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* dreads in the capacity of accuser, may, perhaps, be thought obscure. Did ever man ftruggle more carnestly in a cause ** where both his honour and lite were concerned, than he 6 and his friends, to have my service set aside in the present • trial? There are many things, Verres imagines in me, of * which he knows you, Cecilius, to be deftitute. But of

these, and the manner in which they exist in us both, I • shall soon have occasion to speak. At present I shall only. • say, what you yourself muít tacitly allow ; that there is

nothing in me which he can contemn, nothing in you which he ought to dread. Hence his great friend and champion Hortensius folicits for you, and opposes me. He openly de"mands of the judges, to give you the preference; and per' tends, that in this he acts fairly, without jealousy or resent'ment. I ask not, says he, what I am wont to obtain, when • I plead with earnestness: I ask not that the criminal should • be acquitted ; but only that he should be impeached by this

man, rather than the other. Grant me but this ; grant

what is easy, honourable, and safe ; and, in so doing, you will, without danger or infamy to yourselves, secure the • absolution * of him whose cause I espouse. And that fear • as well as favour may determine you to a compliance, he • says there are certain judges in court, to whom he is re? solved the fuffrages shall be lhewn. That this is an easy • matter, as they give not in their votes fingly, but jointly • and together. That every judge is to have a tablet legiti• mately + waxed over, where artifice and treachery can

have no place. Nor is all this anxiety so much for the sake • of Verres, as from his dislike to the whole proceeding. For " he sees, that if the business of accusation is taken out of * the hands of young men of quality, whom he has hitherto

baffled, The absolution of him, &c.] 'The latin is, ut is absolvatur. The word absolution is seldom, we apprehend, made use of in our language to fignify the acquittal or discharge of a person accused,

which is the meaning in this place. Absolution is, indeed, strictly çonfin’d to a religious sense, and never, as we remember, taken in

Legitimately waxed over, &c.] Cerâ legitimâ. This expression* must appear itiff and affected to an Englili seader. The translator might, perhaps, better have made üle of some periphrafis.


any other.

baffled, and of pettifoggers I whom he has always justly de* spised and set at nought, and committed to men of cou

rage and reputation, he can no longer domineer in the courts of justice as formerly.'

We have taken the liberty, in our notes, to criticise (ex officio) a few particular passages which appeared to us not so perfect, as we cou'd have with'd ; notwithstanding which, we are ready to acknowledge great merit in this translation, which, tho' our author modestly stiles it a literal one, is not without a considerable share of that freedom and spirit, so much admir'd in the original, nor can we see any reason why be fou'd conceal his name from the public, whose favour he is intitled to for a very just, and, in most parts, not inelegant translation of one of the noblest authors of antiquity.

The notes fubjoin'd explaining the allusions to antient hiftory and the Roman customs, are not the least useful part of this work: those which we meet with under the text of the original, in most editions of this and almost every other author, are fo obscur'd by the bad latin of commentators, as to render them of very little service to youth, who are obliged to recur to Potter, Kennett, or some such writer, for an explanation of every law or custom mention'd; which takes up a great deal of time that is saved by the method here followed, of adding Engiish nores; for which reason we should be glad every

antient author illustrated in the same manner. Pettyforgers, &c ] The latin word is quadruplatores, officers, whose business it was (as our translator observes in his note on this word) to take cognitance of state crimes, and prepare articles of impeachment against the offenders; who, if cait, forfeited a fourth


of their goods to the at culers. But surely this deicription of the quadruplatores can by no means, authorile the translator to giie them the name of pettyjoggers, which conveys to us another, and a much more extensive idea. We have, perhaps, no word in our language exactly analogous to the quacrup atores, though that of informers may be thought to come pretty near it.

to see

Art. VIII. BOWER vindicated from the false Insinuations and

Accufations of the Papits. With a short Account of bis Character. In answer to the Pamphlet, intitled, Six Letters from Ador to Father Sheldon, Provincial of the Jesuits

in England, &c. By a Country Neighbour. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Doughty


R. B- being either unwilling of unable (perhaps

both) to defend himself against the forcible attacks Jately made on his reputation, hath thought fit to employ council in his cause, and has accordingly delivered what poor weapons he had into the hands of a Country Neighbour, who, tho' (as the gentleman himself informs us) but a new acquaintance of Mr. B's, engages out of mere charity and good nature to justify the character of his friend : he affures us therefore (for which we are to take his word). that Mr. Bower is a very

good churchman, a good husband, a good neighbour, an enemy to no man, and well-respected by all his neighbourhood : he believes however that Mr. B. was a man of better principles in 1745, than he was 20 years before-which, to be sure, is a coinpleat vindication of him. He then desires to know,

Why the author of the pamphlet against Bower did not attack him at the time of his publishing The Lives of the Popes,

in 1747, rather than so long after ?' To which the author of the pamphlet will probably reply, That if he had known Mr. B. as well then as he does now, it would most certainly have been done. He then resumes Mr. B's own excellent argument, • Is it consistent (Jays he) with reason, that if Mr. • Bower be a jesuit-priest, or Roman catholic, he would write <a history to the prejudice of that body?' The * absurdity of this defence we have already taken notice of, and shall proceed to one no less absurd which his friend has here made for him, in regard to the delay of his work.

• Mr. Bower's time, it seems, since the publication of the third volume of The Lives of the Popes, until five months last

past, had been almost wholly taken up with the fourth voz « lume of that work, that his subscribers might not be un• easy at its not being published; which work has been de• layed fince February last, by the behaviour of Sir HB-d, and others, he having been engaged in the vindica

« tion

* See the account of Boy's affidavit in our last number for Jaly, P. 558.

« tion of his character from the calumny and false infinuations of priests, c.'

To this it can only be said, that if Mr. Bower has really been engaged so long in the vindication of his character, he has employed a great deal of time to very little purpose.

Mr. Bower's constant connection with the jesuits was (according to this gentleman) nothing but civility and prudence, and he is rather to be pitied than blamed for it. The affair of lending the money indeed is what this Country Neighbour could never approve. He thinks Mr. Bower somewhat to blare in it, but he was disappointed by the truitecs for Aldgate church, (a pious use which he intended to put it to) and accidentally mecting with father Hill who offer'd him the 7 per Cer:t. annuity, through hafte, inadvertently accepted it.

This hasty matter the reader will find, on recurring to the pamphlet, was no less than three years in concluding. Our neighbour, however, allows this transaction to bave been an indiferetion, and is very sorry to find that many others have been guilty of the fame: though he acknowledges the jesuits to be (wnich is more than every body will acknowledge) a very good honest kind of people, and men who have always kipi up their credit. In answer to the account (see the pamphlet, p. 30) of Mr. Bower's being met coming out of a houie of civil reception in Covent Garden, &c. our author says, * In answer to this story,' (pray observe, readers, for it is an excellent answer) • I may safely own it to be true, but not < in the scandalous light in which it is set forth ! For, as I - have heard it from Mr. Bower himself, he went to that house s upon a laudable occafion; to fetch a young gentleman from

thence as from a house of ill fame; and all the relations of

that young gentleman are at this time in great friendship with * Mr. Bower. But I hope this author will not deny, that Romiso < priests often visit the famous regions of Covent-garden. Ano<ther accusation of enormous incontinency brought against • Mr. Bower by this author, you may read p. 84, where he * says that “ Mrs. Hays at last complained to Mr. Gay of B---'s “ taking indecent liberties, by putting his hand into her “ neck.” I ask the author, whether this fault is of fo criminal a nature as to deserve ftoning, in the pure and chaste

o judg

. judgments of himself and the Roman priests; and if he is

qualified to throw the first stone? Therefore I recommend s him not to judge, left he be judged.'

This concludes the pamphlet before us : we heartily will, for Mr. Bower’s fake, it had contain'd something more to the purpose. As the defence is so poor and contemptible, we can. not but be of opinion that Mr. * Bower has little reason to thank the author for it. Whatever our country neighbour may think, it was, by no means, a neighbourly action in him ; as we apprehend it will be more to the prejudice than advantage of Mr. Bower, who will have reason to reproach him in the words of the psalmist, with, if it had been an enemy, I fou'd have borne it ; hut it was even thou, mine own familiar

friend. In our article of Mr. Bower's affidavit, in the lait number, p. 561, for these words, be has a child by ber, read that the bada cbild by another bufand.

FOREIGN ARTICLES. Art. IX. The history of Nicholas the ift, king of Paraguay,

&c. in three small volumes duodecimo, without the printer's name being mentioned, or the place where it was printed.

The analysis of this anonymous performance is as follows. NICHOLAS Rubioni was born in the year 1690, in a

small town of Andalusia ; he was the son of an old fol. dier ; and his education tending but little to controul his natural preverseness, he foon launched into all manner of excess. When he was only 18, he was obliged to Ay from his father's house, for an attempt to affaflinate. He took refuge in Sevil, where, during four years, he frequented all kinds of public diversions, and was also a constant churchman ; impudent in one, and hypocritical in the other, he found happy resources in each.

At length he hired himself as a lacquey in the house of a devout lady; here he foon became master, but was in a short time driven out by her brother. He then became a mule-driver ; the country produced none so insolent; he assassinated a clerk, robbed his master, and Aed to Malaga, where he lived several years as a knight of industry: but now growing old, and fearing to fall into indigence, he began to think of embracing a life, in which he might be sure, at least, of food and raiment. In


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