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Paracelsus Bombast. In page 15 he tells us, that general Sh-y deliberately marched back again, 'meeting no oppo• sition which he did not easily overcome :' That is, he did not easily overcome no opposition.-On the other side of the leaf, we meet with the following nosegay of sense and elegance: 'general Johnson, formed by nature for the military
art, whom fagacity blended with courage, activity with pa- tience, render what is not always to be found amongst seen• service and regular bred warriors, was the object of their • choice.' This encomium has all the air of an antient oracle, in being obscure and equivocal ; and the compound epithet seen-Service, is a valuable acquisition to the English language. The hint may be extended, in it's application to a great many different classes of men, for example, seen-simple apothecaries, Sien-pillory politicians, and seen-fee physicians, in contradiftinction to sans-fee. Seen-service, however, yields in dignity of : derivation to the word pospolite, which we wilh he had explained for the benefit of his English readers. But, we meet with a parallel instance of this author's genius, in improving and enriching his mother tongue, with the noun substantive parallellarity, which occurs in this very curious paragraph, in the 76th page : whoever does not intuitively diftinguith “right from wrong in the conduct of great affairs, can never • be successful by judging from parallellarity ; because, as in
these two instances, tho' Thips, seas, and the directing their • stations, may be the whole concern in each; yet the fimi• larity in thele objects create no reason, either to avoid mis"takes or pursue the advantages of a prior destination, where
there is no resemblance of circumstances in the undertaking; and no two can be sufficiently similar, or sufficiently - unlike, to justify a parallel or opposite conduct, in any di6 rector of them. The very next fe&tion is no less perspicuous and extraordinary. • The duke du Tallard, as I have • been informed by a gentleman who thoroughly understands military affairs, made the fame disposition at Blenheim, that the great Gustavus Adolphus had done at the famous battle
which he won against Valstein; yet the French general was • defeated, and the English triumphed. No circumstances can • be sufficiently alike to justify similar proceedings in men who are to direct; imitators want force of understanding to pene• trate, pursue, and put in action that which the original con
trivers had conceived in various ways in laying down their plan. They are mimicks of what was done, without com
prehending the whole force of what might have been done : wherefore, in the progress of an action planned in imitation of another, when the circumstances vary from the (former, not seeing the reason of the design, they are (unequal to the supplying what the original contriver
would easily have afforded ; knowing no more than the his"torian has delivered, they follow servilely like copyists and
are defeated. Had this marine M-r, in his destinations • of these naval expeditions, judged from original lights and principles, he must certainly have imagined, that Du Guay
would have avoided the beaten track in times of peace; he • would therefore have divided Mr. Hawke's squadron into two equal parts, which making nine in each squadron, 6 would have been still three to two, a proper and superior « force wherewith to oppose monsieur Du Guay; these, at"tended with smaller snips to have been used as scouts, by
cruizing off Cape Finisterre, and in the other station through which the French squadron passed, there being but these
two ways of steering their courses, without great ill luck, • at least without blame to the planner of the cruize, must
have intercepted the French fleet in it's coming to Brest, and • brought their ships into English harbours.'
Here we are given to understand that Guflavus Adolphus was an English general; a fact which might have escaped the knowledge of the public, if it had not been ascertained by such unquestionable authority. We are likewise told that Du Guay the French commodore, would have avoided the beaten track in times of peace : if this was the case, our admiralty had some reason to presume that he would choose it in time of war; and therefore acted wisely in ordering our squadron to cruize for him in the beaten track ; tho' this is the first time we ever heard that the sea was beaten into turnpike roads, like the highway to Barnstaple. We are likewise informed that the French Squadron had but two ways of steering their courses without great ill luck, at least without blame to the planner of the cruize. This is anticipating bad luck with a vengeance ; and
indeed amounts to a prophecy; for, without the gift of divination we cannot conceive how he should positively foresee the luck of any person whatfoever; and we do apprehend that monfieur Du Guay, with good luck, might have paffed through the English squadron altogether unobserved. Be this as it may, we find the Frenchman can avoid the beaten track in time of war, as well as in time of peace,
We shall indulge the reader with one other sublime comment of this egregious declaimer. The meerest fribble of a virtuofo,
(says he in page 81) insensible to the great order of nature,
can trace, with delight and skill, the various and minute • shapes, shades, and colours, in a shell or flower, which
distinguish one from another ;'thus we find one shell or Aower exhibits all the various and minute shapes, shades, and colours, that distinguish one from another. This is the very flower, cream, and fcum of ingenuity.--As for the story of the thicf, in the 68th page, which he has purloined from the adventures of Joseph Andrews, and related as a real transaction, it is miserably mangled and inisplaced, and may be denominated a petty larceny in plagiarisın.
Having given the reader a few samples of this author's capacity for writing English; we shall now exhibit some specimens, by which the public may judge of his knowledge, consistency, and candour.
In the very first sentence he begs the question, by supposing us already ruined by m-- misconduct. His account of some American traders, taken on the Ohio in the year 1749, and sent prisoners to France, where they still remain ; as it is generally unknown and unattested, may be fupposed a milreprefentation, if not a fiction of the author's ; because we shall have occasion to convict him of both in the fequel of this work.
His fimile of the minister's being caught between the king of France and a quaker, like the mariners of old between Scylla and Charybdis, is such a childish conceit as a boy would have been whipped for at school; and the whole story of that quaker's exciting a war in America for his own private intereft, is a ridiculous, ill-contrived, improbable romance.--If the auch must be cold, the nation was forced into the war, by
the turbulence and avarice of some New England adventurers, who expected that the government would furnish them with great sums of money, and leave to them the intire management of the war, in which case they would have made a jobb of their mother country, as they did in the affair of Cape Breton.
In one place this pretended politician affirms that the minister's beseeching as a favour, what he had a right to de• mand as justice, has given the French a better foundation of
their claim to the Ohio :' and in the very next page, he asserts that the timidity of the minister was no legal relin• quishing the Britis right to those lands.' In other words A. conveys to B. a legal claim to certain lands, tho' he cannot legally relinquish his own title to the said lands ; so that he gives away that which cannot be given, and takes back that which cannot be resumed. This, tho' distilled in an alembic must come over inconsistency and contradiction.
In page 16, after having bedaubed general Johnson with a fulsome encomium, he endeavours to depreciate the conduct and behaviour of the regular officers and soldiers, by saying Braddock and his regulars shamefully retired, and exaggerating the advantage gained by the New England troops over the enemy. That the regulars retired shamefully, is a malicious falsehood. It is too well known that they stood until one third of their whole number was killed. An honest writer, zealous for the cause of truth, and honour of his country, would have owned that the English troops under Braddock, were affailed on their march in such a manner, that they could not see their antagonists, who therefore fired upon them with impunity, and as they ran no risque in the battle, could derive no glory from the victory: that, notwithstanding this disadvantage, the soldiers and officers stood naked and defenceles exposed to the foot of an unseen enemy for the space of three hours, during which they betrayed no marks of scar or diforder, until their leader was mortally wounded, the majority of their officers killed or disabled, and seven hundred of their companions lay dead on the spot. 'The case was very di crent with the New England-men in their affair with a handoul of rash Canadians and Indians : they were furrounded with ban :D4
cadoes and artillery; they saw the enemy approach, and had time to provide for their reception; they sustained little or no loss, and seemed to fight, not so much from courage as from despair ; for they were afraid, even after they had gained the battle, as appears from the letter of their general.
Nor is our author's veracity and candour more conspicuous in his subsequent affertions : he says, the officers of the Ger. man regiment were unproved by experience, and guiltless of fiege and battle.- Not so guiltless of battle as he is of truth in this flanderous asseveration : for it can be easily proved that almost every individual subaltern of that corps had seen actual service; and it was certainly the interest of the nation to appoint German officers, as the design was to enlist German soldiers : nor could any thing be more rational than that design, considering the number of Germans settled on the frontiers of our American plantations.
Tho' lord — n has magnanimity enough to overloook the farcastic infinuations which this reptile has thrown out against him in page 21, that nobleman may have friends and dependants who do not think such an author unworthy of notice and correction; we would therefore advise him to bite with more caution, and have a more reverend care of his own carcase.
In the following reflections, he has either betrayed the grosseft ignorance, or endeavoured to disguise the truth with malicious sophistry. Nothing is more conformable to the practice of war, than to appoint an inferior officer to amuse the enemy, or keep on the defensive, until the army is reinforced, and the commander in chief can properly take the field to pursue his own plan of operations. This ignorance is attended with felf-contradiction; for, he first observes that Shirley has been superseded by Web and Abercrombie, and then affirms that lord Loudon must follow Shirley's plan of operations. His malevolence and folly, appcar no where more flagrant than in his animadversions upon the treaties with the Czarina and the king of Prussia. If we fuppose the intention was to defend Hanover, no steps could be more judiciously taken. The electorate was thought to be in danger from the French and their ally the king of Pruffia. The house of Austria was