral waters at Sunning, Hill, thought himself bound in honour and gratitude to immortaJize them in verse; and hath accordingly sung their praises both in Latin and English. The Latin is about the pitch of a fourth form exercise at Westminster school, and the English translation (which, like most translations, keeps its diltance, and is ftill worse than the original) might be of service to a Bell-man in his Christmas collec tion, We shall present the reader with a short specimen of both. · Fas erit hanc nulli musarum evertere sedem,
• Quæ sibi custodes numina bina tenet,
• Fædere conjuncti Mars & Apollo lares.
Nomen ubi & numen vult habitare fuum.
• Fonte falutifero vis Panacæa latet.
• Ye muses, in these blest abodes,
your defence, for ever shine.
Diftempers from the sacred Well.' We cannot see any reason for lifting Mars into the service in joint command with Apollo, as we do not remember those deities were ever very intimate with each other. Nor without the note under the word Mars, should we have readily entered into the conceit of it. Though our author hath thought fit to compare Heliocrent to He
licone * The name by chemists given to steel.
licon, we cannot immediately find out the exact similitude between chem, and should rather be of opinion with Horace, that
Nulla placere diu, neque vivere carmina posunt
Art.20. The Polite Modern Divine : or, The most fashionable Me.
thod of performing the Publick Offices of Religion, proved to be defective, and productive of several Consequences prejudicial to Chriftianity, and the Peace, Happiness, and Glory of the Nation. The Whele set in a new and more persuasive Light than has hitherto been. To which is prefixed, An Humble Dedication to the Most Reverend Father in God his Grace the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury. By Samuel Angier, Author of the new and concise Art of teaching Pronunciation. 8vo.
Mr. Angiir, who is by profeffion vulgarly called a Stuttering Mafrr, or, according to his own phrase, Surbor of the new and concise Art of teaching Pronunciation, sets up in the production before us for a Censor Morum, or general reformer, and inveighs very bitterly in about fifty pages against the preachers of the present age, whose tone, countenance and gefture, he can by no means approve: The whole is such rambling incoherent stuff, that we shall not trouble our readers with any quotations but the following, which will be sufficient to Mew what sort of enthusiasts Mr. Angier belongs to, and for what purpose the pamphlet was written.
• It has been common to turn out ministers, or deny them preach"ing, when they held any doctrine repugnant to the Articles of that • Church to which they belonged ; but that was always done, ei•ther by virtue of fome Law or Canon of some standing, or a new • one to suppress a rising herely ; but Mr. Whitfield seems to be the I first that the clergy of a whole nation agreed to prevent preach• ing, without ever proving he had broken either the ecclesiastical, * moral, or national Law; and they not only deny him preaching, • but speak of him as the most contemptible of mankind, insomuch • that his life is even in danger from Churchmen, when he is per• forming the duties of the Church, so that the Church persecutes
• As Mr. Whitfield profesies himself of the Church, reads the · Ceremonies of the Church, and preaches doétrines agreeable to • her Articles, and it never was proved, that he has been guilty of * any vice or immorality that could render him unworthy of being • a minister ; nay, as no person ever attempted to prove him a he.
retic, either in opinion or practice, it is very odd, that he should I receive such treaiment from his brethren; for if he has offended • the law, let him be punished by the law, but if the law has no · punishment to inflia on him, he has committed no transgreflion ;
and therefore to persecute him contrary to law, is what renders ! his persecutors obnoxious to the law.
• Mr. Whitfield's chief crime was, that he seemed to be in earn, • eft both in reading prayers and preaching; this was what brought ! him a large audience, and that was what made his brethen, who • had not so many people to follow them, angry; they by their • polite familiar method had preached away their congregations, • and he by a grave, serious, and reverent delivery, induced them • to follow him where ever he preached ; this raised a jealousy in • them, left he should acquire more reputation than they, which
was not the case of only one or two, but of most of that body; • and this is plain to a demonstration, they only waited for an op• portunity to thew their resentment, all seemed agreed to do it, but • none chose to be first, but as soon as one had begun, the rest join• ed with one consent, and denied him preaching in their churches. • Should it be objećied, his doctrine is different from what molt • church ministers preach, I shall readily grant it; but yet there are • some ministers who preach the same, without being treated as • they have treated him; and as that is the case, it is plain, that • nothing prevents him but his being so much in earneft, in prel• fing the people to a compliance with their duty towards God and • Religion, which has had more effect on them, than the polite fa• miliar method I have so often mentioned already.'
Art. 21. A Sermon preached in Lambeth Chapel, at the Consecra
tion of the Right Reverend Fathers in God, John, Lord Bishop of Bristol, and John, Lord Bishop of Bangor, on Sunday, July 4, 1756. By John Spry, B. D. Archdeacon of Berks. 8vo. Pr. 6 d. Fletcher. The Archdeacon seems to be one of those paradoxical Divines who love to thew their ingenuity in the choice of odd texts, from which, by a kind of ecclesiastical dexterity of hand, they draw forth some latent meaning, in all appearance contradictory to the original intention of them : This Sermon, which like most other Sermons on such occasions, is designed to compliment the new-made Bishops, is on the following remarkable words of St. John, * How can ye be• lieve, which receive bonour one of another, and seek not the honour • that cometh from God only?' The man who had a mind to ridicule Episcopacy could not certainly have chosen a text more apposite to his purpose : but herein consists the merit of our Archdeacon, who by dint of irresistible argument turns this poison into an antidote, and proves, first, that the desire of the honours of this world is not fimply evil; that, secondly, if it is pursued with the neglect of that honour which cometh from God, then, and then only, it becomes criminal ; but the honours of Episcopacy are honours of apostolical institution, and therefore innocent, honours, besides, in a strict propriety coming from God only: “ If then a desire of the honours of . this world, is not simply evil, can any reason be asigned, why it • should be reputed so, in the case before us ! For, where the ob• ject of purtuit is innocent, and the measures applied no other • than justifiable; and especially, where the noted criterion is want• ing, appealed to by our Blefied Saviour,--the evident traces of ir