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already obliged by treaty to assist the elector of Hanover, if attacked ; but as this assistance was deemed insufficient, he concluded a provisional treaty with the Czarina, in which the engages to act, in case of necessity, against the enemies of Hanover. The king of Prusia, intimidated by this wise precaution, offers an alliance to the elector, by which his dominions are secured more effectually, and at a cheaper rate than they could have been by the Russians. He accepts this alliance, which the interest of the king of Prussia will oblige that prince to observe ; or, if he should, contrary to his own interest, and all the maxims he has hitherto pursued, infringe the articles of this treaty; the elector of Hanover will be absolved from his part of the engagement, and have recourse again to the empress of Rusia.-Now, where is the inconsistency or absurdity of this conduct ? has it not established a proper ballance of interests, and prevented a general war in Europe, which must have proved very grievous to England? for, nothing can be more ridiculous than the suppofition that the empress queen of Germany is separated from the interest of Hanover : the treaty she has concluded with France, as being purely defensive, must conduce to the prevention of a general war.

'The same fallacious way of reasoning is practised with regard to the Hisian treaty. He calculates the difference of the price between the Russians and Hefians, and exclaims against the ministry, because they have not brought over the former in preference to the latter, as they would have cost less money. But he ought to have known, that on any sudden emergency the Hesians can be conveyed to England in half the time, and for half the money, that would be expended in transporting the Russians; and that the difference of the charge is a meer trife, not to be put in competition with the prompt service at any critical conjuncture. The yearly expence of eight thousand Hesians he invidiously overrates, in order to inflame the discontent of the vulgar.

His branding a British parliament, in page 62, for having rejected a wife and honourable measure for inattention, pro• fufion, disgrace, dishonour, insecurity, and ruin,' is such an


outrageous insult upon the wisdom and honesty of the legislature, that nothing but sovereign contempt or compassion can save him from severe castigation.

The elaborate apostrophe with which he concludes this fubject of the treaties, is a cold effort to excite national animosity; but will hardly kindle any fame in thinking minds, because it is neither nervous nor pathetic.

-Si vis me flere, dolendum eft
Primum ipsi tibi-

Male si mandata loqueris,
Aut dormitabo aut ridebo.

It is not in the power of this wretched politician to perfuade his readers that he feels any part of that anxiety which he professes for the sufferings of his country.

Having lavishly scattered his dirt among those who stand at the helm of affairs by land, he begins to rail like a bedlamite, at the first car of the ad—y. He calls that nobleman's abilities in question, because his dependants have done their duty; and seems particularly incensed at the success of that fortunate commander, because he himself has not been so prosperous in life. Hinc illa lachrymc.- Invidus alterius macrescit rebus opimis. This is the true source of all our author's patriotism. L-A-n is a booby because he did Hot block up Macnamara's squadron in the harbour of Bref, by which means that fleet might have been prevented from failing, and the succouts would have been sent to America from fome other port of France. He is a wiseacre because he could not foresee that de la Mothe would venture to pass through the straits of Belleifle, which had always been deemed impassable by ships of great burthen ; an adventure which nothing but success could have justified.--He is a fool, because he could not poft Sir E-H in the Atlantic, so as that Du Guay's squadron could not possibly pass him unperceived. O caput infanabile ! -He reviles the ministry for having sent such a small number of ships to oppose GaliJoniere in the Mediterranean : tho' he himself gives a very fufficient answer to that charge, in observing that there was not a greater number of ships ready manned for service. Hence he takes occafion to abuse them for having so few, as if they could have made seamen for the purpose. How consistent is this reflection with that torrent of reproach he pours forth againft them, for preffing failors from the merchant service? In one place he exclaims against them for having preffed so many ; and in another, charges them with having pressed so few.--A writer must have been very hard pressed for an argument, or else he would have totally suppress’d this paragraph. -But the ministry have still another fufficient answer in reserve : the squadron they fent to the Mediterrançan was sufficient to maintain the empire of the fea, and therefore to have fent a stronger squadron, would have been superfluous. That the English fleet was more than a match for the enemy, appeared but too plainly to thofe brave men who were reftrained from doing their duty, by the c of their A: and that the A was acad, we presume the miniItry could not foresee.

The nature of our undertaking will not admit of a more minute disquisition into the merits of this performance; but, by this time, we apprehend the reader perceives that the fourth letter to the people of England, is made up of malice, absurdity, and bombast, embroidered on a very thin ground of truth and probability.

Were we to joke upon such a subject, we should compare the author to a species of vermin, peculiar to ·Lapland, which, according to the description given by Mr. de Juterbag, rise in the summer from the filthy bogs and marshes, Ay, ftink, fting, and perish in the course of a few hours. This venomous infect, during it's short period of existence, buzzes about in continual agitation, to the great terror of the horned cattle, until it drops it's egg on the skin of some unlucky rain deer, where a rancorous grub being hatched, infiames and corrodes the part so as to subject the poor animal to inexpressible torment, Our pfeudo-politician refembles this Lapland mosqueto in his rife, buzzing, virulence, and agitation ; and his performance is the egg, which being deposited in its proper nidus, may


produce rankling and exulceration among the herd of cattle. which have not sense enough to guard themselves from its per-, nicious effects.

To view him in a more serious light, we shall not scruple to pronounce him a desperate incendiary, who avails himself of the present fears, jealousies, and disgusts of the nation, to create a spirit of discontent and diffaffection, which may destroy the union so necessary for opposing the designs of a powerful enemy, and involve the kingdom in civil broils and confusion.

If the interest and glory of Great Britain, have been betrayed by the treachery of an Ad-n, let the individuals, who compose that Ad-n, be fairly tried, convicted, and punished for their perfidy. If our miscarriages by sea and land, have been owing to the weakness and misconduct of the ministry ; let that m--y be removed from his majesty's councils : but let us not mistake indiscretion for guilt, accidents for design, and confound the well meaning with the wicked. Let us not, at such a crisis, be hurried into rash and dangerous resentments, that may produce convulsions in the state, by the insidious suggestions of an obscure scribler, ą professed enemy of the government under which he lives, without principle, talent, or common discretion, who has neither friend, property, nor intereft, in the country where he assumes the character of patriot and reformer, and who could not live in this or any other country, but by fomenting discord, and fowing the seeds of civil dissention.

Art. IV. A TREATISE of the Causes and Symptoms of the

STONE; and of the chief Remedies now in Use to cure this Disfemper. Containing, A History of Mrs. Stephens's Midicines, and her Receipt. Observations upon them. Answers to the Objections made against; and Cautions to those who use them. An Examination of Lime-water and Soap, and Cases concerning them. Of Dr. Jurin's Lithontripticum, or Soaplye ; and Remarks relating thereunto. Of Soap. Of the Liquid Shell, and other Noftrums. Of Forcing and Softning Me dicines. Cafes of Persons who have taken Mrs. Stephens's Medicines in a solid Form, with the Sequel of a few printed before. By D. d'Escherny, Brother-in-law to Mrs. Stephens. 8vo. Pr. 2 s. stitch'd. Griffith.

HIS boasted alliance with the noted Mrs. Stephens, is to

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fail to attract the notice of the public; and is a flourish of the fame nature with the challenge of the renowned F. O Sherlock, master of the most noble science of defence, and brother to Dennis O Sherlock, by whose unfortunate arm the ever memorable Timothy Buck, received his death's wound.

Not that we would be thought to accuse either Mr. D. d'Escherny or his fifter-in-law of homicide. We only find the resemblance in Mr. d'Escherny's address to the public.

We do not much approve of this gentleman's theory with respect to the causes of the stone, which we apprehend is vague, trivial and fuperficial: his diction in general is but humble, and his notions are frequently incorrect, such as that of the liver's promoting, by its heat, a more plentiful secretion of urine on the right-side: his epithet of biting ulcers, and his mistaking a dysury for an incontinence of urine : nevertheless, we think the performance deserves perusal, from the honesty with which it seems to be written, and the importance of the fubject of which it treats.

The preference which he gives to the remedy of Mrs. Stephens, over the lime-water as a lithontriptic, seems to be founded not only upon repeated practice, but also upon a very judicious experiment, p. 50.

• I thought the only way to come at the truth, and put the thing quite out of doubt, was to make experiments upon pieces of stones with the urine of two persons, one of whom took two ounces and a half of our medicines, in a solid form, every * day, and the other three pints of lime-water, made exactly

according to the receipt given in the above-mentioned essays,

and one ounce of soap daily. I took two pieces of the fame " Itone, cach of which weighed ten grains, I put each into a different phial, one I marked No: 1. upon the cork, and the other N°, 2. I placed them both in a pipkin full of water,


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